Role of NGOs in increasing effectiveness of by tog18220


									  Role of NGOs in increasing
effectiveness of environmental
    policies and promoting
     stakeholder dialogue

              European Eco-Forum
   Changing the status of
    NGOs in the region

   Trend of increasing role of
    NGOs in the development
    and implementation of
    environmental policies

   Differences of forms and
    methods between and within
Environmental Policy Development

   Ukraine – lobbying a Presidential decree on environmental
    policy priorities

   Russia, Murmansk oblast – commitment to a target of 20% of
    wind energy by 2020

   Belarus: draft law on GMO completely reworked
Environmental Compliance Assurance

   Fighting illegal logging in the Lori region of Armenia
    (public protests)
   Invalidation of conclusions of the state environmental
    review of the project of high-voltage lines near
    Almaty (Kazakhstan)
   Conviction of the Nadvoitsk aluminium plant of
    polluting the environment and endangering public
    health. The court imposed 50,000 roubles worth of
    health damages payable to the citizen plaintiff
    (Russia, 2003)
Preventing Environmentally
Dangerous Projects

                 Russia: “Baikal is worth more than oil”
                  – against the construction of a
                  pipeline in the lake’s watershed
                 Armenia: preventing the construction
                  of a highway across the Shikohan
                  nature reserve
                 Repeal of a Kyrgyzstan Government
                  decree on fishery activities on Lake
What to Do?
Nongovernmental organisations:

   Work actively with mass media and government bodies,
    showing linkages between environmental, economic and social
   Develop cooperation with other civil society institutions,
    dialogue with business and industry as well as the general
   Actively raise awareness of the public of its rights and
    possibilities, help the public defend the right for a healthy
   Raise own effectiveness and capacity (learn and exchange
What to Do?
Government bodies in EECCA:

   Regard NGOs as a partner
   Create mechanisms for NGO
    participation in legal drafting
   Develop mechanisms for consulting the
    public and taking account of its opinion
   Support national and regional networks
   Financially support NGO initiatives
    (positive example – government grants
    in Russia, Kazakhstan)
What to Do?
International/donor organisations:

   Support programmes to build NGO capacity in the
    environmental policy area

   Facilitate NGO participation in international processes

   Larger grant programmes to support NGO initiatives in

   Boost new RECs’ activities to support public
    participation (in accordance with their initial mandate)

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