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The Ancient Egyptians mummy hieron pyramid mausoleum Sphinx Pharaoh The Egypt Egyptian culture arose approximately five thousand years ago near the Nile in North Eastern Africa. It was a unique culture that prospered for almost three thousand year, making it one of the longest lasting civilizations in history. Fortunately for people today, the Egyptians left many pieces of their art and writing in good condition. We can therefore piece together the way these people lived and understand the ways in which they have influenced the modern world. 1. It was yesterday that I went to lantern exhibition. It was ________________that I went to yesterday. 2. …, which made it one of the longest lasting civilization …, making it one of the longest lasting civilization 3. make/leave/keep O. O.C. EX: Please leave the door open. The Nile The Nile is a major north- flowing river in Africa, generally regarded as the longest river, though not the most voluminous, in the world. The Nile has two major tributaries, the White Nile and Blue Nile, the latter being the source of most of the Nile's water and fertile soil, but the former being the longer of the two. The Nile was very important for the ancient Egyptians. It provided rich soil for 尼羅河很重 agriculture and an efficient means of 要喔！ transportation. Egyptian farmers began growing large quantities of food around the year 3000 B.C., and then traveled down the Nile and into the Mediterranean Sea to trade. Once the people were easily fed a society that became one of the most advanced in the world was formed. The Egyptians devised the 365 day calendar and were the first people to create a national government. They also invented a writing form by using pictures. Language 象形文字（hieroglyphic）、 僧侶體（hieratic）和古埃及 中國也有象形 世俗體（demotic）是古埃及 文字耶！ 常用的三種文字，你可以簡 單用書寫方式區別它們。卡 普帝克語（Coptic）約在西 元100年到460年間流行，是 古埃及基督徒借用古埃及文 的發音，用以取代當時文字 書寫所創造的另一種語言， 也是古埃及文的最後演變歷 程。 demotic hieratic hieroglyphic 大家好，我是老師 的小幫手，現在是 問問題時間！ 1. Why the Nile was very important for the ancient Egyptians? 2. What did the ancient Egyptians invent? 好厲害喔！ 都答對了！ The ancient Egyptians were dark-skinned people with black hair. They mostly dressed in white linen garments and wore leather sandals on their feet. The Egyptians especially liked cosmetics and jewelry. Women wore red lip powder and colored their eyebrows with gray, black and green paint. Men also outlined their eyes and sometimes wore as much makeup as the women. 1. compounded adjectives: adj.+N-ed EX: a one-eyed monster beautiful 2. …as adj./adv./N. as … 如…一樣 EX: She’s as ____________as Chilin. fast He runs as ___________ as a tiger. I have as ____________as May (does). many pens Both men and women wore perfume and jewelry such as rings, bracelets and necklaces. The Egyptians also had a fascination with religion and life after death. Much of their time was spent preparing for life after death and this was the major reason behind their most famous constructions, the Pyramids. The pyramids were built as massive tombs for Egyptians rulers. Each Pyramid was built over a burial chamber in order to protect the dead soul and keep it safe from the common people. reading read 1. I spend a lot of time_____________. to read 2. She stayed up preparing ________ tests. for to The Pyramid A pyramid is any three- dimensional structure where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point. The base of pyramids are usually quadrilateral or trilateral but generally it can be any polygon shape), meaning that a pyramid The Great Pyramid of Khufu usually has three or four sides. For thousands of years, the largest structures on Earth were pyramids: first the Red Pyramid in the Dashur Necropolis and then the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the only remaining Wonder of the World. A Pharaoh of Old Kingdom Most of the Pyramids were built around 4,500 years ago. When people in the modern age began to explore the tombs underneath the Pyramids, they found jewelry, clothes, art and weapons. The objects in the tomb were for the ruler to take into the next life. The art included paintings, showing what life was like in Egyptian times. The jewelry was the work of highly skilled craftsmen and the clothes gave experts a clear insight into the dress style of ancient Egypt. 1.The window was broken (by me). 2.The art included paintings, which shows what life was like in Egyptian times. …paintings, showing … Thirty dynasties rose and fell during the years of ancient Egypt. One of the most famous rulers was Tutenkharmen of the 20th dynasty. He was the ruler around the year 1300 B.C. and encouraged both old and modern forms of Egyptian religion. Tutenkharmen was one of Egypt’s strongest leaders, and the gold and other jewelry found in his tomb are among the finest treasures ever found. 有獎徵答 又來囉！ 1. Why was Tutenkharmen so famous? 2. Why are the jewelry found in Tutenkharmen’s tomb the finest treasures? 佩服佩服！ Today many artifacts from ancient Egypt remain in good condition and can be viewed by tourists. Most of the Pyramids are located just south of the modern Egyptian city of Cairo, and every year they attract thousands of visitors. Yet despite what we know about the Egyptians, we still have unanswered questions. Many of these questions shall remain mysteries lost forever in time. 1. 稻江位於新生北路上。 Daojiang is located on the Shinsheng North Road. 2. despite = in spite of 儘管 EX: He went to work __________ his illness. despite despite the fact that Cairo Cairo, which means "The Triumphant", is the capital city of Egypt. It has a metropolitan area population of officially about 11.1 million people. Cairo is the twenty-first most populous metropolitan area in the world. Cairo is also the most populous metropolitan area and the most populous city in Africa. Key Words 1. ancient 古代的 eg: We were impressed by the ruins of an ancient building. 2. Egypt 埃及 3. Egyptian 埃及人 4. Nile 尼羅河 5. arise 產生 eg: Unexpected difficulties arose in the course of their experiment. 6. outline 畫輪廓 eg: He outlined a map of North America. 7. artifact 工藝品 eg: An artifact is a human-made object. 8. eyebrow 眉毛 9. perfume 香水 eg: She bought a small bottle of French perfume. 10. bracelet 手環 eg: She wore huge bracelets on her wrists. 11. fascination 著迷 eg: He was staring at her with fascination. ** be fascinated with 對…著迷 = have a fascination with She has a fascination with Hello Kitty. =___________________________________. 12. piece together 拼湊 eg: She‘s piecing together the torn picture. 13. burial (考古學者所指的 )墓地 14. feed 餵食 eg: We feed the birds every day. 15. powder 粉末 eg: There’s too much powder on your nose. 16. Cairo 開羅 eg: Cairo is the capital of Egypt. 17. garment 服裝 eg: This shop sells garments of all kinds. 18. prosper 昌盛 eg: The country is prospering under a strong government. 19. calendar 曆法 eg: Today is her birthday according to the solar calendar. ** lunar calendar ____________ 20. invent 創造 eg: He invented a new type of stethoscope(聽診器). 21. pyramid 金字塔 eg: The Pyramids were among the seven wonders of the world. ** 粽子 ______________ 22. chamber 室 eg: The king retired to his chamber. 23. jewelry 珠寶 **jewel _________/ jury _______ eg: Rebecca never wears jewelry. 24. quantity 量 ** quality ___________ eg: There is a small quantity of water left in the bottle. 質 25. civilization 文明 eg: Chinese civilization is one of the oldest in the world. 26. leather 皮革 eg: These gloves are made of leather. 27. ring 戒指 eg: He proposed to her with an engagement ring. 28. construction 建築物 eg: The building is a construction of wood. 29. linen 亞麻布 30. sandal 便鞋 eg: Many people wear sandals in the summer. 31. cosmetics 化妝品 32. lip 嘴唇 eg: None of your lip! 【俚】唐突無禮的話 33. soil 土壤 eg: That farm has a very rich soil. 34. craftsman 工匠 eg: Her father is a skilled craftsman. 35. makeup= ___________ 36. tomb 墓 eg: We visited the tomb of Shakespeare. 37. devise 設計 eg: He devised a new method of teaching writing. 38. mystery 謎 **myth ____________ eg: His death has remained a mystery. 39. tourist 旅客 eg: San Francisco is full of tourists in the summer. 40.dynasty 朝代 eg: I like paintings from the Qing Dynasty. 41. necklace 項鍊 eg: He gave her a necklace of silver, glass and amber (琥珀) as a gift on Valentine’s Day. 42. underneath 在…之下 eg: The baby liked to sit underneath the table. 你在看我嗎？ Welcome to 再靠近一點！ Egypt!! 看一次 五百！
"The Ancient Egyptians"