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									Isdefe
Ingeniería de Sistemas




             The Spanish Joint Defense Staff
                 CAX System Prototype

                         Alfredo Hernanz Vaquero
                                  ISDEFE
                              ahernanz@isdefe.es




                                                   01.11.2006
                                                                   Isdefe
                                                                   Ingeniería de Sistemas


  Agenda


       ISDEFE: Who we are
       SMCM: Military Command and Control System for the Spanish Armed
        Forces

       CAX System and Prototype
       Lessons learned and way ahead




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                                    Isdefe
                                    Ingeniería de Sistemas




      ISDEFE: An organization for
      the Public Administration




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                                                                           Isdefe
                                                                           Ingeniería de Sistemas


  ISDEFE
      An organisation for the Public Administration

         Founded in 1985
         100% public enterprise; owned by Spanish MOD.
         Independence from economical, commercial and industrial interests.

                                     Head
                                   Program
                                    Office
                                                      Isdefe


                                Main Contractor



                                Subcontractor



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                                                                     Isdefe
                                                                     Ingeniería de Sistemas


  Products and Services




                               Strategic Consultancy




                                     SERVICES
                                                         Project
                                                       Development
                    Program Office
                       Support




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                                                            Isdefe
                                                            Ingeniería de Sistemas


  Business Areas



      Defence and Security   Air Transport   Telecommunications




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                                   Isdefe
                                   Ingeniería de Sistemas




      SMCM: Military Command and
      Control System for the
      Spanish Armed Forces




                                                 01.11.2006
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                                                                          Isdefe
                                                                          Ingeniería de Sistemas


  SMCM
      PDCIS (CIS Master Plan)

         Introduced in 2002: OM 315/2002
         IGECIS (CIS General Inspection) in charge of direction, management
          and supervision of the PDCIS

         Objectives:
           Integrate all the Information and Telecommunication Systems of the
            MOD
           Set one single CIS policy direction for the MOD




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SMCM

                                                                                                                                       SIMENFAS
                                                                                                                             MESSAGE
                                                                                                                             SERVICES
                                                                                                                                                   MMHS


                                                                                                                                   SIGEMOFAS
                                                                                                                              GIS           CARTOGRAPHIC
                                                                                                                            SERVICES         WORKSHOP
                                                                                                                                                                SERVICES
                                                                                                                                               METOC
                                                                                                                                                               (SIOPERFAS)
                                                                                                                                                               FUNCTIONAL
                                                                                                                                                               OPERATIONS




                                                                                                                            OPERATING         SINTEFAS
                                                                                                                             SYSTEM          GENERAL INTE
                                                                                                                             OFFICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Reference Architecture




                                                                                                                           AUTOMATION             SIGNALS
                                                                                                                                                  IMAGES
                                                                                                                             SYSTEM
                                                                                                                           PROTECTION
                                                                                                                                              SIOPERFAS
                                                                                                                                             OP. PLANNING
                                                                                                                              PKI
                                                                                                                            SERVICES
                                                                                                                                             JOINT, LAND,
                                                                                                                                             MARITIME, AIR
                                                                                                                              WEB                OPS
                                                                                                                            SERVICES
                                                                                                                                                    COP
                                                                                                                                                               (Functional Services)
                                                                                                                                                              User Application Layer




                                                                                                                                             CRISIS RESPON.
                                                                                                                                                                                       INFORMATION SYSTEM (SIM)




                                                                                                                              DATA                 ROES

                   (Network Services WAN / LAN)
                                                  TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM                                                MANAGEMENT
                                                                                                                            SERVICES                CAX
                                                                              Application Platform Layer (Core Services)




                                                                                                                            DOCUMENT
                                                                                                                                                   LOG
                                                                                                                            HANDLING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEM (SMCM)




                                                                                                                                                   CIS
                                                                                                                              FILE
                                                                                                                                                                    ASSISTED




                                                                                                                            PRINTING          VIDEOCONF
                                                                                                                                                                   COMPUTER




                                                                                                                              DNS
                                                                                                                                                                 EXERCISES (CAX)




                                                                                                                                          LEGACY SYSTEMS

                                                                                                                                       LEGACY SYSTEMS
                                                                                                                               LEGACY SYSTEMS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Isdefe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ingeniería de Sistemas




      01.11.2006
                                 Isdefe
                                 Ingeniería de Sistemas




      CAX System and Prototype




                                               01.11.2006
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                                                                         Isdefe
                                                                         Ingeniería de Sistemas


   CAX System and Prototype
         Administrative remarks

            Started by IGECIS in 2004 as a part of the SMCM
            Funds provided by the IGECIS

            Project director: Col. Enrique Porras Montesinos (IGECIS)
            Project management and development: ISDEFE
              Bi-SC views

              Prototype




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                                                                              Isdefe
                                                                               Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Goals
            Reduce the personnel needed for a CAX: Some tasks must be
             automated
              A C2IS-HLA Gateway is introduced to feed the C2IS with the data
               coming out of the Simulation: The C2IS display the theater
               information automatically

              The Gateway automatically converts ADatP-3 messages containing
               formatted orders to JTLS-level orders
            Provide Commanders with the actual C2 Systems (“Train as you fight”)




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                                                                                                     Isdefe
                                                                                                     Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         User Operation                   Strategic Commander                                  COP


                   High Level Order                                    Reports


                                         Operational Commander



                    Operational Order                                   Reports
                                                                                                      C2IS
                                           Tactical Commander /
                                           Response Cell
                                                                  C2IS Updates
               Detailed Order: ADatP-3                                    MEL/MIL (OPLAN)
                                                   C2IS-HLA Gateway


                   Simulation-level instructions             Theater reports
                                                                                         ECG
                                                                        Simulation Control
                                                               JTLS

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                                                                            Isdefe
                                                                            Ingeniería de Sistemas
                                                    COP
   Prototype
         System Architecture
                      ICC        MCCIS                             SIJE
                                                    SIMACET




                                            C2IS Domain




            Reports                                             MEL/MIL
                                         C2IS-HLA                         Orders



                                      Simulation Domain (HLA)




                               JTLS                                FMT

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                                                 Isdefe
                                                 Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         HLA overview
            DMSO RTI 1.3 NG v6.4.1.
            FOM: JMRM (from JTLS)
            Federates:
              JTLS
              FMT
              HLA-C2IS Gateway
              MEL/MIL Injection Tool
            No time-regulation
            DDM Filtering for Side Perception
            No ownership management
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                                                                             Isdefe
                                                                             Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         HLA-C2IS Gateway SOM
            Subscribes to Objects:
              Game Information (Date & Time)
              Side Relationships (Forces hostility)
              Units, using specific Side
              Targets, using specific Side
              Air Missions (Recognized Air Picture) , using specific Side
            Publishes Interactions:
              Generic Order (Game speed)
              Ground, Naval Orders
              Air Orders via ATO Interaction (+ JTLS ATO translator)
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                                                       Isdefe
                                                       Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         HLA-C2IS Gateway


                             Running applications:

                               The gateway itself

                               MEL/MIL script (HLA)

                               FMT

                               RTI




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                                                                Isdefe
                                                                Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Simulation: JTLS


                             Provides Theater view

                               Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines and
                                SOF units

                               Targets: AAA, SAM, Radar Sites,
                                facilities, etc

                               Different side perception for Audience
                                and ECG (usually controller view)

                               Reports on Units

                             Receives and processes orders to units


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                                                                              Isdefe
                                                                              Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Air Force Information System: ICC
                                          Manages

                                              Air Force Units

                                              Squadrons

                                              Air Bases

                                              AAA

                                              Radar Sites

                                              SSM

                                              Ships

                                          Data Base Updated via SQL client

                                          Recognized Air Picture (RAP) through
                                           Link1 generated tracks (NIRIS)
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                                                                           Isdefe
                                                                           Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Navy Information System: MCCIS



                                           Manages

                                             Navy Units

                                             Naval Bases

                                             Marines

                                             Coast Guard

                                             Any Unit from Navy service

                                           Data Base updated via OTH-Gold -
                                            SMTP


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                                                                           Isdefe
                                                                           Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Spanish Army Information System: SIMACET



                                       Manages

                                         Army Units

                                         Marines Units

                                         SOF of these services

                                       Allows ADatP-3 message generation

                                       Data Base updated via SQL client




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                                                                             Isdefe
                                                                             Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Spanish Joint Defense Information System: SIJE

                                         Displays

                                           Units of all services: Army, Navy,
                                            Marines, Air Force

                                           SOF

                                           Targets: AAA, SSM, Radar Sites,
                                            Facilities

                                         Tool to generate ADatP-3 messages

                                         Data Base Updated via SQL client




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                                                                          Isdefe
                                                                           Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Prototype
         Spanish Common Operational Picture: COP
                                       Any type of Unit or Target from the C2
                                        Information Systems

                                       Displayed on top of a Geographic
                                        Information System

                                       Fuses Tactical Information with INTEL,
                                        Meteorological, etc.

                                       COP agent invokes C2IS web services
                                        to grab tactical information, and updates
                                        COP Data Base

                                       COP info is accessed with a standard
                                        web browser


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                                   Isdefe
                                   Ingeniería de Sistemas




         Lessons learned and way
         ahead




                                                 01.11.2006
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                                                                               Isdefe
                                                                               Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Lessons learned
         C2IS vs Constructive Simulation: Problems found
            Time approach.
              Simulation: Execution rates usually greater than 1
              C2IS: Wallclock time, tied to System Time, unable to use simulated
               date and time
              C2IS: Unable to display info with a report timestamp too far away in
               the future or in the past
            Unit location

              C2IS: Units cannot move to any location instantly
              Simulation: “Magic movements” commanded by ECG
            Unit prototyping

              Different way of defining unit equipment, capabilities, etc
                                                                                             01.11.2006
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                                                                             Isdefe
                                                                             Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Lessons learned
         C2IS vs Constructive Simulation

            Conclusions
              C2IS would require a “Simulation” mode to allow using an external
               time source and “magic moves” of units

              Prototype matching need to be implemented in DB
              Open standard for interoperability would make things easier (XMSF,
               C-BML, SOA, etc)




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                                                                                Isdefe
                                                                                Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Lessons learned
         CAX Prototype evaluation

            April 25 – 27, 2006 EMAD
            Potential system users from Joint Defense Staff J’s

            Report
              Prototype is on a initial stage
              Simulation provides great conventional warfare functions

              Need functionality in asymmetric warfare, peace-time operations, etc
              Scenario development is complex and time consuming (limits
               practical use with limited human resources)




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                                                       Isdefe
                                                       Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Lessons learned
         Way ahead

            Analysis of NC3A CAX support tools:
              Terrain development

              MEL / MIL planning and injection tool
              ORBAT
              JTLS-C2 mediation-ware

            Integration with all other SMCM systems
            Scenario development




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                            Isdefe
                            Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Comments or Questions?




                                          01.11.2006
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                                                 Isdefe
                                                 Ingeniería de Sistemas


   Contact




             Alfredo Hernanz Vaquero
             Technical Support to IGECIS

             Systems Engineer
             ISDEFE (Defense Systems Division)

             E-mail:     ahernanz@isdefe.es
             Phone:      +34 91 271 1075




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