Europe Study Guide All notes, thinking maps, readings, and by wgv16476



Europe Study Guide: All notes, thinking maps, readings, and maps since Christmas may
have material for this test. In other words, study the study guide, but do not ONLY study
the study guide. You will do a lot better if you study this and your notes…

   1. Know the maps I gave you (and the maps on pgs. RA 16-19 in the textbook),
      including these countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Spain, United
      Kingdom, and Ukraine. You need to know these landforms: Danube River, Rhine
      River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees,
      Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula.
   2. Europe has (circle one: few or many) languages. This shows Europe’s cultural
   3. The three major _______________ religions are Christianity, _________, and
      Islam. Europeans were historically Christian. There are three basic types of
      Christianity in Europe: ___________, _____________, and Protestant.
   4. These three religions have several similarities; name three things they have in
      common: _____________________________________________________
      ______________________. They have several differences, such as:
   5. Religion has played an important role in European history. One way that this was
      seen was when the ______________ conquered much of the Americas. They
      wanted, for example, to convert the natives of Mexico to be ____________
   6. Two major factors that determine where people live in Europe are the
      ____________, or how the weather is, and where they can ________ or find jobs.
   7. The four factors of economic growth are:
          a. __________ __________: large population that is educated, skilled, and
          b. ____________ __________: good factories, machinery, and technology.
          c. _________________: people who are willing to take risks to start
          d. ___________ _____________: anything naturally on earth that people can
              use to make money.
   8. Why does Germany have more farmland that is good than does Italy?

   9. Why does the United Kingdom have a better location for trade than Russia?

   10. What are the different types of trade barriers, and what are they?

   11. How has the Euro helped Europe?

   12. The European Union is a confederation, meaning that all its member nations are
       independent countries. What are the goals of the E.U.?
13. Germany experienced ________________ recently, meaning that it had to
    combine the ______________ economy (communism) of East Germany with the
    ___________ economy of West Germany.
14. What is a market economy?

15. What is a mixed economy?

16. The problem that command economies, such as communist countries, usually
    have is that _____________ planning of the economy usually leads to inefficient
    industry and agriculture.
17. The governments of most European countries are what type of democracy (hint:
    the leader is not directly elected by the people, and his or her title is usually Prime

18. What is a federal government? What is a unitary government? Give one example
    of each in Europe.

19. How can a country be both a constitutional monarchy and a democracy (not an

20. Know where the empires of Spain, France, Portugal, and the United Kingdom
    were located (on a map).
21. Prince ____________________________ encouraged Portuguese exploration of
    _____________. He opened a training center in Portugal for sailing and
    navigation, which led to improved ________ and a new ship, the ____________.
    Eventually, they sailed around the continent of ___________, starting a trading
    empire there and starting the _________ ____________ with the Americas.
22. The causes of World War I were European _________ building, ___________
    ___________, forming ___________, and the Balkan Crisis.
23. How did the Russian Revolution of 1917 actually lead to World War II?
    Remember that Russia became the communist Soviet Union because of the
    Russian Revolution…

24. Why did the Holocaust occur?

25. The United States and the Soviet Union were allies in World War II…why was
    this the case?

26. Why did they, as the world’s superpowers after World War II, become enemies,
    leading to the Cold War?

27. At the end of the Cold War, the ____________ _______________ fell, Eastern
    European countries became ________________, and _____________ reunified.

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