23 Policies 04 06 01 by abstraks

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									                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Smoke-free workplaces
                          23                Policies and legislation                                                                                                    ICELAND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NORWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SWEDEN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       FINLAND                           Smoke-free areas in government buildings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2004 or latest available data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Smoking in private workplaces banned.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ESTONIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exceptions or limited restrictions may
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    RUSSIAN                          smoking banned
                                                                            hain
                                                                                                                                                                                               UNITED
             “The welfare of the people                                                                                                                                                       KINGDOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LATVIA         FEDERATION                                                                            apply to restaurants, bars,
                   is the ultimate law.”                               od c                                                                                                                                           DENMARK

                                                                 st-fo lawsuit.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LITHUANIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     smoking restricted                                 and other venues.
            Salus Populi Suprema Est Lex.                    : fa ity
                                                                                                                                                                                   IRELAND
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              POLAND
                                                        USA         s                                                                                                                                         NETH.       GERMANY                          BELARUS

                                                   002 d in obe
              Cicero (106 BCE–43 BCE)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     not regulated                                      First five countries to ratify
                                                 2                                                                                                                                                  BELGIUM
                                                       ete                     of                                                                                                                                                   CZECH                            UKRAINE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the Framework Convention on
                                                  targ                    ouse
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    REPUBLIC SLOVAKIA
                                                                                     its
                                                                   US H ed lawsu y
                                                                                                                                                                                                              LUX.                                                   REP.
Laws, treaties, policies and                                                                                                                                                                                                   AUSTRIA        HUNGARY                MOLDOVA                         unknown                                            Tobacco Control.
                                                               SA: ann
                                                                                                                                                                                                    FRA NCE
                                                                                   ts b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SWITZ.                       BOSNIA &
                                                           4U
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SLOVENIA
regulations have played important                     200 atives b estauran hey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              HERZEGOVINA
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CROATIA                                                            RUSSIAN FEDERATION
                                                             t          r
                                                                               say t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MONTENEGRO
roles in the prevention and                             esen       ood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              BULGARIA

                                                  Repr st fast-f ers who eating
                                                                                                                                                                                              ANDORRA                           ITALY     ALBANIA
                                                                                                                                                                        PORTUGAL
control of disease. Only                                n                       y                                C A N A D A                                                                                                                             FYR MACEDONIA

                                                    agai e custom eight b
                                                                                                                                                                                        SPAIN

governments can legislate for                             s          rw .                                                                   ing                                                                                                        GREECE
                                                      obe         ve                                                                    mok
                                                            me o there
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       KAZAKHSTAN
health warnings on cigarettes,
                                                       beca                                                                      A : a s a,                                                                                             MALTA                                                                             MONGOLIA

                                                                                                                          2 US          en
introduce mandatory food                                                                                              200 n in Hel d heart
                                                                                                                          ba           uce ions                                                                                                 GEORGIA                                         KYRGYZSTAN
standards and labelling, crack                                                                                                   , red lizat                                                                                                                      AZERBAIJAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 UZBEKISTAN                                                                                             JAPAN
                                                                                                                            tana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ARMENIA
                                                                                                                                         a                                                                                                                                 TURKMENISTAN                                                                                  REP.

                                                                                                                      Mon k hospit s trend
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TURKEY
down on smuggling, set a “pro-                                          U S A                                                                                                                                                                    SYRIAN ARAB
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 REPUBLIC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               TAJIKISTAN                                                                KOREA

                                                                                                                           tac %. Thi in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    CYPRUS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  C H I N A
health tax policy”, or implement                                                                                        at       0           h
                                                                                                                                                                        MOROCCO                     TUNISIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  LEBANON                                ISL . RE P.

                                                                                                                            by 4 rsed wit f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           IRA N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ISRAEL
national transport policy. Often                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MARSHALL ISLANDS
                                                                                                                                eve nths o ed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 JORDAN              KUWAIT                  PAKISTAN
governments are the main                                                                                                      r                                                                             LIBYAN                                                                                              NEPAL

                                                                                                                                  6 mo eing lift
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                KIRIBATI         TOKELAU
                                                                                           CUBA                                                                                                              ARAB
                                                               MEXICO                                                                                                                                     JAMAHIRIYA                                                                                                                                                                                  NAURU
providers of health care; they                                                                                                       an b                                                                                         EGYPT                                       UAE
                                                                                                     DOMINICAN

                                                                                                                              the b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        BANGLADESH                                                                 TUVALU
                                                                                                     REP.                                                                                                                                                   SAUDI ARABIA                                     INDIA                                                Hong Kong
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               LAO                SAR
decide how funding is allocated,                                                BELIZE
                                                                                         JAMAICA
                                                                                                                                                 MAURITANIA                                                                                                                                                                                    PDR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VIET NAM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SAMOA     COOK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ISLANDS
                                                                  GUATEMALA                                                                                                    MALI                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NIUE
from prevention programmes to                                                                                     ST LUCIA
                                                                                                                                             CAPE VERDE
                                                                                                                                                              SENEGAL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CHAD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ERITREA                                                                              THAILAND                                     VANUATU
                                                                                                                                                          GAMBIA                                                                  SUDAN                                                                                                                                   PHILIPPINES
                                                                         NICARAGUA
treatment, research, and training.                                        COSTA RICA
                                                                                                                     BARBADOS
                                                                                                                   TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
                                                                                                                                                  GUINEA-BISSAU               BURKINA
                                                                                                                                                                               FASO            NIGERIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CAMBODIA




                                                                                                                                                                                      BENIN
                                                                                                                                                              GUINEA
  The first international                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               FIJI     TONGA




                                                                                                                                                                                    GHANA
                                                                                                                                                                                     TOGO
                                                                                                                                                                         CÔTE                                                                          ETHIOPIA
                                                                                                                      SURINAME                                          D’IVOIRE                                CENTRAL AFRICAN                                                                MALDIVES              SRI LANKA                                                                  PALAU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BRUNEI DAR.
convention that relates specifically             Poli                                                                                                                                                              REPUBLIC

                                               legislcies and
                                                                                                                                                                                                   CAMEROON                                                                                                                                          MALAYSIA

to cardiovascular disease is the                                                                                                                                                                                                           UGANDA

                                              vital ation are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SINGAPORE                                                              MICRONESIA,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    KENYA                                                                                                                                                        FED. STATES OF
                                                                                 ECUADOR                                                                                                           GABON
WHO Framework Convention on                          c
                                               of effomponents
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RWANDA
                                                                                                                                                                                      & PRINCIPE
                                                                                                                                                                                                        CONGO

                                              reduce orts to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BURUNDI
Tobacco Control. It was adopted                                                              PERU                                                                                                                                           UNITED REP.                                                                                                                                                            PAPUA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   I N D O N E S I A

                                              heart coronary
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TANZANIA                                                                                                                                                                NEW
without dissent by the World                                                                                        BRAZIL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         GUINEA         SOLOMON
                                                     d
                                                strokeisease,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ISLANDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ANGOLA
Health Assembly in Geneva in
                                                their , and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MALAWI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ZAMBIA
May 2003, and is currently in the
process of ratification. Once                          r
                                                 factor isk
                                                                                                        BOLIVIA                                                                                                                                                  MADAGASCAR


                                                        s.                                                                                                                                                 NAMIBIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BOTSWANA                                        MAURITIUS
40 countries have ratified the                                                                      CHILE          PARAGUAY

Convention, it will come into                                                                                                                                                                                                             SWAZILAND                                                                                                                              AUSTRALIA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SOUTH
effect as a legally binding treaty                                                                                                                                                                                     AFRICA
                                                                                                                           URUGUAY
among those countries. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1970 Singapore: smoking banned in buses,
                                                                                                                 ARGENTINA
Convention includes clauses on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         cinemas, theatres and other specified
advertising bans, smoke-free                Cardiovascular disease plans                                                                                                                                                                                                               buildings.
areas, health warnings, taxation,           worldwide                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NEW

smoking cessation and smuggling.            Percentage of countries by region                                                                                                            Legislation                                                                                                                                                        89%                                                        ZEALAND

                                                                                                                                                                                         Percentage of countries by region                                                                                                           84%
                                            with national plans for CVD prevention and control                                                                                                                                                                                                                             80%
                                                                                                                                                                                         with tobacco, and food and nutrition legislation                                                                   75% 73%                                                                     77%
                                            2001
                                                                                                                                                                                         2001                                                                                                                                                    70%                      69%
                                            WHO regions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      66%
                                                                                                                                                                                         WHO regions
                                                            Africa             8%
                 ry:
            entu
       7th c est                                                                                                                                                                                tobacco                                                                             50%
      1
         earli ans
                                                         Americas                                     30%                                                                                                                                                            43%
                                                                                                                                                                                                food and nutrition
              nb
        know oking                          Eastern Mediterranean                                                                      53%
              m
         on s cted.                                        Europe                                                                50%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          22%
            e na
                                                  South-East Asia                                                                50%

                                                   Western Pacific                                                  40%                                                                                                                                          Africa                Americas           Eastern                Europe          South-East                   Western
68                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mediterranean                               Asia                      Pacific                                  69

								
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