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Yea Heritage Walk

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Yea Heritage Walk

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									       INDIGENOUS
       HERITAGE                                                                                                                                Yea
        The Aboriginal people who inhabited the Yea area for
        tens of thousands of years before Europeans arrived
        belonged to the Waring Illum Balluk part of the                                                                                       Heritage
                                                                                                                                                  Walk
        Taungurung clan. They held alliances with several
        other clans and language groups in Victoria who
        together are known as the Kulin Nation.

Their habitation was guided by a rich spirituality. In most parts                                 EUROPEAN
of Victoria the great All - Father or Creator was known as Bunjil,
the spirit eagle. Bunjil created the natural features of the land,
                                                                                                  DISCOVERY
the animals, the plants, and he created the people. During the
                                                                     On Saturday, October the 2nd, 1824, Hamilton Hume and William
creation or dreamtime, Bunjil lived rst on earth and later           Hovell began their historic expedition from the County of
ascended to the sky, Bunjil's spirit home. From there he looks       Cumberland, NSW. Their small party consisted of six men, two
down and sees all that happens. Bunjil showed people how to          carts, three horses and numerous dogs.
care for the land, and this is re ected in many traditional
                                                                     The objective was to explore the land between Cumberland and
ceremonies and rituals. The Taungurung lived harmoniously
                                                                     Westernport.
according to the natural cycle and rhythms of the land.
                                                                     After crossing the Goulburn at what is now Molesworth on
                             Movements through their territory       Saturday, December 4th, 1824, Hovell recorded...
                             were based on an intimate                              "The soil produces an abundance of ne grass and
                             knowledge of the local                                 both hills and lowlands are thinly covered with timber.
                             environment, food sources, race                        It is our opinion that we have not seen a more
                             and kinship obligations, and were                      agreeable and interesting country since leaving
                             guided by seasonal in uences.                          home."
                             Food was plentiful around the           Settlement of Yea did not begin until 1837, but it soon ourished.
                             river systems with emus,                The rst town was known as Muddy Creek, named by Hume and
                             kangaroos, possums and goannas          Hovell, but in 1855 the name was changed to Yea, to honour
                             as well as freshwater sh, crays and     Colonel Lacey Walter Yea, O cer in Charge of the Regiment, who
                             abundant plant foods. During            was killed in action during the Crimean War.
                             winter and spring tribes would
                             camp along the tributaries of the
                             Goulburn, returning upstream
                             again in summer and autumn to                                          Discover Our
                                                                                                       Secrets
                             the cooler mountainous areas.

John Franklin, a native of the Nira Illum Bulluk a neighbouring                          High Street., Yea 3717
clan around Broadford, was somehow separated from his                                    Ph/Fax: (03) 5797 2663
                                                                                        email: yvic@bigpond.com
                                                                                                                                                    Participate
family and their culture at 4 years of age. John later worked in
the Yea district as a farm labourer, horse-breaker, drover &                                www.yea.com.au                                           Discover
farmer, contributing to the development of the area & is
honoured by many proud descendants. The Franklin Track in                                                                                             Celebrate
the Yea Wetlands is named after him.
     YEA HERITAGE
     INFORMATION                                                         Yea                                                                                          0
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Scale
                                                                                                                                                                                                           250

                                                                                                                                                                                                         Metres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     500


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yea Wetlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Yea Emergency
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Phone No.s

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Police 5797 2630
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Emergency 000

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Palm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hospital 5797 2500




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Emergency 000




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The Yea township was surveyed and laid out in 1855 by                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       rsh




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Cummins




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Thomas Pinniger, Surveyor.                                                                                                                                                             St                                                                                                                                                                                                 Reserve




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Recre
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Yea Showgrounds




                                                                                                       Yea
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    & Recreation                                                                                                                                                              RACV 5797 3203




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Beginning in 1852, Mr Pinniger, a government surveyor, spent                                                                                                                                                                                   7




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the next 20 years completing the geodetic survey of central                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        n P




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Victoria, including the design, layout and naming of Yea and a




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ann St

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Yea
number of other regional townships. Seventeen of his survey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yea




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          23 24                                                                                                  rt St      Park




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points, marked by large stone cairns, have been located                                                                                15y




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     St
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                                                                                                Valley
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    21                       Scots Presbyterian           School

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                25




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mary
                                                                                                                                        Hw                                                                                                                r                                                        Church




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Lions Park                       ssie                                                                                                                             Yea




                                                                                                                                                                             Railw
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around the Yea district. A replica cairn and information board                             Racecourse
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                                                                                       To Racecourse, Golf                             Aldous                                                                                                                              Church                                              Picnic                            tatio
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Oliver
can be found in High Street opposite the Shire Hall.
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                                                                                       Course, High School                                                                                                                                                                                                                                c. Ar
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Church
                                                                                       & indoor Stadium                                                  Fran
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                                                                                                               16
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 26




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from 1925-1926.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              St
                                                                                                                                       (North St)
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The following buildings numbered on the map and described




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   son
                                                                                                       Grevillea St
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                         St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 St
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below have a numbered copper plate to identify them.




                                                                                                                  Yea




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Moyle
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S outh S t
 1 Yea Post O ce –1890.




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Hill St




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        St
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     St
                                                                                                                  Rd
2    Horse Trough near the Hume & Hovell monument in the Yea                                                                                                Legend                                                                                                                                                                                                       Yea Business & Tourism Association
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               PO Box 92, Yea, 3717.
     Fountain Gardens.                                                                            To Melbourne
                                                                                                   via Kinglake
                                                                                                                                                           Main Roads
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     To Yea
                                                                                                                                                           Sealed Roads                                                                                                                                             Cemetery                                                                                    To Melbourne via
                                                                                                   & Whittlesea                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yarra Glen


3    Yea Fountain - built using a £200 "Ideal Town Competition"                                                                                            Unsealed Roads
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             27
     prize in 1928. Yea was described as close to perfect with the
     mingled requirements of town planning and civic beauty.             12            Recreation Reserve Grandstand – 1891. Few of these characteristic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             21       St. Luke's Anglican Church – Built 1869. Cost £600 ($1,200) with
                                                                                       old style pavilions remain.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            £200 ($400) spent on furnishings. National Trust Building.
     Carter's Cafe – 1877. Originally the Commercial Bank and used
4
     as the gold buying o ce during the local gold mining era. The       13            Grand Central Hotel – 1901. Formerly the Caledonian Hotel.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    22       Lee Gow's Restaurant – 1889. Built by Mr Lee Gow, a
     original facade remains today.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           well-known Chinese resident of the town, who advertised his
                                                                         14            Yea News Agency – circa 1898. Formerly Cairn’s Drapery Store.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              store as "your dear old friend Lee Gow."
     Yea Shire Hall – Originally a single story Hall it was rebuilt by
 5                                                                       15            Private Residence, cnr High and Webster St this is one of Yea's
     L.J. Bishop in 1894 & extended in 1923. The front rooms were
                                                                                       earliest homes. The detached kitchen still stands at the rear.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                23       Presbyterian Church - named 'Scot's Church', o cially opened
     the original Yea Shire O ces.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            with three services on July 12th 1923 at a total cost of £2600
                                                                         16            16 North Street – circa 1876. Private residence built of local                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ($5,200) Builder L.J. Bishop.
6    ‘Belvoir’ – 1884. The residence and clinic of Yea’s rst Doctor.
                                                                                       handmade bricks by J.D. Webster. Remains virtually unaltered.
     Now a private residence.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24       ‘Halletta’, Private residence, cnr Station and Mary St. A typical

     Police Residence – 1894. Initial building cost £98/10 ($199). The
                                                                         17            Beaufort Manor – 1876. Built of local handmade bricks for £3,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Edwardian Villa of the early 1900's.
 7                                                                                     ($6,000). Yea Orchestral Society (20 members) practiced here in
     three stall stable and forage store were added in 1900. The
                                                                                       the 1890's. Served as the school and boarding house for Ivanhoe                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               25       Railway Station - 1889. One of the best remaining examples of
     stable’s interior remains in excellent condition today.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Gothic style stations in Victoria. It has excellent tuck- pointed
                                                                                       Grammar when they were evacuated during World War 2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              brickwork.
 8   Country Club Hotel – 1856. Formerly the Commercial Hotel.
                                                                         18            Pioneer Reserve – 1877. The rst school in Yea built for £510
     Original stone walls in Lounge remain clearly visible.
                                                                                       ($1,020). Extended in 1885 and 1901.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          26       Yea Butter Factory – First Incorporated in 1891. Produced 24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tons of “Sheoak Brand” butter a week by 1905. Closed in the
 9   Marmalades – 1897. Formerly Commercial Store also known as
                                                                         19            ‘Rossmore’ – cnr Pelissier and Raglan St, Yea Hospital until 1930,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1980's but served as a Cheese Factory for several years, now a
     Purcell’s after the family managed the store until sold in 1986.
                                                                                       now a private residence.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               private residence.
     National Trust Classi ed.
                                                                         20            Sacred Heart Catholic Church – 1902. Built at a cost of £2369                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 27       Old Cemetery- at the end of Lyons St. The nal resting place of
10 Commercial Bank Building – Built 1901.                                              ($4,738) to replace the original timber Church building. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           many early settlers. Many of the original wooden headstones
11 Commonwealth Bank – 1923. Built as State Bank of Victoria.                          adjoining Presbytery was built in the 1890s.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           were destroyed by bush re at the turn of the century.

								
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