What is the Socialization Perio

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					                                                 SOCIALIZATION AND BITE INHIBITION




      What is the Socialization Period?

       √ Between the age of 4-14 weeks your puppy is in her most important developmental stage.
       √ Within this time, your puppy develops the seek-avoidance blueprint she will use for the rest
         of her life when encountering novelty.
       √ Your puppy’s personality will not only be determined by her breed characteristics and
         parentage but almost equally by her socialization period.
       √ The experiences your puppy has during this important window of development will directly
         affect her personality as an adult.

      How Do I Socialize My Puppy?

It is your responsibility to introduce your puppy to as many experiences as possible and to make each
experience pleasant. Your puppy runs the risk of being frightened or aggressive toward objects or
situations that she was not exposed to or had a scary encounter with during her socialization period.
Think of the socialization that you do now as “vaccinating your puppy against scary things”.

       1. Your puppy’s thought process is pretty simple: food =good.
       2. During your puppy’s socialization period never be without a food treat. Carry them in your
          pockets, purse, car, baby stroller or backpack.
       3. Allow your puppy to approach, investigate and observe new experiences at her own speed.
       4. Talk confidently to your puppy when she encounters a new object (something as simple as a
          leaf blowing across the sidewalk can be scary to a puppy!), person or event and give her one
          of the many treats you have in your pocket.

      What Should I Do If My Puppy is Fearful of Something?

If your puppy becomes fearful during an encounter be careful about what you may be communicating
to her when she is afraid.
        1. Do not try to comfort her. This will only reward your puppy’s fearful behavior and
           convince her that it is good to be afraid.
        2. Instead, use a confident voice and coax your pup to approach whatever it is that is spooking
           her.
        3. Reward any confident behavior with a treat.
        4. A reliable sign that your puppy is very frightened or overwhelmed is if she will not take a
           tasty treat.
           o If such a situation occurs get your puppy out of the situation and reduce the level of the
                scary event and start again.
           o Ask your puppy to “sit” and reward the behavior. You are substituting a behavior that
                you can reward for her fearful response.


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                                                                         SOCIALIZATION AND BITE INHIBITION




                  Even the gentlest, most mild mannered dog has the potential to bite. Dogs get stepped on, or become
                  fearful and feel they have no other option but to bite. A dog that can inhibit her bite may some day
                  bite, but not leave a mark on the person bitten: this could very well save your dog’s life.


                  TEACHING YOUR PUPPY TO CONTROL H ER BITE
                  Puppy biting is a normal, natural and necessary puppy behavior. Puppies rarely bite with the goal of
                  hurting someone. When puppies mouth humans they are trying to play. Because puppies have sharp
                  teeth but little jaw strength, puppy-hood is the ideal time to teach bite control.


                          STEP ONE: HOW TO CONTROL HOW HARD PUPPIES BITE
pies learn how to control their bite strength from playing with other puppies and dogs. When a puppy plays and bites too hard, the
                   other puppy yelps. If the puppy bites too hard again, the other puppy ends the play. You are going to mimic this
                   behavior.

                           1.     Allow your puppy to mouth your hands. When she begins to bite to the point it is mildly
                              painful, say “ouch”. The volume on the “ouch” will depend on your puppy. Some puppies only
                              need a quiet tone; more robust pups will need a louder “ouch” to get their attention.
                           2.     Allow your puppy to mouth your hands again. If your puppy bites too hard again, the game
                              ends. Completely ignore your puppy as if she were invisible, stand up and walk away. If at all
                              possible, close yourself in another room for 30-60 seconds. Wait at least 10 minutes before trying
                              the game again.


                          STEP T WO: HUMANS ARE BIG BABIES!
e your puppy is mouthing your hands with only gentle pressure – due to practicing Step One on a regular basis – it’s now time to
                 teach her how wimpy humans are. You want your puppy to think that human skin is the most fragile thing in the
                 world and that touching it with her teeth is not rewarding.
                           1.     Allow your puppy to mouth your hands gently. When her teeth barely make contact
                              with your skin, yelp like she’s maimed you!
                           2.     Allow your puppy to mouth your hands again. If her teeth make contact with your skin
                              again, the game ends. Completely ignore your puppy as if she were invisible, stand up and
                              walk away. If at all possible, close yourself in another room for 30-60 seconds. Wait at least
                              10 minutes before trying the game again.




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                                                                                SOCIALIZATION SCAVENGER HUNT



     Week                   Socialization Experience           Week
                                                                                             Socialization Experience
1   2 3 4        5   Environments                              1   2   3    4    5   Men (cont.)
                Go to a park                                                    Meet a man smoking a cigarette/cigar
                                                                            
                Go to a shopping center                                         Meet a man wearing a coat & tie
                                                                            
                Go to a vet’s office                                            Meet a bald man
                                                                            
                Go to the downtown mall                                         Meet a man with an accent
                                                                            
                Go to a an office complex                                       Meet a man with a piercing/tattoo
                                                                            
                Go to a grocery store                                           Meet a man wearing a heavy coat
                                                                            
                Go to a gas station                                             Meet a man with red hair and glasses
                                                                            
                Go to a college campus                                          Children
                Go to a restaurant                                              Meet baby in Mother's arms
                                                                            
                Go to a lake                                                    Meet a toddler in snow suit
                                                                            
                Go to a forest                                                  Meet a baby in stroller
                                                                            
                Go to a friend’s house                                          Meet a toddler wearing a hat
                                                                            
                Go to an industrial park                                        Meet a young boy with baseball cap
                                                                            
                Go to a farm                                                    Meet a young girl pushing baby buggy
                                                                            
                Go to a puppy socialization class                               Meet a kid on skateboard
                                                                            
                     Women                                                           Meet a kid pulling a wagon
                                                                            
                Meet hiker wearing backpack                                     Meet a kid chewing gum
                                                                            
                Meet a woman pushing a shopping cart                            Meet a young girl wearing sunglasses
                                                                            
                Meet a woman wearing a baseball hat                             Meet a kid wearing a rain coat
                                                                            
                Meet a woman carrying an umbrella                               Meet a toddler wearing sneakers
                                                                            
                Meet a woman wearing sunglasses                                 Meet a young boy riding a scooter
                                                                            
                Meet a woman pushing a stroller                                 Meet a baby in a baby carrier/papoose
                                                                            
                Meet a woman with a pony tail                                   Meet a kid on bicycle
                                                                            
                Meet a woman wearing a coat                                     Objects
                Meet a woman carrying bags                                      A vacuum cleaner
                                                                            
                Meet a woman on a bicycle                                       A big-screen television
                                                                            
                Meet a woman wearing a skirt                                    A mirror
                                                                            
                Meet a woman with boots on                                      A large pasta/stock pot
                                                                            
                Meet a woman with ponytail                                      A large potted plant
                                                                            
                Meet a woman in high heels                                      A computer
                                                                            
                Meet a woman with glasses on                                    A garden sculpture
                                                                            
                     Men                                                             An outdoor grill
                                                                            
                Meet a man with a beard                                         A broom
                                                                            
                Meet a man with an umbrella                                     A fireplace
                                                                            
                Meet a man wearing sunglasses                                   A snow shovel
                                                                            
                Meet a man with a ponytail                                      A bicycle
                                                                            
                Meet a man with a mustache                                      A ladder/step stool
                                                                            
                Meet a man wearing sneakers                                     A running washer/dryer
                                                                            
                Meet a man wearing cowboy boots                                 A green car
                                                                            
                Meet a man carrying bags                                        Animals
                Meet a man wearing sunglasses & a hat
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                                                                     SOCIALIZATION SCAVENGER HUNT



       Meet a Poodle
                   Week                   Socialization Experience
              1 2 3 4          5   Animals (cont.)
                              Meet a cat
                              Meet a Jack Russell Terrier
                              Meet a Black Lab
                              Meet a Golden Retriever
                              Meet a Bouvier Des Flanders
                              Meet a horse
                              Meet a cow
                              Meet a Great Dane
                              Meet a black & tan multigree
                              Meet a Cocker Spaniel
                              Meet a Boxer
                              Meet a Pug
                              Meet a Husky
                              Meet A German Shepherd
                                   Potpourri
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