Proposed Dairy Mega Merger

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                                     June 2001
                                                                             Proposed Dairy Mega Merger
Articles
                                                                             Farmers are due to vote soon on what would be NZ’s biggest business deal – the
Proposed Dairy Mega Merger ......................... 1                       creation of a huge dairy mega co-operative made up of dairy giants Kiwi Co-
                                                                             operative Dairies (Kiwi), the NZ Dairy Group (NZDG), and the dairy industry’s
New Food Authority .......................................... 3
                                                                             marketing arm, the NZ Dairy Board (NZDB). It’s hoped the new company
Pipfruit Deregulation Gets OK ........................ 3                     (tentatively called Global Dairy Company – GDC) will be up and running by
                                                                             September this year.
Simplifyng Tax for Small Businesses ............ 3
                                                                                 GDC would be the world’s 14th biggest dairy company (accounting for 95% of
Prison Management Reviewed ....................... 4
                                                                             the NZ industry) and NZ’s only company of truly global scale. With estimated
Budget Snapshot .............................................. 4             revenues of more than $US5 billion, GDC would be about one-third the size of the
                                                                             biggest, Swiss-based Nestle, and in the same league as French company Lactalis
NZ Disability Strategy ...................................... 8              and British/Dutch giant Unilever.
NZ Adult Literacy Strategy Released ............ 8
                                                                                 The new co-operative would be responsible for around one-third of
Time Use Survey Report ................................. 8                   internationally-traded dairy products, more than 20% of NZ’s total exports, and
                                                                             nearly 7% of the gross national product. In addition, the new company would hold a
Ngati Ruanui Settlement Signed .................... 9
                                                                             virtual monopoly on the purchase of raw milk from farmers, and the wholesale milk
Helping Business ‘Incubators’ ........................ 9                     market. It could also affect every NZer, as spending on dairy foods represents 9.6%
                                                                             of an average household’s daily food bill.
Police Complaints Authority Changes ........... 9
                                                                                 As a private company, GDC’s success or failure would be in the hands of its
New Health Education Website ...................... 9
                                                                             shareholder farmers (note: the vast majority, but not all industry farmers, would be
New Office of Ethnic Affairs ..........................10                    part of the GDC conglomerate), employees and management, and it would be the
                                                                             company’s shareholders that would enjoy the fruits of its successes and bear the
Zero Seatbelt Tolerance ................................10                   costs of its failures. This is a big change for an industry that has been tightly
IYV Snapshot ..................................................10            regulated for the last 50 years; so what lead to this momentous change?

TVNZ Charter ..................................................11
                                                                                Farmer Spin-offs
Important Employment Law Case ................12
                                                                                In the run-up to the vote, GDC claimed a number of direct benefits to farmers
Internet Items ..................................................12
                                                                                from its creation. These claimed benefits include:

                                                                                •   that the mega-merger would put nearly a million dollars a day extra in the
                                                                                    pockets of the roughly 14,000 farmers who will supply milk to GDC –
Update          ........................................................14
                                                                                    $310 million a year – through cost savings, revenue enhancements and
Legislation Notes                     ................................19            strategy gains;
                                                                                •   annual cost savings of $120 million, from reducing duplicated facilities
Resources Available                         ..........................21            and effort;

                                                                                •   annual revenue enhancements and productivity improvements would be
                                                                                    worth $70 million, from the second year of the merger, mainly from
                                                                                    economies of scale and integration of manufacture with marketing and
                                                                                    distribution; and
Published by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
in association with the Department of Internal Affairs                          •   by 2005 (when the full financial impact of the merger is felt) milk price
                                                                                    and dividend payments per kilogram are projected to be in excess of 20c/
                                                                                    kg milksolids higher under the mega co-operative than they would be
                                                                                    under the status quo.
Background                                                                dairy industry will depend upon its ability to create
                                                                          competitive advantage for its products on some basis other
The dairy industry is NZ’s largest exporter of merchandise
                                                                          than commodity price.
products. In the year to June 2000 dairy exports were $4.8
billion, or 19.4% of total merchandise exports. The performance       •   Growth strategy: The NZDB, NZDG and Kiwi are each
of the dairy industry has significant implications for the NZ             investing in overseas dairy companies, particularly in
economy as a whole. The industry has a number of separate (but            Australia and South America (supporters of GDC would
related) components:                                                      argue that one big company is better able to invest overseas).

•   about 14,000 dairy farmers, who produce milk and own all          •   Single desk: concerns that the single-desk model (which has
    shares in dairy co-operatives (in proportion to their supply of       regulated the industry for the past 50 years or so) is out of
    milk to the co-operative);                                            date in today’s world and is actually impeding the industry’s
                                                                          development.
•   four dairy co-operatives (two major and two minor) who
    collect raw milk and process it into a variety of products and        Generally, the industry believed that a merger of all NZ’s
    commodities, and who own all shares in the NZDB (in               major dairy assets was the best way to address these issues, by:
    proportion to their supply of products to the Board);             being representative enough – of the industry – to bring about
•   the NZ Dairy Board, which is the statutory single-desk            major reform, retaining advantages of size the industry has
    exporter of dairy products, and which owns a number of            already achieved, and providing a large and stable financial
    offshore companies and joint ventures dealing with both NZ        platform to pursue aggressive offshore investment strategies.
    and non-NZ sourced dairy products (a single-desk exporter         The question was how to go about it?
    model, as the name implies, is based on one organisation
    having total control over the marketing and selling of export     No Easy Path
    products);
                                                                      In the 1998 Budget the former Government announced that all
•   the wider food processing industry that uses dairy products       statutory producer boards, including the NZDB, should provide
    and adds value to them; and                                       the Government with plans for deregulation. The dairy indus-
•   dairy industry cluster companies, such as agritech, software,     try’s response was to propose the so-called ‘MergerCo’, in
    machinery, and advisory businesses.                               which at least the two largest dairy co-operatives would merge
                                                                      allowing the operations of NZDB to be integrated into the new
   The NZDB was established at a time when NZ had many                company.
small dairy co-operatives, very few of which had the scale or
expertise to market internationally. Over the past 50 years,              In 1999 these proposals were put to the Commerce
mergers have continued until the industry is now dominated by         Commission (the main role of this government ‘watchdog’ is to
two very large co-operatives: NZDG currently owns 58% of              ensure that market structures and market practices are consistent
NZDB, and Kiwi owns 38% of NZDB.                                      with competition). In August 1999 the Commission found that
                                                                      the detriments of the proposed merger significantly outweighed
    Globally, too, the industry is facing up to some big issues:      the benefits to the public, and posed 48 questions, which the
                                                                      industry avoided having to answer by withdrawing its appli-
•   Consolidation of customers and competitors: Internationally,      cation in September 1999.
    retailers and manufacturers are consolidating to form
    immense businesses with increasing market power. This is             Despite the failure of the initial merger application, NZDG
    tending to drive down producer returns (supporters of GDC         and Kiwi continued private merger discussions for much of
    would argue that one big producer company like GDC, has           2000. They developed a new merger proposal with the working
    more clout than a number of smaller players, when                 name of the ‘Global Dairy Company’ (GDC). This new com-
    negotiating with retailers/manufacturers).                        pany was proposed again just before Christmas 2000, when the
•   Market access: Most dairy products worldwide are sold in          industry asked the Government to help it bypass the Commerce
    their domestic markets, rather than being exported. Because       Commission (mainly because it was felt that the new proposals
    of trade restrictions NZ dairy products are effectively           probably wouldn’t gain Commerce Commission approval). The
    ‘excluded’ from around 95% of the world’s dairy markets.          proposed merger package was discussed in Cabinet during
                                                                      January 2001.
•   Differentiating products: Commodity dairy products (e.g.,
    milk powder, bulk casein, butter, etc.) are characterised by          On 9 April it was publicly announced that Cabinet approved
    their cyclical nature (the usual demand and supply cycle is       the request to exempt the merger proposal from provisions of the
    something along the lines of: demand for product, more            Commerce Act (in other words, it wouldn’t have to go to the
    production to meet demand, oversupply of supply, drop in          Commerce Commission). The proposals were due to go to
    demand, drop in prices, fewer supplies, rising product            farmers to vote on 12 May, but, the vote has been delayed (at
    demand, etc., etc.) and falling returns over time (for            least partly because of disagreement over who would be the
    commodities, generally, efficiency gains coupled with more        CEO of the new company). The vote is now expected to take
    countries producing these ‘basic’ goods, leads to lower           place in June. To pass, the proposal needs the support of 75% of
    prices and diminishing returns). The future success of the NZ     farmers.



Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 2                                                       MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
Checks and Balances                                                                          a new portfolio will be created so that it
                                                                                             has its own Minister. It will also have its
In deciding to waive Commerce Commission approval, the Government had to balance
                                                                                             own Vote, it will generate its own policy
a number of potential risks and benefits. These potential risks include:
                                                                                             advice, and it will have its own advisory
•   because GDC would have an effective monopoly in a number of important NZ                 board.
    markets, including the purchase of raw milk purchased from small farmers, it makes
                                                                                                It’s responsibilities will include
    it all too easy to exclude potential competitors – even if GDC became quite
                                                                                             standard setting, liaising with local
    inefficient;
                                                                                             government authorities in running hy-
•   inefficiency and company ‘smugness’ could result from a major competitive                giene checks on public eating places, and
    advantage of GDC – that NZ farmers produce very low cost milk by global                  controlling the entry of new foods into the
    standards (this, potentially, could mean that GDC would be able to meet sales and        NZ market.
    profits targets largely through reducing returns to farmers, rather than through
    innovation and efficiency gains);
•   creating GDC will, in effect, mean that the entire NZ dairy industry has “all its eggs   Pipfruit Deregulation
    in one basket” with only one strategy – GDC’s (when evidence shows that the
    existence of a number of different strategies has benefited the industry in the past);   Gets OK
    At the end of day, though, Cabinet decided the merger would produce greater net
                                                                                             The Government has confirmed it is
benefits than the current industry structure, polarised around two competing
                                                                                             prepared, in principle, to deregulate the
companies. But the industry didn’t get all its own way, and Cabinet imposed a number
                                                                                             pipfruit industry. The idea is to give apple
of conditions in return for its waiver. These conditions included that:
                                                                                             and pear growers a choice of exporters,
•   farmers are allowed to sell up to 20% of their milk to a rival company without being     who would compete on an equal footing
    discriminated against by GDC;                                                            with the statutory agency body, ENZA.
                                                                                             Currently, growers must sell their pro-
•   GDC is required to supply up to 400 million litres of raw milk a year to its NZ
                                                                                             duce in overseas markets through ENZA
    competitors at a fair price;
                                                                                             unless cleared by an independent permits
•   the company is required to accept all milk offered to it (this would prevent GDC         committee.
    from manipulating its share price and payout for milk);
•   sharemilkers, who make up 40% of the industry, are for the first time allowed to buy         A likely option would be to form a
    shares in GDC;                                                                           product group attached to the Horti-
                                                                                             cultural Export Authority (HEA), which
•   GDC’s share price must be the same at any time in any region, for both new entrants      could help protect the value of “Brand
    and exiting farmers;
                                                                                             NZ” for all exporters. Under the HEA
•   50% of domestic Anchor flagship company NZ Dairy Foods must be sold (this is to          model, growers and exporters would form
    ensure domestic competition);                                                            a joint government-recognised product
•   existing ‘niche players’ such as Tatua and Kapiti Cheeses are allowed to export          group to handle roles such as approving
    freely (under the old system these companies had to apply to the NZDB to get an          export permits, and monitoring and
    export permit);                                                                          approving export marketing strategies.
•   in 6 years, GDC is expected to lose its present monopoly access to NZ preferential          Further consultation should take place
    tariff quota in markets for dairy products (perhaps not surprisingly GDC had             soon. Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
    requested that this access to the export quota should be maintained in perpetuity);
    and
•   if the merger goes through, GDC will have to meet the full disciplines of the
    Commerce Act, which don’t apply to the NZDB.
                                                                                             Simplifying Tax for
   If farmers approve the merger, legislation will have go through the parliamentary         Small Businesses
system, including a full select committee process (which should take about 3 months).
                                                                                             A government discussion paper, ‘More
                                                                                             Time for Business’, aimed at simplifying
New Food Authority                                                                           the tax system and helping reduce stress
                                                                                             on small business, was released recently.
                                                                                             It sets out a wide range of proposals for
A new Food Administration Authority to safeguard NZ’s food safety standards and
                                                                                             reducing the stress, uncertainty and risks
reputation as a safe food exporter is being set up. Currently the Ministry of Health is
                                                                                             for small businesses in meeting their tax
responsible for administering food regulations within NZ while the Ministry of
                                                                                             obligations. NZ is a country of small
Agriculture and Forestry administers food exports.
                                                                                             businesses. Over 95% of employers have
    These functions are to be brought together into a single semi-autonomous agency          fewer than 20 employees, while 84%
attached to MAF. The agency will be serviced for administrative purposes by MAF, but         have fewer than five employees.



MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                      Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 3
    The main proposals relating to small businesses are:               •   what weapons and holds are appropriate to restrain offend-
                                                                           ers, especially when new technology such as disorienting la-
•   provisional tax: small businesses could pay provisional tax            ser beams are becoming available;
    as income is earned, rather than paying it in three equal
    payments throughout the year. For some businesses this             •   the way offences against prison discipline are dealt with (at
    would result in a better match of cash flow and tax payments.          present visitors to prison face a maximum fine of $2,000 or 3
    Other proposals would reduce interest costs associated with            months jail for offences such as trying to bring in drugs, and
    the current system for all businesses;                                 the consultation asks whether those penalties are sufficient);
                                                                           and
•   employers and PAYE: employers could reduce their
    exposure to penalties and interest by using intermediaries         •   the way corrections laws can help to reduce offending by
    such as payroll firms when collecting and paying PAYE;                 promoting the rehabilitation of offenders and their re-
                                                                           integration into the community.
•   end-of-year tax adjustments: requirements associated with
    end-of-year income tax calculations for small businesses,
    such as trading stock valuations, could be reduced;                    Submissions close on Monday, 18 June 2001. Copies of the
•   simplifying requirements: other forms and processes could              discussion document are available from the Corrections
    also be simplified. They include exemption certificates for            Department, phone toll-free on 0800 004 326. The full
    non-resident contractors’ withholding tax and the resident             document is also available on the Department’s website at
    withholding tax certificates sent out by financial institutions;       www.corrections.govt.nz
•   benefiting from information technology: Recent advances in
    information technology can help to reduce tax compliance
    costs by reducing the need for businesses to communicate
    with Inland Revenue, simplifying the calculation and               Budget Snapshot
    payment of tax, simplifying the filing of returns, and
    improving the administration of the tax system.                    Where the Money Comes From
                                                                       (Revenue = $40 billion)
   Other proposals include helping people who receive family
assistance by reducing the number of forms involved, removing          Operational Revenue                                              5%
complex end-of-year adjustments, and reducing the risk of their        Fees, fines, levies                                              1%
owing family support at the end of the year.                           Other indirect tax                                              10%
                                                                       Withholding & other direct tax                                   4%
    Submissions close 15 June and should be sent to the                Company tax                                                     12%
    General Manager, Policy Advice Division, Inland Revenue            Individuals                                                     45%
    Department, PO Box 2198, Wellington, email                         GST                                                             23%
    policy.webmaster@ird.govt.nz. ‘More Time for Business’ is
    available at Bennetts Government Bookshops, and at                 Where the Money Goes ($ million)
    www.taxpolicy.ird.govt.nz and www.treasury.govt.nz                 Area                                  2001-02               2000-01
                                                                       Social Welfare                         13,826                 13,263
                                                                       Education                               7,056                  6,733
Prison Management Reviewed                                             Health                                  7,684                  7,272
                                                                       Core government services                1,552                  1,590
A review of prison management laws covers the daily                    Law & order                             1,640                  1,583
management of prisons, including the rules for prison visits and       Defence                                 1,153                  1,280
the day release of prisoners for work. Part of that review is a
                                                                       Finance costs                           2,395                  2,484
public discussion paper called ‘Better Corrections Law for NZ’.
Legislation is expected to be introduced early next year.              Other                                   4,059                  4,141

   Wider issues covered in the consultation include the                Super
purposes and principles behind corrections laws, and the way
offenders are managed. Specific areas looked at include:               The planned NZ Superannuation Fund gets its first injection of
                                                                       $600 million (the assumed transfers for the subsequent 3 years
•   the role of temporary work release for inmates. At present,        are $1.2 billion, $1.8 billion and $2.5 billion, respectively).
    some inmates can be released from prison to go to work,
    returning to jail at night, with their wages used to compensate    Health
    victims. The law doesn’t currently set out the purpose of
    temporary release, and it doesn’t say who is eligible or the       Main points include:
    maximum length of release;                                         •   oral health strategy $3.9 million, palliative care $3.7 million,
•   what access prisoners should have to phones and mail;                  Pacific provider development $2.8 million;



Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 4                                                          MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
•   hospital services, $46.7 million;                                 •   expanding the Incubator Support Programme ($0.6 million
•   primary care, $23.5 million;                                          to $1.8 million);

•   disability support services, $44.6 million;                       •   $1.125 million in 2001/02 and following years for raising
                                                                          number of Technology in Industry Fellowships (TIFs); and
•   maternity services, $3.7 million (this is meant to particularly
    help Maori and rural women with additional antenatal              •   $2.813 million per year for continued funding of Enterprise
    needs);                                                               Award Scheme.

•   pharmaceutical and laboratory testing, $8.88 million,                Strategies and Partnerships ($9.117 million in 2001/02,
    vaccine costs, $0.8 million;                                      $33.336 million over 4 years); four programmes including:
•   $3.9 million to improve the National Cervical Screening           •   $2.08 million in 2001/02 and $2.170 million in each of the
    Programme; and                                                        following 3 years to develop and put in place sector
•   $7.4 million for continuing mental health services following          strategies (for industries identified as being job-rich, high-
    the Mason Review of mental health services.                           skill, and high-value);
                                                                      •   expanding the regional partnerships programme from $5.625
Children and Families                                                     million in 2000/01 to $11.25 million in 2001/02 and $16.875
                                                                          million in 2002/03 and the following years;
CYFS will receive an additional $184.4 million over the next 4
years ($36.2 million in 2001/02) to put in place the                  •   $1.406 million for pilot community financing programmes in
recommendations of Mick Brown’s report, ‘Care and Protection              Northland and in Rangitikei/Wanganui/ Ruapehu; and
is about Adult Behaviour’. Other measures include (funding is         •   two funds of $2 million per year each, to enable Ministers to
for 4 years unless specified):                                            act quickly and flexibly as priorities for industry and regional
                                                                          development are identified.
•   $28.8 million for staff recruitment and retention;
                                                                         High Growth Potential ($845,000 in 2001/02, $4.538
•   $56 million to meet expected growth in the demand for care
    services for at-risk children and young people;                   million over 4 years.); expanding two existing schemes:

•   $28.4 million to provide and develop services for children        •   funding for Business Growth Service expanding to $6.75
    with high and complex needs (funded jointly with education            million for 2001/02; and
    and health); and                                                  •   expanding Major Investment Fund to $3.375 million for
•   additional operating expenditure of $37.6 million and capital         2001/02;
    expenditure of $25 million to build new purpose-built
                                                                      Smart Government ($1.315 million in 2001/02, $6.604 million
    residences for the care of young people with particular
                                                                      over 4 years);
    conditions such as conduct disorder.
                                                                      •   expanding the Industrial Supplies Office; and
    Funding also for continuing the five community programmes
                                                                      •   money to help run major sector-specific events (e.g.,
for Maori Youth at Risk of Offending and the Wraparound                   showing yacht building to America’s Cup visitors).
Programme ($6.2 million) and to prevent youth suicide ($2.8
million).                                                                Jobs for Students (details to be announced for getting
                                                                      students into high-quality summer holiday jobs).
‘Economic Opportunity’ Package
                                                                      Employment
Total funding for Vote Industry and Regional Development in
2001/02 is $96.183 million, up from $49.492 million in 2000/          $44.7 million budget package to give beneficiaries skills and
01. Fifteen new or expanded economic development pro-                 opportunities to move into paying jobs. Details include:
grammes announced today come under six headings:
                                                                      •   $2.2 million to streamline the administration of Family
   Building Future Capability ($6.2 million per year from                 Support by the Department of Work and Income (DWI) to
2001/02, $24.8 million over 4 years); three projects:                     ensure that beneficiaries do not lose due entitlements when
                                                                          they take up employment opportunities;
•   $2.250 million a year for a ‘brain gain’ scheme to identify
                                                                      •   $300,000 to extend assistance via the New Employment
    and network with NZers who are world class thinkers;                  Transition Grant to couples who have dependent children;
•   $2 million a year to promote a culture of enterprise and          •   a new $725,000 information campaign by DWI and Inland
    increase the number of NZers willing to turn their ideas into         Revenue to inform beneficiaries of the transition-to-work
    commercial ventures; and                                              and in-work assistance for which they are eligible;
•   $1.95 million a year to support the development of promising      •   $2 million to increase support which can be provided by the
    individuals in science and innovation.                                Work Start Grant;
   Building the Base of Business ($5.107 million per year,               Budget spending to up-skill beneficiaries include (figures
$20.428 million over 4 years); three projects:                        over 4 years unless specified):



MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                       Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 5
•   $3.6 million to provide basic literacy assistance for up to       •   pilot ‘tertiary education learning and assessment centres’
    2,000 job seekers;                                                    designed for people at risk of educational failure.
•   $4 million in 2001/02 for improved transition-to-work and
                                                                      Tertiary Education
    in-work support for people with disabilities;
•   $3 million for a pilot programme, to run in 2002 and 2003,        Increased funding (2.6%) for tertiary institutions to freeze their
    providing tailored assistance to Sickness and Invalids            fees again next year. Also:
    Benefit recipients;                                               •   a Centres of Research Excellence Fund ($40.6 million over 4
•   $1.2 million towards an Early Intervention Home Visit Pilot           years). Note: to have access to the fund, an institution will
    programme, starting this August;                                      have to agree to freeze its student fees;
•   $20.2 million to provide continued support to assist people       •   four new tertiary teaching awards, worth $50,000 each;
    in work or training to access subsidised childcare, and out-      •   funding for the Office of the Ombudsmen to investigate
    of-school care (OSCAR) during school holidays; and                    tertiary education complaints and to work more closely with
•   $7.2 million to the Community Employment Group to                     institutions in addressing complaints;
    develop community-based employment projects.                      •   a new training programme to strengthen governance in
    Also:                                                                 public tertiary institutions;
                                                                      •   creating another 4000 places annually to allow 5000 low-
•   $3.6 million is to be spent backing social entrepreneurs;             income NZers to receive free comprehensive career
•   $1.6 million to support small business development amongst            guidance; and
    Pacific women; and                                                •   continuing the CareerPoint 0800 information line; and
•   $2 million for an Ecoworks programme which will assist            •   $2.13 million to help set up a Tertiary Education Com-
    community organisations to develop new waste manage-                  mission.
    ment, eco-tourism and habitat protection initiatives.
                                                                      Maori
Education
                                                                      •   a $15 million ($3 million in year 1, $6 million in year 2 and
•   $30 million over the next 4 years to put in place the policy of
                                                                          $6 million in year 3 – 2003/04) whanau, hapu, iwi and Maori
    equity funding for the early childhood sector (this targets
                                                                          Communities’ Development Direct Resourcing Fund, to be
    community based early childhood education centres in low
                                                                          managed by Te Puni Kokiri;
    socio-economic or isolated areas);
                                                                      •   on-going funding of two programmes announced in last
•   school operation funding increases by 1.6%;
                                                                          year’s Budget – $2.88 million for the Maori Business
•   $27.4 million (including $19 million new funding), over 4             Facilitation Service and $8.5 million for Capacity Building;
    years, for leadership and management development for
                                                                      •   funding for Maori television ($10.86 million in 2001/02 and
    principals;
                                                                          $10 million a year thereafter); and
•   $17.1 million, over 4 years, on projects for better monitoring
                                                                      •   five Maori regional tourism organisations will share new
    and introducing an electronic administration system for
                                                                          funding of $338,000 in 2001/02.
    schools;
•   $18 million over 4 years to fund the Adult Literacy Strategy;
                                                                      Business, Research and Innovation
•   $9.1 million, over 4 years, for administrative support for
    small schools; and                                                The NZ Venture Investment Fund is being launched to finance
•   $15 million per year for bringing in the National Certificate     business start-ups, in partnership with private sector venture
    in Educational Achievement (NCEA).                                capital. The Government is putting in $100 million seed capital.
                                                                      The Fund will invest in a number of ‘drop-down’ funds focused
                                                                      on seed and start-up investments in NZ businesses. The parent
Industry Training
                                                                      fund will be a minority investor in the drop-down funds, which
A total of $56 million new funding over the next 4 years to buy       will be managed by private-sector fund managers.
an estimated 17,400 additional industry training places.
Specifics include:                                                       Also, there’s new spending ($11.6 million) in Vote Research,
                                                                      Science and Technology on, for example:
•   up to $1 million more this coming year on a training project,
    to increase employees’ access to learning through the use of      •   an extra $2.3 million for the New Economy Research Fund,
    new learning technologies, e.g., computer-based learning;             which supports research with commercial prospects;

•   about $2.0 million in 2001/02 to increase to 14,750 the           •   a $2 million increase for the Marsden Fund, which supports
    number of Youth Training placements, especially those                 ‘blue skies’ or basic research; and
    teaching basic literacy, numeracy and communication skills        •   $5 million to move health research to a fully-funded basis
    to long term unemployed 16-17 year olds; and                          and $1 million more for environmental research.


Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 6                                                      MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
Stronger Communities                                                 •   funding to control bovine Tb, prevent foot and mouth disease
                                                                         from entering NZ, control the spread of Asian kelp, and fund
A $31.1 million Budget package, ‘Community and Voluntary
                                                                         a South Island survey of freshwater pest fish;
Sector’, including (figures over 4 years unless specified):
                                                                     •   extra funds to Ministry for the Environment ($6 million this
•   a $15.2 million increase for community, iwi and Maori                year, $2 million next year);
    providers funded by Child, Youth and Family to deliver
                                                                     •   funds to develop environmental performance indicators and
    community-based services such as sexual abuse and family
                                                                         to improve the collection of agriculture and horticulture
    violence counselling and home parenting skills;
                                                                         statistics; and
•   $2.19 million to support volunteering;
                                                                     •   funding for organic farming projects.
•   $3.6 million ($900,000 in 2001/02) to support social entre-
    preneurs and local leaders make a difference in their
                                                                     Defence (Announced 8 May)
    communities;
•   $6.9 million ($1.733 million in 2001/02) for the successful      •   $300 million increase in next 5 years and around $700
    HIPPY and support programmes run from Family Service                 million in next 10 years for Vote: Defence Force; and
    Centres;                                                         •   re-equipping programme for Army, multi-role vessel with
•   $930,000 this coming year to gain a better picture of the            long distance and southern ocean capabilities to replace
    voluntary sector;                                                    HMNZS Canterbury on retirement, upgrade of Air Force’s
                                                                         Orion, C-130 Hercules and Iroquois fleet.
•   $700,000 this coming year to begin to put in place the
    recommendations of the Community and Voluntary Sector
    Working Party; and                                               Miscellaneous

•   $2.2 million to support the work of the 10 volunteer centres.    •   almost $100 million over the next 5 years for sports, fitness
                                                                         and leisure (to put in place recommendations from the recent
Police and Justice                                                       Sport, Fitness and Leisure Review);

•   $22 million as the first instalment of the estimated $90         •   Office of Veterans Affairs gets $2 million more (to $204
    million to be provided for the new Sentencing and Parole             million);
    regime;                                                          •   funding for Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environ-
•   $7 million, over 4 years, on programmes to reduce re-                ment remains about the same;
    offending ($2.2 million in 2001/02);                             •   Ministry of Consumer Affairs up slightly to $5.46 million;
•   $500,000 a year to support victims of crime by local victim      •   Tourism to receive $59 million, of which $55 million to be
    support groups;                                                      spent on marketing NZ overseas as a holiday destination;
•   $165.5 million more, over 4 years, to the NZ Police; and         •   $5.2 million, before the next election, mostly to train people
•   $55.9 million, over 4 years, to build two prisons in South           who make the election work smoothly;
    Auckland.                                                        •   $1 million of extra funding for the new mediation service
                                                                         that was created when the Employment Relations Act was
State and Community Housing                                              introduced;

•   $20 million for 300 more state houses in 2001/02;                •   $500,000 increase for the Pacific Business Trust;
•   an extra $110 million over 4 years to speed up efforts to        •   $4.5 million to Trade NZ for an e-commerce strategy for
    modernise state housing (affects about 9000 houses);                 exporters;
•   $2.5 million in 2001/02, rising to $17 million per year in the   •   $7.3 million over the next 4 years for the new Embassy in
    following 3 years, for home loans in rural areas;                    Brazil;
•   $19.5 million over 4 years to enable at least 125 more           •   more money to Trade NZ ($1.034 million in 2001/02, $1.878
    community houses to come into being; and                             million in 2002/03, $2.721 million in 2003/04 and $3.565
                                                                         million in 2004/05);
•   $4.5 million a year to help emergency and support housing
    groups who rent from Community Housing but who have              •   to support regional museum development, $2.55 million in
    difficulty meeting normal rent payments.                             2001/02, $5 million in 2002/03 and $7.5 million the
                                                                         following year;
Environment (Announced 9 May)                                        •   refugee resettlement services will get $350,000 more a year,
                                                                         for extra support services to help United Nations-mandated
•   $16 million over 3 years to improve visitor facilities on DoC        refugees and their families resettle in NZ; and
    land;                                                            •   $13.1 million more per year to IRD to improve its
•   $10 million over 4 years for conservation awareness;                 enforcement capability and to help it recruit and retain staff.




MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                      Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 7
NZ Disability                                 •   increasing opportunities for adult lite-
                                                  racy learning;
                                                                                             •   programmes will match
                                                                                                 needs in content and pace;
                                                                                                                                learners’

Strategy                                      •   developing the capability of adult         •   best practice, evaluation, and research
                                                  literacy providers to deliver high             will guide programme development;
The aim of the NZ Disability Strategy,            quality education; and                         and
‘Making a World of Difference,
                                              •   improving quality systems to ensure
Whakanui Oranga’, is to remove the                                                           •   the range of programmes will be
                                                  that adult literacy teaching pro-
barriers which prevent disabled people                                                           appropriate for the wide diversity of
                                                  grammes in NZ are world class.
from participating fully in society. The                                                         learners.
strategy outlines 15 objectives in areas          In the first 2 or 3 years the Strategy
such as human rights, social attitudes,                                                          The Ministry of Education will pro-
                                              concentrates on building quality systems,
education and employment, recreation                                                         vide overall direction and planning, and
                                              and improving the capability of the adult
and lifestyle, information, public services                                                  will co-ordinate the development of
                                              literacy sector.
and support systems. More than 100                                                           standards and ‘best practice’ models. The
broad government actions will support             Four principles underpin the strategy:     Ministry will soon be appointing an Adult
these objectives.                                                                            Literacy Chief Adviser who will be
                                              •   gains for learners will be achieved as     responsible for putting in place the
    Government departments will be                quickly as possible;                       Strategy.
required to prepare annual work plans
outlining how they intend putting in place        The Strategy is available on the Ministry of Education’s website: www.minedu.govt.nz
the NZ Disability Strategy. Eleven                and a hard copy can be obtained by emailing linda.gill@minedu.govt.nz
departments will develop work plans for
2001/02. From 2002/03, all government
departments will develop annual work
plans. Departmental performance will be       Time Use Survey Report
monitored with input from disabled
people. Overall progress will be reviewed A recently released report, ‘Around the Clock’, analyses how NZers spend their time,
after 5 and 10 years.                     drawing on information from NZ’s first national Time Use Survey, conducted in 1998/
                                              99. Although results of the survey have been available previously, this report
  The NZ Disability Strategy and related      presents data from the survey in the form of easy-to-understand graphs and
                                              commentary aimed at a wider audience. In particular, it focuses on the relationship
  information is available on the website
                                              between paid and unpaid work.
  www.nzds.govt.nz. The Strategy document
  and the summary of consultation findings will        ‘Around the Clock’ reveals that both males and females aged 12 and over, work
  also be available in a variety of formats,       an average of 7 hours a day or 49 hours a week. However, although about 60% of
  including large font, Braille, audio-cassette    men’s work is paid, almost 70% of women’s work is unpaid. Unpaid work includes
  and an easy-to-read version                      household work, care-giving, purchasing goods and services for households, and
                                                   voluntary work outside the home. Women average 4.8 hours of unpaid work each
                                                   day, compared with men’s 2.8 hours.

NZ Adult Literacy                                 Household work is the most common type of unpaid work. In this category, the most
                                              time-consuming activities are food and drink preparation and clean-up, and indoor
Strategy Released                             cleaning and laundry. Women spend an average of 62 minutes a day on food and drink
                                              preparation and clean-up, and 61 minutes a day on cleaning and laundry, compared
A strategy to improve adult literacy states
                                              with men’s 29 minutes and 15 minutes, respectively.
that, long-term, all NZers should enjoy a
level of literacy which enables them to           The time NZers put into unpaid work over the course of a year equates to 2 million
participate fully in all aspects of life,     full-time (40 hours a week) jobs. This compares with 1.7 million full-time jobs in time
including work, family and the com-           spent on labour force activity.
munity, and to have the opportunity to
achieve literacy in English and Te Reo           Labour force activity, when averaged over all people aged 12 and over, takes up 29
Maori. Too many NZers, it is said, lack       hours a week for males and 16 hours for females. For both men and women, the longest
the essential reading, writing and problem    hours are worked between the ages of 45 and 54, when men spend an average of 47
solving skills to succeed in life and work    hours a week on labour force activity and women spend 33 hours a week.
(for example, the 1996 International
Adult Literacy Survey said one in five            Maori on average spend less time than non-Maori on paid work, but spend more
adult NZers had very poor literacy skills).   time on unpaid work. Maori females aged 12 and over average 5 hours of unpaid work
                                              each day, compared with 4.7 hours for non-Maori females. Maori males average 3.1
   The Strategy outlines a long-term          hours of unpaid work compared with 2.8 hours for non-Maori males. This reflects the
approach to improve the current situation,    fact that Maori spend more time than non-Maori on care-giving within the household
based on:                                     and on caring for or helping non-household members.


Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 8                                                       MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
Free Time                                                                                       transfer and help incubators make use of
                                                                                                other Government programmes and ser-
The report also shows how people spend their time when they are not working. A large
                                                                                                vices. In addition, Industry NZ will
part of this time is taken up with personal care, including personal hygiene and
                                                                                                establish an informal Incubator Advisory
grooming, sleeping, eating and drinking. On average, people spend 10.8 hours a day on
                                                                                                Group, drawing on people with experi-
these activities, including 8.5 hours sleeping, 1.5 hours eating and drinking and 46
                                                                                                ence in business incubation, to provide
minutes on personal hygiene and grooming.
                                                                                                practical advice to officials and the
    Among free-time activities, watching television and videos is the most popular              Minister.
pursuit, taking up just under 2 hours a day as the main activity, and another 48 minutes
                                                                                                   New annual Incubator Awards will
when people are simultaneously engaged in other tasks, such as household work or
                                                                                                offer cash rewards to incubators in the
care-giving. People in the youngest and oldest age groups spend the most time watching
                                                                                                Incubator Network, recognising those
television or videos. Socialising and conversation is another important activity, taking
                                                                                                taking a lead in adopting best practice
up an average of 2.5 hours a day, although for more than half that time people are
                                                                                                programmes and processes.
simultaneously engaged in other activities.

   The more physically active free-time activities take up less time on average, with
organised sport and exercise taking up 8 minutes a day and 13 minutes a day,                    Police Complaints
respectively. Interestingly, time spent on organised sport is greatest amongst those aged
65 and over (an average of 1.5 hours a week).
                                                                                                Authority Changes
                                                                                                Changes are being made to the Police
    The report costs $25.00 and can be ordered via email from Statistics NZ at                  Complaints Authority (PCA). The major
    publications@stats.govt.nz, or by visiting their website at www.stats.govt.nz               change is to enable the Authority
                                                                                                undertake its own investigations, inde-
                                                                                                pendent of the police. This will allow the
                                                                                                most serious complaints against the
Ngati Ruanui                                   The next stage in the settlement process
                                               will be the introduction of legislation.
                                                                                                police to be investigated directly by
                                                                                                Authority staff, rather than the Authority
Settlement Signed                                                                               reviewing police investigations of their
                                                Full details of the Deed of Settlement can be   own members. Other changes include
The Government and representatives of           viewed at www.executive.govt.nz/minister/       that:
Ngati Ruanui have signed a Deed of              wilson/ngati-ruanui/index.html
Settlement at Pariroa Marae, south of                                                           •   the PCA will be renamed the
Hawera in Taranaki.                                                                                 ‘Independent Police Complaints
                                                                                                    Authority’; and
   The Deed provides that the Crown            Helping Business                                 •   the Authority will also increase in
will:

•   formally apologise;
                                               ‘Incubators’                                         membership from one to three.

                                                                                                    The Authority will remain a Justice
•   provide commercial redress of $41          The Government is establishing a support         Crown Entity rather than becoming an
    million in land or cash in recognition     agency and cash awards to help NZ’s
                                                                                                Officer of Parliament. Legislation to put
    of the economic losses suffered by         business incubators. Several of these
                                                                                                in place these changes is expected to be
    Ngati Ruanui;                              incubators, typically providing work             introduced by the end of the year, and
                                               space and support services, have been
•   transfer five sites of significance to                                                      passed by July 2002.
                                               established recently to help entrepreneurs
    Ngati Ruanui;
                                               and new businesses through their start-up
•   acknowledge Ngati Ruanui fishing
    rights and rights over areas of
                                               and early stages of development. Exam-
                                               ples include Unitec’s Centre for Inno-
                                                                                                New Health
    importance to the iwi; and                 vation and Entrepreneurship, Massey              Education Website
•   agree that Ngati Ruanui will also have     University’s Albany campus incubator,
    a 50 year right of first refusal to buy,   Victoria University’s Innovation Green-          A new health education resources
    at full market value, certain Crown-       house, the Canterbury Innovation Incu-           website, HealthEd, was launched re-
    owned land in the area.                    bator and Otago University’s Innovation          cently. It enables all the Government’s
                                               Centre.                                          public health education resources to be
    The grievances of Ngati Ruanui arose                                                        accessed at one website. The site, at
from unjustified acts by the Crown in the          A small Incubator Development Unit           www.healthed.govt.nz, is a register of NZ
1860s, including waging war, confis-           will be set up in Industry NZ. The Unit          health education resources. There are
cation of land, imprisonments, the return      will then set up a national Incubator            more than 350 health education titles
of some land under unfair leasehold            Network to share information about best          from the national health catalogue on the
arrangements, and the assault on Ngati         practice and processes. The Unit will also       database, and it’s planned to add titles
Ruanui people and others at Parihaka.          promote incubation and technology                from other health organisations.


MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                        Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 9
   The website is organised by cate-
gories such as Maori health, sexual health
                                             fundamental cultural values, customs,
                                             beliefs, languages, traditions and cha-
                                                                                           Zero Seatbelt
and food safety. Users could search for      racteristics that are different from those    Tolerance
resources by clicking on “Health Cate-       of the larger society.”
gory” or by entering a word or phrase. For                                                 From 3 May, motorists have been liable
example, a search for Smokefree will             Ethnic groups have many different
                                                                                           for an instant $150 fine for failing to
produce a list of 57 different items, from   concerns, including language and em-
                                                                                           ensure children are buckled in or for
pamphlets to videos, and posters in          ployment, and have long sought pro-
                                                                                           failing to wear a seat belt themselves. A
English and Maori. A click on the title      fessional interpreters for things such as
                                                                                           second offence where children are not
reveals the full details.                    legal or health matters. Employment is
                                                                                           restrained will see the driver charged with
                                             seen as a very important issue for ethnic
                                                                                           careless use of a motor vehicle.
    The site is designed mainly for use by   people because employment drives phy-
health professionals, although the public    sical and mental well being and, with            The police said the constant stream of
can access it and request resources. The     work, people can get better housing and       seatbelt-related road deaths is behind the
supply of resources listed on the site is    are able to participate more in society.      new zero tolerance seatbelt policy (crash
managed by a variety of health providers                                                   investigations showed that of the 30
around the country. Users select their           More research is needed to provide
                                                                                           deaths to 3 May 2001 of people not
local health provider when requesting        hard data, rather than anecdotes, so the
                                                                                           wearing seat belts, 13 would have
titles.                                      extent of various settlement and longer
                                                                                           survived had they been belted up).
                                             term issues can be measured. Government
                                             agencies are becoming aware of the need           Surveys have revealed that 10% of
                                             to collect better ethnicity data, including
New Office of                                information on length of residence in NZ
                                                                                           adults do not wear a seatbelt in the front
                                                                                           seat and a quarter of all back seat
Ethnic Affairs                               or whether NZ born. Such information is
                                             essential to make sure that all peoples
                                                                                           passengers were failing to buckle up.
                                                                                           Also, 11% of children were not being put
The new Office of Ethnic Affairs, which      have equal access to services.                in seat belts, while just over one in five
operates inside the Department of                                                          were not properly restrained. Education
Internal Affairs, focuses on groups other    Staffing                                      and publicity campaigns had been tried
than Maori or Pacific peoples. Its goal is                                                 but the message still hadn’t been driven
to help ethnic people play a full part in    In Wellington there are 1½ policy             home enough.
                                             advisors, a community advisor, a
NZ’s social, cultural and economic life,                                                   Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                             Director, and an Executive Assistant. In
and its aims include:
                                             Auckland there are two community
•   ensuring that an ethnic perspective is   advisors. The community advisors work
    taken into account when policy or        with ethnic communities to find out what      IYV Snapshot
    services are being developed;            their needs and concerns are. In turn, the
                                             policy advisors liase with the community      Many organisations have planned acti-
•   advising other Government depart-                                                      vities to celebrate The International Year
                                             advisors over policy issues on which
    ments about ethnic groups’ concerns;                                                   of Volunteers (IYV):
                                             feedback from the community is needed.
    and
                                             Community advisors are also able to refer
•   providing an information and referral                                                  •   The NZ Fire Service has about 8000
                                             ethnic groups to service providers or to          volunteers in rural and urban areas.
    service for people in ethnic commu-      other policy agencies who are developing
    nities.                                                                                    The Fire Service is celebrating their
                                             policies of interest to ethnic groups.
                                                                                               contribution with articles in its
    According to the 1996 Census, more           The Office of Ethnic Affairs intends          magazine ‘Star’, along with posters
than 50 ethnic groups comprise about 8%      to work closely with other areas of the           and radio advertising to publicise the
of NZ’s resident population. Over 200        Department of Internal Affairs (the               role of volunteers. The Fire Service is
ethnic identities were represented, al-      Translation Service, Community De-                also developing a fact sheet ex-
though only 28 had more than 4000            velopment, Identity Services including            plaining the role of volunteer fire-
members each. This year’s Census is          Citizenship, and the Lottery Grants Board         fighters. The Fire Service is to review
likely to show an even greater percentage    are especially relevant to ethnic needs).         the grants that are received by
of ethnic peoples.                           DIA staff in other areas can provide help         volunteer fire brigades, review volun-
                                             as needed.                                        teer involvement in Fire Service
    Ethnic groups may be identified by                                                         regional operating committees, and is
race, religion, language or traditional                                                        looking at developing an agreement
beliefs, as well as by national or              For more information visit the                 for service between the Fire Service
geographic origins. The Federation of           Ethnic Affairs web site link from              Commission and volunteer fire bri-
Ethnic Councils has defined the term            www.dia.govt.nz (on the site, for              gades.
“ethnic” (matawaka in Maori) as: “per-          example, is a guide to using
taining to or relating to any segment of        interpreting services)                     •   At the Ministry of Justice, internal
the population within NZ society sharing                                                       newsletters will highlight the Inter-


Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 10                                                    MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
    national Year of Volunteers by pro-            the region (see the Gisborne Herald           considering nominating “Volunteer
    filing staff members’ experience of            for more information).                        Heroes” in recognition of people who
    volunteer work and their achieve-          •   Every month, The Oamaru Mail will             have done outstanding work for the
    ments in the voluntary sector. Every 3         publish an article focusing on the            Foundation. Further information
    months, the Ministry hosts a Maori             work of an individual volunteer.              about these activities is available in
    Issues Seminar. The theme for the                                                            the Foundation’s newsletter, ‘Arthritis
    seminars this year is “Volunteers in       •   Age Concern will develop a fact sheet         News’.
    the Justice Sector”.                           about volunteering to mark The
                                                   International Year of Volunteers.
•   The Time Use Survey conducted by
    the Ministry of Women’s Affairs            •   On the fourth Tuesday of every            TVNZ Charter
    provides useful information on many            month, the Auckland Volunteer Cen-
                                                   tre will host a monthly meeting for       The following charter shall apply to all
    aspects of volunteering. This infor-
                                                   managers/co-ordinators of volunteers.     those parts of TVNZ’s operations that
    mation includes estimates of the time
                                                   The Auckland Centre will also             contribute to its broadcast content. It shall
    people spend doing voluntary work,
                                                   publicise the contribution of volun-      be predominantly fulfilled through free-
    and details about the kinds of
                                                   teers through advertising campaigns,      to-air broadcasting.
    organisations that co-ordinate volun-
    tary work.                                     meetings with government and busi-
                                                                                                 “TVNZ shall
                                                   ness leaders, and the promotion of the
•   ACC staff are planning to work with            Universal Declaration on Volun-           •   feature programming across all genres
    members of the Brain Injury Asso-              teering.                                      that informs, entertains and educates
    ciation.
                                               •   The Canterbury Volunteer Centre has           NZ audiences;
•   In the second half of the year, the            available a variety of products pro-      •   strive always to set and maintain the
    Ministry for Culture and Heritage will         moting the International Year of              highest standards of programme
    publish an article in its newsletter           Volunteers. These include pens,               quality and editorial integrity;
    acknowledging the work of volunteers           bumper stickers, bookmarks and
    who assist the History Group.                                                            •   provide shared experiences that con-
                                                   postcards. Planned newspaper and
                                                                                                 tribute to a sense of citizenship and
•   At the Ministry of Social Policy               television coverage, advertising signs
                                                                                                 national identity;
    (MSP), the research team will be               around Christchurch and a written
                                                   history of the Canterbury Volunteer       •   ensure in its programmes and pro-
    publishing a literature review which
                                                   Centre will also raise the profile of         gramme planning the participation of
    examines changes in the level and
                                                   voluntary work.                               Maori and the presence of a
    nature of volunteering within social
                                                                                                 significant Maori voice;
    service organisations, possible rea-       •   VolunteerWellington has organised a
    sons for changes in volunteering, and          monthly media campaign highlighting       •   feature programming that serves the
    expectations of the future role of             voluntary work. It is also developing a       varied interests and informational
    volunteers within these organisations.         partnership with Wellington City              needs and age groups within NZ
    MSP’s Community Policy team is                 Council, and working with govern-             society, including tastes and interests
    investigating a government strategy to         ment agencies such as the NZ                  not generally catered for by other
    support volunteering in the longer             Immigration Service, the Accident             national television broadcasters;
    term, and MSP has purchased IYV-               Compensation       Corporation     and    •   maintain a balance between pro-
    2001 stickers which will be placed on          Inland Revenue to review policies on          grammes of general appeal and
    outgoing envelopes. The Senior                 volunteering.                                 programmes of interest to smaller
    Citizens Unit (SCU) of MSP is plan-                                                          audiences;
                                               •   The Dunedin Volunteer Centre has
    ning to contribute a chapter to a report       organised many events to publicise        •   seek to extend the range of ideas and
    on older people as volunteers, which           voluntary work, such as window                experiences available to NZers; play a
    is being co-ordinated by the Victoria          displays, a display of art by secondary       leading role in NZ television by
    University’s Positive Ageing and               school students at Otago Museum               setting standards of programme qua-
    Intergenerational Research Project.            and, in collaboration with Dunedin            lity and encouraging creative risk-
    The chapter will focus on the                  City Council, a garden plot featuring         taking and experiment; and
    experiences of Volunteer Community             the International Year of Volunteers      •   support and promote the talents and
    Co-ordinators who work with the                symbol.                                       creative resources of NZers and of the
    SCU.
                                               •   The Arthritis Foundation of NZ                NZ film and television industry.
•   Every month, Sports Eastland will              conducts an annual survey of its
    host a ceremony honouring the                                                              In fulfilment of these objectives,
                                                   volunteers, as well as having many
    “Sports Volunteer of the Month”.                                                         TVNZ shall
                                                   policies and procedures in place
    Voluntary organisations in Gisborne            relating to the needs of volunteers.      •   provide independent, comprehensive,
    will also take part in functions every         This year, the Foundation plans to            impartial, and in-depth coverage and
    month of The International Year of             emphasise the role of volunteers at its       analysis of news and current affairs in
    Volunteers to honour volunteers from           AGM and Conference, and is                    NZ and throughout the world and of


MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                     Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 11
    the activities of public and private
    institutions;
                                               Important Employment Law Case
•   feature programming that contributes       The Full Court of the Employment              persisted in trying to obtain the criteria,
    towards intellectual, scientific and       Authority recently released its first         and the lack of information given to the
    cultural development, promotes in-         decision focusing on how the Employ-          employee, made it impossible for
    formed and many-sided debate and           ment Relations Act (ERA) 2000 works in        Baguley to adequately put his point of
    stimulates critical thought, thereby       practice. Because it will have a large        view. The Court found that the
    enhancing opportunities for citizens       impact on redundancy law, it’s worth-         employer’s conduct “fell a long way short
    to participate in community, national      while covering it in some detail.             of the required standard of fair dealing”
    and international life;                                                                  which underpins the ERA.
                                                  The case is called Baguley v Coutts
•   in its programming enable all NZers        Cars Ltd. Coutts is an Auckland motor             As Baguley’s claim for getting his job
    to have access to material that pro-       vehicle dealer specialising in luxury cars.   back was considered impractical, the
    motes Maori language and culture;          It decided that it could save several         Court awarded him $10,000 compensa-
•   feature programmes that reflect the        thousand dollars a year by halving the        tion for hurt and humiliation, and $5,756
    regions to the nation as a whole;          number of car groomers it employed. It        for loss of benefit equivalent to 3 month’s
                                               planned to contract out any excess            wage.
•   promote understanding of the diver-        workload.
    sity of cultures making up the NZ
    population;                                    Michael Baguley was one of those          What Does It All Mean?
                                               groomers. He was called to a meeting,         This case is significant because it
•   feature NZ films, drama, comedy and
                                               which he attended with his solicitor, and     increases the obligations of employers to
    documentary programmes;
                                               was told that his job was at stake. The       employees when making them redundant.
•   feature programmes about NZ’s his-         managing Director of Coutts allowed           In contrast to the Employment Contracts
    tory and heritage, and natural envi-       Baguley and his solicitor to believe that     Act, which focuses on the terms of the
    ronment;                                   Baguley would be appraised for the            employment contract, the spotlight is now
                                               purposes of assessing whether he would        on the employment relationship and what
•   feature programmes that serve the
                                               be made redundant. In fact the appraisal      is fair and reasonable now depends on the
    interests and informational needs of
                                               had already been completed. In addition,      facts and circumstances of each case, as
    Maori audiences, including pro-
                                               the managing Director refused to supply       well as the current law.
    grammes promoting the Maori lan-
                                               the appraisal criteria the company was
    guage and programmes addressing
                                               “intending” to use.                               Any ‘consultation’ has to be a real
    Maori history, culture and current
                                                                                             dialogue and not the mechanical one it
    issues;                                        Baguley was dismissed on the              may have become under the Employment
•   include in programming intended for        grounds of redundancy. He was allowed         Contracts Act. The employer is not
    a mass audience, material that deals       reasonable time off during his notice         allowed simply to go through the motions
    with minority interests;                   period without any loss of pay so that he     and follow a pre-determined process, but
                                               could attend job interviews and the like.     is required to listen to employees and take
•   feature programmes that provide for        An offer of general assistance was made       their feelings, thoughts and suggestions
    the informational and entertainment        to him by Coutts, but no further contact      into account.
    needs of children and young people         was made with him after his termination
    and allow for the participation of         by the company.                                   It seems that the employer may have
    children and young people;                                                               an obligation to mitigate the effects of
                                                   Baguley challenged his redundancy,        redundancy on its employees to the extent
•   maintain and observe a code of ethics
                                               and after an investigation, the case went     that it is able. The importance of access to
    that addresses the level and nature of
                                               to the Full Court (at least in part because   information is a theme running through
    advertising to which children are
                                               the case was seen as a precedent-setter for   the ERA and one which the Full Court
    exposed;
                                               the way the Employment Relations Act          picked up on. This obligation will require
•   feature programmes that encourage          would be seen to work in practice).           employers to provide good quality,
    and support the arts, including pro-                                                     accurate information to employees at
    grammes featuring NZ and inter-                                                          times of consideration for redundancy.
                                               What the Court Found
    national artists and arts companies;
                                               The Court found that Coutts had engaged           The Court says that providing timely
•   reflect the role that sporting and other
                                               in deceptive conduct by saying that           and useful information will often be
    leisure interests play in NZ life and
                                               Baguley would be appraised (when the          decisive in terms of the justness or lack of
    culture; and
                                               appraisal had already had taken place),       it in the employer’s actions. The em-
•   feature programming of an educa-           and refusing to release the appraisal         ployer is required to recognise the
    tional nature that supports learning       criteria. The Court also found that the       employee’s worth as a human being, even
    and the personal development of            tone of the meeting, with the general         if that person is no longer required as an
    NZers.”                                    manager shouting at the lawyer when she       employee.



Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 12                                                      MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
Practical Effects                              depending on the particular facts of a          •   If I do have to make employees
                                               situation.                                          redundant, what process will I be
The decision will increase the time and
                                                                                                   using to select those persons to be
effort required from employers when                Throughout the judgement the court              made redundant?
considering redundancy for their em-           emphasised good faith dealings, and in
ployees.                                       particular, making sure that accurate           •   What information do employees need
                                               information is provided to employees. At            in order to be fully informed of the
   The Court accepts that a decision to
                                               the very least, therefore, employers                situation?
make a person redundant is a commercial
                                               should ask themselves these questions:
decision and the Court cannot interfere                                                        •   Am I holding anything back from the
with that. It also says that it doesn’t        •   What is going to cause the greatest             employees, which they are entitled to
expect the employee’s agreement in                 havoc to the employee and how do I              in order to consider their positions?
commercial decisions, but it does expect           avoid this?
employees should be given an oppor-                                                            •   What advice and support should I be
tunity for input into that decision.           •   What will injure the employee the               offering my employees throughout
                                                   least and how do I achieve that?                this process?
   The question of whether a particular
employee acted in a fair and reasonable        •   Can these employees be used in other
way, and thus complied with the law, is a          positions even though their current         Thanks to Cullen The Employment Law Firm
question that will have different answers          positions are redundant?                    and also ‘Law Scene’




Internet Items
Internet Access World-wide. A report released in the United States says some 379 million people are estimated now to have access
to the Internet. Some 211 million of those recorded to have Internet access also now regularly use the Internet – a 3.9% increase in the
ratio between those with access and those who actually use the Internet, according to the Nielsen/NetRatings Global Access March
report. South Korea led the 21 countries surveyed in terms of actual web pages visited, logging an average 2,164 views per month, or
92 pages per online Web session – also indicating they skim the pages at a faster rate than other nations. Korean Government
initiatives promoting the Internet, coupled with relatively low fees for high-speed access, was helping South Korea rank top of the
global survey. The report said Australians were the most studious web surfers, spending an average of 54 seconds per page. Thanks to
‘NewsRoom’

    New International Website for Protecting Consumers – www.econsumer.gov – This website allows consumers to make
complaints about web retailers in other countries. Not only can customers make complaints, but using the new site, NZers can find
out about the laws in other countries and their complaints can be passed to law enforcement agencies. Twelve countries are
participating in this project including NZ, Sweden, Australia, the US, UK, and Korea.

    New Domain Names – New Internet addresses that end in .biz and .info will soon join the well-known .com, .org and .net,
according to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN is the Californian-based international co-
operative that administers addresses on the Internet. Use of the .info address will be unrestricted, while the .biz will be exclusively for
commercial use and not available for personal or non-commercial purposes. ICANN said those with similar names carrying the old
suffixes like .com will be allowed, through a petition, to make priority claims on identical names with the new endings. Thanks to
‘NewsRoom’

    Seniornet Alive and Well in Rural NZ. Seniornet now has 77 individual clubs with a list of 26,000 people having undertaken
training. Looking at the Seniornet website (ww.seniornet.org.nz) shows about 50% of the groups are in “rural” areas. Seniornet is
computer and internet training for the over 55’s in a friendly, non-threatening environment. Peer training is used where ever possible.
Major sponsors are Telecom, Lottery Grants Board, Xtra and Microsoft. Telecom contributes $1,500 to individual groups for
establishment costs, contributes two free telephone connections and 2 year’s free line rental along with a free connection to Xtra and
Internet access.

    Promotion has been through a paid facilitator who has a Telecom Community Caravan that travels to A & P shows, community
events and main streets. This initiative is working well in a community such as Kurow, for example. This Seniornet club has 50
members out of an over-55 population of 342 (16%) and has a waiting list of people who wish to join. The computers are based at the
local area school. The seniors see advantages in keeping themselves informed, saving time, good social interaction and using existing
facilities. Thanks to ‘MAFTel’

    Medical Disciplinary Tribunal Website – www.mpdt.org.nz – The Medical Disciplinary Tribunal hears and determines
disciplinary proceedings brought against practitioners under the Medical Practitioners Act 1995. The new website is intended to
provide, for example: information on disciplinary proceedings, findings showing the final outcome of charges laid before the
Tribunal, information on where to go to make a complaint, and a calendar of coming hearings.


MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                       Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 13
    Mensa Workout – http://mensa.org/workout.html – Think you’re smart? Cultivate             Duties Will Vary: Anyone in the
a little humility with a visit to the Mensa Workout. Wannabe geniuses have half an hour   office can boss you around.
to sweat out 30 questions.
                                                                                             Must Have An Eye For Detail: We
   Sodazoo – http://sodaplay.com/zoo/index.htm – Take one of the Web’s finest time        have no quality control.
wasters, open it up to contributions from online innovators and, presto, you’ve got
Sodazoo.                                                                                      No Phone Calls Please: We’ve filled
                                                                                          the job, our call for resumes is just a legal
   Quotes and Sayings – http://www.quotesandsayings.com.                                  formality.

    Whale of an Encyclopaedia – www.physics.helsinki.fi/whale – Everything you               Seeking Candidates with a Wide
ever wanted to know about cetaceans. Photos and whale songs included, courtesy of the     Variety of Experience: You’ll need it to
friendly whale-watchers of Finland.                                                       replace three people who just left.

    Biography of Women – www.infoplease.com/spot/womenshistory1.html – This                  Problem-solving Skills A Must:
site was put together to celebrate Women’s History Month in the US. It offers             You’re walking into a company in
everything from historical timelines to quizzes.                                          perpetual chaos.
  Impressionist Museum – www.marmottan.com/uk/sommaire/index.html –The                      Requires Team Leadership Skills:
Marmottan Monet Museum, a virtual shrine to impressionism. Lovely images.                 You’ll have the responsibilities of a
                                                                                          manager, without the pay or respect.
   Earth From Space – http://earth.jsc.nasa.gov – An astronaut’s view of earth
(courtesy of NASA).                                                                          Good Communication Skills: Man-
                                                                                          agement communicates, you figure out
    Hubble Heritage Project – http://heritage.stsci.edu – The Hubble Space Telescope
                                                                                          what they want and do.
(HST) is a research tool dedicated to scientific studies of nature. Enroute to
illuminating the forces shaping our cosmos, HST has accumulated a huge database of           I’m Extremely Adept at all Manner
cosmic images. The Hubble Heritage Project features compelling HST images distilled       of Office Organisation: I’ve used
from that database.                                                                       Microsoft Office.
   Museum of Hoaxes – www.museumofhoaxes.com – Remember that famous “find”                     My Pertinent Work Experience
that kept palaeontologists debating for decades – the Piltdown Man? Well, the Museum      Includes: I hope you don’t ask me about
of Hoaxes does. Along with a variety of other spoofs dating back to before 1700.          all the McJobs I’ve had.
   Stone-Age Diets – www.panix.com/~paleodiet/ – Eat like a hunter-gatherer with              I’m Personable: I give lots of unso-
help from the Palaeolithic Diet Page.
                                                                                          licited personal advice to co-workers.
   Lyrics Search – www.lyricsearch.com – You don’t have to press your ear against
                                                                                             I’m Extremely Professional: I carry
that speaker to figure out the words of a favourite song. Just type in a keyword.
                                                                                          a Day-Timer.
   Watching Cells Grow – www.cellsalive.com/cam0.htm – You may have seen
                                                                                                 I Am Adaptable: I’ve changed jobs a
time-lapse images of flowers opening. This site offers views of the fleeting lives of
                                                                                          lot.
micro-organisms. (Bring along a JavaScript-enabled browser.)
                                                                                             I Am On The Go: I’m never at my
    Visual Search Engine – www.ditto.com – Type in what you want to look at and a
                                                                                          desk.
list of thumbnails will appear (note: I looked up ‘NZ’ and founds lots of images of
Sydney as well – Sigh!)

   Money History – http://www.ex.ac.uk/%7ERDavies/arian/current/howmuch.html
– Ever wonder what things cost in ancient Rome? Or medieval times? Or for that
                                                                                          Update
matter, 20 years ago? This Current Value of Old Money site helps you grasp what a
specified amount of money at a certain period of time would be worth today.
                                                                                          Drought Cost Estimates
                                                                                          MAF officials are preparing a national
                                                                                          estimate of the economic costs of the
Clarifying Corporate Lingo                                                                drought. Early indications showed a
                                                                                          nation-wide farmgate net cost of around
Competitive Salary: We remain com-               Must be Deadline Oriented: You’ll        $300 million spread over the period to the
petitive by paying less than our             be six months behind schedule on your        end of June next year. Regions most
competitors.                                 first day.                                   affected included Otago, Canterbury,
                                                                                          Nelson, the South Wairarapa and South
   Join Our Fast-paced Company: We              Some Overtime Required: Some time         Taranaki, with Marlborough remaining
have no time to train you.                   each night and some time each weekend.       the driest.




Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 14                                                   MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
    Lower than normal production in             Programme of Industry NZ are: West                 The latest marriage rate is about a
some areas was being offset by better than      Coast $100,000, Otago $100,000, Tara-          third of the peak level of 45.5 per 1,000
usual production in parts of the North          naki $94,000, Waikato $30,375, Waito-          recorded in 1971. The growth of de facto
Island. It will be difficult for the southern   mo/King Country $55,000, Coromandel/           unions, the trend towards delayed
provinces to recover before winter, but         Hauraki/Matamata/Piako $88,000.                marriage and a growing percentage of
warmer than usual weather to date has                                                          NZers remaining single have all
                                                   Up to $200,000 is available to assist
been keeping up soil temperatures,                                                             contributed to the large drop in the
                                                regions to make economic development
benefiting pasture growth now that some                                                        marriage rate. Other statistics include:
                                                plans and build their capacity to put in
rain has fallen. The biggest concern is a
                                                place those plans. Further funding of up       •   Between 1999 and 2000, the median
potential shortage of supplementary feed
                                                to $2 million per region is available to           age at first marriage of NZ men rose
if the coming winter is cold and wet.
                                                contribute to major regional projects that         by 0.3 years from 28.9 years to 29.2
Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                                come out of the plans. A total of nearly           years, while that of NZ women rose
                                                $1,300,000 has now been approved to                by 0.4 years from 27.0 years to 27.4
NZ’s Newest National Park                       support regions since the scheme was               years. People marrying for the first
Stewart Island is to be the site of NZ’s        launched last year.                                time in 2000 were, on average, about
newest (and first island) national park.                                                           six years older than their counterparts
The new 163,000-hectare Rakiura Na-             Interest Write-off for Student                     in 1971, when early marriage was the
tional Park covers about 85% of Stewart         Loans                                              norm.
Island. There are 13 other national parks                                                      •   In the December 2000 year, 9,695
                                                More than $30 million of interest on
in NZ.                                                                                             marriage dissolution orders were
                                                student loans was written off at the end of
                                                May as part of a policy of no interest on          granted in Family Courts, compared
First Heartland Services Centre                 loans while a student is still studying. For       with 9,936 in 1999. The divorce rate
Opened                                          a student with an average loan of about            (number of divorces per 1,000 esti-
                                                $12,000, the write-off amounts to about            mated existing marriages) fell from
The first Heartland Services Centre
                                                $900. A second wave of interest write-             12.6 in 1999 to 12.3 in 2000.
opened in Dargaville last month. The
Centre will serve the Kaipara district and      offs for part-time and low-income              •   In 2000, the number of marriages in
is the first of about 10 Heartland Services     students is due in June. Thanks to                 which one or both partners had
Centres planned to be established in            ‘NewsRoom’                                         previously been divorced or widowed
provincial locations around the country                                                            was 7,538, or about two in five of all
before Christmas this year. $2.27 million       Government Funds for Tuhoe                         marriages. This compares with 4,385,
is to be provided in the Budget to                                                                 or one in six, in 1971. About 90% of
                                                An Eastern Bay of Plenty iwi, Tuhoe, is            those remarrying in 2000 were
establish and staff the centres over the
                                                being given $4 million by the Govern-              divorced, up from 87% in 1990 and
next 4 years.
                                                ment to fund its economic and social               67% in 1971.
    Apart from Department of Work and           development. The money has been
                                                earmarked to help the Tuhoe people             •   The median (‘middle’) age at divorce
Income and Child, Youth and Family,
                                                strengthen health, education, housing and          in 2000 was 41.6 years for men and
Heartland Services in Dargaville will
                                                child welfare initiatives in rural areas.          39.0 years for women, more than three
involve ACC, Housing NZ, Inland
                                                Five service centres in isolated Tuhoe             years older than those who divorced a
Revenue and the Maori Land Court.
                                                territory have been kept going for several         decade earlier. The rise partly reflects
Representatives from these agencies will
                                                years by voluntary workers, and the                the steady rise in age at marriage
be at the Centre at scheduled times, where
                                                government money will be used to set up            during the past two decades.
possible synchronising their visits for the
convenience of those using the service.         a management structure and provide             •   29.9% of NZers who had married in
MAF will also use the Heartland Services        research on the community’s needs.                 1975 had divorced within 25 years.
Centre for disseminating information.           Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                               For those married in 1967 and 1971,
Other government departments have also                                                             the corresponding figures were 25.9
been invited to participate.                    Fewer Marriages and Divorces                       and 29.3%, respectively.

                                                There were fewer marriages and marriage
  For more information about the two                                                           Payments Made to Ex-POWs
                                                dissolutions in 2000 than in 1999. Mar-
  components of the Heartland initiative
                                                riages registered in NZ in the year ended      The first payments have been made to
  there is a backgrounder in the April          31 December 2000 totalled 20,655, a            NZers who were held prisoner by the
  2001 ‘Rural Bulletin’.                        decrease of 430 (or 2.0%) on the previous      Japanese during World War Two. The
                                                year. The 2000 figure is down 24% on the       Government announced in April that it
Regional Partnerships                           peak of 27,199 marriages in 1971. The          would make payments of $30,000 per
                                                rate of marriage (number of marriages per      person to ex-prisoners of war and civilian
Announced
                                                1,000 not-married population aged 16           internees of Japan, or their surviving
The latest regions funded in the third          years and over) fell from 16.2 per 1,000       spouses. People who think they may be
round of the Regional Partnerships              in 1999 to 15.6 per 1,000 in 2000.             eligible have been asked to contact the

MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                       Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 15
Office of Veterans’ Affairs. It’s thought      signs of abuse and how to refer cases on        parents or other people in the community
that around 150 people may be eligible         to Child, Youth and Family or the police.       who have gone through the required
for the payment.                                                                               training. They will have a range of skills
                                                   The booklet will be made available to       and experience but will be employed
                                               all doctors. Its contents include:              mostly for their ability to develop
  Claim forms can be obtained by
  telephoning 0800 483 8372. Claims            •    a master copy of a fax form for            effective relationships.
  need to be lodged by 23 April 2002.               alerting Child, Youth and Family to
                                                    concerns;                                  Algal Bloom Returns
Iron Deficiency Statistics                     •    a recommended abuse referral process       The toxic algal bloom that stopped
                                                    to be followed;                            shellfish gathering on the Hawke’s Bay’s
According to research carried out at the
Massey University campus in Auckland,          •    clear information about the signs of       coastline last November has returned.
nearly a third of infant children in NZ are         abuse and neglect; and                     The algae – Gymnodinium cantentatum –
deficient in iron. In addition, the figures                                                    causes paralytic shellfish poisoning
                                               •    advice on legal issues.
are worse for children from low income                                                         which can lead to death in severe cases if
families.                                          Later this year the Ministry of Health      medical treatment isn’t immediately
                                               will be organising a training programme         available. People are warned against
    Experts say it is crucial for infants to   for all health professionals on the wider       taking shellfish in the area from Cape
get iron because most of the iron in a         issue of family violence. Child, Youth          Kidnappers to Waipatiki Beach, north of
child’s brain is absorbed before they are      and Family is continuing negotiations           Napier. The previous bloom, which was
one year old. Iron boosts the immune           with a number of other organisations on         the most toxic seen in NZ waters, affected
system, helps ward off infections, and is      the best ways they can report suspected         large areas of the North Island coast for
vital for normal growth and development        child abuse.                                    over 8 months until mid-February this
in children. Iron deficiency can have a                                                        year. At one stage, the bloom threatened
permanent impact on brain development,             The guidelines can be viewed on-line at     the mussel farms of the Marlborough
making the child less able to learn. Iron-                                                     Sounds. Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                                   www.rnzcgp.org.nz
deficient youngsters may also not gain
enough weight, have problems with
                                                                                               School Suspensions Project
feeding and digestion, get easily tired and    Health Home Visiting Service
become more prone to infections and                                                            A new project aims to reduce the number
                                               Home delivery of health information will
illness. Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                                                                  of students being suspended from school.
                                               be the reality for many Tokoroa families
                                                                                               The Suspensions Reduction Initiative will
                                               when they take part in a Ministry of
Meningococcal Disease Rates                    Health home visiting service pilot project
                                                                                               bring together clusters of secondary
                                                                                               schools in areas that have high rates of
As at 20 April 2001, the provisional           this year. The home visiting service
                                                                                               student suspension so they can address
number of cases of meningococcal               involves community workers visiting
                                                                                               the issue. The main focus will be to
disease in 2001 was 136, with five deaths.     households to provide information, health
At the same time in 2000, there were 90                                                        reduce the high proportion of Maori
                                               education, community support and help
cases and two deaths. Since 1 January                                                          students being suspended from school.
                                               to access other local services.
1991, a total of 3687 cases of all groups                                                      Up to 18 clusters will be formed, each
of meningococcal disease have been                 The project is based on the belief that     with between three and six schools.
notified, including 163 deaths.                taking health information services into
                                                                                                  The Government is putting $1.05
                                               the home is the best way to link many
    People feeling ill, or parents or                                                          million into the project in 2001, rising to
                                               people to services, and to deliver health
caregivers with a child who has a fever, is                                                    $2.1 million in following years. This
                                               education in areas such as parenting
refusing food, vomiting, has a headache,                                                       funding will provide support to students,
                                               skills, child development, teenage health
rash or spots, should seek medical                                                             to principals and to school boards, and
                                               or alcohol and drug-related issues.
treatment. If symptoms become worse,                                                           help them to deal with this growing
they should go back to the doctor. Thanks          The pilot service is voluntary which        problem. Some of it will be used to
to ‘NewsRoom’                                  means it is up to individual members of         support local initiatives developed by the
                                               the community to decide if they want to         clusters of schools.
Child Abuse Detection                          use the services on offer. It’s a free
Guidelines                                     service for those most in need. As well as      Latest Wine Export Figures
                                               home visiting there will be community
The nature of doctors’ work means they         education sessions run on a broad range         Industry sales to overseas buyers reached
often deal with the reality of abuse.          of health promotion, social and educa-          a record $204 million to the end of March
Medical professionals have felt some           tional topics.                                  2001, up 35% on the previous year
uncertainty at times about how they                                                            (exports have more than doubled from
should react when child abuse or neglect          The paid community workers will              $97 million in the past 3 years). The most
is suspected. A new booklet gives doctors      come from a variety of backgrounds.             notable growth was in the US, where
clear information on how to recognise          They could be nurses, social workers,           exports have increased from $14 million


Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 16                                                        MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
to almost $40 million since 1999. Thanks       “E-learning” Advisory Group                    way to sectors of the population with a
to ‘NewsRoom’                                  Set Up                                         low capability in the Maori language by
                                                                                              way of the whanau and marae” (as has
                                               This group will advise the Ministry of
Business/Customs Joint                                                                        been the case in Wales with the Gaelic
                                               Education on NZ’s e-learning infra-
Project                                                                                       language). Thanks to ‘The Capital Letter’
                                               structure and capability, and the way
Businesses are teaming up with Customs         forward for developing an overall
officials to keep an eye out for drug          direction for increasing the e-learning        Maori Language Survey Started
smugglers and contraband in return for         capability of the tertiary sector. The         A survey to gauge the health of the Maori
having their red tape cut. Currently,          group is to report to the Ministry by the      language started in early May. The
businesses that import components to be        end of October. Specific tasks of the          nation-wide project, run by Statistics NZ
used in manufactured products destined         group will include:                            on behalf of the Ministry of Maori
for overseas markets have to pay duty and                                                     Development, Te Puni Kokiri, is the most
                                               •   suggesting steps that can be taken to
GST on those parts and then claim it back                                                     comprehensive survey ever carried out on
                                                   get co-operation, collaboration and
once they are exported.                                                                       the subject.
                                                   the sharing of resources;
    Under the new ‘Frontline’ scheme,          •   identifying barriers to developing            Around 7000 Maori aged 15 years and
they can simply register those compo-              further e-learning capability and the      over will be asked questions such as how
nents with Customs, avoiding having                means to address these barriers;           often they use te reo Maori, where they
money tied up for months. In return, the                                                      use it and how well they speak the
                                               •   evaluating good practice in flexible
businesses learn how to identify risk                                                         language. Other questions will cover
                                                   teaching and learning;
packages and activities, and will pass on                                                     Maori language use in childhood, Maori
any suspicions to Customs. Three part-         •   advising on ways to identify, monitor      language courses, and Maori language on
ners — super yacht builder NZ Yachts,              and manage any risks that may              radio and TV. A previous survey in 1995
TNT Express Worldwide, and the                     emerge;                                    showed that 8% of Maori adults were
Customs Brokers and Freight Forwarders         •   advising on how e-learning can con-        fluent in the language. The survey results
Federation — have signed agreements                tribute to the export education in-        will be published in April next year.
with NZ Customs. Other partner                     dustry; and                                Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
businesses are expected to be signed on in
                                               •   developing systems for ensuring good
the coming months. Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                                   standards are kept up and intellectual     NZ On Air – Local Music
                                                   property rights are managed in a way       Content …
Failed SOE Sold                                    that ties in with international develop-
                                                                                              From the Report of the Commerce
Failed SOE, Terralink, is to be sold to a          ments.
                                                                                              Committee, 1999/2000 ‘Financial Re-
NZ-based consortium, comprising NZ
                                                                                              view of NZ On Air’ comes the fol-
Aerial Mapping (NZAM) and Dunedin-             Maori Broadcasting Survey                      lowing… “In the last 5 years the local
based Animation Research Limited               Results                                        music content of NZ radio broadcasts has
(ARL). The Government called in the
                                                                                              increased from 2% in 1994/95 to over
receivers in January after cost overruns       In the Report of the Maori Affairs Com-
                                               mittee 1999/2000 ‘Financial Review of          10.54% in 1999/2000. NZ On Air aims to
on a $12 million contract with computer
                                                                                              have 15-20% local music on NZ radio
giant, EDS, threw the viability of the         Te Reo Whakapuaki Irirangi’, reference
                                                                                              within 2 years.” Thanks to ‘The Capital
company into doubt.                            was made to an AC Nielson Survey which
                                                                                              Letter’
Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                           found “that 86 percent of the Maori popu-
                                               lation had a preference for mixed lan-
E-Government Moves Closer                      guage programmes. The programme                … and, the Least Popular
                                               ‘Marae’ had a large audience when it was       Radio Programmes
The Parliamentary Counsel Office has           broadcast in a mixed language format, but
selected Unisys NZ Ltd to help put in                                                         From the same report (in the most
                                               this audience has halved since the pro-
place the project to improve public access                                                    disliked programme table) comes the
                                               gramme was changed to 100 percent
to legislation. The Government plans to                                                       following most disliked radio pro-
                                               Maori format.”
make authoritative, accurate, and up-to-                                                      grammes: Tagata o te Moana (Pacific
date versions of NZ legislation available          Te Mangai Paho (TMP), which has            news and features), 42%; Mana News,
without charge through the Internet. Print     the statutory function of promoting Maori      39%; Sunday Hymns, 31%; Jazz, 30%;
access will continue to be provided at a       language and culture in broadcasting,          Today in Parliament, 20%. Thanks to ‘The
reasonable price.                              “acknowledged that large sectors of the        Capital Letter’
                                               Maori population do not have the
    The next stage in the project involves     capability to understand 100 percent
                                                                                              Forestry MOU with China
the detailed planning, scoping, and analy-     Maori programming”. It justified its focus
sis necessary to properly identify the         on 100 percent Maori programming by            Last month MAF signed a Memorandum
processes and systems required to              saying that it “hopes the language will        of Understanding (MOU) with the State
improve public access to legislation.          eventually ‘spill over’ in a meaningful        Forestry Administration of China. The


MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                      Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 17
MOU sets up a Joint Forestry Com-             Trans-Tasman Lamb Win                          Working Holidays – Sweden
mission between the two countries. The
                                              NZ and Australia have won their                Sweden has become the 14th country NZ
Commission will promote collaboration
                                              challenge to the United States tariffs and     has signed a working holiday scheme
in forestry science and technology,
                                              quotas on lamb imports. The WTO’s              with. From 1 July this year an unlimited
organise exchanges of personnel, pro-
                                              disputes panel had ruled earlier that the      number of young NZers will be able to
mote an effective exchange of infor-
                                              regime imposed by the Clinton Admin-           have working holidays in Sweden while
mation, and provide a framework under
                                              istration to protect American sheep            300 young Swedes will have the
which specific forestry issues can be
                                              farmers breached trade rules, but the          opportunity of working holidays here.
addressed such as sustainable forest
                                              United States appealed against the ruling.     Working holiday schemes already exist
management, research, trade and market
                                              That appeal has now been rejected.             with Britain, Ireland, the Netherlands,
regulatory issues.
                                              Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                           France, Canada, South Korea, Japan,
    China has a huge appetite for wood,                                                      Malaysia, Singapore, Germany, Italy,
with over 60 million cubic metres                                                            Hong Kong and Chile. People interested
                                              Banking Survey Results
consumed each year, including over 20                                                        in working in one of these countries
million cubic metres of imports. NZ,          The latest KPMG annual Financial               should contact the embassy of the
however, exports only half a million          Institutions Performance Survey – which        relevant country.
cubic metres of wood to China — so            ranks banks, finance companies and other
there’s thought to be huge opportunities      financial institutions based on perfor-
                                              mance and profitability measures –
                                                                                             Air NZ/US Joint Venture
to expand trade (especially as NZ supply
from planted forests is forecast to           showed 2000 was another year of record         Air NZ has signed a deal with a major
increase dramatically in the next 3 years).   profitability for the sector. The National     engine maker from the US to develop an
Further opportunities are expected with       Bank took out the top ranking this year,       international engine repair and main-
China’s probable entry into the World         while BNZ and ANZ shared second                tenance venture. The joint venture with
Trade Organisation (WTO).                     place, followed by WestpacTrust and            Pratt and Whitney is to be based
                                              ASB Bank. WestpacTrust was the largest         alongside Air NZ’s engineering base in
                                              bank in terms of total assets and bottom-      Christchurch. The project is expected to
Seafood Economic Benefits                     line profitability (Update: WestpacTrust       generate revenues of $200 million in its
A survey commissioned by the Seafood          recently announced a net profit of $216        first year, rising to $400 million a year in
Industry Council shows the sector             million in the 6 months to March, up 16%       five years. Up to 300 Christchurch
contributes about $1.7 billion to NZ’s        the same period last year, and BNZ             engineering employees will transfer from
gross domestic product (GDP) and              recently announced a net profit of $221        Air NZ to the new organisation to be
provides the equivalent of over 26,500        million for the same period, a 26%             known as the “Christchurch Engine
full-time jobs. Processing is the             increase on last year’s figures).              Centre”. Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
industry’s biggest contributor, currently
                                                  Other results include:
making up 61% of output and almost                                                           New International Air
three-quarters of full-time equivalent        •   overall, institutions’ underlying per-     Agreement
jobs. The study also found Nelson —               formance – operating income less
which generates nearly 25% the                                                               A five-way international air services
                                                  expenses – improved 16% to $2.6
industry’s total contribution to GDP —                                                       agreement was signed in Washington
                                                  billion, while their total assets grew
derived $382 million and 5440 full-time                                                      recently. The ‘open skies’ agreement
                                                  16.5% to $175 billion;
equivalent jobs from the industry (two-                                                      links Brunei Darussalam, Chile, NZ,
                                              •   mortgage lending still dominated           Singapore and the US. The main idea
thirds came from processing wild-caught
                                                  (47%), although commercial and             behind the agreement is to give airlines
fish, mainly hoki, and mussels and
                                                  financial lending was the area of          the opportunity for greater flexibility in
salmon from marine farms in the Marl-
                                                  greatest growth;                           the range of services they could provide.
borough Sounds). Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                              •   the total number of EFTPOS trans-          Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                                  actions in 2000 reached 483.8 million,
Singapore CEP Benefits Trade                      up from 450.3 million in 1999, while       New Air Agreement with
Trade with Singapore has increased,               the use of credit cards continued to       Germany
following the start-up of the Closer              grow, up from 3% to 13% of non-cash
Economic Partnership (CEP), that came             payment types; and                         Under this agreement, the airlines of each
into effect on 1 January this year. NZ                                                       country may operate over any routing and
                                              •   branch networks continued to shrink
Customs Service figures for January-                                                         with unlimited aircraft capacity. This
                                                  but not at the same levels as during the
March show an increase in trade of 19%                                                       includes the right for cargo airlines of NZ
                                                  early or mid 90s, with branches and
compared to the same three months last                                                       and Germany to establish themselves in
                                                  staff numbers down 2% and 3%,
year. Imports were up 11% and exports                                                        the other country and operate services to
                                                  respectively, on 1999.
were up 27%.                                                                                 third countries with no requirement that
                                              Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                           the services touch the airline’s home




Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 18                                                     MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
country. Also agreed was the right to          Insulation, textiles, cosmetics, oils and      own solar system) to 63, all discovered
carry certain passengers between               rope are the most common uses of indus-        since 1992.
domestic points in the other country,          trial hemp.
where this forms part of an international
                                                  Strict guidelines are being put in place    Conferences
service. Germany is the second largest
source of European visitors to NZ, with        because hemp, regardless of how it is          ANZCCART/NAEAC Conference
over 53,000 arrivals in the year ended         used, falls within the Misuse of Drugs Act
                                               1975.                                          Exploring the relationships between our-
February. In 2000 spending by German
                                                                                              selves, animals and the environment is the
tourists contributed $190 million to NZ’s          The level of THC for industrial hemp       theme of this joint conference of the
economy.                                       must be less than 0.35% of the dry weight      Australian and NZ Council for the Care
                                               of the plant – and in some varieties will be   of Animals in Research and Teaching
Instant Fines Start This Month                 even less. The level of THC is roughly 10      (ANZCCART) and the National Animal
                                               to 20 times lower than that found in illicit   Ethics Advisory Committee (NAEAC).
Travellers who bring prohibited food and
                                               cannabis cigarette and would not give          The conference is being held in Hamilton
plant matter into the country will face
                                               anyone consuming it a “high”.                  on 28-29 June 2001.
instant fines sooner than planned. The
$200 fines were due to come into force                                                            Issues to be addressed include the
from July, but it’s been decided to put        Police Vehicles – Link-Line                    interdependence and interconnectedness
them into place from 18 June.                  Radios                                         of all life, the image of science and
                                                                                              scientists, relevant legislation, dealing
                                               All Highway Patrol vehicles are being
Trans-Tasman Business                                                                         with new technologies, fish research, and
                                               equipped with link-line radios. Link-line
Alliances Mooted                                                                              what could and should statistics or the
                                               radios allow police officers to remain in
                                                                                              popular media tell us.
NZ and Australian high tech exporters are      radio contact when they are in remote
being encouraged to combine their col-         areas where there is no portable radio
                                                                                                 It would be appreciated if your
lective strengths to gain entry into over-     coverage, or when they are required to
                                                                                                 registration could be completed by
seas markets. Trade promotion agency,          work away from their vehicles. The
                                                                                                 15 June. For on-line registrations
Trade NZ, and its Australian counterpart,      Highway Patrol is a specialist group to
                                                                                                 and conference updates enter the
Austrade, are organising a new Trans-          police NZ’s state highways. Eventually
                                               the Highway Patrol will boast 225 staff           ‘Gateway to NZ Science’ site at
Tasman Technology Alliance Forum to
                                               and 183 vehicles.                                 www.rsnz.govt.nz, or contact the
explore opportunities for technology
                                                                                                 Executive Officer, ANZCCART, C/o
companies to work together. The Forum
is to be held in Christchurch and Auck-                                                          The Royal Society of NZ, PO Box
                                               Decline in Leprosy
land on 26 and 28 June, respectively.                                                            598, Wellington, tel (04) 472 7421,
                                               A 10-year campaign to reduce leprosy has          fax (04) 470 5784, or email
    The aim is to help complementary           been a major success, according to the            anzccart@rsnz.govt.nz
high tech exporters on both sides of the       United Nations World Health Organi-
Tasman form strategic alliances to leap-       sation (WHO). WHO says leprosy has
frog into third markets. Such alliances        been cut by more than 90% across the
would see two or more companies com-           globe, with an estimated 11 million            Legislation Notes
bining their resources and strengths to        people being cured of the ailment over the
build their export business more effec-        last 15 years. Increased access to early       Telecommunications Bill
tively, in terms of marketing and distribu-    diagnosis and a multi-drug therapy             Introduced
tion networks and the value of the product     treatment, which stops transmission and        Proposed legislation outlining a new sys-
they offered overseas clients. Thanks to       prevents disabilities, has been credited       tem of regulations for the NZ tele-
‘NewsRoom’                                     with helping eliminate the disease.            communications sector includes the
                                               However, the disease is still a threat in      setting up of a new Telecommunications
                                               India, which has 70% of the world’s
Trial Cultivation of Industrial                                                               Commissioner operating within the
                                               leprosy sufferers, and the disease is also     Commerce Commission, regulation of
Hemp
                                               still endemic in Brazil, Madagascar,           key services, and the setting up of
The cultivation of trial plots of industrial   Mozambique, Myanmar and Nepal.                 processes to resolve disputes over those
hemp is to be allowed under strict             Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                           services.
guidelines. The trial will be run for two
growing seasons. The trials are being                                                             It also contains provisions for the
                                               More Planets Found
done to evaluate if the crop can be                                                           independent costing of the Kiwi Share
successfully grown here and what vari-         An international team of astronomers           agreement – under which Telecom pro-
eties are most suitable for our conditions.    have announced the discovery of 11 new         vides free local voice and low-speed data
They are a simple agricultural trial and       planets orbiting nearby stars. It brings the   calls to non-commercial customers – and
will not establish if a crop is com-           total number of known so-called                a process by which other industry players
mercially viable.                              ‘exoplanets’ (that is, planets outside our     can contribute to Kiwi Share net costs.


MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                     Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 19
Telecom has agreed to a revision of its       The Bill is based on a 1999 Law Com-         Timeline – Paid Parental Leave
Kiwi Share obligations, extending its         mission report, but incorporates the views
                                                                                           The timetable for the introduction of the
geographic coverage and clarifying that       of an industry working party and elements
                                                                                           paid parental leave scheme is that the
dial up Internet calls count as free local    of legislation in the UK and New South
                                                                                           policy work should be completed by
calls. Also its network will be upgraded to   Wales. Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’
                                                                                           August 2001 and legislation introduced
ensure minimum line speed standards for
                                                                                           later this year in time to provide for a 1
the bulk of residential lines.
                                              New Sporting Agency                          April 2002 start. The main features of the
   The Bill will go to select committee       Legislation to create a new recreation and   scheme, however, have yet to be
and the Government expects it to be           sport agency to replace the Hillary          finalised.
passed by the end of September.               Commission, the sport policy arm of the
Thanks to ‘NewsRoom’                          Office of Tourism and Sport, and be          GST Treatment of Non-
                                              responsible for government funds cur-        Residents
                                              rently administered by the Sports
Government Communications                                                                  The Government proposes legislating to
                                              Foundation was introduced recently. It is
Security Bureau Bill                                                                       clarify the pre-1999 application of GST
                                              due to come into effect before the end of
                                                                                           to services contracted for outside NZ by
This Bill formalises the existing arrange-    the year.
                                                                                           non-NZ residents but consumed here. The
ments which establish the GCSB and
authorise its activities, and puts the            This Bill would create a new Crown       change, which took effect from 15 May
                                              entity called the Recreation and Sport       once the legislation was enacted, affects
Bureau on a similar legislative footing to
                                              Agency (the Agency), which will pro-         in-bound tourism operators and schools
that of the Security Intelligence Service
(SIS).                                        mote, encourage, and support physical        or universities in respect of the fees paid
                                              recreation and sport as a means of           by foreign students.
    The GCSB focuses on the collection        achieving a healthier and more active
and reporting of foreign signals intel-       nation. The Agency would be led by an            Technical details of this proposed
ligence. It also gives advice and             eight-member Board appointed by the              legislative amendment are available
assistance to NZ government departments       Minister, initially from nominations put         in a special report published on the
and agencies on the security of their         forward by an advisory group.
                                                                                               website of the Policy Advice
information-processing systems.
                                                                                               Division of Inland Revenue at
    The Bureau’s head office is in Wel-       Good Faith Success                               www.taxpolicy.ird.govt.nz
lington. It operates two collection sta-      The interim Code of Good Faith has held
tions: the high frequency radio inter-        up so well under the Employment
ception and direction-finding station at                                                   Royal Commission Extension
                                              Relations Act that it has been decided to
Tangimoana, near Bulls, and the satellite     approve it, as the final code, without       The Royal Commission on Genetic
communications interception station at        amendment. The Code tells employers,         Modification will now present its report
Waihopai, near Blenheim. It has an            managers, employees and unions what is       on 27 July, not 1 June as originally
annual budget of around $20 million and       expected of them to work within the Good     planned. A 2-month extension was
employs about 220 staff. The Prime            Faith provisions of the Employment           approved after the Commission requested
Minister is the Minister in charge of the     Relations Act.                               more time to deal with the large amount
GCSB.                                                                                      of material it gathered on the issue.
                                              Physical Punishment of
Construction Contracts Bill                   Children                                     Health and Safety Submissions
Introduced
                                              Officials advice on issues to do with the    A total of 177 written submissions in re-
Protecting subcontractors from the fallout    physical punishment of children was          sponse to the recent discussion paper on
when property developers go broke is the      released recently. The Government has        health and safety in employment were re-
main aim of the Construction Contracts        investigated the legal framework adopted     ceived: 98 from employers; 18 from un-
Bill. Previously, developers and contrac-     by other countries on the physical           ions; 24 from health and safety
tors have been able to draw out disputes      punishment of children. Officials are        professionals; and the remainder from in-
in the courts for years, but under the pro-   currently analysing the implications for     terest groups, academics and researchers.
posed legislation the disputes will go to     NZ should Parliament decide to repeal or     It’s planned to refer the matter to Cabinet
an adjudicator and must be resolved           amend section 59 of the Crimes Act.          by the beginning of July.
within 28 days.
                                                 No decision has been taken to change
   The proposed Bill would also outlaw        the law on corporal punishment or to         Response to Gaming Review
“pay-if-paid” and “pay-when-paid” clau-       repeal or amend section 59 of the Crimes     Over 1000 submissions have been
ses that have led to smaller players          Act. However, a member’s Bill has been       received in response to the discussion
sometimes going unpaid when others            entered into the ballot which, if drawn,     paper which was released as part of the
higher up the payment ladder have folded.     may be the subject of a conscience vote.     Government’s Gaming Review. The dis-



Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 20                                                    MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
cussion paper was concerned with a                Indonesia will be Chris Elder, and our        It looks at the issue of exposure of
number of issues surrounding the                  next Ambassador to Argentina will be      hospitality workers to second-hand
regulation of gaming, including:                  Carl Worker. Judge Ron Young, has         smoke, especially in places like bars and
                                                  been appointed to the High Court, and     restaurants. Second-hand smoke is
•   what role gaming should play in our           his successor as Chief District Court     released into the environment by people
    society;                                      Judge will be Judge David Carruthers.     smoking cigarettes, cigars and pipes. It is
•   what effect Internet gambling has on          David Moloney is the new Trade NZ         known also as environmental tobacco
    NZ; and                                       Chair, and new directors are Graham       smoke, and includes smoke emitted from
•   what effect technological change has          Boult, Craig Ellison, Peter Mony, and     the glowing end of cigarettes (“side-
    on gaming, and whether it is possible         Sara Poore. Director of MAF Policy        stream smoke”), “mainstream” smoke
    to regulate cross-border gaming.              Group Larry Fergusson is the acting       exhaled by active smokers and small
                                                  Director General of MAF, Margaret         quantities of smoke that diffuse through
    Once submissions have been ana-               Bazley is the acting Chief Executive of   cigarette papers or mouthpieces.
lysed, the Government intends to make             the Department of Work and Income,
decisions on gaming by July, and intro-           and Mel Smith is acting Chief                  The report’s main findings were:
duce a bill to Parliament by the end of this      Executive of the Ministry of Social       •    bar and restaurant workers who work
year. The intention is to enact new legis-        Policy. Members of a new Expert                in premises that allow customers to
lation by March 2002.                             Advisory Committee on Drugs that will          smoke are significantly more exposed
                                                  advise on the classifying of drugs are:        to second-hand smoke than workers in
                                                  Dr Bob Boyd, Dr Stewart Jessamine,             places with no-smoking policies;
Appointments
                                                  Harry Quinn, Andrew Coleman, Dr
                                                                                            •    policies in hospitality premises that
NZ’s next Ambassador to Washington                Keith Bedford, Prof Tim Maling, Dr
                                                                                                 restrict customer smoking to certain
will be John Wood, our next High                  Helen     Moriarty,    Dr     Geoffrey
                                                                                                 areas reduce average exposure of staff
Commissioner to India will be Caroline            Robinson, Dr Douglas Sellman, and
                                                                                                 to second-hand smoke but exposure is
McDonald, our next Ambassador to                  Keremete Warbrick.                             still significant; and
                                                                                            •    hospitality workers have an increased
                                                                                                 risk of disease including cancer, heart
Resources Available                                                                              and lung diseases and stroke.

Guidelines for Contracting NGOs                                                                  Copies of the report are available
The new ‘Guidelines for Contracting with Non-Government Organisations on Behalf of               from the Ministry of Health’s
the Crown’ were drafted by Treasury after consultation with a number of government               website at http://www.moh.govt.nz
departments and more than 30 NGOs. For some time, the Government has had some
concerns about how state agencies contract with NGOs, including                             Organics – Select Committee
•   whether the contracting processes reflect the relationships based on co-operation       Inquiry
    and trust that the Government is seeking to have with the voluntary sector;             Parliament’s Primary Production Com-
•   whether contracting arrangements give enough weight to the Government’s                 mittee has produced a report called
    objectives;                                                                             ‘Organics – NZ Opportunities for the
                                                                                            Future’. Although there are expectations
•   whether compliance costs for community organisations are too high;
                                                                                            that NZ organic exports will be worth $64
•   when it’s appropriate for contracting to include capacity building for the provider;    million by the end of 2001, this figure is
    and                                                                                     still less than 1% of NZ’s total
•   how to ensure appropriate accountability for public money.                              agricultural exports.

    In addition, following an investigation into contracting issues with the Waipareira        The committee makes recommenda-
Trust, the Controller and Auditor-General recommended that guidelines be developed          tions regarding how the State and the
for all government agencies that contracted with NGOs.                                      industry might overcome barriers to the
                                                                                            development of the industry. The report
    The Guidelines will be issued to all government departments and most Crown              looks at the following issues: market
entities. They are intended to complement the recent report from the working party on       potential for organic products; standards
relationships with the community and voluntary sector.                                      and certification; financial barriers in
                                                                                            converting to organic agriculture; re-
             Copies of the Guidelines are available at www.treasury.govt.nz                 search, extension and advisory services
                                                                                            and education; government involvement;
                                                                                            environmental sustainability; and genetic
Report on Second-Hand Smoke                                                                 engineering.
A report ‘Assessment of Exposures of NZ Hospitality Workers to Environmental
                                                                                                This report is only available from your
Tobacco Smoke’, commissioned by the Ministry of Health and conducted by the
Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR), was released recently.                   local Government/Bennetts bookshop



MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                     Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 21
NZ’s Intelligence and Security Agencies                                 IR 340 (April 2001). 2002 Weekly and Fortnightly PAYE
                                                                        Deduction Tables.
‘Securing Our Nation’s Safety’ has been published by the
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. The 44-page               IR 341 (April 2001). 2002 Four Weekly and Monthly PAYE
publication explains the roles and responsibilities of the              Deduction Tables.
agencies, how they are managed and how they are kept                    IR 356 (February 2001). IR 56 Taxpayer’s Handbook.
accountable through the democratic process.                             IR 435 (February 2001). Qualifying Companies (A guide to
                                                                        qualifying company tax law).
   The booklet features a chapter from former Prime Minister
and leading constitutional lawyer Sir Geoffrey Palmer, who              IR 493 (December 2000). Consolidation                (A   guide   to
discusses the need for security and intelligence agencies and the       consolidation for groups of companies).
effectiveness of the legislation governing their activities.               INFOexpress is IRD’s automated telephone service. These
                                                                        are some of the things you can do by phoning INFOexpress:
   The booklet is available at all public libraries. It has also been
                                                                        •     order Inland Revenue forms and booklets;
   published on the department’s website (www.dpmc.govt.nz).
   Copies of the free publication can be obtained by writing to         •     get tax payment information;
   the department at PO Box 55, Wellington.                             •     get updates on your tax balances (income tax, GST,
                                                                              employer accounts for PAYE, child support, SSCWT, FBT
                                                                              and student loans); and
IRD Publications
                                                                        •     request or change a personal identification number (PIN).
Recent publications from IRD include:
                                                                        All you need to use INFOexpress is a touch tone phone and your
IR 151 (March 2001). Child Support – Estimating Your Income.            IRD number. It’s also helpful if you know the number of any
IR 152 (February 2001). Child Support and Redundancy.                   forms or booklets you are ordering. For personal information,
                                                                        such as account balances, you’ll also need an INFOexpress PIN.
IR 153 (February 2001). Problems with our Child Support
Service?
                                                                            You can get a PIN by phoning 0800 257 777 and following the
IR 170 (March 2001). A Guide for Parents Who Pay Child
                                                                            instructions given. INFOexpress is available between 6am and
Support.
                                                                            12 midnight, 7 days a week. You can call these numbers for:
IR 171 (March 2001). Child Support – A Guide for Custodians.
                                                                            forms and stationery (0800 257 773); taxpacks (0800 257 772),
IR 203 (February 2001). Family Assistance – Financial Help for
                                                                            and all other services (0800 257 777)
Families on Benefits.
IR 204 (February 2001). Family Assistance – Financial Help for
Working Families.
IR 272 ((February 2001). Taxes and the Taxi Industry.
                                                                            Craig Matthews
IR 295 (February 2001). Taxes and Duties (an introduction to
                                                                            Editor
NZ’s tax system).




Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 22                                                         MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206
                                                                              The MAF/Internal Affairs objective in circulating the Rural
                                                                            Bulletin is to facilitate a two-way information flow between the
                                                                            government and rural people, so that rural people have the
                                                                            opportunity for input into government programmes and poli-
                                                                            cies.
                                                                              Please photocopy the Bulletin as you wish and distribute it to
 Contact details for the Department of Internal Affairs’                    others in your area. If you would like more information about
Community Development Advisers:                                             any of the content of the Bulletin, contact the relevant
                                                                            government department/organisation, or contact the following
Kaitaia                     26 Puckey Avenue, Kaitaia                       Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) staff:
                            Tel (09) 408 0034; Fax (09) 408 0923
                                                                            Alan Walker
Whangarei                   1 Robert Street, Whangarei
                                                                            Director, Policy Information                PO Box 2526
                            Tel (09) 430 2205; Fax (09) 430 2209
                                                                             & Regions                                  Wellington
Waitakere                   288 Te Atatu Road, Edmonton                     Email: Walkera@maf.govt.nz                  Tel (04) 474 4100
                            Tel (09) 834 9701; Fax (09) 834 9705                                                        Fax (04) 474 4206
Manukau                     Hodgetts Bldg, Cnr Osterly &                    Craig Matthews
                            Amersham Way, Manukau City                      Editor, Rural Bulletin                      PO Box 2526
                            Tel (09) 263 7372; Fax (09) 262 0606            Email: Matthewsc@maf.govt.nz                Wellington
Auckland                    MLC Bldg, 450 Queen St, Auckland                                                            Tel (04) 474 4100
                            Tel (09) 309 3208; Fax (09) 307 1198                                                        Fax (04) 474 4206
Hamilton                    5th Floor, Westpac House,                       Philip Journeaux
                            426 Victoria Street, Hamilton                   Regional Team Leader                        Ruakura Agriculture
                            Tel (07) 839 9960; Fax (07) 839 9955            Email: Journeauxp@maf.govt.nz                Centre
                                                                                                                        Private Bag 3123
Rotorua                     1178 Pukaki Street, Rotorua
                            Tel (07) 347 7680; Fax (07) 343 1689                                                        Hamilton
                                                                                                                        Tel (07) 856 2832
Gisborne                    Quay Point Building,                                                                        Fax (07) 838 5921
                            1 Gladstone Road, Gisborne
                            Tel (06) 868 1915; Fax (06) 868 1964            John Vaney
                                                                            Regional Team Leader                        Forest Research Campus
Hawkes Bay                  2nd Floor East Tower, Dalton House,             Email: Vaneyj@maf.govt.nz                   PO Box 1340
                            Cnr Hastings & Vautier Streets, Napier                                                      Rotorua
                            Tel (06) 834 1350; Fax (06) 834 1274
                                                                                                                        Tel (07) 348 0089
New Plymouth                Roebuck House, 4 Powderham Street,                                                          Fax (07) 347 7173
                            New Plymouth                                    Barrie Wallace
                            Tel (06) 759 8246; Fax (06) 759 8094
                                                                            Regional Team Leader                        Batchelar Agriculture
Palmerston North            36 Victoria Street, Palmerston North            Email: Wallaceb@maf.govt.nz                  Centre
                            Tel (06) 355 8088; Fax (06) 355 8084                                                        PO Box 1654
Wellington                  Level 4, Riverside Towers, 15 Daly                                                          Palmerston North
                            Street, Lower Hutt                                                                          Tel (06) 351 7925
                            Tel (04) 570 5383; Fax (04) 570 5381                                                        Fax (06) 351 7902
Nelson                      Corner Halstead and New Streets,                Grant McFadden
                            Nelson                                          Regional Team Leader                        PO Box 20 280
                            Tel 0800 660 900 or (03) 546 0904;              Email: Mcfaddeng@maf.govt.nz                Bishopdale
                            Fax (03) 548 2488                                                                           Tel (03) 358 1860
West Coast                  109 Mackay Street, Greymouth                                                                Fax (03) 358 1861
                            Tel (03) 768 1001 or 768 1003;                  Humphrey Jagger
                            Fax (03) 768 4200                               Regional Team Leader                        PO Box 5648
Christchurch                8th Floor, NZI House,                           Email: Jaggerh@maf.govt.nz                  Dunedin
                            96 Hereford Street, Christchurch                                                            Tel (03) 477 8454
                            Tel (03) 353 8290; Fax (03) 353 8299                                                        Fax (03) 477 9144
Dunedin                     NML Building, The Octagon,
                            10 George Street, Dunedin
                            Tel (03) 479 6515; Fax (03) 479 6519              Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to ensure that the
                                                                              information herein is accurate, MAF does not accept liability for error of
Invercargill                44 Don Street, Invercargill                       fact or opinion which may be present, nor for the consequences of any
                            Tel (03) 218 0701; Fax (03) 218 6411              financial decision based on the information. Any views or opinions
                                                                              expressed do not necessarily represent the official view of the Ministry of
The Rural Bulletin is designed by Karen Thompson, Policy Information, MAF     Agriculture and Forestry.
Policy, Wellington



MAF Policy, PO Box 2526, Wellington, Fax (04) 474 4206                                                                   Rural Bulletin: June 2001 — 23