PEBBLE-BED MODULAR REACTOR DEMONSTRATION POWER PLANT by hmt14556

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									        PEBBLE-BED MODULAR REACTOR DEMONSTRATION
                      POWER PLANT
             ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
                      DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT

                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section    Description                                                  Page

           Project Information

           Executive Summary

           Table of Contents

           List of Figures

           List of Tables

           List of Appendices

           List of Abbreviations / Acronyms

           Glossary of Terms


1          INTRODUCTION                                                  1-1


1.1        Project background                                            1-1


1.2        Summary of the EIA Administrative Process for the PBMR DPP    1-2

1.2.1      302 MW(t) PBMR DPP EIA                                        1-2

1.2.2      Application for Authorisation                                 1-2

1.2.3      Scoping Phase                                                 1-2

1.3        Purpose of the EIR                                            1-5

1.4        Way forward                                                   1-7




           DETAILS OF APPLICANT, INDEPENDENT EIA CONSULTANT AND
2                                                                        2-1
           COMPETENT AUTHORITY

2.1        Introduction                                                  2-1
2.2    Details of Applicant                                              2-1

2.3    Details of Independent EIA Consultant                             2-1

2.4    Details of Competent/Relevant Authority                           2-2




3      PROJECT DESCRIPTION                                               3-1

3.1    Introduction                                                      3-1

3.2    Location of the Proposed Site for the PBMR DPP                    3-1

3.3    Nuclear Energy                                                    3-5

3.4    History of Nuclear Power                                          3-6

3.5    Development History of the PBMR Technology                        3-9

3.6    Functioning of the PBMR Technology                               3-10

3.7    Demonstration Power Plant Performance and Testing Requirements   3-12

3.8    Construction Phase Infrastructure Requirements                   3-16


3.9    Transportation of Heavy Equipment to the Proposed Site           3-19


3.10   Operational Phase Infrastructure Requirements                    3-20

3.11   Transportation of fuel to the proposed site                      3-23

3.12   Nuclear Fuel Cycle of the PBMR DPP                               3-25

3.13   Nuclear Licensing of the PRMR DPP                                3-29

3.14   Safety of Nuclear Power Stations                                 3-31

3.15   Decommisioning of the PBMR DPP                                   3-33

3.16   Technical Specifications of the PBMR DPP                         3-35

3.17   Conclusion                                                       3-37
4       NEED AND DESIRABILITY FOR THE PROJECT                               4-1

4.1     Introduction                                                        4-1

        Power Generation Technologies and the Benefits of the Pebble Bed
4.2                                                                         4-1
        Modular Reactor (PBMR)

4.3     Balancing Electricity Supply and Demand                             4-3

4.4     PBMR DPP                                                            4-5

4.5     Conclusion                                                          4-8




5       PROJECT ALTERNATIVES                                                5-1

5.1     Introduction                                                        5-1

5.2     Location Alternatives                                               5-1

5.2.1   Discussion                                                          5-6

5.2.2   Conclusion                                                          5-9

5.3     No-Go Alternative                                                   5-9

5.3.1   Groundwater Impacts                                                5-10

5.3.2   Surface Water Impacts                                              5-10

5.3.3   Wetland Impacts                                                    5-10

5.3.4   Fauna Impacts                                                      5-11

5.3.5   Flora Impacts                                                      5-11

5.3.6   Heritage Impacts                                                   5-12

5.3.7   Visual Impacts                                                     5-12

5.3.8   Transport Impacts                                                  5-14

5.3.9   Conclusion                                                         5-14
5.4      Technology Alternatives                                               5-15

5.4.1    Discussion                                                            5-15

5.4.2    Renewable Energy                                                      5-17

5.4.3    Non-Renewable Energy                                                  5-26

5.4.4    Feasible technology alternatives                                      5-31

5.4.5    Conclusion                                                            5-34

5.5      Alternative Laydown Areas                                             5-34

5.6      Conclusion                                                            5-36




6        PLANNING AND LEGISLATIVE CONTEXT                                       6-1

6.1      Introduction                                                           6-1

6.2      Policy and Planning Context                                            6-1

6.2.1    Introduction                                                           6-1

6.2.2    Nuclear Energy Policy and Strategy for the Republic of South Africa    6-1

6.2.3    White Paper on the Energy Policy of the Republic of South Africa       6-3

6.2.4    Radioactive Waste Management Policy and Strategy                       6-4

6.2.5    Nuclear Governance                                                     6-5

6.2.6    Integrated Energy Plan                                                6-13

6.2.7    National Integrated Resource Plan                                     6-14

6.2.8    Eskom’s Integrated Strategic Electricity Planning                     6-14

6.2.9    Energy Efficiency Strategy of the Republic of South Africa            6-15

6.2.10   Energy Security Master Plan – Electricity (2007-2025)                 6-15
6.2.11   National Response to South Africa’s Electricity Shortage                  6-17

6.2.12   National Nuclear Disaster Management Plan                                 6-18

         The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and domestic implementation
6.2.13                                                                             6-22
         arrangements

6.2.14   National Spatial Biodiversity Assessment (“NSBA”)                         6-23

6.2.15   National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan (NBSAP)                        6-24

6.2.16   Draft National Strategy for Sustainable Development                       6-24

         Towards a Sustainable Development Implementation Plan for the Western
6.2.17   Cape: Concept Paper on Sustainable Development, and the Provincial        6-24
         Sustainable Development Implementation Plan (PSDIP)
6.2.18   Provincial Growth and Development Strategy Green Paper                    6-25

         City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Integrated Development Plan
6.2.19                                                                             6-25
         (IDP)

6.3      Legislative Context                                                       6-26

         The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 (Act No. 108 of
6.3.1                                                                              6-26
         1998)

6.3.2    The Promotion of Administrative Justice Act, 2000 (Act No. 3 of 2000)     6-26

6.3.3    The Promotion of Access to Information Act, 2000 (Act No. 2 of 2000)      6-27

         The National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998)
6.3.4                                                                              6-27
         (NEMA)

6.3.5    Environment Conservation Act, 1989 (Act No. 73 of 1989)                   6-30

6.3.6    National Nuclear Regulator Act, 1999 (Act No. 47 of 1999)                 6-31

         National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 2003 (Act No.
6.3.7                                                                              6-36
         57 of 2003)
         National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act, 2003 (Act No. 39 of
6.3.8                                                                              6-36
         2004)(NEMAQA)

6.3.9    National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998)(NWA)                        6-36

         The National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004
6.3.10                                                                             6-38
         (Act 10 of 2004)

6.3.11   Sea-Shore Act, 1935 (Act No. 21 of 1935)                                  6-38

6.3.12   The Maritime Zones Act, 1994 (Act No. 15 of 1994)                         6-38
6.3.13   National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Bill       6-39

6.3.14   The Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act No. 43 of 1983)   6-39

6.3.15   The National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act No. 25 of 1999)              6-40

6.3.16   Hazardous Substances Act (Act No. 115 of 1973)                              6-40

6.3.17   Transportation of Dangerous Goods and Substances (GNR 103 of 2001)          6-41

         Non Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction Act, 1993 (Act No. 87 of
6.3.18                                                                               6-41
         1993)

6.3.19   The National Key Points Act, 1980 (Act No. 102 of 1980)                     6-41

         Consistency with National Environmental Management Act (NEMA)
6.4                                                                                  6-42
         Principles

6.5      Conclusion                                                                  6-48




7        EIA PROCESS AND METHODOLOGY                                                  7-1

7.1      Introduction                                                                 7-1

7.2      Scoping Phase                                                                7-1

7.2.1    Introduction                                                                 7-1

7.2.2    Public Participation Process                                                 7-1

7.2.3    Potential Environmental Impacts                                              7-2

7.2.4    Project Related Issues                                                       7-3

7.3      Impact Assessment Phase                                                      7-4

7.3.1    Introduction                                                                 7-4

7.3.2    Appointment of New Independent Environmental Consultant                      7-5

7.3.3    Specialist Studies                                                           7-5

7.3.4    Public Participation Process (PPP)                                           7-7
7.3.5    Project Programme for the EIA                7-11

7.4      DEAT-NNR Co-operative Governance Agreement   7-11

7.5      Additional Permits and Applications          7-12

7.6      Impact Assessment Methodology                7-14

7.7      Assumptions and Limitations                  7-19

7.8      Conclusion                                   7-19




8        DESCRIPTION OF THE BASELINE ENVIRONMENT       8-1

8.1      Introduction                                  8-1

8.2      Biophysical Environment                       8-1

8.2.1    Climate                                       8-1

8.2.2    Geology                                       8-5

8.2.3    Seismic Environment                           8-6

8.2.4    Surface Water                                 8-7

8.2.5    Wetlands                                      8-8

8.2.6    Ground Water                                  8-9

8.2.7    Baseline Radiation Levels                    8-11

8.2.8    Air Quality                                  8-12

8.2.9    Fauna                                        8-19

8.2.10   Flora                                        8-21

8.2.11   Marine Fauna and Flora                       8-24

8.3      Socio-Economic Environment                   8-26
8.3.1    Emergency Planning Zones                      8-26

8.3.2    Safety and Security                           8-26

8.3.3    Emergency Response                            8-28

8.3.4    Social Environment                            8-29

8.3.5    Economic Environment                          8-30

8.3.6    Land Use                                      8-34

8.3.7    Transport and Traffic                         8-37

8.3.8    Heritage                                      8-40

8.3.9    Noise                                         8-41

8.3.10   Visual                                        8-42

8.4      Conclusion                                    8-43




9        DISCUSSION ON IDENTIFIED ISSUES AND IMPACTS    9-1

9.1      Introduction                                   9-1

9.2      Biophysical Environment                        9-1

9.2.1    Climate                                        9-1

9.2.2    Oceanography                                   9-3

9.2.3    Seismic Environment                            9-5

9.2.4    Surface Water                                  9-7

9.2.5    Wetlands                                       9-9

9.2.6    Ground Water                                  9-18

9.2.7    Air Quality                                   9-21
9.2.8    Fauna                                                                    9-34

9.2.9    Flora                                                                    9-42

9.2.10   Marine Fauna and Flora                                                   9-50

9.3      Socio-Economic Environment                                               9-55

9.3.1    Safety and Security                                                      9-55

9.3.2    Radiological Health and Safety                                           9-59

9.3.3    Emergency Response                                                       9-62

9.3.4    Social Environment                                                       9-63

9.3.5    Economic Environment                                                     9-69

9.3.6    Land Use                                                                 9-78

9.3.7    Transport and Traffic                                                    9-79

9.3.8    Heritage                                                                 9-91

9.3.9    Noise                                                                    9-99

9.3.10   Visual                                                                  9-104

9.4      General Issues                                                          9-107

9.4.1    Emergency Planning                                                      9-107

9.4.2    Dewatering of the PBMR DPP                                              9-111

         The provision of services and construction village / camp for special
9.4.3                                                                            9-113
         labourers.

9.4.4    Financial Aspects                                                       9-114

9.4.5    Capacity and Capability of Institutions to Manage Radiological Waste    9-115

9.5      Conclusion                                                              9-116
10       IMPACT ANALYSIS                                             10-1

10.1     Introduction                                                10-1

10.2     Cumulative Impacts                                         10-58

10.2.1   Air Quality                                                10-58

10.2.2   Fauna                                                      10-58

10.2.3   Surface Water                                              10-58

10.2.4   Marine Biology                                             10-59

10.3     Proposed Laydown Areas                                     10-59

10.4     Conclusion                                                 10-61

10.4.1   Construction phase impacts                                 10-61

10.4.2   Commissioning phase impacts                                10-63

10.4.3   Operational phase impacts                                  10-64

10.4.4   Decommissioning phase impacts                              10-67




11       CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS                             11-1

11.1     Introduction                                                11-1

11.2     Evaluation of the Proposed Project                          11-1

11.3     Recommendations and Conclusions: Biophysical Environment    11-4

11.3.1   Climate                                                     11-4

11.3.2   Oceanography                                                11-4

11.3.3   Geology and Seismic Environment                             11-5

11.3.4   Surface Water                                               11-6
11.3.5    Wetlands                                                       11-7

11.3.6    Ground Water                                                   11-9

11.3.7    Air Quality                                                   11-12

11.3.8    Helium Sustainability                                         11-14

11.3.9    Epidemiology                                                  11-14

11.3.10   Fauna                                                         11-15

11.3.11   Flora                                                         11-18

11.3.12   Marine Fauna and Flora                                        11-21

11.4      Recommendations and Conclusions: Socio-Economic Environment   11-21

11.4.1    Safety and Security                                           11-21

11.4.2    Radiological Health and Safety                                11-22

11.4.3    Emergency Response                                            11-25

11.4.4    Social and Economic Environment                               11-26

11.4.5    Financial Aspects                                             11-31

11.4.6    Land Use                                                      11-31

11.4.7    Transport and Traffic                                         11-32

11.4.8    Heritage                                                      11-36

11.4.9    Noise                                                         11-39

11.4.10   Visual                                                        11-39

11.5      Environmental Impact Statement                                11-43

11.6      Overall Conclusions and Recommendations                       11-46
                                  LIST OF FIGURES
                                                                                    Page

Figure 1.1:     The EIA process required by the EIA Regulations promulgated in
                terms of the Environment Conservation Act, 1989 (Act 73 of 1989)     1-4
Figure 3.1:     Regional location of the proposed site for the PBMR DPP              3-2
Figure 3.2:     Proposed location of the PBMR DPP on the KNPS site                   3-3
Figure 3.3:     Schematic Diagram of the PBMR Main Power System                     3-10
Figure 3.4:     Physical layout of the PBMR main power system                       3-11
Figure 3.5:     PBMR DPP Integrated Qualification Process                           3-15
Figure 3.6:     Routing of the three utilities                                      3-17
Figure 3.7:     Downstream side of the Modder river Bridge                          3-18
Figure 3.8:     Possible route from Saldanha Harbour to the R559                    3-20
Figure 3.9:     Proposed alignment of the 132 kV power line                         3-22
Figure 3.10a:   Round steel pole tower structure                                    3-22
Figure 3.10b:   Lattice tower structure                                             3-22
Figure 3.11:    Fuel sphere design for the PBMR DPP                                 3-26
Figure 3.12:    Schematic layout of the fuel handling and storage system            3-27
Figure 4.1:     Projected (2025) electricity requirements for South Africa           4-4
Figure 5.1:     Current Eskom Project Funnel                                        5-17
Figure 5.2:     Stirling Dish                                                       5-19
Figure 5.3:     Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Plant                               5-19
Figure 5.4:     Klipheuwel Wind Generator                                           5-21
Figure 5.5:     Location of the alternative laydown areas                           5-36
Figure 6.1:     Final energy demand – target outcome to 2015                        6-16
Figure 6.2:     Capacity expansion programme                                        6-17
Figure 7.1:     High level Construction Programme                                   7-14
Figure 8.1:     Monthly rainfall figures from Koeberg Weather Station                8-2
Figure 8.2:     Average monthly temperature figures from Koeberg Weather Station     8-3
Figure 8.3:     Long term quarterly wind roses                                       8-4
Figure 8.4:     Average hourly wind speeds measured at Koeberg                       8-5
Figure 8.5:     Aquifer Types                                                       8-13
Figure 8.6:     Interpreted Direction of Regional Groundwater Flow Direction        8-14
Figure 8.7:     Recorded monthly mean sulphur dioxide levels in Table View          8-15
Figure 8.8:     Recorded monthly mean particulate matter levels in Table View       8-16
Figure 8.9:     Recorded monthly nitrogen dioxide levels in Table View              8-16
Figure 8.10:    Nuclear emissions for Koeberg for the period 1984 to 2003           8-17
Figure 8.11:    Predicted dosage (µSv) for the period 1984 – 2003                   8-18
Figure 8.12:    Annual average radiation dosage (µSv) for Koeberg                   8-18
Figure 8.13:    Existing Geometric layout of R27 / Main Access Rd intersection      8-39
Figure 8.14:    Existing Geometric layout of Main Access Rd / Duynefontein Access
                Rd intersection                                                     8-39
Figure 9.1:     Location of wetland systems identified on the Koeberg Nuclear
                Power site: Mapped wetlands on the site as a whole                  9-10
Figure 9.2:    Location of wetland systems identified on the Koeberg Nuclear
               Power site: Mapped wetlands in the vicinity of the proposed PBMR
               DPP site                                                              9-10
Figure 9.3:    Nuclear emissions for PBMR DPP (continuous releases)                  9-24
Figure 9.4:    Highest daily PM10 ground level concentrations due to construction
               activities                                                            9-27
Figure 9.5:    Daily maximum deposition due to construction activities               9-27
Figure 9.6:    Cumulative radiation dose due to Koeberg and continuous releases
               from PBMR DPP (design specifications under normal operating
               conditions)                                                           9-28
Figure 9.7:    Cumulative radiation dose due to Koeberg and continuous releases
               from PBMR DPP (best estimate under normal operating conditions)       9-28
Figure 9.8:    ADMS coastline modelling with reference to AERMOD modelling           9-25
Figure 9.9:    The construction site and primary laydown area for the PBMR DPP       9-35
Figure 9.10:   Extensive seasonal wetlands to the south of the construction site     9-36
Figure 9.11:   The western side of the Modder River bridge                           9-38
Figure 9.12:   The eastern side of the Modder River bridge                           9-38
Figure 9.13:   Potential Laydown Areas                                               9-40
Figure 9.14:   Layout of construction services for PBMR DPP                          9-41
Figure 9.15:   Groot Springfonteyn and Witsand Farms to the North of Koeberg
               Nature Reserve                                                        9-45
Figure 9.16:   Proposed alternative laydown areas                                    9-46
Figure 9.17:   Eskom PBMR site showing primary dunes and wetlands, setback
               lines and rehab areas                                                 9-49
Figure 9.18:   Two Trailer Wide Self Propelled Modular Transporter (SPMT)            9-80
Figure 9.19:   SPMT traversing an intersection                                       9-81
Figure 9.20:   SPMT utilising the entire width of road                               9-81
Figure 9.21:   North View of Possible Traffic lay byes                               9-81
Figure 9.22:   South view of Possible Traffic lay byes                               9-81
Figure 9.23:   Modder River Bridge along the R27                                     9-82
Figure 9.24:   Proposed Geometric layout of Main Access Rd / PBMR DPP
               Access Option 1 intersection                                          9-85
Figure 9.25:   Proposed Geometric layout of Main Access Rd / PBMR DPP
               Access Option 2 intersection                                          9-85
Figure 9.26:   Proposed Geometric layout of R27 / Main Access Rd intersection        9-85
Figure 9.27:   Map showing the proposed alternative laydown area                     9-96
Figure 9.28:   Sketch plan of Koeberg nuclear power plant indicating sound
               measurement locations                                                9-101
Figure 9.29:   Viewshed Map                                                         9-104
Figure 9.30:   A photographic comparison between overcast and clear conditions
               and the effect on visibility                                         9-105
Figure 9.31:   View north from Melkbosstrand Main Beach                             9-106
Figure 9.32:   View north-west from the edge of Duynefontein                        9-106
Figure 10.1:   Combined analysis regarding the most preferred laydown areas         10-60
                             LIST OF TABLES

Table 2.1:    Details of the applicant                                                 2-1
Table 2.2:    Details of the independent EIA consultant                                2-2
Table 2.3:    Details of the relevant authority                                        2-3
Table 3.1:    Selected technical specifications of the PBMR DPP                       3-35
Table 5.1:    Results of the investigation of site alternatives                        5-3
Table 5.2:    Summary of cost and performance data of new supply-side options         5-16
Table 5.3:    Summary of electricity generation technologies that are
              commercially available to, but not necessarily financially viable for
              Eskom                                                                   5-31
Table 5.4:    Comparative technology table                                            5-33
Table 5.5     Approximate dimensions of areas                                         5-35
Table 6.1:    Classification of radiological issues and the location in the EIR
              where these issues are addressed                                         6-6
Table 6.2:    Key responsibilities of various role-players with respect to nuclear
              emergency management                                                    6-20
Table 6.3:    Main licensing stages                                                   6-34
Table 6.4:    Consistency of the PBMR DPP and the EIA Process with the NEMA
              principles                                                              6-42
Table 7.1:    List of issues identified in the Scoping Phase and corresponding
              specialist study                                                         7-4
Table 7.2:    List of specialist studies and the respective specialists involved       7-6
Table 7.3:    Public venues for review of the Draft Plan of Study for EIA              7-8
Table 7.4:    Venues and dates for public meetings                                    7-10
Table 7.5:    Development approvals, Authorisations and Permits required for the
              PBMR DPP                                                                7-13
Table 7.6:    Impact assessment criteria and rating scales                            7-17
Table 7.7:    Convention for assigning significance ratings                           7-18
Table 7.8:    Convention for assigning consequence ratings                            7-18
Table 8.1:    Long term averages and extremes for rainfall, temperature and wind
              measured at Koeberg Meteorological Station                               8-2
Table 8.2:    Summary of quaternary catchment characteristics                          8-8
Table 8.3:    Invertebrate taxa from sampled seasonal wetland sites at the KNPS
              site                                                                    8-10
Table 8.4:    Stack parameters for current Koeberg Nuclear Power Station              8-17
Table 8.5:    Extent (ha) of vegetation types in the Koeberg study area               8-22
Table 8.6:    Threatened or near threatened plant species occurring at Koeberg
              (after SANBI, 2007), based on a composite species list generated in
              SaSFlora (1998 – 2007)                                                  8-23
Table 8.7:    Erven affected by the Precautionary Action Zone (PAZ)                   8-34
Table 8.8:    Zoning affected by the Precautionary Action Zone (PAZ)                  8-35
Table 8.9:    Zoning beyond the PAZ but within the Study Area                         8-35
Table 8.10:   Current KNPS Parking provided                                           8-40
Table 9.1:    Stack parameters for reactor building of the proposed PBMR DPP          9-23
Table 9.2:    Highest predicted off-site radiation dosages                            9-29
Table 9.3:    City of Cape Town Employment                                            9-71
Table 9.4:    Labour Force: Ward 4 City of Cape Town                                  9-71
Table 9.5:    Ward 4 – Education Grouped                                              9-73
Table 9.6:    City of Cape Town – Attending of education institutions
              (Education Institutions Being attended by 5 to 24 year olds)            9-73
Table 9.7:    City of Cape Town: Highest Education Levels
              (Education Levels Attained by Over 20 year olds)                        9-75
Table 9.8:    Property Sales by Usage                                                 9-74
Table 9.9:    Summary of Construction Phase PBMR DPP Peak Hour Trips
              Generated                                                               9-84
Table 9.10:   Koeberg Nuclear Power Stations current evacuation time
              assessment results                                                      9-87
Table 9.11:   Summary of Operational Phase PBMR DPP Peak Hour Trips
              Generated                                                               9-88
Table 9.12:   Modal Split and Vehicle Occupancy used                                  9-88
Table 9.13:   Koeberg Nuclear Power Stations current evacuation time
              assessment results                                                      9-90
Table 9.14:   Measured LAeq,T dBA                                                    9-101
Table 9.15:   Predicted propagation distances, over unobstructed land, for noise
              emanating from Koeberg Nuclear Power Station to reduce to
              various night-time LReq,n values acceptable in residential districts   9-102
Table 9.16:   Results of ambient sound measurements conducted in
              Duynefontein                                                           9-103
Table 9.17:   Responsibilities for emergency planning                                9-109
Table 10.1:   Detailed assessment of identified impacts for the Construction
              Phase                                                                   10-2
Table 10.2:   Detailed assessment of identified impacts for the Commissioning
              Phase                                                                  10-21
Table 10.3:   Detailed assessment of identified impacts for the Operation Phase      10-29
Table 10.4:   Detailed assessment of identified impacts for the De-commissioning
              Phase                                                                  10-43
Table 10.5:   Summary of potential environmental impacts for the Construction
              Phase                                                                  10-49
Table 10.6:   Summary of potential environmental impacts for the Commissioning
              Phase                                                                  10-52
Table 10.7:   Summary of potential environmental impacts for the Operation
              Phase                                                                  10-54
Table 10.8:   Summary of potential environmental impacts for the De-
              commissioning Phase                                                    10-57
Table 11.1:   Dust control measures implementable during construction activities     11-13
Table 11.2:   Recommended monitoring programmes                                      11-16
Table 11.3:   Specialist studies undertaken for this EIA                             11-43
                                LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix A:    Letter to DEAT requesting list of activities to be updated
Appendix A1:   Amended Application Form
Appendix B:    Revised Final Environmental Scoping Report Acceptance Letter from DEAT
Appendix C:    Final Plan of Study Acceptance Letter from DEAT
Appendix D:    Nuclear Energy Report
Appendix E:    Operational Layout Plan
Appendix F:    Excavation Layout Plan
Appendix G:    Letter to DEAT regarding Pelindaba as an Alternative Site
Appendix H:    Letter from the NNR regarding Pelindaba as an Alternative Site
Appendix I:    Integrated Issues Trail
Appendix J:    Curricula Vitae of the Specialists
Appendix K:    I&AP Database
Appendix L:    Site Notices
Appendix M:    Letter to I&APs regarding the Draft Plan of Study for EIA availability
Appendix N:    DEAT comment on Draft Plan of Study for EIA
Appendix O:    Letter to I&APs regarding the Final Plan of Study for EIA availability
Appendix P:    Advert regarding the public review of the Final Environmental Impact Report
Appendix Q:    Meteorology Study
Appendix R:    Geology and Seismic Risk
Appendix S:    Surface and Ground Water Study
Appendix T:    Wetland Study
Appendix U:    Epidemiology Study
Appendix V:    Air Quality Study
Appendix W:    Fauna Study
Appendix X:    Flora Study
Appendix Y:    Marine Fauna and Flora Study
Appendix Z:    Site Safety and Security Study
Appendix AA:   Emergency Response Report
Appendix AB:   Socio-Economic Study
Appendix AC:   Land Use Study
Appendix AD:   Traffic Study
Appendix AE:   Heritage Study
Appendix AF:   Noise Study
Appendix AG:   Visual Impact Study
Appendix AH:   Eskom Transmission Information
Appendix AI:   Oceanography Study
Appendix AJ:   Helium Study
Appendix AK:   Epidemiology Peer Review
Appendix AL:   Radiological Health and Safety Report
Appendix AM:   Financial Aspects
Appendix AN:   Environmental Management Plan
Appendix AO:   Radiological Waste Management Report
Appendix AP:   Legal Review
Appendix AQ:   Nuclear Energy Study – Peer Review
Appendix AR:   Executive Summary for Fuel Manufacturing and Transport EIA
Appendix AS:   Record of Decision for Fuel Manufacturing and Transport EIA
Appendix AT:   DEAT/ NNR Agreement – August 2007
Appendix AU:   Pelindaba Site Study
Appendix AV:   EIA Checklist of Requirements
Appendix AW:   Letter from Necsa

								
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