What two forms of energy does What basic need is met when Which of these is a non- a flame from burning candle groundhogs burrow into the renewable resource? release? ground? a. sun a. electrical and mechanical a. food b. water b. chemical and electrical b. water c. oil c. light and heat c. light d. trees d. heat and nuclear d. shelter Which of these tools measures Plants produce their own food. All of these characteristics are the mass of an object? What is this process called? useful for collecting food for birds except- a. ruler a. photosynthesis a. colorful feathers b. hot plate b. phonographs b. narrow beaks c. thermometer c. photographs c. body shape d. balance d. photography d. strong wings In which of these ways can Fossil fuels formed over a long Which of these causes day and volcanoes help build new land? period of time because heat and night on Earth? pressure were applied to- a. by adding heat to the Earth’s surface a. carbon filtered through a. Earth orbiting the sun limestone b. by adding gasses to the b. the moon orbiting the Earth atmosphere b. organisms buried in the ground c. Earth rotating on its axis c. by adding lava to Earth’s surface c. bacteria on top of the mud d. the moon blocking sunlight d. by adding water vapor to d. nitrogen mixed in the water the atmosphere Which of these supplies the Dry sand is added to a cup of The purpose of wearing goggles energy that drives the water warm saltwater. After five in the lab is to— cycle? minutes what will happen to the sand? a. protect your eyes a. the sun a. it will evaporate b. protect your clothes b. the planets b. it will float to the top c. protect equipment c. the oceans c. it will settle on the bottom d. protect your hands d. the moon d. the cup will heat up Which of these can cause sharp, rough mountains to become Which of these planets is closest A thermometer would be the best round and smooth over time? to the sun? tool to measure— a. wind and rain a. Mars a. Mass of objects b. the sun’s rays b. Earth b. Water temperature c. light and darkness c. Mercury c. Length of string d. Earth’s gravity d. Venus d. Volume of water A student places a plant in a dark In a model of our solar system, a closet for two weeks. What Grass--mouse--snake--hawk tennis ball represents Earth. could one inference about the Which of these would be a good plant? In the diagram above, which of representation of Mercury? the following is represented? a. it will produce flowers a. Marble a. water evaporated b. it will grow b. Soccer ball b. energy being transferred c. it will make more food c. Basketball c. the moon changing phases d. it will die d. baseball d .light being reflected The marshland in a nearby What star is closest to the planet Plastic is a man-made park has been drained to Earth? material. Which non- build a play area. What renewable resource is used to effect will it have on the a. the moon make plastic? frogs in the area? b. Mercury a. bauxite a. the frogs will have more food c. the sun b. coal b. the frogs will lose their habitat d. the asteroid belt c. emeralds c. the frogs will hop slower d. oil d. the frogs will lay more eggs On the way to school, there was a The surface of the Earth is made water puddle on the street. On the Grass--??—snakes--owls of— way home, the puddle was gone. The most likely explanation would Which of these would best a. gas be— complete this food chain? b. solid a. germs drank the water a. Hawks b. the street absorbed the water c. liquid b. carrots c. it was cleaned with a paper d. energy towel c. frogs d. the water evaporated into the d. mice air Which of these is a learned An astronaut brings a rock back In order for a rose plant to behavior? to Earth from the moon. What produce its own food, the leaves changes will occur to the rock? must absorb— a. a spider spinning a web a. the mass a. soil b. geese flying in formation b. the weight b. oxygen c. a seal balancing a ball c. the color c. sunlight d. turtles going out to sea d. the shape d. water Tides in Texas occur— The dividing line between the What tool is used to magnify inner planets and outer planets is objects? a. twice a day called the— a. hand lens b. twice a week a. milky way b. thermometer c. twice a month b. solar system c. a magnet d. twice a year c. asteroid belt d. a balance d. Halley’s comet A ball is tossed into the air. There are several object is a Which of these senses need to be What force is responsible for bowl. A magnet is used to pick protected during an indoor causing the ball to drop to the up one object. Which of these concert? ground? objects will be attracted to the magnet? a. sight a. mass a. a rubber band b. taste b. motion b. a paper clip c. sound c. gas c. a marble d. touch d. gravity d. a penny Brightly colored flowers are A balance is used to measure the Fossil fuel Alternative most pollinated by— mass of an object. If the left energy source side of the balance measures 38 Oil Wood a. wind grams, and the right side Natural gas wind measures 52 grams, how many ? sun b. insects grams are needed to make the Which best completes the chart? balance equal? c. mammals a. water a. 90 g d. rainfall b. 26g b. soil c. 14g d. 24g c. coal d. sand A cactus would be most suited to An ice cube is left out on a hot Which of the following is safe to live in which environment? sidewalk. Which state of matter do in a science lab? will the ice cube not go through? a. a cool forest a. running around a. Solid b. a dry desert b. drinking from a beaker b. liquid c. a frigid tundra c. waiting for directions c. gas d. a moist rain forest d. touching a hot plate d. boiling A student wants to test which soil Which of the following are inner Which gas in the atmosphere holds water for plants the best. He planets? would increase if a large number uses three identical pots with drain of trees were cut down? holes, three different types of soils, a. Mercury, Venus, Neptune, Jupiter and three identical plants. What a. carbon dioxide would the control variables be in b. Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Uranus this experiment? c. Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth b. oxygen a. the pots and plants d. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars c. nitrogen b. the plants and soil d. helium c. the pots and soil d. the pots, plants, and soil Raccoons that live in cities have A plant is placed in a clear, closed Sunspots appear to be darker learned to open trashcan lids. container. The plant continues to than the rest of the sun’s surface This is an example of— thrive. If an animal were put in this because they are— situation, it would not survive. a. an inherited trait What allows this to occur? a. hidden from view a. plants make their own food, b. adapting to their environment animals cannot make food b. in the shadows c. being trained by humans b. plants are strong, animals are c. cooler that the rest of the weak surface d. a learned trait c. plants do not need water, but d. made of dark minerals animals do need water d. plants need animals to survive A cactus plant can store water in Which of these characteristics Which of these is a good its stem and leaves. This would not give animals an conductor of electricity? adaptation would be an advantage to living in the ocean? advantage in a climate that a. plastic was— a. gills b. water a. moist b. smooth skin c. glass b. dry c. lungs d. sand c. cold d. fins d. windy A car is driving at a high rate of speed. The driver quickly steps What tool is best used to measure Which of these would best on the brakes, and the car stops. the volume of water? model how the sun warms the What caused this to happen? Earth’s surface? a. Ruler a. friction a. an oven baking bread b. balance b. gravity b. a heat lamp keeping food hot c. beaker c. luck c. a pot of boiling water d. hot plate d. motion d. a spoon getting hot from stirring soup About how long does it take the Sound is made when a drumstick A student mixes vinegar, baking Earth to make a complete hits a drum. This happens soda, and food coloring together rotation on its axis? because the force of the to demonstrate a volcano drumstick on the drum causes— eruption. The mixture creates a. one day what kind of change? a. vibrations b. one week a. physical change b. motions c. one month b. chemical change c. magnetic charges d. one year c. no change d. electrical charges d. mixture change Which of the following Matter can change into different Which of the following is an characteristics of a hummingbird states. When water freezes, a – inexhaustible resource? is likely not an inherited trait? a. beak size a. liquid becomes a gas a. water b. feather color b. solid becomes a liquid b. trees c. broken wing c. gas becomes liquid c. coal d. flight speed d. liquid becomes solid d. oil The sun is made of— A volcano is a mountain that is Two candles are lit. Candle ―A‖ is filled with hot, melted rock. covered with a glass container, a. a cold solid What is the stored hot, melted while Candle ―B‖ is burning in the rock called? open. After a few seconds, The b. a thick mineral flame of candle ―A‖ goes out. What is the likely reason for this to a. lava occur? c. a hot gas a. the candle was blown out b. water d. a colored liquid b. there was not enough oxygen in c. crater the covered container to keep the flame lit d. magma c. time ran out d. Candle ―A‖ was shorter A baseball player is pitched a Which of these organisms is a If someone wants to find out the ball. He hits the ball and makes producer? calorie content of a breakfast a home run. The change in bar, where would this direction is called— a. fish information be found? a. force a. grass a. the bar code b. motion b. snake b. the nutrition information c. state c. hawk c. the title d. friction d. the ingredient list The temperature at which water Light traveling through a pair of A rain gauge collects rainwater. freezes is— glasses is called— After several hours of rain, the gauge collects 3 inches. Two days later the rain gauge is empty. What a. 32 degrees C a. refraction is a good explanation of what happened to the water? b. 0 degrees C b. transmission a. heat from the sun changed it from a liquid to gas c. 100 degrees C c. absorbed b. it turned into a solid d. 212 degrees C d. reflected c. a bird drank it d. the grass absorbed it Humans need oxygen to survive. Which tool would be used to find Sugar was dissolved in a jar of We breathe in oxygen and the temperature at which water hot water. After a few weeks, breathe out another type of gas. boils? crystals began to form on a The name of that gas is— string in the jar. What kind of a. microscope crystals are they? a. helium b. hot plate a. water b. nitrogen c. clock b. salt c. carbon dioxide d. thermometer c. sand d. carbon monoxide d. sugar A student drops a beaker in the Recycling materials is important A student dissolves 20 grams of salt science lab and it breaks. What to our environment. By in 70 grams of water. She heats the should the student do? recycling newspapers, what water on a hot plate. When the resource can be saved? water is completely evaporated, a. pick up the broken glass how much salt is left? a. plastic a. 0 grams b. tell a teacher b. water b. 50 grams c. leave it on the floor c. trees c. 20 grams d. step on it d. oil d. 90 grams Can you roll your tongue? Go What’s your favorite animal? Go around the circle and name around the circle of player and Go around the circle and name the eight planets in order from give it a try! your favorite animal. Now give the sun. three inherited traits of your animal. No repeats! Pat your head and rub your Choose a partner. See how long Liquid is one state of matter. Go stomach at the same time. Can you can stand on one foot. Have around the circle and name a you do it? your partner count the seconds, liquid, no repeats! then switch. Who did it longer? Everyone stand up. Demonstrate How strong are your lungs? Choose an animal. Act it out what solid molecules look like by Choose a partner. As you hold and see if the group can guess. standing very close together. your breath, they will count the Did they get it right? Now it’s Now pretend you are liquid seconds. Now switch. Who has the next person’s turn. molecules. You are a little looser. the better lungs? DON’T PASS Next, let’s show the gas OUT! molecules. You are all over the room! Everyone up! Hop on one foot. Count to ten. Switch feet. Count to ten. Now hop on both feet. Count to ten!