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					Civil War
 Chapters 21-22

 Presented by
  THAT ONE TEACHER
       PERSON

•Mr.
 Gerlach
   November 1860
•Abraham
 Lincoln’s
 election
 (245)
20 December 1860
•South Carolina
 secedes from the
 Union.
February 1861
      • Confederate
        States of
        America (252)
        formed
      • President
        Jefferson Davis
        (159)
 Original Confederate States (252):

• South           • Mississippi
  Carolina        • Alabama
• Texas           • Louisiana
• Georgia         • Florida
  4 March 1861
•Abraham Lincoln’s
 Inauguration
12 April 1861
      • Fort Sumter
      • “provision” or
        “reinforce”?
      • First shots
        fired
Pierre Gustave Toutant
      Beauregard
4 Border States Secede
•Arkansas •North
•Tennessee Carolina
           •Virginia
4 Border States (252) Stay
• Missouri   • Maryland
• Kentucky   • Delaware
             • West
              Virginia?
• “I hope to have God on my
  side, but I’ve got to have
  Kentucky on my side!”
     – Statement allegedly made by Abraham Lincoln
Butternut Region (252a)
• Southern counties of Illinois,
  Indiana & Ohio
Confederate Advantages
•   Defensive War – Home Field
•   Stalemate = Southern Victory
•   Talented Officers
•   Southern Lifestyle = Better-trained soldiers
•   Cotton
    Union Advantages
•   Industry
•   Railroads
•   Navy
•   Mules
•   Population
         – 22 million in free states
         – 9 million in slave states (3.5 million of those were slaves)
• Southern states’ rights position
• Cotton
          Strategies
• North            • South
 –Anaconda           –Defense
  Plan (257)         –Wear-out the
   • Richmond         North
   • Mississippi
   • Ports
The European Question
• Which side did European
  nations favor?
• Why?
• Why did they stay out of the
  war?
    15 April 1861
• Lincoln asks for 75,000
  volunteers.
• 90 Day War?
21 July 1861
    • 1st Battle of Bull Run
    • 1st Battle of Manassas
    • Thomas “Stonewall”
      Jackson (249)
    • People lose their lunch
        Late 1861
• Trent Affair
• 2 Confederate diplomats removed from
  British mail steamer by Union Navy
• OOPS!
    9 March 1862
• Monitor (256) vs. Merrimac
• First battle between 2
  ironclad ships
• Monitor wins! [sort of]
Monitor vs. Merrimac
     6 & 7 April 1862
•   Battle of Shiloh
•   13,000 Union Dead
•   10,000 Confederate Dead
•   Confederates retreat.
•   U.S. Grant commands Union troops.
       April 1862
• Confederates institute draft
  Late April 1862
•Admiral David
 Farragut captures
 New Orleans
             1862
• Alabama launched in England
• Used to disrupt Yankee shipping
• Sunk in 1864
George McClellan (254)
  Spring & Summer 1862
• McClellan (254) leads Peninsular
  Campaign (255)
• Stalls when intended
  reinforcements were used to
  defend Washington, D.C.
Robert E. Lee (250)
26 June 1862 – 2 July 1862
• Seven Days’ Battles
• Robert E. Lee (250) launches
  devastating counterattack
  against McClellan’s (254)
  forces.
 17 September 1862
• Battle of Antietam
• FINALLY! A Union victory in the
  East!
• Should have been a bigger victory,
  but McClellan (254) was a DORK!
22 September 1862
        • Emancipation
          Proclamation
          (258) issued
          by Abraham
          Lincoln (157)
   1 January 1863
• Emancipation
  Proclamation (258) goes
  into effect
• Impact?
        1863
•U.S. Congress passes
 1st Nationwide Draft.

•$300 Exemption
              1863
• National Banking System established
  (253)
  – Members could issue greenbacks & sell
    bonds
  – Tax on currency
              1863
• Maximillian installed as Emperor of
  Mexico
• They tried in May 1862 but were
  defeated at the Battle of Puebla. Now
  they’re back!
• Abandoned in 1865
• Executed in 1867
May 1863
    • Battle of
      Chancellorsville
    • Thomas
      “Stonewall”
      Jackson (249)
      dies
   22 May 1863
•Siege of Vicksburg,
 Mississippi (261)
 begins
     July 1-3, 1863
• Battle of Gettysburg (260)
• 150,000 soldiers clash
• 28,000 CSA casualties
• 23,000 USA casualties
      4 July 1863
• Vicksburg (261) falls to
  the Union
• Union controls the
  Mississippi River
         July 1863
• Ulysses S.
  Grant (251) is
  appointed to
  lead the Army
  of the Potomac.
20 November 1863
        • Gettysburg
          Address
   September 1864
• William Tecumseh
  Sherman (262) leads the
  siege of Atlanta.
Sept. - Dec. 1864
        • Sherman’s
          March to the
          Sea (262)
        • $100,000,000
          in damage
   November 1864
• Abraham Lincoln is re-elected.
  (264)
• Electoral Vote:    Popular Vote:
  – Lincoln   212     55%
  – McClellan 21      45%
• Copperheads (263)
 22 December 1864
•Sherman (262)
 captures Savannah,
 Georgia.
     February 1865
• 13th Amendment (259) is
  proposed by Congress
• Ratified on 6 December 1865
      4 March 1865
• Abraham Lincoln’s 2nd
  Inauguration
• Interesting Fact: John Wilkes
  Booth (267) attended the
  inauguration ceremony!
       9 April 1865
• Appomattox Courthouse (266)
• Lee (250) surrenders to Grant (251)
• Wilmer McLean’s House
McLean Home
14 April 1865
       14 April 1865
• Lincoln is shot
  by John Wilkes
  Booth (267) at
  Ford’s Theater
  in Washington,
  D.C.
Presidential Box at Ford’s
         Theater
    15 April 1865
• Abraham Lincoln dies.
• Andrew Johnson (270)
  becomes President of the
  United States.
• 600,000+ dead
• 400,000+ seriously wounded
• $15 billion+ spent on the war
•   No more nullification
•   No more secession
•   No more slavery
•   Preservation of democratic principles

				
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