Docstoc

SECTION 02086 LEAD-BASED PAINT ABATEMENT AND DISPOSAL REQUIREMENTS

Document Sample
SECTION 02086 LEAD-BASED PAINT ABATEMENT AND DISPOSAL REQUIREMENTS Powered By Docstoc
					                                         SECTION 02086

Revised: 18 Jan 07

                             LEAD-BASED PAINT ABATEMENT
                             AND DISPOSAL REQUIREMENTS

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1     REFERENCES

1.1.1   The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the extent referenced.
        The publications are referred to in the text by basic designation only.

        1.1.1.1 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR):

                29 CFR 1910                   Occupational Safety and Health Standards
                29 CFR 1926                   Safety and Health Regulations for Construction
                40 CFR 148                    Hazardous Waste Injection Restrictions
                40 CFR 260                    Hazardous Waste Management System: General
                40 CFR 261                    Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste
                40 CFR 262                    Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous
                                              Waste
                40 CFR 263                    Standards Applicable to Transporters of Hazardous
                                              Waste
                40 CFR 264                    Standards for Owners and Operators of Hazardous
                                              Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities
                40 CFR 265                    Interim Status Standards for Owners and Operators
                                              of Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage, and
                                              Disposal Facilities
                40 CFR 268                    Land Disposal Restrictions
                49 CFR 172                    Hazardous Material Table, Special Provisions,
                                              Hazardous Material Communications, Emergency
                                              Response Info, and
                                              Training Requirements
                49 CFR 178                    Specifications for Packaging

        1.1.1.2 Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD):

                HUD 0005646                   1995 Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of
                                              Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing, and 1997
                                              Chapter 7 Revision

        1.1.1.3 California Code of Regulations (CCR):

                8 CCR 5216                    General Industry Standard
                8 CCR 1532.1                  Construction Industry Standard
                17 CCR 35101-36100            Accreditation, Certification and Work Practices




                                              02086-1
               22 CCR 66260.1- 66263.12 California Hazardous Waste Requirements
               and 66268.1- 66268.124

        1.1.1.4 National Fire Protection Association (NFPA):

               NFPA 701                       (1989) Methods of Fire Test for Flame-Resistant
                                              Textiles

        1.1.1.5 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH):

               NIOSH OSHA                     Booklet 3142, Lead in Construction

        1.1.1.6 Underwriters Laboratories (UL):

               UL 586 (1990)                  High-Efficiency, Particulate, Air Filter Units

1.2     LEAD-BASED PAINT (LBP) ABATEMENT SUBMITTALS

1.2.1   The Contractor shall provide all required submittals to 61CELS/CEAN (Environmental
        Engineering) through the Contracting Officer prior to commencement of work. All
        submittals must be reviewed and approved by Environmental Engineering prior to
        commencement of work.

        1.2.1.1 Scope of Work: The Contractor shall provide a description of the proposed work.
                 This description shall address location of the lead-based paint (LBP) to be
                abated, amount of LBP to be abated, and the time and manpower needed to
                complete the abatement.

        1.2.1.2 Equipment List: The Contractor shall provide a list of equipment items to be used
                in the work, including brand names, model numbers, capacity, performance
                characteristics, quantities, and other pertinent information.

        1.2.1.3 LBP Abatement Plan: The Contractor shall prepare a detailed LBP abatement
                plan that identifies the work procedures, health, and safety measures to be used in
                LBP abatement. The plan shall address the LBP to include, but not limited to, the
                following key elements:

                   Abatement methods and procedures specific for each LBP containing
                   component.
                   Means for notifying occupants of proposed work schedules.
                   Unique problems associated with the LBP abatement project.
                   Sketch of LBP control areas. Also include maps, diagrams, or other means of
                   depicting locations of air monitoring pumps, decontamination units,
                   hazardous waste and waste accumulation sites, and background clearance
                   sampling locations.
                   Eating, drinking, smoking, and restroom procedures.
                   Sequencing of LBP related work.
                   Personnel protective equipment, respiratory protection program and controls.



                                              02086-2
           Engineering controls, containment structures, and safety measures.
           Worker exposure assessment procedures.
           Work practice controls.
           Housekeeping.
           Hygiene facilities and practice.
           Disposal plan for debris and wastewater.

1.2.1.4 Proof of License, Experience, and Insurance:

           The Contractor shall provide a copy of their license from the California State
           Contractor’s Licensing Board (CSCLB).
           The Contractor shall provide certification of prior experience on LBP
           abatement projects similar in nature and extent to ensure the capability to
           perform the abatement in a satisfactory manner.
           The Contractor shall assume full responsibility and liability for compliance
           with all Federal, State, and local regulations pertaining to the abatement of
           LBP. This includes, but is not limited to training, work practices, hauling,
           disposal, and protection of workers, visitors to the site, and persons occupying
           areas adjacent to the site. Where there is a conflict between regulations, the
           most stringent standard at the time of abatement shall be applied.
           The Contractor shall, at its own expense, provide and maintain during the
           entire performance period of this contract at least the kinds and minimum
           amounts of insurance required in the contract. Minimum amount of insurance
           are as follows:

            Type                                Amount
            General Liability                   $1,000,000.00 per occurrence
            LBP Liability                       $1,000,000.00 per occurrence
            Automobile Liability:               $ 200,000.00 per person
            Comprehensive
            Bodily Injury Liability             $ 500,000.00 per occurrence
            Property Damage                     $1,000,000.00 per occurrence


1.2.1.5 Employee List with Training, Medical, and Fit Test Records: The Contractor
        shall provide a list of all employees conducting LBP abatement, legible copies of
        the Department of Health Services (DHS) certifications, and appropriate medical
        and fit-test records.

1.2.1.6 Emergency Contingency Plan: The Contractor shall prepare and provide a copy
        of an emergency contingency plan in accordance with 40 CFR 261. The
        procedures must address the following LBP abatement hazards as appropriate to
        the project:
            Negative air pressure system failure.
            Major breech of containment barriers.
            Detection of unexpected lead levels on adjacent grounds.
            Spilling of lead debris bags or containers.
            Phone numbers for project manager, local fire, police, and medical personnel.



                                      02086-3
1.2.1.7 Waste Hauler/Transporter Information: The Contractor shall provide the name,
        address, EPA identification number/registration number, certificate of insurance,
        and additional information as required for the waste transporter.

1.2.1.8 Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) Information: The Contractor
        shall provide the name, address, general facility information, list of waste stream
        accepted, EPA identification number, certificate of insurance, and additional
        information as required for the TSDF.

1.2.1.9 Advance Notification of Abatement to Applicable Regulatory Agencies: The
        Contractor shall submit written notification to the appropriate Federal, State, and
        local agencies and provide copies to Environmental Engineering 10 days prior to
        the commencement of work. Provide a copy of DHS Form 8551 in accordance
        with 17 CCR 36100.

1.2.1.10 Permits/Registrations for Equipment that will be used during Abatement: The
       Contractor shall secure all necessary permits/registrations in conjunction with
       LBP removal, hauling and disposal. Provide copies of the permits/registrations to
       Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer 10 days prior to the
       commencement of the work. Permits necessary include, but are not limited to,
       high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter vacuums, negative air machines, and
       generators.

1.2.1.11 Material Safety Data Sheets for all Hazardous Materials that will be on Site:
        The Contractor shall provide copies of MSDSs and the quantities for materials
        that will be used during abatement. Environmental Engineering, Safety, and
        Bioenvironmental Engineering, through the Contracting Officer, shall approve all
        chemicals used at LAAFB.

1.2.1.12 Proof of Laboratory Accreditation: The Contractor shall provide the name,
        address, and telephone number of the independent testing laboratory selected to
        perform sampling and analysis for personal and area air samples, lead dust wipes,
        bulk sample analyses, and waste analysis. Documentation that the laboratory
        performing the analysis is an EPA National Lead Laboratory Accreditation
        Program (NLLAP) accredited laboratory and that it is rated proficient in the
        NIOSH/EPA Environmental Lead Proficiency Analytical Testing Program
        (ELPAT). Certification shall include accreditation for heavy metal analysis, list
        of experience relevant to analysis of lead in air, and a Quality Assurance and
        Quality Control Program. Currently, the EPA recognizes the American
        Association for Laboratory Accreditation (ASLA) and the American Industrial
        Hygiene Association (AIHA). Documentation shall include the date of
        accreditation or re-accreditation.

1.2.1.13 Proof of Qualified Consultant: The Contractor shall provide the name, address,
        and telephone number of the independent, third party qualified consultant selected
        to oversee the LBP abatement. The qualified consultant shall possess 2 years
        prior experience on similar LBP abatement projects and shall be at a minimum,



                                      02086-4
              DHS certified Inspector/Risk Assessor and DHS certified Project Monitor.

1.1     QUALITY ASSURANCE - QUALIFICATIONS

1.3.1   Abatement Contractor: Certification that the Contractor has prior experience on LBP
        abatement projects similar in nature and extent to ensure the capability to perform the
        abatement in a satisfactory manner.

1.3.2   Competent Person: Certification that the abatement Contractor’s full time and on-site
        LBP abatement supervisor meets the competent person requirements per 29 CFR
        1926.62 & 17 CCR 35100. In addition, the LBP abatement supervisor shall be a DHS
        Certified Lead Supervisor experienced in administration and supervision of LBP
        abatement projects, including work practices and have had a minimum of 2 years on-the-
        job experience.

1.3.3   Qualified Consultant: The Contractor shall hire an independent third party consultant,
        separately from the abatement contractor. Certification that the qualified consultant is a
        DHS Certified Lead Inspector/Risk Assessor and DHS Certified Lead Project Monitor
        and is experienced in monitoring LBP abatement projects, including work practices and
        have had a minimum of 2 years on-the-job consulting experience.

        1.3.3.1 The qualified consultant shall provide full time (8hr/day), on-site abatement
                oversight throughout the duration of the project. Additionally, the qualified
                consultant shall conduct all sampling (background, area and clearance); and
                oversee abatement operations each day to include setup, abatement, daily
                cleanup, and completion inspection, and document these observations in their
                daily log.
.
        1.3.3.2 The Contractor shall not eliminate the need for the qualified consultant without
                the written consent of Environmental Engineering through the Contracting
                Officer. Results of air sampling and the daily logs shall be submitted, in written
                form, no more than 48 hours after completion of the sampling cycle to
                Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer.

1.3.4   Testing Laboratory: The Contractor shall provide the name, address, and telephone
        number of the independent testing laboratory selected to perform sampling and analysis
        for personal and environmental air samples, lead dust wipes, bulk sample analyses, and
        waste analysis.

1.3.5   Respiratory Protection Devices: Manufacturer’s certification of NIOSH for respiratory
        protection devices utilized on the site.

1.3.6   Cartridges, Filters, and Vacuum Systems: Manufacturer’s certification of NIOSH
        approval of respirator cartridges (organic vapor, acid gas, mist, dust, high-efficiency
        particulate air (HEPA)), HEPA filtration capabilities for all cartridges, filters, and HEPA
        vacuum systems.

1.3.7   Medical Records: Certification that employees who are involved in LBP abatement



                                             02086-5
        work have received medical examinations and will receive continued medical
        surveillance, including biological monitoring, as required by 29 CFR 1926.62, and 8
        CCR 1532.1, and local regulations pertaining to such work. Records shall be retained,
        at Contractor’s expense, in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.20, 29 CFR 1926.62 and 8
        CCR 1532.1.

1.3.8   Training: Training certification shall be provided prior to the start of work involving
        LBP abatement, for all of the Contractor’s workers, supervisors, and competent person.
        Training shall meet the requirements of 29 CFR 1926.62, 29 CFR 1926.59, 49 CFR 172,
        and 17 CCR, which is required, by EPA or the state LBP course for the work to be
        performed. Training shall be provided prior to the time of job assignment and annually
        thereafter. All abatement workers shall be DHS certified.

1.3 SITE VISIT

1.3.1   The Contractor shall visit and investigate the site, review the drawings and
        specifications, assess the amount of LBP, and become familiar with conditions that will
        affect the work.

1.4 LIABILITY INSURANCE FOR LBP

1.4.1   LBP abatement liability insurance shall be obtained without additional expense to the
        Government. The Contractor shall assume full responsibility and liability for
        compliance with federal, state, and local regulations pertaining to training, work
        practices, hauling, disposal, and protection of workers, visitors to the site, and persons
        occupying areas adjacent to the site.

1.5 DAMAGE AND CONTAMINATION

1.5.1   Abatement and storage, transportation, and disposal of abatement waste, shall be
        performed without damaging or contaminating adjacent work and non-work areas.
        Where such areas are damaged or contaminated, the Contractor shall restore the area(s)
        to the original condition without additional expense to the Government and to the
        approval of the Contracting Officer.

1.6 COORDINATION WITH OTHER WORK

1.6.1   Abatement and waste disposal work shall be coordinated with existing work and/or
        concurrent works being performed in adjacent areas. The Contractor shall contact the
        Contracting Officer for schedules that may affect the progress of the abatement project.

1.7 SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS

1.7.1   Work shall be performed in accordance with applicable Federal, State and local
        regulations including, but not limited to 29 CFR 1910, 29 CFR 1926, and 8 CCR 1532.1.
         Matters of interpretation of the standards shall be submitted to the appropriate agency
        for resolution before commencement with abatement activities. Where these regulatory
        requirements vary, the most stringent regulation at the time of abatement shall apply.



                                              02086-6
1.7.2   Personnel shall wear and use protective clothing and equipment as specified. Eating,
        smoking, drinking, chewing tobacco and chewing gum, and applying makeup shall not
        be permitted in the LBP control area. Personnel of trades not engaged in the abatement
        and disposal of LBP shall not be exposed at any time to airborne concentrations of lead
        equal to or in excess of 30 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3).

1.8 PRE-CONSTRUCTION MEETING

1.8.1   The Contractor, Contracting Officer, Environmental Engineering representative and the
        qualified consultant, or their designated representatives shall attend a pre-construction
        safety meeting prior to starting any work involving LBP abatement. LBP abatement
        submittals shall be reviewed for completeness and, where specified, for acceptance. It
        will be the Contractor’s responsibility to resubmit for approval any portion of the
        abatement submittals that were not previously approved by Environmental Engineering.

1.9 RESPIRATORY PROTECTION PROGRAM

1.9.1   A respiratory protection program shall be established as required by 29 CFR 1926.103,
        29 CFR 1926.62, 29 CFR 1910.134, 8 CCR1532.1, and 8 CCR 5144. An approved
        respirator shall be furnished to each employee and visitor required to enter a LBP work
        control area. A fit-test shall be conducted in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.62,
        Appendix D and 8 CCR 5144.

1.9.2   Air-purifying respirators shall be approved by NIOSH for use with dust, fumes, and
        mists having permissible exposure limits less than 0.05 milligrams per cubic meter (i.e.
        HEPA filters) and for other hazardous airborne contaminants that may be encountered,
        as determined by the competent person. Respirators shall comply with the requirements
        of all Federal, State, and local regulations.

1.9.3   The Contractor shall furnish at no cost a sufficient supply of respirator cartridges. These
        cartridges shall be maintained at the work site to provide new cartridges to employees,
        authorized visitors, and Government personnel/representatives throughout the duration
        of the project. Cartridges shall be replaced according to the manufacturer’s
        recommendations, when breathing becomes difficult or if the cartridge becomes wet.

1.9.4   If personal air sample analyses indicate that action levels or permissible exposure limits
        specified in 29 CFR 1926.62 and 8 CCR 1532.1 have not been exceeded, then respirator
        protection may become less restrictive. Half-face respirators shall be the minimum
        respiratory protection employed.

1.10 HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM

1.10.1 A Hazard Communication Program shall be implemented in accordance with 29 CFR
       1926.59, 29 CFR 1910.1200, and 8 CCR 5194.

1.11 SAFETY AND HEALTH OVERSIGHT




                                             02086-7
1.11.1 The on-site competent person shall be responsible for coordination, safety, security, and
       execution of the work. The competent person shall be able to identify existing and
       predictable LBP abatement hazards and shall have the authority to take corrective
       measures to eliminate them. The competent person shall document the daily events of
       the abatement, including any corrective measures taken and submit them to the qualified
       consultant for review. After the qualified consultant reviews these documents, the
       Contractor shall submit Environmental Engineering these documents in writing through
       the Contracting Officer within 48 hours.

1.12 TRAINED AND COMPETENT PERSONNEL

1.12.1 Work shall be performed by capable personnel, qualified and trained in the abatement,
       enclosure, encapsulation, monitoring, testing, storage, treatment, hauling, and disposal
       of LBP debris material, and in subsequent cleanup of the affected environment.
       Workers shall comply with the applicable Federal, State, and local regulations that
       mandate training requirements and work practices, and shall be capable of performing
       the work under the contract.

1.12.2 The competent person shall be present on the work site throughout the abatement project
       to supervise, monitor, and document the project’s health and safety provisions. A daily
       log shall be maintained showing the results of sampling tests throughout the project
       area. LBP abatement work being conducted within a LBP control area where an airtight
       barrier is required shall be stopped if dust wipe concentration levels collected outside
       the containment area during abatement, equal or exceed the pre-abatement level of 200
       micrograms per square foot (μg/ft2), whichever is greater.

1.13 POSTED WARNINGS AND NOTICES

1.13.1 The following regulations, warnings, and notices shall be posted at the work site in
       accordance with 29 CFR 1926, Section .62.

       1.13.1.1 Regulations: Two copies of applicable Federal, State, and local regulations and
                NIOSH OSHA Booklet 3142 shall be maintained. One copy shall be posted at
                the work site and one copy shall be on file in the project office. Where there is
                a conflict between regulations, the most stringent standard at the time of
                abatement shall apply.

       1.13.1.2 Warnings: Warnings and notices shall be posted at the work site in accordance
                with 29 CFR 1926.62, 17 CCR 36000 and 17 CCR 36100.

                 1.13.1.2.1 Warning signs shall be provided at building entrances and
                            approaches to LBP control areas in accordance with Chapter 8 of
                            the HUD 1995 Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-
                            Based Paint Hazards in Housing. Signs shall be located at a
                            distance from the LBP control areas that will allow personnel and
                            occupants to read the sign and take the necessary protective actions
                            required before entering the LBP control area.




                                             02086-8
                  1.13.1.2.2 Warning signs shall be in English and Spanish, and be of sufficient
                             size to be clearly legible and display the following:

                                        WARNING
                                    LEAD WORK AREA
                                         POISON
                                  NO SMOKING OR EATING

        1.13.1.3 Air Monitoring Results: Daily air monitoring results shall be prepared so as to
                 be easily understood by the workers and shall be placed in a clearly visible area
                 of the work site. A courtesy copy shall be provided to Environmental
                 Engineering through the Contracting Officer within 48 hours.

        1.13.1.4 Emergency Telephone Numbers: A list of telephone numbers shall be posted in
                 a clearly visible area of the work site. The list shall include numbers of the
                 competent person, qualified consultant, local hospital, emergency squad, police
                 and fire departments, Contracting Officer, and Environmental Engineering who
                 can be reached 24 hours per day.

1.14 PERMITS, REGISTRATIONS & NOTIFICATIONS

1.14.1 It shall be the Contractor’s responsibility to submit a copy of all applicable permits,
       registrations and notifications to regulatory agencies, including DHS Forms 8551and
       8552. If the commencement date is unknown, the Contractor shall submit a copy of the
       notification without the date for review and then a copy once the abatement date is
       known.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1     EQUIPMENT & MATERIAL

2.1.1   The Contractor shall furnish at their expense all supplies and tools needed for the
        abatement of LBP. The Government shall not be held financially responsible for the
        Contractor’s inability to properly provide a sufficient amount of supplies and tools for the
        completion of the abatement according to their approved abatement plan.

2.1.2   Supplies and tools shall be stored in a place and manner that protects them from damage
        and contamination. Regularly inspect materials to identify damaged or deteriorating
        items. Damaged or deteriorated items shall not be used and shall be removed from the
        site as soon as they are discovered. Any materials that become contaminated with LBP
        waste shall be disposed of consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR, 22 CCR, and
        these specifications. Stored materials shall not present a hazard or an inconvenience to
        workers, visitors, and/or other occupants and employees of the building.

2.1.3   The Contractor shall furnish, at no cost to personnel or the Government,
        equipment/clothing for protection from airborne and waterborne LBP debris. An
        adequate supply of these items shall be available for workers, authorized visitors, and
        Government personnel use. Workers and visitors shall not take projective clothing and



                                              02086-9
        equipment off the work site at any time.

2.1.4   Polyethylene Sheeting and bags shall be minimum 0.15 mm (6 mil) thick.

        2.1.4.1 Polyethylene Sheet - Flame Resistant: Where a potential for fire exists, flame-
                resistant polyethylene sheets shall be provided. Polyethylene film shall be
                [frosted] or [black] and shall conform to the requirements of NFPA 701.

        2.1.4.2 Polyethylene Sheet - Reinforced: Reinforced polyethylene sheet shall be
                provided where high skin strength is required such as where it constitutes the only
                barrier between the LBP control area and the outdoor environment. The sheet
                stock shall consist of translucent, nylon-reinforced or woven-polyethylene thread
                laminated between two layers of polyethylene film. Film shall meet flame-
                resistant standards of NFPA 701.

2.1.5   Tape and adhesive shall be capable of sealing joints between polyethylene sheets and for
        attachment of polyethylene sheets to adjacent surfaces. After dry application, tape or
        adhesive shall retain adhesion when exposed to wet conditions, including amended water.
         Tape shall be minimum 50-mm (2 inches) wide, industrial strength.

2.1.6   Impermeable containers shall be used to receive and retain lead-contaminated material
        until disposal. Containers shall be labeled in accordance with EPA, DOT, and OSHA
        standards.

2.1.7   Chemicals, including caustics and paint strippers, shall be properly labeled and stored in
        leak-tight containers.

2.1.8   Vacuum systems shall be equipped with a HEPA filter when used during abatement
        operations that generate dust. The systems shall be suitably sized for the project and
        filters shall be capable of removing particles as small as 0.3 micrometers at a minimum
        efficiency of 99.97 percent.

2.1.9   Heat blower guns shall not be used to remove LBP without written permission of
        Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer.

2.1.10 Chemical paint strippers shall not contain methylene chloride and shall be formulated to
       prevent stain, discoloration, or rising of the substrate materials.

2.1.11 Neutralizers for paint strippers shall be used on exteriors only and shall be compatible
       with the substrate and suitable for use with the chemical stripper that has been applied to
       the surface.

2.2     NEGATIVE AIR PRESSURE SYSTEM

2.2.1   When a LBP control area requires the use of an airtight containment barrier, a negative
        air pressure system shall be used and pressure differential recordings taken. LBP shall
        not be removed from the LBP control area until the proper engineer controls and HEPA
        filtration systems are in place.



                                             02086-10
2.2.2   HEPA Filter Requirements: The negative air pressure system shall be equipped with
        approved HEPA filters per UL 586. Negative air pressure equipment shall be equipped
        with new HEPA filters and shall be sufficient to maintain a minimum pressure
        differential of -5 Pa (0.02 inch) of water column relative to adjacent, unsealed areas.

        2.2.2.1 Local Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems: The
                building HVAC system shall not be used as the negative air pressure system for
                the LBP control area, and shall be shut off prior to the commencement of any
                abatement activity.

        2.2.2.2 Discontinuing Negative Air Pressure System: The negative air pressure system
                shall not be shut down during LBP abatement work unless authorized by
                Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Office. At the completion of
                the LBP abatement and disposal project, units shall be run until full cleanup has
                been completed and wipe clearance samples have been collected, analyzed, and
                have passed final clearance testing requirements. Dismantling of the negative air
                pressure systems shall conform to the written decontamination procedures. Pre-
                filters shall be removed and properly disposed of and the intake to the machines
                shall be sealed with polyethylene to prevent environmental contamination.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1     WORK PROCEDURES

3.1.1   LBP abatement and related work shall be performed in accordance with the accepted
        Contractor’s LBP Abatement Plan. Procedures and equipment required limiting
        occupational and environmental exposures to lead during LBP removal shall be in
        accordance with 29 CFR 1926.62, and as specified herein. Paint chips and associated
        waste shall be disposed of in compliance with federal, state, and local regulations.

3.1.2   The Government will make every effort to locate and identify all lead-based paint prior to
        project start; however, this is not always possible. These materials are often hidden and
        cannot be discovered until during demolition activities, after the start of construction
        activities, or after the results of sampling are known. At these times, the Contractor shall
        notify Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer immediately.

3.2     ENGINEERING CONTROLS AND CONTAINMENT STRUCTURES

3.2.1   LBP Control Area

        3.2.1.1 The LBP control area is where LBP abatement work occurs and as such shall be
                considered contaminated, and shall be isolated to prevent LBP containing dust or
                debris from passing into adjacent buildings, open areas, or non work areas. The
                control area shall be decontaminated at the completion of the LBP abatement and
                disposal work.

        3.2.1.2 Physical boundaries shall be provided around exterior and interior LBP control



                                             02086-11
               areas per guidance provided in the 1995 HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and
               Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing and as indicated in the
               abatement plan. Curtains, portable partitions, or other enclosures shall isolate
               interior projects.

        3.2.1.3 The LBP control area shall be separated from other portions of the building and
                the outside with control barriers. The polyethylene sheeting will have all
                openings masked and sealed, and shall be erected according to the Contractor’s
                abatement plan and per guidance provided in the 1995 HUD Guidelines for the
                Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing. Polyethylene
                sheeting shall be mechanically supported, independent of duct tape or spray
                adhesive.

        3.2.1.4 Decontamination units shall be constructed when required for the abatement
                procedures per guidance provided in the 1995 HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation
                and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing and in accordance with the
                abatement plan. The personnel decontamination unit clean room shall be the only
                means of entrance and exit, except for emergencies, from the LBP control area.
                Materials shall exit the LBP control area through the equipment decontamination
                area.

        3.2.1.5 Personnel exiting a LBP control area shall perform the following procedures and
                shall not leave the work place wearing any clothing or equipment worn during the
                work day:

               •   Vacuum all protective clothing before removing.
               •   Remove protective clothing in the decontamination room and place this
                   clothing in an approved impermeable disposal bag.
               •   Wash or shower.
               •   Change to clean clothes prior to leaving the physical boundary designated
                   around the lead-contaminated work site.

3.3     LBP ABATEMENT METHODS

3.3.1   The Contractor shall utilize wet methods during removal. Dry removal shall not be
        permitted unless absolutely necessary (i.e. removal at electrical sources, below zero
        temperatures, etc.) and with prior written approval by Environmental Engineering
        through the Contracting Officer.

3.3.2   Encapsulation with Surface Coatings

        3.3.2.1 Peeling and deteriorated surfaces shall be abated using wet methods prior to
                application of the approved encapsulant. Debris shall be handled in accordance
                with Federal, State, and local regulations, and the Hazardous Waste Management
                Plan. Surfaces shall be prepared according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
                Surface coatings shall not be applied to friction surfaces such as window tracks or
                doorjambs




                                             02086-12
3.3.3   Encapsulation with Flexible Wall Covering Systems

        3.3.3.1 Peeling and deteriorated surfaces shall be abated using wet methods prior to
                application of the approved flexible wall covering material. Debris shall be
                handled in accordance with Federal, State, and local regulations, and the
                Hazardous Waste Management Plan. Surfaces shall be prepared according to the
                manufacturer’s specifications.

3.3.4   Enclosure

        3.3.4.1 Enclosure with Gypsum Board: Peeling and deteriorated surfaces shall be abated
                using wet methods prior to application of the enclosure. Gypsum board shall be
                used to create an enclosure over, in front of, or around the existing structure. The
                gypsum board shall be attached using drywall screws and construction adhesive.
                Existing electrical outlets and switches, telephone jacks, and ventilating and
                heating registers shall be repositioned to be flush with the new gypsum board
                surface. Seams shall be taped and plastered according to local building codes and
                the LAAFB Construction Specifications. The complete enclosure shall be painted
                and finished molding, baseboards, etc. added.

        3.3.4.2 Enclosure with Paneling: Peeling and deteriorated surfaces shall be wet-scraped
                prior to application of the enclosure. Paneling shall be attached using nails,
                screws, and construction adhesive. Existing electrical outlets and switches,
                telephone jacks, and ventilating and heating registers shall be repositioned to be
                flush with the new gypsum board surface. Seams shall be taped and plastered
                according to local building codes and the LAAFB Construction Specifications.
                The complete enclosure shall be painted and finished molding, baseboards, etc.
                added.

        3.3.4.3 Exterior Enclosure

               3.3.4.3.1 Doors and windows on the side of the building upon which a dust-
                         generating method is being used, and on the same floor and all floors
                         below, must be closed and covered with polyethylene sheeting. For
                         additional information, reference the 1995 HUD Guidelines for the
                         Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing.

               3.3.4.3.2 The ground and any plants or shrubs in the area in which exterior
                         abatement is occurring shall be covered with 6-mil polyethylene
                         sheeting and weighted at all edges to prevent blowing. Such covering
                         shall cover from the side of the structure to a point 10 feet away from
                         the structure. The covering shall be taped or otherwise attached to the
                         structure. The sheeting shall be placed in a manner that traps all debris
                         and water. This is best accomplished by elevating the edges. The
                         sheeting shall be properly disposed of and not reused. For additional
                         information, reference the 1995 HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and
                         Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing.




                                             02086-13
3.3.5   Component Replacement

        3.3.5.1 All doors, windows, etc. shall be removed from building and replaced with non-
                lead containing components. All debris shall be handled in accordance with all
                Federal, State, and local regulations, and LAAFB’s Environmental Construction
                Specifications 01010. Replacement components shall be installed according to
                local building codes.

3.3.6   Chemical Stripping

        3.3.6.1 LBP shall be removed by using approved chemical strippers. Chemical strippers
                containing methylene chloride are prohibited. Chemical stripping shall take place
                on-site. Stripping shall be done according to manufacturer’s recommendations.
                Substrates shall be thoroughly washed and neutralized before applying a primer
                or sealing coat. Waste generated by the stripping process shall be handled in
                accordance with all Federal, State, and local regulations, LAAFB’s
                Environmental Construction Specifications 01010. Adjacent walls and floors
                shall be protected to prevent contamination.

3.3.7   Vacuum Blasting

        3.3.7.1 LBP shall be removed by vacuum blasting techniques with the device fitted to
                HEPA vacuum systems. Work shall be performed in a LBP control area using
                negative pressure full containment with HEPA-filtered exhaust. Paint residue
                shall be handled in accordance with all Federal, State, and local regulations, and
                LAAFB’s Environmental Construction Specifications 01010.

3.3.8   Needle Gun

        3.3.8.1 LBP shall be removed by needle gun with the device fitted to HEPA vacuum
                systems. Work shall be performed with HEPA filtered exhaust. Paint residue
                shall be handled in accordance with all Federal, State, and local regulations, and
                LAAFB’s Environmental Construction Specifications 01010.

3.4     MONITORING/SAMPLING

3.4.1   During the entire LBP removal and disposal operations, the qualified consultant shall be
        on-site, responsible for the monitoring/sampling and inspecting the work to ensure that
        the health and safety requirements of this contract are satisfied. The Contractor shall
        have the results of all sampling within 48 hours after the completion of the sampling, and
        provide a copy to Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer.

3.4.2   Area Air Monitoring: Area air monitoring shall be performed by the qualified consultant,
        which shall conduct air sampling of the abatement project (1) outside the building, (2)
        immediately outside the work area, (3) in the work area, (4) in the decon clean room and
        (5) in the exhaust of the negative air machine. The qualified consultant shall coordinate
        the number of samples to be taken per designated area with Environmental Engineering.
        Environmental Engineering shall have the final approval authority on the number of



                                             02086-14
        samples to be taken.

3.4.3   Personal Air Monitoring: Airborne concentrations of lead shall be collected and
        analyzed in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.62 and 8 CCR 1532.1 by an accredited
        laboratory. Results shall be reported in μg/m3. The competent person shall use personal
        air monitoring results to determine the effectiveness of engineering controls, the level of
        PPE, and to determine if proper work practices are being employed. Environmental
        Engineering, through the Contracting Officer, shall be notified immediately if any
        personal air monitoring result equals or exceeds 30 μg/m3. The Contractor and the
        qualified consultant shall take steps together to reduce the concentration of lead in the air.

3.4.4   Wipe Sampling: Wipe sampling for lead dust concentrations shall be conducted by the
        qualified consultant in accordance with applicable Federal, State and local regulations to
        determine if specified clearance criteria has been met. Air samples shall not be used for
        clearance purposes.

3.5     CLEANUP

3.5.1   Cleanup shall be accomplished in accordance with Chapter 14 of the 1995 HUD
        Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing and
        the Contractor’s LBP abatement plan.

3.5.2   Surfaces in the LBP control area shall be maintained free of accumulations of paint chips
        and dust. Spread of dust and debris shall be restricted; waste shall not be distributed over
        the work area. Dry sweep or compressed air shall not be used for cleanup. At the end of
        each shift, the area shall be cleaned of all visible lead paint contamination by vacuuming
        with an HEPA filtered vacuum cleaner and wet mopping the area. LBP abatement work
        shall cease during the cleanup.

3.5.3   Completion of Abatement/Clearance

        3.5.3.1 Upon completion of the LBP abatement and a satisfactory visual inspection by
                Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer in a given work area,
                a preliminary cleanup shall be performed by the Contractor. This cleanup
                includes removal of any contaminated material, equipment, or debris including
                polyethylene sheeting from the work area, except for critical barriers. The
                polyethylene sheeting shall be sprayed or misted with water for dust control and
                HEPA vacuumed. Polyethylene sheeting used for critical barriers shall remain in
                place until final clearance criteria. Once the polyethylene sheeting, except critical
                barriers, is removed from the work area, cleaning shall begin. It shall be done in
                the following sequence: HEPA vacuum; wet wipe with lead-specific detergent
                (trisodium phosphate shall not be used); and HEPA vacuum.

        3.5.3.2 Upon completion of the final cleaning, the Contractor shall notify the Contracting
                Officer and request a final visual inspection with Environmental Engineering. If
                the LBP control area and adjacent areas to the LBP control area do not pass the
                visual inspection, the Contractor shall re clean these areas at no additional
                expense to the Government. Final clearance testing shall not proceed until



                                              02086-15
               Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer has accepted the final
               cleaning by the Contractor.

3.5.4   Final Clearance Testing

        3.5.4.1 Final clearance surface dust sampling shall be conducted by the qualified
                consultant in accordance with the 1995 HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and
                Control of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Housing, HUD Guidelines 1997 Chapter
                7 Revision, and the Contractor’s abatement plan shall be conducted by the
                qualified consultant after a thorough cleanup has been completed and all surfaces
                have passed visual inspection. Where there is a conflict between Federal, State,
                and local regulatory clearance levels, the most stringent criteria at the time of
                clearance sampling shall be applied.

        3.5.4.2 Should laboratory results indicate that any of the clearance dust wipe sample
                levels exceed regulatory limits, the Contractor shall re clean the affected area(s) at
                no additional cost to the Government. The Contractor shall utilize the specified
                cleaning methods. The qualified consultant, to determine if specified clearance
                criteria were met, shall perform re-testing. It shall be the financial responsibility
                of the Contractor for additional testing and the Contractor shall provide, at no
                additional cost to the Government, a re cleaning of the LBP control area and/or
                adjacent areas of the LBP control area until the clearance level is achieved. The
                Contractor shall provide the results of the wipe sampling within 48 hours after the
                completion of the sampling to Environmental Engineering through the
                Contracting Officer. Results shall be reported in μg/ft2.

        3.5.4.3 During cleanup a final dust wipe clearance shall be performed after single cleanup
                iteration. If the samples are below acceptable Federal, State, local regulatory
                levels, the Contractor may request approval for one cleanup pass instead of two
                clean up passes. Environmental Engineering, through the Contracting Officer,
                shall approve this request.

        3.5.4.4 DHS Form 8552: It shall be the responsibility of the qualified consultant to
                submit DHS Form 8552 to the DHS. A copy of this report shall be provided to
                Environmental Engineering through the Contracting Officer.

3.5.5   Certification

        3.5.5.1 The qualified consultant shall certify in writing that the interior of the LBP
                control area and the area external to the LBP control area have met final clearance
                requirements. Environmental Engineering, through the Contracting Officer, will
                approve or disapprove the final clearance sampling report and the area abated
                prior to determining the project complete.

3.5.6   Removal of Containment

        3.5.6.1 After approval of the final clearance certification and when authorized by the
                Contracting Officer, the LBP control area, containment barriers, and control



                                              02086-16
               structures, roped-off boundary, and warning signs shall be removed.

3.6     WASTE IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS

3.6.1   Environmental Engineering shall determine whether waste streams are hazardous in
        accordance with 40 CFR 262 and Title 22 CCR 66261, by using either generator
        knowledge of the waste or analytical testing.

3.6.2   The Contractor shall test any demolition waste containing lead-based paint to determine
        acceptable regulatory disposal methods. All lead containing waste shall be disposed of as
        hazardous waste in accordance with Title 22, CCR and 40 CFR, unless proved to be a
        non-hazardous waste using the Total Threshold Limit Concentration (TTLC), Soluble
        Threshold Limit Concentration (STLC), and Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure
        (TCLP) tests. Environmental Engineering shall approve all disposal methods. An
        accredited laboratory shall perform all tests.

3.6.3   The Contractor shall be responsible for representative sampling and analysis of waste.
        Laboratory analysis results shall be provided to Environmental Engineering. The
        Contractor shall be responsible for managing both hazardous and non-hazardous waste in
        accordance with applicable Federal, State and local regulations.

3.7 WASTE DISPOSAL

3.7.1   Packaging

        3.7.1.1 The Contractor shall package, mark, label and placard all items in such a manner
                that all applicable Federal, State and local regulations are met. If items must be
                packaged for proper shipment, the Contractor shall provide and affix the
                appropriate placards to each vehicle prior to leaving LAAFB premises.

        3.7.1.2 The Contractor shall not leave debris in the LBP control area, yard, or nearby
                property, incinerate debris, dump waste by the road, or introduce lead-
                contaminated water into storm or sanitary sewers.

        3.7.1.3 Disposable work clothing and polyethylene sheeting shall be decontaminated by
                HEPA vacuum and disposed of separately from paint chips and other lead-
                contaminated material.

        3.7.1.4 If the Contractor elects to package compatible items in the same container, the
                contractor must provide an all-inclusive packing list showing each item and its
                respective quantity and weight.

        3.7.1.5 The Contractor shall label all waste containers generated from abatement projects
                and place them in a LAAFB accumulation until an authorized LAAFB
                representative is available to sign the hazardous waste manifest. The Contractor
                must remove waste within 15 days of generation from the accumulation site. The
                Contractor will be responsible for supplying their own containers or bins for large
                abatement projects. The labels will include at a minimum the generators name



                                             02086-17
               and address, EPA ID number, CA ID number, contents of waste, and
               accumulation start date.

3.7.2   Hazardous Waste Manifests

        3.7.2.1 The Contractor shall obtain and prepare all uniform hazardous waste manifests
                required to remove hazardous waste from LAAFB.

        3.7.2.2 The Contractor shall prepare all necessary hazardous waste manifests(s), land
                disposal restriction notification(s), and any other shipping documents for
                signature by an authorized Government representative. Hazardous waste
                manifests shall be provided to Environmental Engineering through the
                Contracting Officer for approval 72 hours prior to pickup. The EPA generator
                identification number will be provided upon request. All manifests shall be
                submitted to the Environmental Engineering office at:

                    61CELS/CEAN
                    Los Angeles Air Force Base
                    483 N Aviation Blvd. B272
                    El Segundo, CA 90245-2808

        3.7.2.3 The Contractor is required to provide Environmental Engineering through the
                Contracting Officer two (2) copies of any manifest which documents the
                movement of LAAFB waste after it has departed LAAFB installation/areas within
                thirty (30) calendar days after delivery to the accepting facility.

3.7.3   Transportation Requirements

        3.7.3.1 The Contractor shall comply with and ensure that all applicable subcontractors
                comply with all Federal, State and Local regulations regarding waste
                transportation. Complete compliance to these regulations shall include, but not
                limited to:

               3.7.3.1.1 Ensuring that emergency response information is carried on transport
                         vehicles and maintained at facilities where hazardous waste and
                         materials are received, stored, or handled during transportation.

               3.7.3.1.2 Ensuring shipping papers will contain an emergency response.

               3.7.3.1.3 Telephone number supplied by the disposal contractor which is
                         monitored 24 hours a day in order to provide immediate, detailed
                         emergency response information to personnel reacting to emergencies.

               3.7.3.1.4 Ensuring technical names will be included in the descriptions of
                         materials reflected on shipping papers by “not otherwise specified”
                         descriptions.

                                   END OF SECTION 02086



                                            02086-18

				
DOCUMENT INFO