ANNEX III Questionnaire on bunker fuel emission calculation in the EU Questions Final answers / Finland Which organisations/institutes are responsible for the calculation of domestic airborne and waterborne transport and bunker fuel emissions? National Inventory Agengy Statistics Finland / GHG inventory unit CRF 1A Fuel Combustion Statistics Finland / GHG inventory unit CRF 1A3 Transport VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland CRF 1A3a Civil Aviation Finnish Civil Aviation Administration (FCAA) CRF 1A3d Navigation VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland CRF 1A4c Fishing VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland CRF 1A5 Other / Military Statistics Finland / GHG inventory unit Bunkers / Aviation Statistics Finland / GHG inventory unit Bunkers / Navigation Statistics Finland / GHG inventory unit Other relevant sectors, which? Off-road machinery VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Contact information (for actual bunker emission calculation) Name Kari Grönfors Organisation Statistics Finland / GHG inventory unit Postal address P.B. 6 A FIN-00022 Statistics Finland E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone + 358 - 9 - 1734 2728 Telefax 1. What legal arrangements are there to ensure data collection and calculation of bunker fuel emissions? Voluntary fuel data collection by Finnish Oil and Gas Federation (FOGF); no written agreement. Agreements on domestic transport emission calculation between Statistics Finland and other organisations will be written during 2004. 2. Main features of the calculation system Which level of IPCC Tiers does the calculation follow? Tier 1 calculation (emissions are calculated from total bunker fuels by fuel type). Are bunker emissions calculated within the same No. Domestic transport emissions are calculated by VTT and FCAA, with system as emissions from domestic transport? separate models. Is the Tier (or level of details) same in domestic No. Calculation of domestic transport emissions is much more detailed (country and bunker fuel calculation? specific models, mostly following Tiers 2 and 3). What are the basic data sources for bunker emission calculation? Total bunker fuel sales (by fuel type). FOGF collects bunker fuel data from oil delivering companies. (Total fuel sales of How bunker fuel data is collected? oil products separated to domestic and bunker shares) Are there problems in data collection in some sub- categories of domestic transport or bunkers (e.g. fishing, military, leisure boats) or in some parts of the MS? Fuel consumption in inland waterways is not available. Is there a need for common EU level data sources Depends on the allocation method, at the moment no need for EU level data (e.g. Eurocontrol data)? sources. How could these (EU level data sources) be used EU level data could be used for verification (it is totally independent from the in the inventory preparation? present calculation system) 3. Separation between domestic/international fuels What definitions have been used to separate between domestic and international (bunker) emissions (IPCC / other)? Basically IPCC definition (with the exception Åland, see 5). What is the basis/method for separation between domestic and bunker emissions (traffic control In the fuel sales data collection bunker fuels are separated from domestic fuels data, fuel sales data, something else?) by different fuel code. Is the separation done before, within or after the Separation is done before emission calculation (domestic and bunker emissions emission calculation? are calculated with different systems). Is the same separation used in energy balances and international energy questionnaires (IEA/Eurostat JQs)? Yes, the same fuel data is reported to IEA/Eurostat JQs. What are major problems in separating between domestic/bunker fuels? No identified problems, some checking needs to be done. Are there any country-specific problems in separation? Yes, ships going to Sweden via Åland (see 5). No identified problems in military or fishing. 4. What emission factors (EF) have been used for calculation of bunker emissions? For most gases the emission factors for bunker emission calculation are taken from domestic transport calculation (average EFs). N2O and CH4 emission factors are selected from Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines (Table1-50) Are there national studies or measurements on EFs, that could be used by other MS (e.g. EFs in navigation)? None in aviation, some in navigation (especially NOx EFs) 5. Country-specific issues Which parts of the country are included in Mainland and islands are included in domestic emission calculation (except the domestic transport / bunkers (territories, economic case of Åland mentioned below). Domestic aviation transport includes domestic region)? flights within the Flight Information Region (FIR). Is EU-domestic transport separated (possible to separate) from bunkers? Not within the present bunker calculation. Are there country-specific problems? The case of Åland is a problem in navigation: At the present system the whole trip from Finland to Sweden via Åland has been treated as international, because over 90 % of the passengers are going to Sweden. According to IPCC Guidelines, the trip should be divided to domestic and international segments, while some passengers are dropped or picked up from the Åland. If this separation is done in the emission calculation, the fuel data will be inconsistent with the IEA/Eurostat data, because it is not possible to make such separation in the fuel data collection. 6. QA/QC Is there a documented QA/QC system established in transport / bunker emission calculation? No. QA/QC systems for each part of the calculation are under development. What bunker-specific QC checks are conducted? No documented QA/QC procedures at the moment. Bunker fuel consumption is based on the official energy statistics data. 7. Future plans What changes have been planned to calculation system, separation method, data collection, emission factors? EF's will be checked to follow better the fleet used in international transport. Recalculation of time series (some of the early years have been calculated using different EFs, also some fuel data needs to be updated). What changes are needed to allow calculations, if Higher tier method or EU level method is needed, if certain allocation methods some of the allocation methods are chosen? are chosen. What issues in transport / bunkers emissions need to be discussed at the EU level? 8. Other issues Another calculation method for international transport emissions is included in the VTT and FCAA models for transport emissions. In these models international transport is defined as incoming and outgoing traffic within the Finnish Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). This definition does not follow the IPCC definition, and therefore the results of these calculations have not been used in GHG inventories. However, they have been reported as international transport emissions for other purposes, e.g. in national discussion. In these models international transport emissions are calculated following the same Tiers 2/3 as domestic transport calculation.