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					                                             LANDSCAPING

SEC. 16-120. PURPOSE:
    The purpose of this Division is to:
    A. Enhance the aesthetic appearance of the City by providing standards related to the quality and
functional aspects of landscaping;
    B. Increase the compatibility between abutting land uses and public rights-of-way by providing
landscape screening and buffers; and
    C. Provide for the conservation and protection of water resources through the efficient use of water,
appropriate use of plant materials suitable for climate and location, and regular maintenance of
landscaped areas.
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

SEC. 16-120.1. DEFINITIONS:
    1. PROJECT SITE. Any site for which a final map has been approved by the Council or parcel map
has been approved by the City Engineer or for which a building permit has been issued.
    2. WATER-EFFICIENT LANDSCAPING. A landscape that is designed and maintained to function
in a healthful and visually pleasing manner in compliance with the standards provided in this Division.
This generally involves the strategic use of plants which have minimal water requirements for
subsistence, plants native and/or suitable to the City of Stockton environment (xeriscape), and hardscape
to achieve an overall landscape concept that is water conserving.
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

SEC. 16-120.2. AREAS REQUIRED TO BE                   LANDSCAPED:
     All projects that require approval by the City shall provide and maintain landscaping in compliance
with the provisions of this Division. Landscaping shall be provided within ninety (90) days of the final
Certificate of Occupancy or Final Building Permit in the following locations.
     A. ALL AREAS. All areas of a project site that are located adjacent to a public right-of-way and that
have not been developed within two years after approval of the final map by the City Council or parcel
map by the City Engineer shall be landscaped except for:
          1.      Areas occupied by a sidewalk, driveway, parking area, patio, or ornamental features;
          2.      Areas screened from public view;
          3.      Undeveloped portions of nonresidential project sites intended for future development if a
five foot landscape strip is provided along any right-of-way;
          4.      Undeveloped portions of residential subdivisions (single-family homes, duplexes,
triplexes, and multi-family);
          5.      Property that is in agricultural production; and
          6.      Parcels for which there are no final or parcel map or which are identified as remainder
parcels on a final or parcel map.
     B. EXISTING USES AND STRUCTURES. If existing physical constraints on the site, (e.g.,
structures, parking, circulation, etc.) limit the amount of landscaping that can be provided when there is
an addition or change to the existing use, the applicant shall provide whatever additional landscaping the
site can accommodate towards meeting the landscape area requirements of this Division.
     C. PARKING AREAS. Parking areas shall be landscaped in compliance with Section 16-106
(Development, Operation and Maintenance of Parking Spaces).
     D. PUBLIC RIGHTS-OF-WAY. Public rights-of-way shall be landscaped in compliance with Section
16-160 (Public Improvement Ordinance).
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

SEC. 16-120.3. LANDSCAPE STANDARDS:
     Landscaping shall be designed and installed as follows.
     A. GENERAL DESIGN STANDARDS. The following features shall be incorporated into the design
of landscaped areas.
         1.      Landscaping shall be planned as an integral part of the overall project design and not
simply located in excess space after parking areas and structures have been planned.
         2.      Landscaped areas shall be provided with an automatic irrigation system(s).
         3.       Landscaping may include lawn, ground cover, trees, shrubs, and other live plant
materials. Landscaping may also include small amounts of accessory decorative outdoor landscape
elements (e.g., ponds, fountains, sculpture, and paved or decorated surfaces) excluding driveways,
parking, and storage areas.
         4.       Front yard setbacks and side yard setbacks abutting a street shall be landscaped. A
minimum of fifty (50) percent of the landscaped area shall consist of live plants and/or grass.
         5.       Sidewalks providing pedestrian access shall be considered in the design of all
landscaped areas, including the need to locate plants so as not to interfere with the ability of pedestrians
to have an adequate view of paths and surrounding areas to ensure their safety.
         6.       Landscape planting shall be provided within adjacent public street rights-of-way, in
compliance with Section 16-160 (Public Improvement Ordinance).
         7.       Landscaping over thirty (30) inches in height shall not be allowed within a traffic safety
sight area formed by the intersection of public rights-of-way, parking lot entrances and exits, pedestrian
rights-of-way, driveways, or alleys as determined by the City Engineer.
     B. PLANT MATERIALS. Plant materials shall be selected and installed to comply with the following
requirements:
         1.       A mix of plant materials should be provided.
         2.       Trees and shrubs shall be planted so that at maturity they do not interfere with service
lines and traffic safety sight areas.
         3.       Trees and shrubs shall be planted and maintained in a manner that protects the basic
rights of adjacent property owners, particularly the right to solar access.
         4.       Trees planted near public sidewalks or curbs shall be of a species and installed in a
manner that prevents physical damage to sidewalks, curbs, gutters and other public improvements.
         5.       The selection of plant materials shall include both evergreen and deciduous trees, shrubs
and attractive erosion preventing ground cover. Seventy-five (75) percent of the plants selected in non-
turf areas shall be well suited to the climate of the region and require minimal water once established in
the landscape. Plants that require similar water needs should be grouped together and shall be irrigated
separately. Attention shall be given to appearance, height, spread, growth rate, moisture requirements,
potential root damage, disease, pest susceptibility, climate adaptability, soil type slope, function, and
decreased maintenance.
         6.       A minimum of three inches of mulch shall be added in non-turf areas to the soil surface
after planting. Plant types that are intolerant to mulch shall be excluded from this requirement.
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

SEC. 16-120.4. WATER WASTE PROHIBITED:
    Landscape areas shall be maintained to ensure water efficiency, avoid runoff, and promote
conservation in compliance with Sections 9-710 to 9-740 of the Municipal Code. Suggested means:
checking, adjusting and repairing irrigation equipment; resetting automatic controllers; aerating and
detaching turf areas; adding or replenishing mulch, fertilizer and soil amendments; and pruning and
weeding all landscaped areas.
    Water waste resulting from inefficient landscape irrigation leading to excessive runoff, low head
drainage, overspray, and other similar conditions where water flows onto adjacent property, nonirrigated
areas, sidewalks, roadways, or structures shall be prohibited. Recirculating water shall be used for
fountains and water features.
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

SEC. 16-120.5. MAINTENANCE REQUIRED:
    Landscape areas shall be maintained in a healthful and sound condition at all times in compliance
with Section 5-900 (Minimum Property Maintenance Standards) of the Municipal Code.
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

SEC. 16-120.6. PUBLIC EDUCATION:
   Developers shall provide the following:
   A. Information to prospective buyers or tenants regarding water-efficient landscaping techniques. A
sample of the information to be provided shall be submitted to the Director (of the Community
Development Department) for approval before issuance of a Building Permit.
    B. A sample water-efficient landscaped garden at a model home for residential subdivisions of 100
acres or more.
(Added by Ordinance 019-98C.S. — Effective October 1, 1998)

				
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