What’s the difference between a Psychiatrist and Psychologist? Psychiatrist Psychiatrists are medical practitioners who then undergo post-graduate training in psychiatry. They are Fellows of the Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatry (FRANZCP). Treatment by Psychiatrists usually involves counselling and prescription of medication. Consider referrals regarding: ● Depression & anxiety (mood disorders) ● Stress ● Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) ● Psychosis (e.g. schizophrenia) ● Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (to exclude an underlying psychiatric disorder) Psychologist Psychologists usually complete a 3 or 4 year Bachelor of Arts (BA) majoring in Psychology and unlike Psychiatrists, are not registered medical practitioners. They then go on to complete a 2 year post-graduate Master of Clinical Psychology course if they intend to diagnose and treat. In general, psychologists assist mentally healthy people to find ways of functioning more effectively or coping with conditions such as stress or anxiety. They address extremes of normal psychological function, and are not permitted to prescribe medication. Treatment usually involves counselling and teaching coping or distraction strategies (eg. meditation), identification of conflict in the workplace, and mediation.