The Byzantine Empire by decree


									                             The Byzantine Empire
When the Roman Empire divided under the Emperor Diocletian in the late 200s CE.
The Eastern half of the empire became known as the Byzantine Empire, as its new
capital was built on the site of the old Greek city Byzantium. When the western half was
overrun in the late 5th century CE, the Byzantine Empire became supreme. The
Byzantine Empire preserved much of the Greco-Roman culture, and helped spread it
across a vast region. Maintaining control over much of the old Roman territories, the
Byzantine Empire also spread its power and influence into new areas, such as Russia.
Byzantine missionaries spread the Orthodox Christian religion to Russia, and also
adapted the Greek alphabet to provided the Slavic speaking peoples a written language
called Cyrillic, after the monk Cyril who helped create it. Russia and Eastern Europe also
adapted art and literature from the Byzantines, as well as architecture. In return, these
areas became important trading partners for the Byzantines.

                                  Byzantine Empire

Multiple Choice Questions

     “Western Europe owed a debt of gratitude to the Empire that for almost a thousand years
     ensured the survival of Christianity during a time when Europe was too weak to
     accomplish the task.”

     Which Empire is referred to in this quotation?
       1. Hellenistic
       2. Roman
       3. Byzantine
       4. Ottoman

     An influence that spread from the Byzantine Empire to Early Russia was the
        1. Orthodox Christian religion
        2. Use of Latin alphabet
        3. Beginning of democracy
        4. Factory system

Short Answer

     What are two main things that the Byzantine Empire Introduced to Europe?


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