Name: Date: Europe Study Guide: All notes, thinking maps, readings, and maps since Christmas may have material for this test. In other words, study the study guide, but do not ONLY study the study guide. You will do a lot better if you study this and your notes… 1. Know the maps I gave you (and the maps on pgs. RA 16-19 in the textbook), including these countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, United Kingdom, and Ukraine. You need to know these landforms: Danube River, Rhine River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees, Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula. 2. Europe has (circle one: few or many) languages. This shows Europe’s cultural _____________. 3. The three major _______________ religions are Christianity, _________, and Islam. Europeans were historically Christian. There are three basic types of Christianity in Europe: ___________, _____________, and Protestant. 4. These three religions have several similarities; name three things they have in common: _____________________________________________________ ______________________. They have several differences, such as: __________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________. 5. Religion has played an important role in European history. One way that this was seen was when the ______________ conquered much of the Americas. They wanted, for example, to convert the natives of Mexico to be ____________ Christians. 6. Two major factors that determine where people live in Europe are the ____________, or how the weather is, and where they can ________ or find jobs. 7. The four factors of economic growth are: a. __________ __________: large population that is educated, skilled, and trained. b. ____________ __________: good factories, machinery, and technology. c. _________________: people who are willing to take risks to start businesses. d. ___________ _____________: anything naturally on earth that people can use to make money. 8. Why does Germany have more farmland that is good than does Italy? 9. Why does the United Kingdom have a better location for trade than Russia? 10. What are the different types of trade barriers, and what are they? 11. How has the Euro helped Europe? 12. The European Union is a confederation, meaning that all its member nations are independent countries. What are the goals of the E.U.? 13. Germany experienced ________________ recently, meaning that it had to combine the ______________ economy (communism) of East Germany with the ___________ economy of West Germany. 14. What is a market economy? 15. What is a mixed economy? 16. The problem that command economies, such as communist countries, usually have is that _____________ planning of the economy usually leads to inefficient industry and agriculture. 17. The governments of most European countries are what type of democracy (hint: the leader is not directly elected by the people, and his or her title is usually Prime Minister)? 18. What is a federal government? What is a unitary government? Give one example of each in Europe. 19. How can a country be both a constitutional monarchy and a democracy (not an autocracy)? 20. Know where the empires of Spain, France, Portugal, and the United Kingdom were located (on a map). 21. Prince ____________________________ encouraged Portuguese exploration of _____________. He opened a training center in Portugal for sailing and navigation, which led to improved ________ and a new ship, the ____________. Eventually, they sailed around the continent of ___________, starting a trading empire there and starting the _________ ____________ with the Americas. 22. The causes of World War I were European _________ building, ___________ ___________, forming ___________, and the Balkan Crisis. 23. How did the Russian Revolution of 1917 actually lead to World War II? Remember that Russia became the communist Soviet Union because of the Russian Revolution… 24. Why did the Holocaust occur? 25. The United States and the Soviet Union were allies in World War II…why was this the case? 26. Why did they, as the world’s superpowers after World War II, become enemies, leading to the Cold War? 27. At the end of the Cold War, the ____________ _______________ fell, Eastern European countries became ________________, and _____________ reunified.
Pages to are hidden for
"Europe Study Guide All notes, thinking maps, readings, and"Please download to view full document