2. LAND ACQUISITION AND RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS
2.1 MEASURES TO REDUCE RESETTLEMENT
When aligning the route, the following principles have been followed: (1) “being close to the
urban area but not entering into the urban area”, namely, avoiding cities, towns and densely
populated residential areas; (2) reducing house dismantling as much as possible by aligning
the railway along the village sides rather than through its centre, and occupying as little fertile
farmland and economic forest as possible; (3) being far away from or avoiding natural scenic
spots, water source areas and other facilities sensitive to vibration and noise; and (4) being
beneficial for improvement of investment environment along the corridor, promotion of
economic development and creation of preferred social economic benefit.
Obviously, a key design principle was to minimise the land acquisition and house demolition of
the Project. Given the alignment optimisation based on the overall Project cost minimisation,
in the Feasibility Study, the resultant amount of land acquisition is the lowest among major
alignment alternatives (See Table 2). The unavoidable resettlement impact could not be
minimised further at the project feasibility study stage, which also reflects AP’s preference that
if unavoidable, they would like to demolish houses rather than lose fertile land. During the
preliminary design and detailed design phases, minimisation of land acquisition and
resettlement will be further considered.
Table 2 - Comparisons of Major Alternatives
Recommended Length of Total Total land
House to be Total cost
Sections (underlined) and Alignment Earth/Stone * acquisition
removed (M2) (CNY10000)
alternatives (km) Works(M3) (mu)
I. Track Connection Options Dali East connection scenario has increased invest about CNY 438 million; however, this scenario has
Dali East vs. Dali Station avoided the disruption of national protected Dali Ancient Town Area in the west of Erhai Lake.
Accordingly, the densely populated area with enormous fertile land acquisition and resettlement has been
II. Alignment alternatives
1.Haidong--Wenbi Near mountain side 4.5 93644 … 44.1 0 12246.75
CK18+850～CK23+350 Near Lake side 4.539 140874 … 65.7 970 12327.05
2. Bijiashan Tunnels Short Tunnel Senario 12.1 96481 … 115.2 0 41849.61
CK63+000～CK75+100 Long Tunnel Senario 11.42 146390 … 156.8 0 50265.98
3.Xiyi--Changtou Eastern Alignment 15 698820 … 616.5 10032 29617.77
CK89+900～K104+000 Western Alignment 15.1 835184 … 621.1 6840 35671.62
Compared with the western alignment, the eastern alignment, shortened in length
4.Changtou--Lijiang South by 2.281km ， with bridges and tunnel shortened by 2.392 km ， has more
Station advantage. Meanwhile, the engineering geographical features are superior to the
CK108+800～CK155+200 western alignment. And the most important is that the station location is in line with
the local county town planning.
Tunnels may cut off the rock water system and disrupt the spring water sources
Heqing West which will affect the drinking water system of local farmers, and even damage the
Alignment nearby ecological system.
5.Location of Lijiang Station Eastern Alignment Lijiang Station sited in the east mountain slope is in line with the overall urban
Western Alignment planning of Lijiang City, which is not far from the downtown area.
Sub-total Recommended (a) 78 888945 … 775.8 10032 83714.13
Sub-total of alternatives (b) 79.601 1122448 … 843.6 7810 98264.65
Difference (c)=(a)-(b) -1.601 -233503 … -67.8 2222 -14550.52
N B * Other items include tunnels, large to medium bridges and underpasses, etc.
**The recommended alignment sections are underlined. Source: Project Feasibility Study, 2004.
2.2 REQUIREMENT FOR LAND AND PROPERTY
Land and structures in the following categories have been estimated:
• Land: irrigated, non-irrigated (dry), forest, barren, residential. A distinction is made
between land required permanently and temporarily (i.e. during the construction period
• Trees and young crops: economic trees and timber trees;
• Housing categorized by private and public used houses;
• Structures and fixtures: enclosure wall, and tombs;
• Infrastructure: e.g. power lines and telecommunication lines;
• Non-residential establishments: e.g. schools, enterprises.
Table 3 summarises the principal categories of land and property acquisition. Over 56 % of
the land to be acquired is currently cultivated land (3726 mu or 248 ha, accounted for 2.5 % of
total village cultivated land area), and nearly 70 % of this land is irrigated. Most of the
remainder are forestland/bush land and barren slops. Around 680 private households will
require relocation, as will one school and one house in the brickfield. Over two thirds of the
land acquisition and of the property demolition will occur in Dali Prefecture. Temporary land to
be rented during construction will amount to 1600 mu (107 ha).
Table 3 - Land and Property Acquisition (summarised)
Dali Heqing Gucheng
No. of Townships crossed 6 5 2 13
No. of Villages crossed 21 25 10 56
Permanent Land Requirements (in mu)
Dali Prefecture Lijiang City
Irrigated Land 747 394 1141
Dry Land 1932 1086 3018
Total Cultivated Land 2679 1480 4159
% Irrigated 27.9 % 26.6 % 27.4 %
Housing Plot 69.6 9 78.6
Orchard /Economic Forest 63.5 53 116.5
Timber Forest 981.7 55 1036.7
Other /1 450 71.6 517.1
Total land 4244 1669 5913
% Cultivated land 63.1 % 88.7 % 70.3%
Temporary Land Requirement (mu) 1600
Private Households requiring relocation 680
Floor space (m2) 120314
Schools /Enterprise requiring relocation 2
Floor space (m2) 594
Total Floor space 120908
Road rerouting 14.79 4.64 19.43
Power lines (km)—single line length 47 10 57
N.B.: i.e. bush land barren mountain slope and barren land and 70mu state owned land.
Source: Estimated based on Feasibility Study and field survey, 2004
The impact of land and property acquisition will be widely spread with over 56 villages in 13
townships losing land or property. All the villages will lose land and 18 villages will lose
property. One school - Beixihe Primary School in Heqing County and one house in Xiahe
Brickfield in Dali City will be affected by land acquisition.
Infrastructures that will be affected include power lines, telecommunication lines. In addition,
existing roads and irrigation systems will be “cut” by the railway and will require rehabilitation.
However, the restoration of the infrastructure will be included in the civil work of railway
construction. A condition of these contracts will be that the infrastructure is maintained at all
times during the construction period.
2.3 IMPACTED POPULATION
2.3.1 Population Requiring Resettlement
Based on the feasibility study and field survey, it is estimated that 680 private households will
require resettlement, and the total number of persons affected will be around 3,150.
One primary school and one house in Xiahe Brickfield will be affected by the demolition
(whole or partial), with total students, teachers and workers 150 persons.
The total number of people affected by demolition is therefore around 3,300 persons.
2.3.2 Population Affected by Loss of Land
The Project will permanently acquire 5913 mu (394 ha) of land, of which 4159 mu (70%) is
cultivated land, 116.5 mu (2%) is orchard, 1036.7 mu (18%) is forest, 78.6 mu (1%) is house
plots and 517.1 mu is other/wasteland. This impact is equivalent to 3,705 persons losing all
their cultivated land.
If the land can be re-distributed among farmer households in the same land loss group, then
all farmers in the land owning group will share the land loss. For example, if the 4159 mu
cultivated land loss is shared by all villagers in the affected villages (120,694 persons), each
person will only lose 0.03 mu; thereby all the farmers in the affected villages would be
2.3.3 Total Population Affected
The temporary land occupation amount is 1600 mu, but most of the land will be barren land or
mountain slope. There are 250 persons who will be directly affected.
The total population directly affected by land and/or property acquisition will thus be 7709