INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE who SEXUAL HEALTH CLINICS Brisbane City 3227 8666 can I Princess Alexandra 3240 5881 Cairns 4050 6205 Gold Coast 5576 9033 talk to? Ipswich Logan Mackay 3817 2428 3240 5881 4968 3881 Mt Isa 4744 4805 Palm Island 4770 1144 Redcliffe/Caboolture 3883 7472 Rockhampton 4920 6262 Sunshine Coast 5476 2489 Thursday Island 4069 0413 If you would like more Toowoomba 4631 6446 information on HIV, Townsville 4788 9600 you can talk to: • Your local doctor • Your local sexual health clinic • Family Planning Centres • Public Hospitals ENGLISH Revision May 2003 – Copyright by Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland What are HIV and AIDS? condoms. This reduce the risk of the condom A blood test is the only way of detecting HIV. The human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the breaking. Oil based lubricants (such as Vaseline) Most peiople with HIV lookmand feel well for virus that can lead to AIDS. People who are should not be used as they weaken the condom many years and they may not even know they infected with the virus are saifd to be HIV and may cause to break. are infected. If you think you or your partner positive. Over time (usually many years) HIV Oral sex represents only a small risk for the has been at the risk of infection, you can have affects the person's immmune system, which trasnsmission of HIV/AIDS., but still represents a a blood test through your local doctor or sexual means the body is less able to protect itself risk for the transmission of other sexually health clinic. You have the right to a from disease. When the immune system has transmissible infections. To avboid the risk of confidential coded test. been badly damaged by HIV infection, people transmission of HIV or sexually transmissible Using current medical equipment, it can take can get sick from infections or cancers. At this infections, if you are giving a man oral sex (his up to three months before evidence of HIV stage of HIV infection, a person is said to have penis in your mouth), he should wear a infection can be detected in the blood. This is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or condom. It does not matter whether you are called the window period. This means that if AIDS. male or female, if you put your mouth in you have had unsafe sex or have shared contact with your partner's anus or vulva while needles or injecting equipment, you will need How do you get HIV? having sex you will need to use a dental dam. If threee months before you can be sure of a HIV may be transmitted: you chooes not to use a condom or dam, to negative test result. During this time be sure When blood, sememn or vaginal fluid from an reduce the risk of HIV transmission, avoid oral you always practice safe sex. Do not donate infected persons enters the body of an sex if you have bleeding gums or ulcers, and blood during this time. iuningected person. This can happen through immediately after cleaning your teeth. How is HIV/AIDS treated? unsafe sex – rectal, oral and vaginal – and There alots of ways to enjoy physical intimacy Currently there is no cure for HIV and IADS. through sharing needles and injecting with your partner. Explore other ways to be There is no vaccine to prevent infection. equipment contaminated with blood. intimate, whch do not put you at risk of Medical research has made great progress in To the babies of mothers who are HIV positive sexually transnissible infectuions or an reducing the impact of HIV infection on the during pregnancy / during (a vaginal) birth / unintended pregnancy. immnue system and managing the illnesses when breast-feeding. Use new injecting equipment every time you associated with HIV. There are antiviral Through donated blood and blood products. inject. You can buy supplies of needles and treatments which keep the virus under control However all blood, organs, tissues and semen syringes from most pharmacies, or get then free for long periods of time. donated in Australia is screened for HIV. The through needle and syringe programs. rsik of getting HIV from these products in If new injecting equipment is not available, Australia is very low. Donating blood or body reduce the risks of infection by reusing your parts does NOT put you at risk of HIV infection. own needle and syringe rather than sharing. You can't contract HIV through: How do you avoid getting HIV/AIDS? Kissing, hugging. swimming in public pools, Practice safe sex. Always use condoms when sharing crokery and cutlery, bites from insects you have vaginal or anal sex is the best way to including mosquitoes, toilet seats, shaking reduce yout risk of getting HIV through sexual hands or any everiday contact. contact. Use water-based lubricant with How can you test for HIV?