Docstoc

Political Philosophy - DOC

Document Sample
Political Philosophy - DOC Powered By Docstoc
					                         History of Political Philosophy


Tibor R. Machan (Machan@Chapman.edu)                                 Office: Beckman 307D
Instructor                                                                      Phone 6704

        This course will examine the main ideas in Western political philosophy. We will
combine a historical and problems approach—studying the views of particular philoso-
phers as well as some key ideas in politics. Our exploration will center on the views of Pla-
to, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Marx, Mill, Spencer, Strauss, contempo-
rary Marxists, Market Socialists, Welfare Statists, Communitarians, and Libertarians.
We will also study the concepts of liberty, order, equality, justice, welfare, rights, and
community.
        Depending on various developments in current affairs, we will also study some of
the works bearing on these, such as those on terrorism, radical fundamentalism of various
types, and globalization, pro and con.

                                          TEXTS:

              Tibor R. Machan & Aeon Skoble, eds., Political Philosophy:
                    Essential Selections [PP]
              James P. Sterba, Contemporary Social & Political Philosophy [CS]


                        APPROXIMATE COURSE SCHEDULE:

              1st week                   Introduction to Political Philosophy [PP]
              2nd week                   Plato, Aristotle & Augustine [PP]
              3rd week (1st paper)       Hobbes [PP]
              4th week                   Machiavelli & Spinoza [PP]
              5th week (2nd paper)       Locke [PP] & Spencer [PP]
              6th week                   Smith & Hume [PP]
              7th week                   Kant & Hegel [PP]
              8th week                   Marx [PP]
               9th week                  Mill & Spencer [PP]
              10th week                  Weber & Strauss [PP]
              11th week                  The Welfare State—Keynes to Haberemas [CS]
              12th week                  Recent Political Philosophy—Rorty, et al. [CS]
              13th week                  Recent Pol-Phil—Globalization, Terrorism, etc.
              14th week                  In-class portion of Main Test (last days of
                                                instruction)
                                     ASSIGNMENTS:

                2 short papers (30%), main (partly take home) test (40%)
   SOME HINTS FOR WRITING PAPERS IN MACHAN'S COURSES

        What kind of paper should you write in my philosophy classes?
        In general, in philosophy one writes scholarly, not research, papers. In biology
or history or even economics one can do research, because one can explore some parts
of the field and report what one has found. When one philosophizes, one needs to dis-
cuss topics in a systematic, organized manner -- in other words, logically. For this pur-
pose.
        When writing a philosophy paper, at least in my classes, one should select a top-
ic of personal interest related to the class; one should first introduce it and then examine
various arguments or carefully developed positions about how this topic should be un-
derstood. Most of the time one will wish to have a face-off between two or more promi-
nent positions or explore the implications of one position. In either case, one needs to
consider objections to the various ways of trying to understand a topic and conclude the
discussion only after these objections have been addressed.
        One should begin by introducing one's topic--succinctly stating why one thinks it
is important, what it involves, what ideas about it one will explore, and what it is likely
one will conclude about it. Next one should select a prominent view for presentation on
one's topic and some dependable and reputable contributor to the discussion for occa-
sional reference. One should use such a person's views not as a substitute for argument
but as a source for some arguments. One should select some quotations from this per-
son so that one can proceed to state the view to be discussed as fairly as possible but in
one's own words. These may be called "control quotes" because they help one keep
one's presentation in line with actually stated positions and make it closely guided by a
competent and forceful rendition of the view one is discussing. One would do the same
with the other position(s) one wishes to discuss. In the final section of the paper one
would evaluate the arguments one discussed before and conclude with ones own argu-
ment as to how to understand the topic one has been discussing. Don't just state opi-
nions but argue for them with reference to the views that have been presented.
        The paper should have roughly the following structure:

                                      TITLE

                                      name
               1.   Introduction (Clever Subtitle) (1 1/2 page)
               2.   Position A (Clever Subtitle) (3 pages)
               3.   Position B (Clever Subtitle) (3 pages)
               4.   Conclusion (Clever Subtitle) (2 1/2 pages)
                            Extensive Bibliography in Political Philosophy
                          (with thanks to Andrew Chitty, University of Sussex, England)
@ GENERAL
@ Contemporary political philosophy: introductions and surveys
 Raphael, D.D. (1970) Problems of Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. 1990
 Kymlicka, W. (1990) Contemporary Political Philosophy¸ 2nd ed. 2002
 Plant, R. (1991) Modern Political Thought: An Introduction
 Wolff, J. (1996) An Introduction to Political Philosophy
 Geuss, R. (2001) History and Illusion in Politics
 Hampton, J. (1997) Political Philosophy
 Knowles, D. (1998) Political Philosophy
 Machan, T. R. & Douglas Rasmussen, eds. (1998) Liberty for the 21st Century
 Thomas, G. (2000) An Introduction to Political Philosophy
 Swift, A. (2001) Political Philosophy: A Beginner’s Guide for Students and Politicians
 Christman, J. (2002) Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction
 Miller, D. (2003) Political Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
 Robinson, D. (2003) Introducing Political Philosophy
 White, M. (2003) Political Philosophy: A Short Introduction

@ Contemporary political philosophy: collections of articles
 Laslett, P. ed. (1956-79) Philosophy Politics and Society, 5 vols
 Quinton, A. ed. (1967) Political Philosophy
 Flathman, R. ed. (1973) Concepts in Social and Political Philosophy
 Waldron, J. ed. (1984) Theories of Rights
 Goodin, R. and Pettit, P. eds. (1997) Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Anthology
 Goodin, R. and Pettit, P. eds. (1998) A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy
 Simon, R.L. ed. (2002) The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy
 Matravers, D. and Pike, J. eds. (2003) Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy
 Machan, T. R., ed. (1974) The Libertarian Alternative
 ___________, ed. (1982) The Libertarian Reader
 ___________, ed. (2002) Liberty & Equality
 ___________, ed. (2002) Liberty & Democracy
 ___________, ed. (2001) Individual Rights Reconsidered
 ___________, ed. (2001) The Commons: Its Tragedy and Other Follies
 ___________, ed. (1987) The Main Debate: Communism vs. Capitalism
 ___________ & M. B. Johnson, eds. (1983) Rights and Regulation

@ History of political thought: introductions and surveys
  Sabine, G.H. (1937) A History of Political Thought, 4th ed. 1973 (with T. Thorson)
  Wolin, S. (1960) Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought
  Plamenatz, J. (1963) Man and Society, 2 vols., new ed. in 3 vols. 1991
  Strauss, L. and Cropsey, J. eds. (1972) History of Political Philosophy, 2nd ed. [1]
+ Berki, R.N. (1977) The History of Political Thought: A Short Introduction
+ Redhead, B. ed. (1984) Plato to Nato: Studies in Political Thought, 2nd ed. 1990
  Tannenbaum, D. and Schultz , D. (1998) Inventors of Ideas: Introduction to Western Political Philosophy, 2nd
   ed. 2003

@ Ancient and medieval political thought
 Carlyle, A.J. (1930) A History of Medieval Political Theory
 Wilks, M.J. (1963) The Problem of Sovereignty in the Later Middle Ages
 Ullman, W. (1961) Principles of Government and Politics in the Middle Ages
 Skinner, Q. (1978) The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, 2 vols
 Coleman, J. (2000) A History of Political Thought: From Ancient Greece to Early Christianity
 Coleman, J. (2000) A History of Political Thought: From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance

@ Modern political thought (from Hobbes)
  Ferry, L. (1990ff) Political Philosophy, Vol. 1, II & III: Rights - the New Quarrel Between the Ancients and the
   Moderns; The System of Philosophies of History, & From the Rights of Man to the Republican Idea, tr. F.
   Philip
* Hampsher-Monk, I. (1993) A History of Modern Political Thought
  Levine, A. (2001) Engaging Political Philosophy: From Hobbes to Rawls