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Freudian recap by gpk11258


									Freudian recap

1. “Structure”
  – Id The pleasure principle / immediate gratification
  – Ego the mediator part of the personality that balance
    the demands between the id, superego and reality.
    The reality principle.
  – Superego The voice of conscience. Internalized ideals
    and provides standards for judgment (the conscience
2. Stages of personality development
  – Oral, anal, phallic, latency
3. Methods to access the unconscious
  – Free association and other projection tests
The Unconscious
• Believed the mind is like an iceberg, a little visible at
  the top, but mostly hidden.
• Began using hypnosis while encouraging them to
  talk freely about their circumstances.
• Decided that problems might be caused by intense
  anxiety that has been repressed (or blocked).
• Free association is a technique that explores the
  unconscious. The patient is to relax and say
  whatever comes to mind.
• This would bring about a chain of thoughts leading
  into the patient’s unconscious, which would release
  painful unconscious memories. This theory/method
  is called psychoanalysis.
                            Passions” they are painful.
“Unacceptableourthe unacceptable passions that he
 • But Freud cared more about
   believed we repress from   consciousness because

 • Freud believed though they are hidden from our conscious
   awareness, they still influence us, and they get expressed in disguised
   forms like the work we choose, our beliefs, habits, words and our
   dreams. To Freud, there were no accidents. Ex "Freudian slips.“

 • Freud believed that Dreams were the Royal Road to the Unconscious,
   that they could reveal the nature of people’s inner conflicts and
   released their inner tensions.

 • Personality arises from a conflict between our aggressive, pleasure-
   seeking biological impulses and the social restraints against them.
   We want to express our impulses to get satisfaction without also
   bringing guilt or punishment.
Defense Mechanisms
• Definition: When unacceptable urges of the id
  edge into your consciousness and begin too
  overpower the ego, one experiences anxiety.
  This state is uncomfortable so the ego brings on
  its “big guns,” called defense mechanisms, who
  purpose is to prevent the id’s forbidden impulse
  from entering consciousness.
• Let’s meet some of these “Big Guns”
• Repression. “Motivated forgetting.” Unpleasant thoughts are not gone, but
  since they are repressed, they cannot produce anxiety.
• Ex. A woman’s sexual feelings about her father.
• Discovered? Dreams, free association, slips of tongue, actions
• Regression: Causing the person to retreat to the behavior of an earlier stage
  of development that was less demanding as safer.
• Ex. Jealous child regresses to using earlier speech patterns, bottle, bed-wetting
• Projection: Seeing your unconscious urge’s in other people’s behavior.
• Ex. Husband who is experiences impulses to be unfaithful to his wife wards off
  his anxiety by projecting his desires onto his wife and becomes intensely
  jealous and accuses her of having affairs.
• Reaction Formation: Blocking anxiety by adopting attitudes and behaviors
  that demonstrate outwardly a complete rejection of the id’s true desires.
• Ex. The husband who unconsciously desires other woman may become
  obsessively devoted to his wife and shower her with gifts and promises of his
  unwavering love.
• Sublimation: Seen as “normal.” Finding socially acceptable ways of
  discharging energy that is the result of unconscious forbidden desires. Freud
  believed that since everyone’s id contains these desires, sublimation is a
  necessary part of a productive and healthy life.
• Ex. Unacceptable Aggressive feelings may be made acceptable and purposeful
  by sublimating them by engaging in football or other contact sports.
Projection tests
• Clouds…
AP Psych OQ
 1.   Name two projective tests used to assess personality.
 2.   Give a critique of the Rorschach ink blot test.
 3.   Give two examples of contradictory evidence against
      Freud’s perspective.
 4.   According to the research, is repression a myth? Give
      an example.
 5.   Give an example where Freud was closer to what we
      now believe.

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