Welcome to Pleasant Valley Secondary

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					          Welcome
             to
  Pleasant Valley Secondary




          2010-2011 Course Catalogue


Please return this guide to the PVSS office so that we can re-use it for
             planning, if you have no further use for it.

    PVSS phone 250-546-3114 or fax 250-546-8640

    Registration guide is available on the website.
       PVSS Website is www.pvss.sd83.bc.ca




                                  -1-
                        Table of Contents

Things to Consider Before Choosing Your Courses   Page 3


Course Descriptions
     Applied Skills: Business Education           Page 6

     Applied Skills: Home Economics               Page 9

     Applied Skills: Technology Education         Page 10

     Fine Arts: Dance                             Page 13

     Fine Arts: Drama                             Page 14

     Fine Arts: Music                             Page 15

     Fine: Arts: Visual Arts                      Page 17

     Languages English                            Page 19

     Languages: French                            Page 21

     Languages: Spanish                           Page 21

     Mathematics                                  Page 22

     Physical Education                           Page 24

     Science                                      Page 25

     Social Studies                               Page 27

     Health & Career Planning                     Page 29

     Other Courses                                Page 30

     Student Support Services                     Page 31




                                          -2-
      Things To Consider Before Choosing Your Courses

                                     Grad Requirements
Have you chosen the correct courses to help you graduate on time? See the list below for the
current British Columbia Grad Requirements. Only grade 10-12 courses count towards
graduation credit requirements.




                                       CREDIT REQUIREMENTS
     Grade 10-12
     80 credits (equivalent to twenty 4-credit courses) required for graduation
     48 credits are Required Courses, including:

     *Language Arts 10 (4 credits) English 10
      Language Arts 11 (4 credits) English 11 or Communications 12
     *Language Arts 12 (4 credits) English 12 or Communications 12
      Social Studies 10 (4 credits)
     *Social Studies 11 (4 credits)
     *Science 10 (4 credits)
      Science 11 or 12 (4 credits)
     *Mathematics 10 (4 credits)
      Mathematics 11 or 12 (4 credits)
      Physical Education 10 (4 credits)
      Fine Arts or Applied Skills 10, 11 or 12 (4 credits)
      Planning 10 (4 credits)

     * Provincial Exam required
     4 credits for Grad Transition
     28 credits are Elective Courses
     Minimum of 16 credits at the Grade 12 level including Language Arts 12. All Ministry-
     authorized and Board/Authority-Authorized courses count.




                                               -3-
            Entrance Requirements for Post Secondary Education
Will the courses you have chosen allow you to enroll in the post secondary program of your
choice? If you are planning to attend a university, a college, a technical institution, or an art
college, you should consult a counselor regarding the pre-requisites for that program. Students
planning to attend school in the USA must also write the ACT or the SAT entrance exam.



                                 Provincial Scholarships
Will the courses you have chosen allow you to be eligible to compete for Provincial
Scholarships? These scholarships are available for students who perform well on Grade 12
Provincial exams.

A student will receive a $1000.00 Examinations Scholarship if he or she:
   • Meets the basic eligibility requirements.
   • Achieves at least a “B” in English 12
   • Achieves 86% or higher on each of his or her three best Grade 12 provincial exam
           (can include the English 12 provincial exam)

A student will receive a $2500.00 Examinations Scholarship Award if he or she:
    • Qualifies to receive an award (above)
    • Ranks among the top twenty scholarship students (based on his or her percentage score)

Any student who achieves a perfect score (100%) in each of three Grade 12 provincial exams will
also be awarded an Academic Medal of Excellence.



                           Local Scholarship Opportunities
Will the courses you have selected qualify you for local scholarships? Local merchants,
organizations and service groups contribute generously to the Pleasant Valley Scholarship Fund
to encourage students to further their education. Students attending PVSS have opportunities to
receive scholarships, bursaries and awards based on performance in their final years of schools.
Exceptional accomplishments as well as overall citizenship and deportment are considered. For
more information on local scholarship opportunities check the scholarship information booklet
published every March or consult a counselor.



                                       Correspondence
Are you planning to supplement your education with correspondence courses? The general
policy of PVSS is that students are expected to take the courses we offer within the timetable.
With permission from administration, students may apply to take correspondence courses through
the school counselor. All courses that fall within the graduation program, i.e. courses Grade 10
through 12, are tuition free with a refundable course resource deposit. The deposit is currently
$100.00. If a grade nine student wishes to do a grade nine level course the course fee may be
anywhere from $300 to $500.00. Please note the cost is subject to change by the correspondence
branch. The deposit or course fee must be paid by the student at the time of registration.

                                                -4-
              Outside of the Timetable Courses (OOTT Courses)
Would you like to enroll in more than 8 courses? PVSS offers the majority of its courses inside
the timetable but some courses at PVSS are offered outside of the regular day to give students
additional opportunities that would otherwise not be available. All students are required to
choose 8 courses inside the timetable (grade 12 students can choose a study as one of those 8
courses) but they may also choose OOTT courses to supplement their educational experience.
Outside the timetable courses are indicated in the course catalogue by having OOTT written
beside their title.

                                      Linear Courses
Some inside the timetable courses (e.g. Concert Band) run for a full-year (linear) instead of the
half-year (semester) that most courses run. Students who enroll in Concert Band will
automatically be scheduled into a core academic course which will run concurrently with Concert
Band.

Students are expected to enroll in a full complement of courses. Grade 12 students may request
a study in one of the two semesters.




                                              -5-
        Applied Skills: Business Education
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

                  Chart of Course Selection Options by Grade
                           Grade 9             Grade 10              Grade 11              Grade 12


                         Information          Information           Computers             Computer
                        Technology 10        Technology 10        Applications 11       Applications 11
                                                                 (No Prerequisite)     (No Prerequisite)
     Computer
     Technology
                                               Computer             Computers             Computer
                                             Applications 11      Applications 12       Applications 12
                                            (No Prerequisite)    (No Prerequisite)     (No Prerequisite)



                      Business Education   Business Education     Retail Sales 11       Retail Sales 11
                              10                   10
     Management
                                             Retail Sales 11      Retail Sales 12       Retail Sales 12


                                                                Entrepreneurship 12   Entrepreneurship 12
                                                                 (No Prerequisite)     (No Prerequisite)



                                             Accounting 11        Accounting 11         Accounting 11
       Finance
                                                                  Accounting 12         Accounting 12



If a student has a particular interest in Business Education, you can continue to work in this area
and receive extra credits. Please see your teacher to discuss this option if you are interested.


Information Technology 10
A broad range of computer skills is essential for today’s students and employees. This junior level
course takes a hands-on project based approach to introduce students to computer skills they can
develop and use throughout secondary school and beyond. Some of the skills and topics
introduced include: web site design, graphic editing and advertisements, keyboarding, Internet
research, charts and graphs, database management, surveys, resumes and reports, multimedia
presentations, and programming using Visual Basic 6. In grade 10 students explore topics and
skills more in depth.




                                                  -6-
Computer Applications 11
This is a practical hands on course designed to introduce students to business oriented application
software for use in their college or business life. (Microsoft Word, Excel, Access) Students will
use the computer as a problem solving tool to research and market a tourism destination. The
Internet will be used to research the destination; Microsoft Word will be used to create business
letters, travel brochures, fliers and itineraries. Microsoft Excel will be used to create company
financial statements and charts, PowerPoint will be used to market the business, and HTML will
be used to develop a web page for their tourism destination. Course Highlights: Web Page
building, creating a magazine and creating multi-media presentations.


Computer Applications 12
This course is designed to give students in grade 11 or 12 in-depth understanding of industry-
standard software (Microsoft Office: Word, Excel, Access and PowerPoint) and give them a huge
job advantage in today’s extremely competitive market. Students will be involved in a variety of
simulations of a business nature and will have to determine appropriate software use to help them
accomplish advanced business tasks (generate invoices, merging databases, storing macros etc.).
Students will have the opportunity to further develop computer design techniques for creating
visually effective professional documents, PowerPoint presentations, and web pages. This course
will allow students to apply a variety of communication skills, methods and strategies to
communication in business situations. Course Highlight: Community project.


Business Education 10
Business Management provides an introductory understanding of the world of business and
finance. Students in Grade 9 or 10 will have the opportunity to learn how to be productive and
motivated employees, be team players, and gain confidence in their abilities to proceed with ideas
for creative self-employment (entrepreneur). Through participation in student run companies,
students will form business partnerships; select a product; apply, interview and hire for their
company; compose a company name and logo and produce business documents using Microsoft
Office; participate in marketing research; choose a location and design a store layout; develop
promotional strategies; apply a financial management plan and acquire personal investment
strategies; develop selling and customer service skills; compose an introductory business plan,
and if time, participate in a school trade fair. Students will be entrusted with a number of
community-based assignments.


Retail Sales 11
Students in grade 10, 11 or 12 will operate the Snack Shack (school store) in this course.
Students may receive eight credits; four credits for the course and four credits work experience in
the store. Students will develop business knowledge and through hands on participation, apply
their skills and experience the realm of retailing from an employee perspective. Skills will include
communication, working with teams, opening and closing, customer service, cash register, cash
control, security, ordering and receiving stock, advertising, promotion and display techniques.
Students will be required to work a minimum of 30 hours in the “Snack Shack”. Students will
receive “customer service” and Food Safe courses and certificates.




                                                -7-
Retail Sales 12
Grade 11 or 12 students in this course will manage the Snack Shack (school store). Through
hands on participation, students will experience the realm of retailing from an employer
perspective. Skills will include management - employees, stock and inventory; marketing -
market research, advertising, store displays and contests; finance - cash control, banking and
bookkeeping.


Entrepreneurship 12
Students in grades 11 or 12 may enroll in this course. There are few teaching experiences more
satisfying than seeing students learn something they will actually use throughout their working
lives. The ability to investigate and search out information is important not only for entrepreneurs
but also in other areas of life. Nonstandard work, such as part-time, part-year, temporary,
contract, or free-lance is growing. Entrepreneurship 12 will provide students with the basic
knowledge required to plan, start, and manage a small business or some form of self-employment.
Courses in starting and managing small businesses provide knowledge and skills that have many
practical applications for both employment situations and personal financial management.
Students will research and develop a marketable business plan and will be entrusted with a
number of community based assignments.


Accounting 11
Students in grades 10, 11 or 12 can register in this introductory accounting course. Students who
decide to enter the business world either through employment or post secondary will find it easier
if they have a background in accounting and understand the language of business. A working
knowledge of accounting is also an advantage in post secondary and daily life. You will be better
able to handle your personal business affairs, such as preparing a personal budget, keeping
personal financial records and preparing your personal income tax. At the end of this course, the
student should have a basic understanding of accounting principles and know how to organize the
books of a small business. Topics include: accounting and business, debit and credit theory,
general journal, ledgers, posting, financial statements, cash control, banking, payroll, sole
proprietorship, partnership and corporation accounting. If time permits, the student will be
introduced to Simply Accounting.


Accounting 12
This course enables students in grades 11 or 12 to use industry-standard computer software,
Simply Accounting to analyze and solve accounting problems and to produce and present
accounting reports for a small business. Topics include: debit & credit theory, cash control,
banking, payroll, end of period accounting, partnerships and corporations.




                                                -8-
           Applied Skills: Home Economics
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

Supply Costs: Students may elect to purchase their own supplies or take advantage of the school’s
               ability to make bulk purchases by paying a onetime supply cost.

Food and Nutrition 10                     Supply Cost: $20.00
Students in Grade 9 or 10 may choose this course.
In this course, students gain experience in various aspects of food preparation from preserving to
baking and protein cookery. Students will learn about basic nutrition requirements, meal planning
as well as how to select, prepare and present food successfully.



Foods and Nutrition 11 and 12              Supply Cost: $25.00
This course takes students from introductory to more challenging techniques. A grade 11 credit
will be given to students enrolled in their first year. Students enrolled in their second consecutive
year will be given a grade 12 credit. Each part of the two year senior program will provide
students with opportunities to practice different preparation skills and analyze food related issues.
Topics may include meat cookery, meal planning, festive baking and international cookery.
Projects will vary each year to offer diverse learning experience. Students will have the
opportunity to take the Food Safe program.




                                                -9-
     Applied Skills: Technology Education
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

Supply Costs: Students may elect to purchase their own supplies or take advantage of the school’s
               ability to make bulk purchases by paying a onetime supply cost.


Junior Trades 9                     Supply Cost: $15.00
The Junior Trades program is open to all grade 9 students. The program is designed to provide
students with firsthand experience in a variety of trades. Students will work in teams on
construction projects relevant to each trade area. By completing a number of tasks for each trade,
students will gain valuable firsthand knowledge of individual trades. Theoretical and practical
training will include trades specific safety, operation of hand and power tools, material
identification, trade specific skills and numerous practical projects.

The practical experience will be valuable in assisting students in the career decision making
process. Students will also be participating in a number of tours of the chosen trades and have the
first hand opportunity to see and ask questions of tradespeople in the industry.


Technology 10                      Supply Cost: $15.00
If you would like to build things and understand the structures, products and systems that we
depend on every day, this course is for you. Students will be given the opportunity to develop
problem solving skills, use their creativity and learn about the latest trends in technology.
Students will be exposed to a variety of tools, materials and processes used to design and
manufacture products. Using their knowledge students will design, make and evaluate a series of
projects that typically include; graphic drawings, CO2 cars, tower construction, catapults and an
electronics project.


Industrial Design 11/12            Supply Cost: $15.00
If you would like to start with an idea and work through to a finished product, this course is for
you. Students will be taken through the steps where they are expected to act as product designers,
manufacturers and salespersons on either one big project or a variety of smaller assignments that
may include manufacturing a custom bike, go kart, electronics project or a product to solve a
problem for someone in the local community. A strong emphasis is still placed on expanding the
student’s knowledge of equipment, materials and processes used in product manufacturing. This
is a great course for students to gain skills useful in a variety of vocational trades in today’s job
market.


Woodworking 10                     Supply Cost: $20.00
This is a beginner’s course in wood technology. Students will demonstrate the safe use of shop
tools and machinery. The emphasis will be on the construction of small mass production projects.
Students will have an opportunity to plan, design, and construct small projects of their own
choice. Visit the display case in the Technology Building to view projects made by last year’s
students.




                                                - 10 -
Carpentry and Joinery 11 & 12             Supply Cost: $5.00
This course is an introduction to modern building methods and materials. Special emphasis is
placed on framing procedures. Students will demonstrate their knowledge by constructing a
variety of frame structures: dog houses, children’s play houses, and/or storage sheds.


Carpentry and Joinery 12: Cabinet Construction             Supply Cost: $20.00
This is an advanced Cabinetmaking course which covers the skills and techniques of fine cabinets
and furniture making. The use of hand and power tools and machines is thoroughly covered.
Students will plan, design, and construct furniture and/or cabinets for their own use or can
participate in the construction of mass production projects.


Drafting and Design 10                      Supply Cost: $5.00
If you like to draw and sketch things and have an interest in understanding technical drawings,
this is a course for you. This is a fast paced course where students will explore three different
areas of design communications; graphics, mechanical and architectural drawing. Students will
gain an understanding of drafting’s role in business and manufacture, from concept to production.
Emphasis in this course is on developing technical drawing skills that will last a lifetime and
apply to numerous types of professions.


Drafting and Design 11 and 12             Supply Cost: $15.00
These are advanced technical drawing courses that expand on graphic, mechanical and
architectural drawing techniques. In addition, students will use CADD (Computer Assisted
Drafting and Design) in some of their work. Students will work through a number of larger
projects that typically include house plans, product drawings, highway design and a custom T-
shirt or business logo.


Power Technology 10                      Supply Cost: $15.00
Power Technology 10 studies the use of power and energy in our society. Various mechanical
systems are used, but the primary focus is on small engines. Topics to be covered include: safety,
tools, precision measurement, engine fundamentals, hydraulics, electricity, rocketry and basic
metal fabrication.




                                               - 11 -
Automotive Technology 11                  Supply Cost: $5.00
Automotive Technology 11 is intended for students to gain a basic knowledge of all the systems
in the car and create an interest in mechanical repair work. Students will focus their time on safe
work practices, tool skills, precision measurement, engine fundamentals, brake systems, tire and
suspension servicing, and electrical systems. Time is also spent exploring the impact of the
automobile on our culture and career options in the automotive industry.


Automotive Technology 12                  Supply Cost: $5.00
Automotive Technology 12 is intended for students interested in gaining knowledge, skills and
attitudes required by students to successfully work in the automotive related industry. Areas
explored include shop safety practices, basic hand and power tools, precision measurement,
operation and repair of the engine and power train, and knowledge of automotive systems and
procedures, and the impact of the automobile on culture.


Automotive Technology 12: Engine and Drive Train Supply Cost: $15.00
Automotive Technology engine and drive train is an advanced mechanic course. Emphasis is
placed on analytical and critical thought patterns necessary for mechanical solving. Students will
have the opportunity to use diagnostic equipment and troubleshooting techniques on a variety of
automotive systems. Recent developments in automotive design/engineering are included.

Metalwork 10                               Supply Cost: $15.00
Students will learn the fundamentals of working with a challenging material … metal. The course
focus will be on learning hand tool skills related to metal fabrication and sheet metal work. Basic
skills in the use of oxy-acetylene, arc and MIG welding will be explored with a strong emphasis
on welding safety. Students will build a variety of mandatory projects in the first term but will
have an opportunity to build some custom projects in the second term that may include go-kart
frames, mini-bikes or custom bikes.

Metal Fabrication & Machining 11 Supply Cost: $20.00
If you like to build and fix things, this is the course for you. This is a project oriented course that
will give you a basic knowledge of many metalworking tools, materials and processes. General
fabrication and welding are covered, as well as machining with the lathe and milling machine.
Students will be given a variety of projects to select from that may include a cannon, hammer,
balancing person, jewelry, wind chimes and wrought iron sign holder.

Metal Fabrication & Machining 12 Supply Cost: $20.00
A more advanced level of operations on all machines will be taught with a greater emphasis on
accuracy and careful planning of operations. More latitude of project design and selection is
allowed.




                                                 - 12 -
                             Fine Arts: Dance
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

This is a physically demanding, activity based course which includes four main components:
         • Technical skills training in jazz, hip hop and musical theatre style dance
         • Aerobic, strength and flexibility training
         • Dance composition (how to choreograph) based on the fundamental elements of
             dance (time, space & energy).
         • Final public performance in the semester-end dance show.

Students are required to wear dance clothing and footwear (no tights) and attendance is a major
criterion for course credit.

NOTE: Only students with previous studio dance experience or DNC 10 will be permitted to join
      Dance 11/12.

Dance 9                          Basic Costume Rental $20.00
Dance 10                         Basic Costume Rental $20.00
Dance 11                         Basic Costume Rental $20.00
Dance 12                         Basic Costume Rental $20.00


Advanced Studio Dance 11 or 12 (OOTT Course)
This is an advanced senior dance class for which participants must apply, audition and be
selected. It will run outside of the regular school timetable on Mondays from 3:00 to 6:00 pm. In
this course students will perform in concerts and competitive settings. Students will develop their
technical skills in hip hop, jazz and modern dance, and will create choreography every class
which is to be incorporated into the performance pieces. This is an advanced dance class with
high physical and technical expectations - only those serious about working in a team setting need
apply. Please note there will be additional costs based on class choices.




                                               - 13 -
                            Fine Arts: Drama
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

Option 1: General Drama
    Acting Scenes, Theatre Games, Improv, Script Writing, Directing and more

Drama 9 General
Students will be introduced to acting and theatre through improvisation, theatre games and scene
work. Students will also be introduced to theatre “behind the scenes”: set design, costume and
stage make-up.

Drama 10 General
Students will advance in their acting through improvisation, theatre games, scenes and
monologues. Students will advance in their application of production elements: set design, stage
make-up, and light and sound cues. Students will also begin writing and directing.

Drama 11 Directing and Script development
Students will further develop acting skills through improvisation, leading theatre games, and
performing monologues and scenes. Students will help direct other students and progress in
playwriting. Students will also apply production elements like costume, make-up, set design, and
light and sound to their scene work.

Drama 12 Directing and Script development
Students will master acting skills through advanced improvisation, leading theatre games, and
performing monologues, scenes, and one-act plays. Students will direct other scenes and continue
playwriting. Students will also apply production elements like costume, make-up, set design, and
technical cues to their scene work. Students will also act as Stage Managers.

Option 2: Production Acting
    Act in a PVSS PRODUCTION and more …

Acting 10
In this course students will perform and work behind the scenes in the PVSS THEATRE
PRODUCTION. Students will be trained in theatre by collaborating as a theatre company to act
in and produce a full scale show. Grade 10 students play supporting roles in the theatre company
and will also participate in a variety of acting exercises, improvisation and scene work.

Acting 11
In this course students will perform and work behind the scenes in the PVSS THEATRE
PRODUCTION. Students will be trained in theatre by collaborating as a theatre company to act
in and produce a full scale show. Grade 11 students play supporting and leading roles in the
theatre company and will also participate in a variety of acting exercises, improvisation and scene
work.

Acting 12
In this course students will perform and work behind the scenes in the PVSS THEATRE
PRODUCTION. Students will be trained in theatre by collaborating as a theatre company to act
in and produce a full scale show. Grade 12 students play leading roles in the theatre company and
experienced students may have the opportunity to direct and stage manage the show. Students
will also participate in a variety of acting exercises, improvisation and scene work.

                                               - 14 -
                             Fine Arts: Music
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

Concert Band 9
This course is for all successful Grade 8 Band students and will operate as a Concert Band. There
will be strong emphasis on technical development, tuning and intonation, and balance. Increased
demands will also be made of the student’s performing skills. Students who missed band in Grade
8 but would like to take this course should see the teacher to make a plan for the summer to
ensure the possibility of success in Band 9.

Concert Band 10-12
This class is expected to be the “showcase” band at PVSS. It is a Senior Band which demands
considerable dedication from all of its members. Regular practice, extra rehearsals, fundraising,
trips and community concerts are typically expected of all students. While three years of students
meet together there are increasingly demanding standards of performance, knowledge,
understanding and leadership.
Band 10
Band 11
Band 12

Jazz Band 9 (OOTT Course)
The junior stage band is run outside the timetable as a supplement to the regular band program. It
provides an enrichment opportunity for exceptional band students and prepares them for the
Senior Stage Band by building on the skills they have brought with them. Take this as a ninth
course.

Jazz Band 10-12
With Big Band instrumentation, this limited enrollment class focuses on Jazz music. Only serious
music students need apply. This group requires uncommon professionalism and diligent practice
of its members. Jazz interpretation, improvisation, ensemble refinement, and independent
rehearsal skills are some of the major areas of concern. This course will be selected by senior
instrumentalists with enrollment subject to the teacher’s permission.

Jazz Band 10 (OOTT Course)
Jazz Band 11 (OOTT Course)
Jazz Band 12 (OOTT Course)

Musical Theatre
Musical Theatre is open to students in all grades who want to sing, move, act and prepare
performances. Emphasis will be on contemporary, popular music and traditional musical theatre.
Be prepared for up-tempo active participation. Course fee $20.00

Musical Theatre 9
Musical Theatre 10
Musical Theatre 11
Musical Theatre 12




                                              - 15 -
Music: Composition & Technology 11 or 12
Prerequisite: Permission of the teacher
Composition and Technology 11 and 12 focus on developing the knowledge, skills, and attitudes
students need to compose music using traditional and contemporary technologies. Students
compose and arrange music using computers, synthesizers, sophisticated software and a variety of
equipment including acoustic instruments. A strong musical background is essential. Keyboard
and theory skills will have to be learned if you don’t have them already. If you are considering a
career in recording, film or music you will require the skills this course develops. Work will
culminate in publication quality CD recordings and print music.


String Ensemble 9-12
Prerequisite: permission of the teacher
The PVSS String Ensemble rehearses and performs outside the timetable and is comprised of
PVSS students in all grades. The repertoire varies widely in both style and level of difficulty and
is challenging and engaging. Classically trained players of intermediate and advanced skill will
find this a comfortable setting in which to improve their ensemble playing skills. It is strongly
advised that this course be taken as a supplement to, rather than as a replacement for private
lessons on violin, viola, violoncello or bass viol.

String Ensemble 9 (OOTT Course)
String Ensemble 10 (OOTT Course)
String Ensemble 11 (OOTT Course)
String Ensemble 12 (OOTT Course)


Jazz Studies 10-12
Prerequisite: permission of the teacher
This course exists to provide guidance to and structure for student led musical groups who want
to increase their level of professionalism. Groups will have regular rehearsals and be expected to
prepare for, plan, book and perform at occasions and venues appropriate to their genre. The
teacher will support these activities with guidance, instruction, facilities, and equipment as
necessary. Most groups taking this course will play in genres involving the key elements of Jazz
(swing and improvisation) but the title is not meant to exclude styles outside of a loose
interpretation of those elements. As permission of the teacher is required, it will fall to the teacher
to decide whether or not the intended work of a group will enable it to enroll. All members of a
group must be enrolled in this course.

Jazz Studies 10 (OOTT Course)
Jazz Studies 11 (OOTT Course)
Jazz Studies 12 (OOTT Course)




                                                 - 16 -
                       Fine Arts: Visual Arts
      (All grade 10-12 courses in this section fulfill the fine arts or applied skills
                              graduation requirement.)

Supply Costs: Students may elect to purchase their own supplies or take advantage of the school’s
               ability to make bulk purchases by paying a onetime supply cost.


Visual Art 9: General (2D and 3D)                 Supply Cost: $15.00
Visual Art 9 introduces grade 9 students to both two dimensional and three dimensional art forms.
Students will explore drawing, painting, ceramics, sculpture, printmaking and fabric design in an
active, “hands on” environment. This course will provide a solid foundation in visual arts and will
prepare grade 9 students for Visual Arts 10 (Drawing and Painting) or Visual Arts 10 (Ceramics
and Sculpture).


Visual Art 10: Drawing and Painting               Supply Cost: $25.00
This is a Visual Art 10 foundation course for students who wish to focus on Drawing and
Painting. Students can expect a challenging environment with the opportunity to develop skills
and experiment with a wide variety of drawing and painting techniques.


Visual Art 10: Ceramics and Sculpture             Supply Cost: $25.00
This is a Visual Art 10 foundation course for students who wish to focus on Ceramics and
Sculpture. Students can expect a challenging environment with the opportunity to develop skills
and experiment with a wide variety of clay building and sculpting techniques.


Art Foundations 11                               Supply Cost: $25.00
In Art Foundation 11 students will explore both two dimensional and three dimensional art forms.
Students can expect an active, “hands on” environment with a wide variety of projects to build
skills and confidence. The areas covered include drawing, painting, ceramics, sculpture,
printmaking and fabric design. This course is recommended for students with little or no previous
art experience.


Art Foundations 12                               Supply Cost: $25.00
In Art Foundation 12 students will explore both two dimensional and three dimensional art forms.
Students can expect an active, “hands on” environment with a wide variety of projects to build
skills and confidence. The areas covered include drawing, painting, ceramics, sculpture,
printmaking and fabric design. This course is recommended for students with little or no previous
art experience.


Studio Art 11: Drawing and Painting               Supply Cost: $25.00
This Studio Art 11 course provides students with the chance to engage in a focused and in depth
study in Drawing and Painting. Students can expect a challenging environment with the
opportunity for independence and personal choice. As well as covering a wide variety of drawing
and painting techniques, this course will allow students to integrate photography, digital
technology and portfolio building if desired. Previous art experience in VADP 10 or Art
Foundations 11 is strongly recommended.


                                               - 17 -
Studio Art 12: Drawing and Painting               Supply Cost: $25.00
This Studio Art 11 course provides students with the chance to engage in a focused and in depth
study in Drawing and Painting. Students can expect a challenging environment with the
opportunity for independence and personal choice. As well as covering a wide variety of drawing
and painting techniques, this course will allow students to integrate photography, digital
technology and portfolio building if desired. Previous art experience in SADP 11 or Art
Foundations 11 is strongly recommended.


Studio Art 11: Ceramic and Sculpture              Supply Cost: $25.00
This Studio Art 11 course provides students with the chance to engage in a focused and in depth
study in Ceramics and Sculpture. Students can expect a challenging environment with the
opportunity for independence and personal choice. As well as covering a wide variety of clay
building and sculpting techniques, this course will allow students to integrate photography, digital
technology and portfolio building if desired. Previous art experience in VACS 10 or Art
Foundations 11 is strongly recommended.


Studio Art 12: Ceramic and Sculpture              Supply Cost $25.00
This Studio Art 11 course provides students with the chance to engage in a focused and in depth
study in Ceramics and Sculpture. Students can expect a challenging environment with the
opportunity for independence and personal choice. As well as covering a wide variety of clay
building and sculpting techniques, this course will allow students to integrate photography, digital
technology and portfolio building if desired. Previous art experience in SACS 11 or Art
Foundations 11 is strongly recommended.




                                               - 18 -
                          Languages: English
English 9
English 9 is designed to develop the knowledge, skills, and processes needed to communicate at
the grade nine level and to serve as a preparation for English 10. Students will read from a variety
of genres selected for the grade nine level and will write creative assignments and multi-
paragraph compositions with an emphasis on grade level content, organization, conventions and
style. Students will participate in a variety of listening, speaking and viewing activities.

English 10
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 20%)
English 10 is designed to develop the knowledge, skills and processes needed to communicate at
the grade 10 level and to serve as a preparation for English 11. Students will be expected to read
from a variety of genres and will be required to write with grade level fluency, precision, clarity
and independence in both formal composition and creative writing. A variety of listening,
speaking and viewing activities will complement each unit of study.

English 11
Through writing, speaking, listening, reading and producing, students in English 11 learn to
clarify thought, emotion and experience, and share these ideas, emotions and experiences with
others. The study of literature and writing techniques allows students the opportunity to organize
their own views and to encourage the development of precision, clarity and imagination required
for effective communication. Students thereby will create personal meaning from information in a
variety of situations.

English 12
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 40%)
By reading and analyzing various genres of literature, students will gain a broader perspective of
the world and their place in it. English 12 strives to ensure the students become competent and
confident in using language to express themselves in a variety of formats, paragraphs, essays and
poetry. The course is a culmination of the previous experiences in the English program.

Communications 11 & 12
(Communications 12 has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 40%)
Students must sign up for English 11 or English 12 and then be selected by the English
department as a suitable candidate for Communications 11 or Communications 12. These courses
provide an alternative for students whose purpose or abilities are not suited to English 11 or 12.
The objectives and learning outcomes are based on the core curriculum, stressing basic skills to
help students function at an adequate level of literacy. Students will have experience in reading,
listening, speaking and writing. The focus will be on school, employment and adult life situations.

Note: Communication courses are designed for students who do not wish to go on to University.




                                               - 19 -
English Literature 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
Literature 12 students will study the development of English literature in chronological sequence
from the classical period to the 20th century. Particular emphasis is placed on
    1) the changing attitudes of writers;
    2) changing literary styles;
    3) knowledge of literary terminology;
    4) historical events and conditions which inspired changes in thought and style, and, hence,
        the relationship between the writer, his age, and his work; and
    5) an intensive study of samples of writing from many of the great literary artists.
This course also provides an excellent introduction to and basis for first year college or university
English courses.




                                                - 20 -
                           Languages: French
French 9
French 9 is designed to provide opportunity and encouragement for students to build on and
master skills learned in French 8 and to continue to develop communication skills in reading,
listening, speaking and writing.


French 10
French 10 is designed for the student who wishes to prepare for French 11 and who wishes to
master oral and written communication. This course uses thematic units to enhance skills in
reading, writing, speaking and listening.


French 11
French 11 is an advanced French course for the serious French student planning to pursue post
secondary education. Students will master the grammatical concepts of the past, present, and
future tenses. Students will communicate, orally and in writing, with increasing complexity and
details.


French 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
French 12 is designed for the successful French 11 student who has mastered grammatical
concepts and who enjoys an intellectual challenge. Students will communicate, orally and in
writing, using all tenses with ease and confidence. The language of instruction, interaction, and
discussion is French.



                          Languages: Spanish
Introductory Spanish 11
Introductory Spanish 11 is designed for students who either missed the opportunity to study a
second language in grade 9 or would like to study an additional second language. It has been
developed with a more mature student in mind and emphasizes spoken and written
communication with the idea of using the language in travel. Students will also begin to develop
listening and reading skills in acquiring information, experiencing creative works and
understanding cultural influences. Previous study in any language is recommended, but not
required.


Spanish 11
Spanish 11 is the continuation of Introductory Spanish 11 and the final course in the Spanish
program at PVSS. It continues to emphasize spoken and written communication with the idea of
using the language in travel. Students will build on their listening and reading skills in acquiring
information, experiencing creative works and understanding cultural influences. Introductory
Spanish 11 is the prerequisite.




                                                - 21 -
                                      Mathematics
    Why are there different math courses in Grades 10, 11 & 12?
    Math is used in different jobs in very different ways. The mathematics used by a retail sales clerk
    is different from that used by an automotive mechanic or an electrical engineer. To address
    different abilities, interests and future plans, the Math 10-12 curriculum is delivered in three
    “Pathways”:


                               The New Mathematics Pathways

Trans Math 9                           Mathematics 8
See note below


      Core Mathematics 9
        See note below                                           Mathematics 9



Apprenticeship and Workplace                                                  Foundations of Mathematics
   Mathematics Grade 10                                                        and Pre-Calculus Grade 10


Apprenticeship and Workplace            Foundations of Mathematics               Pre-Calculus Grade 11
   Mathematics Grade 11                          Grade 11


Apprenticeship and Workplace            Foundations of Mathematics               Pre-Calculus Grade 12
   Mathematics Grade 12                          Grade 11

Note: To ensure that students are
working at their highest potential,                                                   Calculus 12
students can only enter the
Apprenticeship and Workplace
Mathematics Pathway with a
recommendation from their




    Warning:
    Many trades will not accept Apprenticeship and Workplace Mathematics as an entrance
    requirement. Some trades even require Pre-Calculus 12.

    Note:
    • Trans Math 9 is a non-credit course to prepare students to be successful in Core Math 9
    • Core Math 9 is a transitional course for students who struggled with math in Middle School
    • Entrance to Core Math 9 must come from recommendation at Middle School


                                                   - 22 -
Which Math Course is Best Suited to My Child?
Your child’s education choices after high school depend, in part, on the courses they take in high
school. The specific math courses that are required by colleges and universities depend entirely
on the program a student wishes to enter. Please investigate your program of choice carefully
before choosing your math course. When in doubt, choose the most academic math course your
child can successfully complete.


Because the Province of British Columbia is transitioning to the new curriculum, the following
math courses are available for grade 10-12 students at PVSS this year:

Apprenticeship and Workplace Mathematics 10
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 20%)

Foundations of Mathematics and Pre-Calculus 10
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 20%)

Principles of Math 10
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 20%)

Essentials of Math 11

Applications of Math 11

Principles of Math 11

Applications of Math 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)

Principles of Math 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)

Calculus 12
Calculus 12 is intended to prepare students for post-secondary Math and Science courses. In most
post-secondary institutions all first year science students are required to take Calculus, Students
who have had no prior experience with Calculus tend to find it extremely difficult. As a result, it
is highly recommended that students who plan on entering a science based program in their post-
secondary studies take Calculus 12 in high school. Students who enroll in Calculus 12 must also
be enrolled in Principles of Math 12. It is also recommended that students enrolling in Calculus
12 have a C+ or higher in Principles of Mathematics 11.




                                               - 23 -
                           Physical Education
Physical Education has the following objectives:
   1. To develop a positive sense of well being;
   2. To introduce lifelong recreational activities;
   3. To improve the skill level and understanding of various lifelong activities
   4. To develop a good attitude towards physical education; and
   5. To assist students in developing and maintaining physical fitness.

There are two main requirements of PE students:
   1. They are required to wear school strip in grade 9 & 10.
   2. Attendance is compulsory.

Policy on Daily Excuses: A note from a parent or guardian is required in order for the student to
be excused. The student will do a written assignments related to health or physical education or
will perform service duties for the PE Department.

Policy on Long Term Excuse: To be excused for a period over two weeks, the student must
submit a medical certificate from a doctor. The student will do work or an assignment or be
registered in another class. Students cannot receive a medical pass for PE 10 unless they are
unable to participate for grades 10 through 12.

Physical Education 9

Physical Education 10

Physical Education 11
This select studies course is designed to allow students a more in-depth approach to physical
education. The student has a choice of hour activities in each unit and the units are two weeks in
length. An emphasis is made on self motivation and self-discipline.

Physical Education 12
This select studies course is designed to allow students a more in-depth approach to physical
education. The student has a choice of four activities in each unit and the units are two weeks in
length. An emphasis is made on self motivation and self-discipline.




                                               - 24 -
                                         Science
Science 9
Science 9 exposes students to a wide variety of ideas and theories in various fields, much of
which is designed to provide a general background for future Science studies. Emphasis is placed
on the practical applications of Science principles. The major topics include: Biology (Genetics
and Reproduction), Chemistry (Symbols, Formulas, and Chemical Reactions), Astronomy and
Electricity.


Science 10
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 20%)
Science 10 continues to build on what students have learned from Science 8 and 9. This course is
designed to extend the students’ knowledge of Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science and Physics
with emphasis on student experimentation in order to develop abilities that make students
increasingly independent investigators and learners. The major topics include: Biology (ecology)
Chemistry (chemical reactions and radiation), Physics (velocity and acceleration) and Earth
Science (Climate).


Biology 11
This introductory survey course will be of interest to students who want to know more about the
living world around them and/or those who plan to pursue science in their future. Major areas of
study are: ecology (how plants and animals interact with their environment), methods of
classification for all plants and animals from simple to complex forms and detailed studies and
dissection of these organisms. Emphasis is based on evolutionary relationships between the
different plants & animals studied. Hands-on activities that accompany the theoretical
components of this course should make it a rewarding course for students interested in science.


Chemistry 11
This is an introductory course to the study of chemistry. The topics covered are: the scientific
method, the description, classification and theory of matter, the mole concept, ideal gas law,
electrical nature of matter, the periodic table, and organic chemistry. The topics will be studied
through both theoretical and practical work with the emphasis on laboratory work. Good math
skills are helpful.


Physics 11
Physics 11 is an introductory course open to all students who have successfully completed junior
science and math courses. This course focuses on the application of physics principles and
theories to everyday situations in the following areas:
a) Wave Motion & Geometrical Optics b) Kinematics                c) Energy
d) Dynamics in One Dimension               e) Special Relativity f) Nuclear Energy
What does all this mean? PHYSICS IS PHUN.




                                                - 25 -
Sustainable Resources 12: Forestry
Forest Science 11 may be taken in grade 11 or 12 and may be used as a Science 11 credit.
The Forestry Program introduces students to a variety of forestry skills and “in field” activities.
Among other things, students will learn Science skills as well as forestry equipment use, tree
identification, map reading, and traversing. An optional Fire Suppression Ticket and Level 1
WCB First Aid certification can give students a greater opportunity for summer employment in
the wood industry. A variety of guest speakers supplement the course and give students contact
with potential employers. Forest Science 11 provides a solid introduction to Forestry Programs at
Selkirk College (Castlegar), UNBC, UCC, BCIT and UBC.

Science & Technology 11
This is a hands-on Science 11 course, which covers the three main areas of Science: Biology,
Chemistry and Physics. Topics covered may include ecology, the human body, animal behaviour,
chemical reactions, simple machines, plus current events in science. These topics will be covered
through a variety of activities including projects and lab work.

Biology 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
Biology 12 is a rigorous academic course that includes a detailed study of the human body.
Students will examine the biochemistry and the structural components of living cells as well as
the complexity of the human body systems and how these work together to maintain homeostasis.
Topics include digestion, respiration, circulation, excretion, reproduction and the nervous system
all with an emphasis on the relationship of structure and function.

Chemistry 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
This theory course involves the study of fundamental concepts of reaction kinetics, equilibrium,
solutions, acids/bases, and reduction/oxidation. Significant laboratory work supports the theory.
This is a challenging, interesting course designed for students who wish to pursue post-secondary
studies in Science.

Physics 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
Physics 12 is the study of classical mechanics and electromagnetism and is designed to help
students develop analytical and problem-solving skills. It provides an opportunity for students to
understand and apply the principles of the following topics to practical situations:
a) Vector Dynamics                b) Gravitation                  c) Circular Motion
d) Work, Energy, Power            e) Momentum                     f) Equilibrium
g) Electrostatics                 h) Electric Circuits            i) Electromagnetism
j) Vector Kinematics in Two Dimensions

Health Sciences 12
This is an exciting and innovative program for students wishing to pursue a career in medicine,
health and wellness or sports related occupations. The course will focus on how your body is
structured and functions. It covers nutrition and healthy diets, exercise management, injury
prevention and rehabilitation. First Aid and CPR certificates will be obtainable. Students may be
able to obtain preferential enrollment into some university and college programs after completing
this course. Please note there will be a fee for the First Aid course and the CPR course.




                                               - 26 -
                                  Social Studies
Social Studies 9
The course is an introduction and review of physical and cultural geography of Canada. The
course also includes an introduction to European settlement of North America with an emphasis
on Canadian History to 1812. The World History section emphasizes political and economic
revolution, nationalism and imperialism.

Social Studies 10
Canada: Nationhood.
Topics include: Confederation, development of the Canadian West, Canada’s physical geography,
Canada’s economic activities and relationship with other countries, particularly around the Pacific
Rim.

Social Studies 11
(This course has a mandatory Provincial Exam worth 20%)
Social Studies 11 is a look at the main influences on the nation that Canada is today. These are
our history over the past 100 years, our government and legal system, and the world in which
Canada exists. Some of the main themes are Canada’s roles in world events, how Canada has
changed as a society, how our government functions, and major issues the world faces and what
role we play in solving them.

Comparative Civilizations 12
Comparative Civilization 12 investigates both Western and Non Western civilizations. Non
Western civilizations will include Chinese, Indian, Japanese, and Islamic. Students can expect to
study major aspects of daily life, belief systems and power structure. Considerable emphasis is
placed on studying civilizations as seen through their arts. Comparative Civilizations is a study of
cultural history rather than political history. Students should be willing to take part in several
seminar presentations. Evaluation is also based on class assignments, class participation and
exams including a non government final exam. Comparative Civ 12 can be used as a university
entrance course except at UBC.

Geography 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
This course is divided into two portions. Physical Geography examines: the features of the
Earth’s interior and nature’s impact on the earth’s surface; volcanic activity, glaciations, weather
observation, wind and ocean currents, aerial photography and contour mapping. Human
Geography explores: the relationship of man to his environment, Acid rain, nuclear energy and
industrial pollution. Two field trips are a required component of this course. Student evaluation
will be based on independent research, group projects, oral presentations, video analysis, regular
quizzes and tests. This course provides background in the fields of surveying, timber cruising,
fish & wildlife management, forest management, silviculture, mineral & oil exploration,
environmental concerns, cartography and aviation.




                                                - 27 -
History 12
(This course has an optional Provincial Exam worth 40%)
This course covers world history in the 20th century to 1991. The major focus is on international
affairs. Topics include: World War I, the Russian Revolutions, Fascism and Nazism,
Communism, World War II, the Cold War, China and the Middle East, the fall of the Berlin Wall,
Collapse of Communism and the Gulf War.

Law 12
The course content includes an introduction to aspects of law which apply to young people within
the Canadian Legal System. Topic areas include; History of Law, Human Rights and Freedoms as
Canadians, Criminal Law, Tort Law, Employment Law, Tenancy Law and the Young Offenders
Act. The students will be required to participate in a mock trial, court watching plus a variety of
major projects, community based presentations and assignments which involve current legal
issues within our society. The course is open to all grade 11 and 12 students.




                                               - 28 -
                 Health and Career Planning
Planning 10
The aim of Planning 10 is to enable students to develop the skills they need to become self-
directed individuals who set goals, make thoughtful decisions, and take responsibility for
pursuing their goals throughout life.

The Graduation Program curriculum organizer in Planning 10 introduces students to their
graduation requirements, including Graduation Transitions and Grad Portfolio. Planning 10 also
assists students in understanding how secondary school choices can impact their future. This
information is important for students in grade 10 as they begin planning their grade 11 and 12
courses and school experiences. Students explore a wide range of career and post-secondary
education options, think critically about health issues and decisions, develop financial literacy
skills and plan the actions required to pursue post secondary destinations and career paths.

Students must complete Planning 10 (120 hours) in order to satisfy graduation requirements.
Planning 10 is designated as a four-credit course. It is not possible to obtain partial credit in this
course.


Grad Transitions 12 (OOTT)
Students graduating in 2008 and beyond will be required to complete these 4 credits as part of the
mandatory 80 credits for graduation. Graduation Transitions is an exploration, documentation and
reflection of the students’ knowledge, abilities and plans for life after graduation.
The four areas of focus are:
     • Career and Life: Transition Plan
     • Community Connections – 30 hours work experience or Community Service
     • Personal Health – includes 80 hours of physical activity after grade 10
     • Exit Interview/Presentation that showcases their transition plan, personal talents, interests
         and future goals.




                                                 - 29 -
                                Other Courses
Journalism 11/12 (OOTT)
Note: Linear class runs outside the timetable.
Topics: Yearbook, Graphic Design, Advertising, Photoshop, & InDesign.
Journalism is the class where students create the yearbook. The class will take place two days a
week throughout the entire year (linear) after the regular school day. The students work
individually, or in pairs to create sections for the yearbook, as well as sell and create advertising
for the various businesses in the community that will go into the yearbook. Students are expected
to work during various parts of the day and after school to take photos for various sporting events,
presentations, or other topics. Students may have to work late into the evening about once per
month to complete their layout for the yearbook publisher. As there is a major cost to the school
for any articles submitted late, students must be able to work on a variety of projects at the same
time, and therefore must be organized and self directed.

Leadership 11/12 (OOTT)
Applications must be received by May 1st
Leadership 11 & 12 will be taken outside of the timetable.
This course is designed to give students the opportunity to develop their individual and collective
sense of social responsibility through the acquisition and application of leadership skills and
theory. Students will develop lifelong skills in goal setting, time management, public speaking
and communication, school and community service, event planning, public relations and conflict
resolution. Student will also explore their personal values and develop their own leadership styles
through various leadership activities. Full participation with enthusiasm and unbounded energy is
an expectation for all leadership students. Students enrolled in this course must also be willing
step out of their comfort zone.

Teaching Assistant 11 or 12
Sponsor teacher permission
These courses present the student with the opportunity to experience mentorship under the
guidance of a certified teacher. The student must complete a teaching assistant form and have it
signed by the sponsor teacher before enrolling in this course.

Cosmetology Hair Design
Course fee $850.00 for student kit.
Students interested in cosmetology should consult the career section of this booklet or see Mr.
Britton in the Career Centre or Ms. Tarnow in the Cosmetology Salon. The choice of
cosmetology will result in a specially built timetable. Application forms must be completed for
this program.

Independent Directed Studies
Student may apply to a teacher to do a 1 to 4 credit extension of any Graduation course.

Study Hall (Grade 12’s only)
One block of time for grade 12’s only. Students are expected to use the time appropriately.




                                               - 30 -
                    Student Support Services
Special Programs
For students with special needs, individual education plans (IEPs) are developed with the parent,
according to a student’s needs. These students will have access to the resource room for
equipment and support. Materials, strategies and support staff are also provided to their teachers
as needed. Students working towards a School Leaving Certificate for their graduation will take
electives and other modified courses to build skills and independence. Examples are: “Life-skills
Math”, “Life-skills English”, “Work-experience” and “Social & Community Studies”. Please
make an appointment to meet with the Learning Resource Teacher, if you have not already done
so as part of the child’s transition from the previous school in our district.

Learning Assistance (LA)
The primary goal of Learning Assistance is to help students reach a level at which they can
successfully complete their core subjects. Time spent in the Learning Assistance Class will be
devoted to basic skill development, study skills, organizational skills, learning strategies and
reinforcement of skills being taught in other classes. What is emphasized will depend on the
students’ needs. Admittance will be through the school based team which consists of
administrators, counselors, and Learning Assistance teachers. Admission is determined by the
seriousness of the need. An attempt is made to keep class sizes small so that each student benefits
as much as possible.


Transition English
Entry to this course is by teacher recommendation only. This course will only be offered if there
are a sufficient number of students to warrant it.

Transition English is a course designed to assist students in developing the skills they will need to
successfully meet the prescribed learning outcomes for English 9. Students are provided with a
safe, positive environment in which they can explore their ideas and opinions and find ways of
putting their ideas in print. The course focuses on improving basic composition skills such as
spelling, punctuation, sentence structure, and paragraph structure. Transitional English also
focuses on improving reading comprehension and fluency. An emphasis is placed on helping
students understand main ideas and significant details. Students are encouraged to draw
conclusions, make inferences, and form judgments about the materials they read. Also, Transition
English assists the students to become more organized and more confident in dealing with the
work they may be assigned in further high school courses.


Transition Mathematics
Entry to this course is by teacher recommendation only. This course will only be offered if there
are a sufficient number of students to warrant it.

What is it? Transitional Math is a course designed for students who have struggled with math in
the past. It is meant to give them one more semester of daily math in a small group setting to
better prepare them for Core Math 9.

Who takes it? Students who take Transitional Math will have been recommended for it by their
grade 8 teachers.

Where does it lead? After Transitional Math the student would take, most likely, Core Math 9, but
possibly Math 9.

                                                - 31 -