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					                                    INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE



who
                                    SEXUAL HEALTH CLINICS
                                    Brisbane City                                                     3227 8666



 can I
                                    Princess Alexandra                                                3240 5881
                                    Cairns                                                            4050 6205
                                    Gold Coast                                                        5576 9033


talk to?                            Ipswich
                                    Logan
                                    Mackay
                                                                                                      3817 2428
                                                                                                      3240 5881
                                                                                                      4968 3881
                                    Mt Isa                                                            4744 4805
                                    Palm Island                                                       4770 1144
                                    Redcliffe/Caboolture                                              3883 7472
                                    Rockhampton                                                       4920 6262
                                    Sunshine Coast                                                    5476 2489
                                    Thursday Island                                                   4069 0413
If you would like more              Toowoomba                                                         4631 6446
information on HIV,                 Townsville                                                        4788 9600
you can talk to:
• Your local doctor
• Your local sexual health clinic
•   Family Planning Centres
•   Public Hospitals




                                                                                                                     ENGLISH
                                         Revision May 2003 – Copyright by Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland
What are HIV and AIDS?                             condoms. This reduce the risk of the condom          A blood test is the only way of detecting HIV.
The human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the      breaking. Oil based lubricants (such as Vaseline)    Most peiople with HIV lookmand feel well for
virus that can lead to AIDS. People who are        should not be used as they weaken the condom         many years and they may not even know they
infected with the virus are saifd to be HIV        and may cause to break.                              are infected. If you think you or your partner
positive. Over time (usually many years) HIV       Oral sex represents only a small risk for the        has been at the risk of infection, you can have
affects the person's immmune system, which         trasnsmission of HIV/AIDS., but still represents a   a blood test through your local doctor or sexual
means the body is less able to protect itself      risk for the transmission of other sexually          health clinic. You have the right to a
from disease. When the immune system has           transmissible infections. To avboid the risk of      confidential coded test.
been badly damaged by HIV infection, people        transmission of HIV or sexually transmissible        Using current medical equipment, it can take
can get sick from infections or cancers. At this   infections, if you are giving a man oral sex (his    up to three months before evidence of HIV
stage of HIV infection, a person is said to have   penis in your mouth), he should wear a               infection can be detected in the blood. This is
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or             condom. It does not matter whether you are           called the window period. This means that if
AIDS.                                              male or female, if you put your mouth in             you have had unsafe sex or have shared
                                                   contact with your partner's anus or vulva while      needles or injecting equipment, you will need
How do you get HIV?                                having sex you will need to use a dental dam. If     threee months before you can be sure of a
HIV may be transmitted:                            you chooes not to use a condom or dam, to            negative test result. During this time be sure
When blood, sememn or vaginal fluid from an        reduce the risk of HIV transmission, avoid oral      you always practice safe sex. Do not donate
infected persons enters the body of an             sex if you have bleeding gums or ulcers, and         blood during this time.
iuningected person. This can happen through        immediately after cleaning your teeth.               How is HIV/AIDS treated?
unsafe sex – rectal, oral and vaginal – and        There alots of ways to enjoy physical intimacy       Currently there is no cure for HIV and IADS.
through sharing needles and injecting              with your partner. Explore other ways to be          There is no vaccine to prevent infection.
equipment contaminated with blood.                 intimate, whch do not put you at risk of             Medical research has made great progress in
To the babies of mothers who are HIV positive      sexually transnissible infectuions or an             reducing the impact of HIV infection on the
during pregnancy / during (a vaginal) birth /      unintended pregnancy.                                immnue system and managing the illnesses
when breast-feeding.                               Use new injecting equipment every time you           associated with HIV. There are antiviral
Through donated blood and blood products.          inject. You can buy supplies of needles and          treatments which keep the virus under control
However all blood, organs, tissues and semen       syringes from most pharmacies, or get then free      for long periods of time.
donated in Australia is screened for HIV. The      through needle and syringe programs.
rsik of getting HIV from these products in         If new injecting equipment is not available,
Australia is very low. Donating blood or body      reduce the risks of infection by reusing your
parts does NOT put you at risk of HIV infection.   own needle and syringe rather than sharing.
                                                   You can't contract HIV through:
How do you avoid getting HIV/AIDS?                 Kissing, hugging. swimming in public pools,
Practice safe sex. Always use condoms when         sharing crokery and cutlery, bites from insects
you have vaginal or anal sex is the best way to    including mosquitoes, toilet seats, shaking
reduce yout risk of getting HIV through sexual     hands or any everiday contact.
contact. Use water-based lubricant with            How can you test for HIV?

				
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