Document Sample
gardens_guide Powered By Docstoc
					University Park can be accessed from
University Boulevard, Woodside Road,
Clifton Boulevard or the A52 Derby Road.

Jubilee Campus can be accessed from
Wollaton Road near ‘Crown Island’.

The Sutton Bonington Campus is on
College Road just outside the village of
Sutton Bonington near Kegworth.

The Friends of University Park was
established in 2004 to encourage the wider
community to explore and enjoy University
Park. Each year they organise a series of
activities and events including charity garden
openings. All events are open to members
of the public as well as staff and students.
For full details visit their website at
or ask to be included on the mailing list.

                                                 University Park
                                                 Gardens Guide and Tree Walk

               For further information:

               The Estates Department
               The University of Nottingham
               University Park
               NG7 2RD

               Tel: (0115) 951 3649
University Park
Refreshments can be obtained at ‘Aqua’ in the                                                                                                           Lenton Firs
Lakeside Arts Centre or in ‘Café L’ by the Art Gallery.
There are also a variety of catering outlets in
                                                                                                                         LENTON & WORLEY HALL                                                           NORTH ENTRANCE
the Portland Building. Public toilets are available in
the Lakeside Arts Centre.                                                                               Jekyll Garden p3                                                Victorian Rock Garden p8

                                                                                                                                                 Dry Garden p5                                 Display Garden p3

                                            O   AD                                    DERBY HALL
                                     B   YR                                                              LINCOLN HALL

                        A5                                            SHERWOOD HALL

                                                                                                                                                        CRIPPS HALL

    Nottingham Crocus p6

                                                                                                 The Downs p7

                                                                                                                                                                       MAIN                        Chemistry Courtyard

                                                                       RUTLAND HALL

                                                                                                                                              HUGH                     VISITOR
                                                                                                                                             STEWART                   CAR PARK                                                                   EAST ENTRANCE
                                           SPORTS CENTRE                                                                                       HALL                                 Vale of Tears p7
                                                                  EAST MIDLANDS
                                                                CONFERENCE CENTRE                                                                        Old Botanic Garden p6

                                          NIGHTINGALE HALL
                                                                                                                                                                                                             CAR PARK
                                                                                      Millennium Garden p8
                                                                                                                                                   PORTLAND                         Portland Copse
                                                                                                  Walled Garden p4                                                                                     LAKESIDE
         ANCASTER HALL                               CAVENDISH HALL                                                                                                                                    ARTS CENTRE
    WO                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ART GALLERY
              SID                                                                                                           TRENT
                    E                                                                                                       BUILDING
                        RO                              WILLOUGHBY HALL                                                                                                                                                  SOUTH ENTRANCE
                                                                                                              SEE INSET OVERLEAF FOR DETAIL OF THE TREE WALK
                                                               Bedding Displays p3
                                                                                         Jubilee Avenue p15

                                                                      FLORENCE BOOT
                                                     WEST ENTRANCE        HALL
                                                                                                    Lakeside Walk p12                               U   LEV                                                                               map key
                                                                                                                                             Y   BO
                                                                                                                                  ER   SIT
                                                                                                                           UN I V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          bus stops

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          disabled parking



                                  Tennis Courts



                                                                Hugh Stewart

                                                                      Sir Clive
     University Club                                                  Granger       25

                           Hallward Library            17                          23
MILLENNIUM                                                               20   21

               Highfield                    14
                   9              11
           8                 10
       7                               TRENT BUILDING
                       6               1

               4              3


                                                 The Tree Walk
                                                                         2     Horticultural Highlights
                                                                         9     The Millennium Garden
                                                                         12    Lakeside Walk
                                                                         14    Tree Walk
                                                                         22    Other sites
                                                                         24    Environmental Issues

                                                                         The University is justly proud of its beautiful
                                                                         landscaped campuses and visitors are welcome
                                                                         to enjoy the gardens, walks and trees. Like
                                                                         everything else it does, the University strives
                                                                         for excellence in its landscape. Each year since
                                                                         2003, the University has won a Green Flag for
The art of landscape architecture                                        University Park. This is a national standard of
    comprehends and weaves together the opposing arts                    excellence and we remain the only University
        arising from geometry and biology.                               to have achieved this. In addition we have
    The total environment must be so composed
                                                                         achieved many other awards including those
that like a painting or a symphony it conveys,
                                                                         from Nottingham in Bloom, East Midlands in
    creates and constantly encourages an emotion
                                                                         Bloom, the local and National Civic Trust and
                that is indescribable in textbooks.
                                                                         the British Association of Landscape Industries.
                              These designs adopt the premise
  that it is emotion that actuates all activities of the mind            This guide is intended to highlight some of
                   and engenders all creative thought.                   the most interesting areas.

    Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe
             A landscape Design for the University of Nottingham 1955
    University Park has many areas of
    interest. In general the park is very much
    in the ‘English Landscape’ style, with
    rolling grassland, many trees, shrubs and
    water features. In particular it benefits
    from the adjoining lake that divides it
    from Highfields Park, managed by
    Nottingham City Council.

    Formal Displays
    One of our boldest displays is located at
    the North Entrance beside the main A52
    roundabout. Here you will find a contemporary
    arrangement of informal beds for annual
    bedding backed by a border of exotic shrubs,
    bamboos and grasses of particular value in the
    winter months. These are complemented by
    boulders and areas of cobbles. In the summer
    the display beds will be vibrant with exotic
    annuals and bedding plants and in the spring
    awash with colour from biennials and spring
    bulbs. A second smaller area of formal bedding
    is located near the West Entrance by the old
    lodges. In the summer, large pots of brilliant
    bedding plants are also placed in key locations as
2   part of our involvement in Nottingham in Bloom.       3
    Jekyll Garden
    In contrast to our modern gardens there is also
    a formal garden, known as the Jekyll Garden
    (right). This is attached to Lenton Hurst, one
    of the older houses in University Park. It was
    built for William Player, younger son of John
    Player of the tobacco empire. The sunken
    garden is recorded as being designed by
    Gertrude Jekyll in 1911. There are however no
    surviving plans of the original design suggesting
    it was one of her minor commissions.

    It consists of eight small beds in a formal
    geometric style and two long borders. It is
    separated from the house by a dramatic rock
    garden. The garden has been replanted with
    herbaceous perennials in a Jekyll style
    incorporating colour and seasonal borders.
    Highfields Walled Garden                           Dry Garden
    Highfields House sits in the centre of             This can be found to the north west of Lenton
    University Park and was built about 1797 for       and Wortley Hall. Excess soil from a building
    the Lowe family. It has a fine old garden with     project was used to create the horseshoe
    many beautiful trees including a huge tulip        shaped mound with a level ‘circus ring’ centre.
    tree and several cedars. Around the house will     The soil is nearly 100% sand and the area has
    be found borders of exotic and unusual plants.     been planted with drought tolerant species
    Hidden amongst the laurel shrubbery is also a      such as Cytisus, Hippophae and Kniphofia with
    curious carved stone object, whose origin and      a collection of Eucalyptus. There are also
    purpose is as yet unknown!                         several island beds of late summer herbaceous
                                                       perennials and grasses in the ‘prairie style’

                 Access was improved a few
                                                       Water features
                 years ago, when a set of
                 wrought iron gates were
                                                       The park is richly endowed with water features.
                 installed leading onto the
                 main path from the Trent              At the South Entrance, there is an informal
                 building. These old gates             lake with marginal plantings and a large
                 had been originally hung              floating fountain. The Millennium Garden
                 adjacent to the West
                                                       includes a circular pond with an island and
                 Entrance gatehouses, when
                 the University buildings were         twelve fountains that ‘tell the time’. Nearby
                 first constructed in the 1920’s       is a small dew pond left as a natural pond for
                 and had lain derelict and             wildlife. Formal ponds with fountains exist in
                 forgotten for many years.
                                                       various courtyards including the Chemistry
                 Purely by chance, during
                 their restoration, they               Courtyard, which has three bubbling fountains
                 returned to the very yard             set amongst boulders. By the East Entrance
                 where they were originally            there is a formal pond with a geyser fountain
                 made some 80 years ago.
                                                       and nearby a series of three pools with
                                                       cascades and a fountain, outside the Centre
                                                       for Biomolecular Sciences.
    Adjacent to the house is a walled garden, the
4   remains of a much larger walled garden that
    was once ‘filled with vineries, stove houses and
                                                        Hardy bananas thrive in the walled garden

    exotic plants’. It was all part of an elaborate
    estate that ran down to the ‘fishpond’ that
    was later enlarged to form the current lake.

    The walled garden is now a quiet oasis in the
    very heart of the University. The centrepiece
    of the garden is an ornamental wellhead.
    Seats are set into niches and within a wrought
    iron arbour.

    The garden has been replanted in a late
    Victorian style using exotic plants such as
    hardy bamboos and the hardy banana Musa
    basjoo. In summer the displays are enhanced
    with many tender foliage and flowering plants.
    The two long borders have been planted with
    herbaceous perennials in a ‘hot’ colour scheme.
    Spring Bulbs
    Over recent years, thousands of spring bulbs,
    and in particular narcissus, have been planted
    throughout University Park in a wide range
    of cultivars. Most of these are planted in a
    naturalistic style as drifts in grass areas. The
    earliest to flower are ‘February Gold’, running
    through the season to the late flowering
    jonquils. These grass areas are left uncut until
    June and a succession of wild flowers take
    over the display as the narcissus finish. In the
    north west corner of campus near to Lenton
    Lodge there is an area of the native Nottingham
    crocus, a form of Crocus vernus that produces
    sheets of pale blue flowers in early spring.

    The Old Botanic Garden
    This area used to have formal order beds,
    representative of the Plant Kingdom and
    dates back to times when botany was taught
    in a more traditional way. It no longer has the
    same teaching function and has been simplified,

                                                         ‘Queen Anne’s Lace’ at the edge of the Downs
    remaining a quiet retreat near the centre of
    campus with a number of unusual plants. There
    is a fine medlar, cedars, ginkgo, nothofagus,      The Downs
    and taxodium. In recent years, the garden has
    been replanted with a collection of unusual        This vast grassy bowl in the centre of campus
    trees and shrubs which will prove of interest as   has been managed as a wildflower meadow
                                                       for some years now. As acid grassland, it does
6   they mature. Gaps in the berberis hedge give
    fine views out across South Nottingham and in      not have a high proportion of broadleaved
    the foreground, the green roofs of the Lakeside    flowering species but is nevertheless very
    Arts Centre.                                       attractive in early summer with the many and
                                                       varied grass flowers. It is cut each year in early
                                                       July for a hay crop. Over the years of this
                                                       treatment, the number of species of wildflower
                                                       has considerably increased along with the
                                                       other wildlife that the meadow supports.

                                                       The Vale of Tears
                                                       The grassed area to the East of the Visitor
                                                       Car Park contains a collection of weeping trees
                                                       including birch, ash, beech and willow. There
                                                       are also fine specimens of Corylus colurna,
                                                       the Turkish oak and Liquidambar styraciflua,
                                                       renowned for its autumn colour.
                    The Rock Garden
                    Near to Lenton Firs, one of our older houses,
                    there was for many years a sycamore woodland,
                    in the centre of which slumbered a semi
                    derelict summer house. Early in 2006, with a
                    grant from the Nottingham Green Partnership,
                    we commenced clearing the heavy vegetation
                    with the aim of improving the woodland.

The summer house glows in the winter sun

8                   Underneath we discovered an extensive and
                    elaborate rock garden. Over a two year period,
                    with help from students and volunteers, this
                    has been cleared and replanted. A generous
                    donation allowed us to restore the Edwardian
                    summer house at the top. The house and
                    garden was once owned by the Shipstone
                    family, local brewers and is said to have been
                    called the Chinese garden. Beyond this, research
                    has not revealed any information about the
                    garden and its summerhouse. Take care when
                    exploring as the paths and steps are uneven.

                                                                        The Millennium Garden
                                                          There is also a raised mound with clipped box
      The Millennium Garden                               hedges, which overlooks the garden and
                                                          particularly gives views of the pool. The focal
                                                          point of this feature is a stone sculpture by
      The Millennium Garden is the jewel in
                                                          Peter Randall-Page entitled ‘Flayed Stone’ and
      our horticultural crown. It was conceived
                                                          carved from a single piece of glacial granite.
      as a desire for a ‘secret garden’; to be a
      quiet, reflective place for students and staff      Towards the end of the garden can be found a blue
      amidst the ‘busyness’ of a major university         brick and turf maze. This ancient garden feature
      campus. The project started in 1998,                symbolises the rooting of knowledge in antiquity.
      when a design competition was planned               Views from here look out across the meadows
                                                          to the halls of residence and the distant housing.
      and entries were invited from landscape
                                                          Here the design emphasises the University’s open

    A architects and registered students.
                                                          attitude to learning and knowledge and its

      From an impressive fifty entries, the scheme by     involvement in the wider community.

 quietQuartet Design was chosen as the winning entry,
      and was constructed as our Millennium Garden.
      The judges chose this design particularly because
      of its likely appeal to students.

      The design, based on a time theme, is bold
      and exciting with lots to see and interesting
      places to sit. There is ample access for disabled
      visitors, consideration for wildlife and the
      overall scheme is quite unique. A strong
      central pathway leads the visitor into the
      garden and onto a series of interconnecting
      circular pathways. The layout of overlapping            The Millennium Garden is enjoyed by all ages

      circular areas forms a strong pattern within
      the centre of the garden.                           Tree planting has included Pyrus ‘Chanticleer’,
10                                                        Corylus colurna, the Turkish Hazel, the golden-      11
      There is a formal pool with fountains, which        leaved Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’, Ginkgo
      ‘tell the time’ and steel bridges to a central      biloba, the maidenhair tree and Paulownia
      island. These are set low, almost on the water,     tomentosa. Shrub planting includes plants for
      creating a strange feeling of ‘walking on           interest at all seasons. In the winter, evergreens
      water’. An existing specimen of Ailanthus           such as Euonymus ‘Emerald and Gold’ give a
      altissima, the Tree of Heaven was retained          touch of ‘winter sun’ and the blocks of dark green
      as a centrepiece for the island and as a focal      box give structure to the garden. Dogwoods
      point of the garden.                                provide colour from the bright red winter twigs.
      The adjacent colour garden, with a focal point      Flowering bulbs give spring colour to the garden.
      of an Armillary Sphere, was designed to have        The area beyond the formal garden contains
      interesting flowers and foliage at all seasons.     an old Bramley orchard with rambler roses
      The current colour scheme expands the Time          growing through the trees and spring bulbs
      Theme into a Day/Night Scheme with one bed          beneath. In late spring a double row of white
      planted in hot red, orange and yellow colours       cherry trees provides a pleasing walk.
      and the remainder in cool blues, whites and
      silvers. A circular grassed area is intended for    Lord Dearing, former Chancellor of the
      informal seating as well as a small open-air        University, formally opened the garden on
      performance site. Twelve sentinel clipped           Tuesday 4 July 2000. The garden has received
      yews, again reinforcing the time theme,             many awards and is open for use throughout
      surround the lawn.                                  the year. Various events are also held here.
     One of University Park’s boundaries is
     the lake that adjoins Highfields Park.
     For years it was almost impossible to
     circumnavigate the entire lake and access
     to the lake on the University side possible
     at merely a few points. This changed in
     2002, when the University, in conjunction
     with the City Council, created the

     Lakeside Walk.


         University park is home to many
         forms of wildlife

12                                                      13
     This circular walk extends to a total of one
     and a quarter miles, joining together University
     Park with Highfields Park. It is navigable by
     wheelchair users for the entire length, although
     signs warn that some areas have inclines.

     The path passes over low ground at the water’s
     edge, climbs above some of the cliff areas
     giving views of the lake, passes across the
     formal stone terrace in front of the Trent
     building and then drops down underneath the
     sandstone cliffs, passing the caves and linking
     with Highfields Park paths by the island. This
     formal city park also has many features of
     interest and in the summer boats are available
     for hire on the lake. The walk rejoins the
     University land at the Lakeside Arts Centre.
                                                                                                                  Platanus x acerifolia
                                                                   Walking out to the west you will come to the
                                                                   Jubilee Avenue, 2 which was renamed at our
                                                                   Silver Jubilee in 1998. To mark 50 years since
                                                                   granting of the Charter, the University planted
 Ulmus ‘Sapporo Autumn Gold’                                       50 London Planes. These are Platanus x
                                                                   acerifolia (x hispanica), a hybrid between P.
                                                                   occidentalis and P. orientalis which occurred in
                                                                   Europe around 1650. Looking right across the
                                                                   drive and the West Lawn, we can see a mature
                                                                   specimen alongside Florence Boot Hall.

                                                                                                             Tucked around the corner
                                                                                                             behind a holly hedge is a
                                                                                                             piece of stone, known as
                                                                                                             the ‘Bassingfield Stone’. It
                                                                                                             is an ‘erratic’ made of
                                                                                                             Hornblend Schist, a hard
                                                                                                             crystalline rock and is
                                                                                                             thought to have been
                                                                                                             washed down from the
                                                                                                             Grampian Mountains to
                                                                                                             the Trent Valley during
                                                                                                             the last Ice Age. It was
                You might describe our Tree Walk as a                                          4             discovered in 1949. 3
                World Tour in less than a hour! During
                this time you can see trees from Europe,
                the Mediterranean, Morocco, USA, China,            At the top of the drive on the left hand side
                Japan, Himalayas, North Africa, and                is a mature horse chestnut a native of Greece,
                Chile, in fact almost all round the world!         introduced to the UK in 17th. There are also
                                                                   specimens of our native oak, walnut, Cedar
14              It is amazing that plants from so many
                                                                   of Lebanon and a young deodar planted by
                areas, different climates, and soils thrive
                                                                   Indian High Commissioner. Nearby is one
                in the UK climate.
                                                                   of the entrances to Lakeside Walk described
                Start at the Trent Building, 1 completed           elsewhere in this guide.
                in 1928 and built of Portland stone. It was
                                                                   On the right hand side of the drive is a group
                designed by the London architect Morley
                                                                   of young Acer saccharinum, the Silver maple,
                Horder. Some described him as a ‘poet in brick’
                                                                   introduced from Eastern North America in
                but DH Lawrence ridiculed this building as an
                                                                   1725. It is a fast growing tree. 4
                ‘iced cake’. The Lido, lake and University
                Boulevard were constructed at same time.           If you cross the grass to the right of Jubilee
                It was opened by King George V and Queen           Drive and move round to the right just behind
                Mary in 1928
                                                                                                                         Acer saccharinum
                                                                   the small car park you will find an example of
                                                                   Ulmus ‘Sapporo Autumn Gold’, the so-called
                In the quadrangle you will see clipped specimens
                                                                   resistant elm. Most English elms now rarely
                of Ilex x altarclarensis ‘Hodginsii’, a form of
                                                                   reach any great size due to the continuing
                the Highclere holly. This is a strong vigorous
                                                                   prevalence of Dutch Elm Disease but this
                male clone which, tolerates pollution so was
                                                                   clone is resistant and has good autumn colour.
                often planted in cities in the past.
                                                                   There is another specimen of this opposite
                                                                   Derby Hall and this is regarded as a ‘Champion
                                                                   Tree’ as it is the largest specimen if this species
                                                                   in the UK. 5
                   The very narrow tree nearby is a Fagus
                   sylvatica ‘Dawyck’. The Dawyck Beech was
                   originally found in a plantation in Dawyck,
                   Peebles, in about 1860 but not widely planted
                   until about 1930. 6

                                                                          Jubilee Avenue
                   Staying in front of the low stone wall and
                   continuing away from Jubilee Drive, you will         Near the perimeter of the garden, at the back of
                   come to a group of exotic conifers. The one          the Trent Building are examples of Cedrus atlantica
                   with very delicate foliage is Metasequoia            and Cedrus atlantica Glauca, the ‘Blue Cedar’.
                   glyptostroboides, the dawn redwood, which is         This blue form occurs in the wild as well as in
                   a deciduous conifer so will be leafless in winter.   cultivation but originates in the Atlas Mountains
                   It was only known as fossil for many years, but      in Algeria and Morocco. It was introduced in
                   was rediscovered in China in 1941. It has good       1840 but not readily cultivated until 1900’s. 10
                   autumn colour. 7
                                                                        Nearby is a fine example of Liriodendron
                   Nearby, the very upright tree with heavy dark        tulipiferae, the ‘Tulip Tree’ It can be recognised
                   green foliage is Sequoiadendron giganteum            by its squarish truncated leaves. In early summer
                   otherwise know as the Wellingtonia, or               it produces exquisite greenish tulip shaped flowers
                   Mammoth Tree. This is a native of California,        with orange stamens. It is a large slow growing
                   and was introduced to the UK in 1853. It is          tree, which does not flower until mature, at least
Sequoiadendron     acknowledged as the largest living thing. One        25 years old. It originates from North America
       giganteum   specimen, known as ‘The General Sherman              and was introduced by Tradescant the younger.         11
                   Tree’ is around 81m high with a girth of 24m.
                   It is also one of the most long lived plants with    You can detour here into Highfields Walled
                   the oldest estimated at 3,200 years. It was          Garden 12 which is described elsewhere in
                   discovered by William Lobb in 1853. 8                this guide. Eucalyptus here represent Australia
16                                                                      in our world tour and in summer cannas stand                               17
                   Move up onto the raised lawn in front of             for South America. Continue behind the
                   Highfields House. 9 This was built about             Archaeology building across the tarmac paths.
                   1797 for Joseph Lowe, a local woollen and            On your left, almost clinging to the building is
                   linen draper who had been Sheriff in 1763.           a huge English Oak, Quercus robur 13 and
                   The Lowe family occupied Highfields for 80           a short way on, to your right is a good mature
                   years and owned it for 120. It was originally an     specimen of the London Plane, Platanus x                   Liriodendron
                   extensive property with a walled garden, many        acerifolia. 14 The paths lead you out onto                        tulipiferae
                   glasshouses, stables and coach houses as well        Cherry Tree Hill. The gnarled old specimens of
                   as farmstead for 25 cows. Jesse Boot bought          Prunus ‘Kanzan’ 15 give this road its name.
                   the estate around 1919 and gave it to the            It is a splendid site with masses of pink
                   East Midlands University in 1921.                    blossom in early summer and has featured
                                                                        on many University pictures over the years.
                   Around the garden are specimens of Acer
                   palmatum, cultivars, of ‘ apanese maple’,            The clear open hillside beyond used to be
                   with leaves like small hands. They originate from    the site of the Cherry tree Buildings but now
                   Japan, China and Korea, These small trees need       displays groups of young trees 16 including
                   shade, and a moist soil and then produce good        limes and cherries that will in time take over
                   autumn colour.                                       from the older plantings.

                                                                        Turning to your left and crossing the road
                                                                        diagonally you will enter a grassy area with
                                                                        more trees.
           Looking around from this point you can see a
           fine spreading Ailanthus altissima, with huge
           pinnate leaves. This is sometimes called the
           Tree of Heaven because of its rapid speed of        Further on the left is a small upright tree named
           growth. It originates from Northern China. 17       Ginkgo biloba. Commonly called the maidenhair
                                                               tree, it is a conifer not fern. It is one of the few
           Nearby is a mature Catalpa bignonioides, with       remaining plants that was growing 200 million
           large flat round leaves. The long seedpods          years ago, when dinosaurs roamed the earth.
           produced after the white flowers give it the        It was discovered in China and has long been
           common name of Indian Bean Tree, although           valued for its medicinal properties. 22
           it originates from the Gulf of Mexico. 18
                                                               Nearby is a bushy evergreen, Arbutus unedo or
           If you visit in May you will see the strange        the Killarney strawberry tree. In late summer you
           mixture of pink and yellow flowers on the           will see both mature fruits and flowers at same
           + Laburnocytisus adamii, a curious hybrid           time. The word unedo means ‘eat one only’
           originally produced from grafting together          because the fruits, although edible, are quite
           laburnum and broom. 19                              unpleasant. It is found as a native throughout
                                                               Mediterranean areas through to Ireland. 23

                                                               The large tree next to the Strawberry tree is
                                                               a Southern Beech, Nothofagus obliqua, 24
                                                               originating from Chile originally in 1910.
                                                                                                                      Ginkgo biloba
                                                               Look for the gap in the planting at the left-
                                                               hand end and cross the road to the Vale of
                                                               Tears, so-called because of the collection of
                                                               weeping trees. 25

                                                               The small weeping birch is Betula pendula
                                                               ‘Youngii’, one of the best weeping trees for
                                                               small gardens.

     Yellow and pink flowers from this graft hybrid
                                                               Nearby is an upright birch with chalky white
18         Going back across the main road and walking         bark. This is Betula utilis, the Himalayan birch,
           across the top of Portland Hill, we enter the       introduced by Sir Joseph Hooker in 1849 from
           area known as the Botanic Garden, 20 which          Western China.
           used to contain a traditional range of botanical
           order beds. It is now a quiet retreat garden with   In the area there are also specimens of weeping
           some fine views across Nottingham towards the       ash Fraxinus excelsior ‘Pendula’, with its shaggy
           river. The open lumpy area of grass beyond the      umbrella shape and the weeping beech Fagus
           garden is the site of Keighton Medieval Village,    sylvatica ‘Pendula’ with its large sweeping
           a site of archaeological interest.                  branches and pendulous twigs.

           The unusual bushy plant nearby is a medlar,         Nearby is another beech with delicate cut leaves.
           Mespilus germanica. The single apple blossom-       It is correctly named Fagus sylvatica ‘Heterophylla’
           like flowers are followed by brown fruits, which    but often called the Fern-leaved beech.
           need to be very ripe before eating and even
           then the flavour is an acquired taste! It is a
           native of Southern Europe and Asia Minor. 21

     The Downs in mid summer

20                                                                                                                21
               Walk up the hill into the Visitor Car Park
               and head towards the top left-hand corner.
               The steps lead up and through the courtyard
               of Hugh Stewart Hall. The golden conifers
               that flank the crossing path on the left-hand
               side are Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Stewartii’,
               chosen because of the Hall name. 26

               On the right-hand side, opposite the end of
               the cross path, is a lovely young specimen       Turn right and walk alongside the Downs.
               of the golden-leaved tulip tree, Liriodendron    The row of large trees 29 alongside the
               tulipiferae ‘Aureomarginatum’. There are         tennis courts are a purple leaved form of
               several other interesting trees in the area      the common beech and the graft line can
               including a Monkey Puzzle. 27                    be clearly distinguished half way up the trunk.
                                                                Walking on to the road junction there is a
               Walk on through the archway out of the Hall      small group of conifers 30 with more
               grounds. Carry straight on to the roadway.       evergreen Sequoiadendron giganteum
               The vast grassy area beyond is known as the      interplanted with the deciduous Metasequoia
               Downs. Since 1995, it has been managed as a      glyptostroboides. Turn right at the road
               wildflower meadow and the number of species      junction and you will see the restored rock
               present has considerably risen. 28               garden 31 where our tour ends.
     The University of Nottingham also has              The whole campus was designed with
     other campus sites; the nearby Jubilee             sustainability high in its profile and some very
     Campus and also Sutton Bonington.                  innovative green strategies were used in the
     Both of these sites are open to the public.        design of the new buildings. The Campus
                                                        has received many awards. The landscape
                                                        was designed to integrate with the buildings
                                                        and to encourage wildlife. Fundamental to
                                                        the design are a series of lakes. As well as

                                                        providing cooling for the buildings in summer,
                                                        the lakes receive all surface drainage water

 Other                                                  from the whole site acting as balancing ponds.

                                                        Trees and shrubs are now well established and
                                                        wildflowers grow on the grassy mounds behind
                                                        the lakes. A wide range of waterfowl including
                                                        mallards, swans, coots, moorhens, geese and
     Jubilee Campus                                     herons have become established and breed on
                                                        the lakes. Many of the buildings have green
     Our state-of-the-art Jubilee Campus, was
                                                        roofs, which have been planted with a carpets
     opened in October 1999. When the University
                                                        of low growing alpine plants. These green
     realised that continued development of
                                                        roofs help to maintain steady temperatures in
     University Park would destroy its beautiful
                                                        the buildings winter and summer, acting more
     green landscape, they made the unique
                                                        efficiently than traditional insulation. Phase II
     decision to build a new campus. The site
                                                        of this development includes additional
     chosen was a brownfield site, very near to
                                                        buildings on the opposite side of Triumph road,
     University Park, the home of the former
                                                        complete with a paved Boulevard, linking the
     Raleigh bicycle factory. Initially there were
                                                        two sites. An avenue of sixty new Sophora
     neither trees nor even soil on the factory site,
                                                        japonica, fountains and an additional small
     although the University was able to purchase
                                                        lake will enhance the scheme.
     a narrow band of land at the rear of the site,
     which contained mature trees which provide
22   an ideal backdrop for the landscape. This has      Sutton Bonington                                    23
     been integrated into the site.                     Whereas University Park is a green oasis within
                                                        the city of Nottingham, the campus at Sutton
      Jubilee Campus lakes in early summer              Bonington is a small community within the

                                                        countryside. This 40 acre site is home to land
                                                        based sciences such as Agriculture, Plant
                                                        Sciences, Food Sciences and the Veterinary
                                                        School. Although on a relatively small scale,
                                                        the campus is well endowed with very varied
                                                        plantings including a small arboretum. In recent
                                                        years much landscape refurbishment has taken
                                                        place and many new planting are now establishing
                                                        well. Of particular interest is the lime avenue
                                                        alongside the South Laboratory. This was
                                                        planted to commemorate those lost in the
                                                        First World War. There is said to be a ‘Queen’s
                                                        Shilling’ buried under each tree.
      The University is committed to
      environmentally sensitive techniques
      in its grounds management.

      Wherever possible gardens waste is recycled
      to produce compost or mulching materials.

      The use of pesticides is kept to a minimum.

      Planting Policy
      The University is committed to tree planting,
      adding many new trees each year using a
      balance of native species and exotic species.

      It is accepted that some areas of scrub and
      bramble may appear neglected but have a
24    rich wildlife value.

      There are many areas of grass that are
      managed as meadowland allowing them to
      flower and seed naturally thus supporting
      other wildlife.

      No peat is used for soil amelioration.

      Tree Surgery
      In some areas dead or dying trees are left as
      bat roosts or for wood boring birds and insects.

      In some woodland areas, prunings and felled
      timber are left as habitat piles.

      Historical Conservation
      The campus has not been truly ‘natural’ for many
      years. Some areas will have a specific historical
      value, which is conserved in its own right.

Shared By: