University Park can be accessed from University Boulevard, Woodside Road, Clifton Boulevard or the A52 Derby Road. Jubilee Campus can be accessed from Wollaton Road near ‘Crown Island’. The Sutton Bonington Campus is on College Road just outside the village of Sutton Bonington near Kegworth. The Friends of University Park was established in 2004 to encourage the wider community to explore and enjoy University Park. Each year they organise a series of activities and events including charity garden openings. All events are open to members of the public as well as staff and students. For full details visit their website at www.nottingham.ac.uk/estate/friends or ask to be included on the mailing list. University Park Gardens Guide and Tree Walk For further information: The Estates Department The University of Nottingham University Park Nottingham NG7 2RD Tel: (0115) 951 3649 University Park Refreshments can be obtained at ‘Aqua’ in the Lenton Firs Lakeside Arts Centre or in ‘Café L’ by the Art Gallery. There are also a variety of catering outlets in LENTON & WORLEY HALL NORTH ENTRANCE the Portland Building. Public toilets are available in the Lakeside Arts Centre. Jekyll Garden p3 Victorian Rock Garden p8 Dry Garden p5 Display Garden p3 O AD DERBY HALL B YR LINCOLN HALL ER 2D CL A5 SHERWOOD HALL IF CRIPPS HALL TO N BO Nottingham Crocus p6 UL The Downs p7 EV MAIN Chemistry Courtyard AR RUTLAND HALL D HUGH VISITOR STEWART CAR PARK EAST ENTRANCE SPORTS CENTRE HALL Vale of Tears p7 EAST MIDLANDS CONFERENCE CENTRE Old Botanic Garden p6 NIGHTINGALE HALL CAR PARK Millennium Garden p8 PORTLAND Portland Copse BUILDING Walled Garden p4 LAKESIDE ANCASTER HALL CAVENDISH HALL ARTS CENTRE WO ART GALLERY OD SID TRENT E BUILDING RO WILLOUGHBY HALL SOUTH ENTRANCE AD SEE INSET OVERLEAF FOR DETAIL OF THE TREE WALK Bedding Displays p3 Jubilee Avenue p15 FLORENCE BOOT WEST ENTRANCE HALL D AR Lakeside Walk p12 U LEV map key Y BO ER SIT UN I V bus stops disabled parking footpath 31 30 Tennis Courts 29 28 27 Hugh Stewart Hall 26 Sir Clive University Club Granger 25 Building 19 18 22 Hallward Library 17 23 MILLENNIUM 20 21 24 GARDEN 16 15 Archaeology 12 Highfield 14 13 House 9 11 8 10 7 TRENT BUILDING 6 1 5 4 3 2 The Tree Walk 2 Horticultural Highlights 9 The Millennium Garden 12 Lakeside Walk 14 Tree Walk 22 Other sites 24 Environmental Issues welcome The University is justly proud of its beautiful landscaped campuses and visitors are welcome to enjoy the gardens, walks and trees. Like everything else it does, the University strives for excellence in its landscape. Each year since 1 2003, the University has won a Green Flag for The art of landscape architecture University Park. This is a national standard of comprehends and weaves together the opposing arts excellence and we remain the only University arising from geometry and biology. to have achieved this. In addition we have The total environment must be so composed achieved many other awards including those that like a painting or a symphony it conveys, from Nottingham in Bloom, East Midlands in creates and constantly encourages an emotion Bloom, the local and National Civic Trust and that is indescribable in textbooks. the British Association of Landscape Industries. These designs adopt the premise that it is emotion that actuates all activities of the mind This guide is intended to highlight some of and engenders all creative thought. the most interesting areas. Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe A landscape Design for the University of Nottingham 1955 University Park has many areas of interest. In general the park is very much in the ‘English Landscape’ style, with rolling grassland, many trees, shrubs and water features. In particular it benefits from the adjoining lake that divides it from Highfields Park, managed by Nottingham City Council. Highlights Formal Displays Horticultural One of our boldest displays is located at the North Entrance beside the main A52 roundabout. Here you will find a contemporary arrangement of informal beds for annual bedding backed by a border of exotic shrubs, bamboos and grasses of particular value in the winter months. These are complemented by boulders and areas of cobbles. In the summer the display beds will be vibrant with exotic annuals and bedding plants and in the spring awash with colour from biennials and spring bulbs. A second smaller area of formal bedding is located near the West Entrance by the old lodges. In the summer, large pots of brilliant bedding plants are also placed in key locations as 2 part of our involvement in Nottingham in Bloom. 3 Jekyll Garden In contrast to our modern gardens there is also a formal garden, known as the Jekyll Garden (right). This is attached to Lenton Hurst, one of the older houses in University Park. It was built for William Player, younger son of John Player of the tobacco empire. The sunken garden is recorded as being designed by Gertrude Jekyll in 1911. There are however no surviving plans of the original design suggesting it was one of her minor commissions. It consists of eight small beds in a formal geometric style and two long borders. It is separated from the house by a dramatic rock garden. The garden has been replanted with herbaceous perennials in a Jekyll style incorporating colour and seasonal borders. Highfields Walled Garden Dry Garden Highfields House sits in the centre of This can be found to the north west of Lenton University Park and was built about 1797 for and Wortley Hall. Excess soil from a building the Lowe family. It has a fine old garden with project was used to create the horseshoe many beautiful trees including a huge tulip shaped mound with a level ‘circus ring’ centre. tree and several cedars. Around the house will The soil is nearly 100% sand and the area has be found borders of exotic and unusual plants. been planted with drought tolerant species Hidden amongst the laurel shrubbery is also a such as Cytisus, Hippophae and Kniphofia with curious carved stone object, whose origin and a collection of Eucalyptus. There are also purpose is as yet unknown! several island beds of late summer herbaceous perennials and grasses in the ‘prairie style’ Access was improved a few Water features years ago, when a set of wrought iron gates were The park is richly endowed with water features. installed leading onto the main path from the Trent At the South Entrance, there is an informal building. These old gates lake with marginal plantings and a large had been originally hung floating fountain. The Millennium Garden adjacent to the West includes a circular pond with an island and Entrance gatehouses, when the University buildings were twelve fountains that ‘tell the time’. Nearby first constructed in the 1920’s is a small dew pond left as a natural pond for and had lain derelict and wildlife. Formal ponds with fountains exist in forgotten for many years. various courtyards including the Chemistry Purely by chance, during their restoration, they Courtyard, which has three bubbling fountains returned to the very yard set amongst boulders. By the East Entrance where they were originally there is a formal pond with a geyser fountain made some 80 years ago. and nearby a series of three pools with cascades and a fountain, outside the Centre for Biomolecular Sciences. Adjacent to the house is a walled garden, the 4 remains of a much larger walled garden that 5 was once ‘filled with vineries, stove houses and Hardy bananas thrive in the walled garden ® exotic plants’. It was all part of an elaborate estate that ran down to the ‘fishpond’ that was later enlarged to form the current lake. The walled garden is now a quiet oasis in the very heart of the University. The centrepiece of the garden is an ornamental wellhead. Seats are set into niches and within a wrought iron arbour. The garden has been replanted in a late Victorian style using exotic plants such as hardy bamboos and the hardy banana Musa basjoo. In summer the displays are enhanced with many tender foliage and flowering plants. The two long borders have been planted with herbaceous perennials in a ‘hot’ colour scheme. Spring Bulbs Over recent years, thousands of spring bulbs, and in particular narcissus, have been planted throughout University Park in a wide range of cultivars. Most of these are planted in a naturalistic style as drifts in grass areas. The earliest to flower are ‘February Gold’, running through the season to the late flowering jonquils. These grass areas are left uncut until June and a succession of wild flowers take over the display as the narcissus finish. In the north west corner of campus near to Lenton Lodge there is an area of the native Nottingham crocus, a form of Crocus vernus that produces sheets of pale blue flowers in early spring. The Old Botanic Garden This area used to have formal order beds, representative of the Plant Kingdom and dates back to times when botany was taught in a more traditional way. It no longer has the same teaching function and has been simplified, ® ‘Queen Anne’s Lace’ at the edge of the Downs remaining a quiet retreat near the centre of campus with a number of unusual plants. There is a fine medlar, cedars, ginkgo, nothofagus, The Downs and taxodium. In recent years, the garden has been replanted with a collection of unusual This vast grassy bowl in the centre of campus trees and shrubs which will prove of interest as has been managed as a wildflower meadow for some years now. As acid grassland, it does 6 they mature. Gaps in the berberis hedge give fine views out across South Nottingham and in not have a high proportion of broadleaved 7 the foreground, the green roofs of the Lakeside flowering species but is nevertheless very Arts Centre. attractive in early summer with the many and varied grass flowers. It is cut each year in early July for a hay crop. Over the years of this treatment, the number of species of wildflower has considerably increased along with the other wildlife that the meadow supports. The Vale of Tears The grassed area to the East of the Visitor Car Park contains a collection of weeping trees including birch, ash, beech and willow. There are also fine specimens of Corylus colurna, the Turkish oak and Liquidambar styraciflua, renowned for its autumn colour. The Rock Garden Near to Lenton Firs, one of our older houses, there was for many years a sycamore woodland, in the centre of which slumbered a semi derelict summer house. Early in 2006, with a grant from the Nottingham Green Partnership, we commenced clearing the heavy vegetation with the aim of improving the woodland. Millennium The summer house glows in the winter sun ® 8 Underneath we discovered an extensive and 9 elaborate rock garden. Over a two year period, with help from students and volunteers, this has been cleared and replanted. A generous donation allowed us to restore the Edwardian summer house at the top. The house and garden was once owned by the Shipstone family, local brewers and is said to have been called the Chinese garden. Beyond this, research has not revealed any information about the garden and its summerhouse. Take care when exploring as the paths and steps are uneven. The Millennium Garden There is also a raised mound with clipped box The Millennium Garden hedges, which overlooks the garden and particularly gives views of the pool. The focal point of this feature is a stone sculpture by The Millennium Garden is the jewel in Peter Randall-Page entitled ‘Flayed Stone’ and our horticultural crown. It was conceived carved from a single piece of glacial granite. as a desire for a ‘secret garden’; to be a quiet, reflective place for students and staff Towards the end of the garden can be found a blue amidst the ‘busyness’ of a major university brick and turf maze. This ancient garden feature campus. The project started in 1998, symbolises the rooting of knowledge in antiquity. when a design competition was planned Views from here look out across the meadows to the halls of residence and the distant housing. and entries were invited from landscape Here the design emphasises the University’s open A architects and registered students. attitude to learning and knowledge and its place From an impressive fifty entries, the scheme by involvement in the wider community. quietQuartet Design was chosen as the winning entry, and was constructed as our Millennium Garden. The judges chose this design particularly because of its likely appeal to students. The design, based on a time theme, is bold and exciting with lots to see and interesting places to sit. There is ample access for disabled visitors, consideration for wildlife and the overall scheme is quite unique. A strong central pathway leads the visitor into the garden and onto a series of interconnecting circular pathways. The layout of overlapping The Millennium Garden is enjoyed by all ages ® circular areas forms a strong pattern within the centre of the garden. Tree planting has included Pyrus ‘Chanticleer’, 10 Corylus colurna, the Turkish Hazel, the golden- 11 There is a formal pool with fountains, which leaved Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’, Ginkgo ‘tell the time’ and steel bridges to a central biloba, the maidenhair tree and Paulownia island. These are set low, almost on the water, tomentosa. Shrub planting includes plants for creating a strange feeling of ‘walking on interest at all seasons. In the winter, evergreens water’. An existing specimen of Ailanthus such as Euonymus ‘Emerald and Gold’ give a altissima, the Tree of Heaven was retained touch of ‘winter sun’ and the blocks of dark green as a centrepiece for the island and as a focal box give structure to the garden. Dogwoods point of the garden. provide colour from the bright red winter twigs. The adjacent colour garden, with a focal point Flowering bulbs give spring colour to the garden. of an Armillary Sphere, was designed to have The area beyond the formal garden contains interesting flowers and foliage at all seasons. an old Bramley orchard with rambler roses The current colour scheme expands the Time growing through the trees and spring bulbs Theme into a Day/Night Scheme with one bed beneath. In late spring a double row of white planted in hot red, orange and yellow colours cherry trees provides a pleasing walk. and the remainder in cool blues, whites and silvers. A circular grassed area is intended for Lord Dearing, former Chancellor of the informal seating as well as a small open-air University, formally opened the garden on performance site. Twelve sentinel clipped Tuesday 4 July 2000. The garden has received yews, again reinforcing the time theme, many awards and is open for use throughout surround the lawn. the year. Various events are also held here. One of University Park’s boundaries is the lake that adjoins Highfields Park. For years it was almost impossible to circumnavigate the entire lake and access to the lake on the University side possible at merely a few points. This changed in 2002, when the University, in conjunction with the City Council, created the Walk Lakeside Walk. Lakeside ® University park is home to many forms of wildlife 12 13 This circular walk extends to a total of one and a quarter miles, joining together University Park with Highfields Park. It is navigable by wheelchair users for the entire length, although signs warn that some areas have inclines. The path passes over low ground at the water’s edge, climbs above some of the cliff areas giving views of the lake, passes across the formal stone terrace in front of the Trent building and then drops down underneath the sandstone cliffs, passing the caves and linking with Highfields Park paths by the island. This formal city park also has many features of interest and in the summer boats are available for hire on the lake. The walk rejoins the University land at the Lakeside Arts Centre. Platanus x acerifolia Walking out to the west you will come to the Jubilee Avenue, 2 which was renamed at our Silver Jubilee in 1998. To mark 50 years since granting of the Charter, the University planted Ulmus ‘Sapporo Autumn Gold’ 50 London Planes. These are Platanus x acerifolia (x hispanica), a hybrid between P. occidentalis and P. orientalis which occurred in Europe around 1650. Looking right across the drive and the West Lawn, we can see a mature specimen alongside Florence Boot Hall. Tree Walk Tucked around the corner behind a holly hedge is a piece of stone, known as the ‘Bassingfield Stone’. It is an ‘erratic’ made of Hornblend Schist, a hard crystalline rock and is thought to have been washed down from the Grampian Mountains to the Trent Valley during the last Ice Age. It was You might describe our Tree Walk as a 4 discovered in 1949. 3 World Tour in less than a hour! During this time you can see trees from Europe, the Mediterranean, Morocco, USA, China, At the top of the drive on the left hand side Japan, Himalayas, North Africa, and is a mature horse chestnut a native of Greece, Chile, in fact almost all round the world! introduced to the UK in 17th. There are also specimens of our native oak, walnut, Cedar 14 It is amazing that plants from so many of Lebanon and a young deodar planted by 15 areas, different climates, and soils thrive Indian High Commissioner. Nearby is one in the UK climate. of the entrances to Lakeside Walk described Start at the Trent Building, 1 completed elsewhere in this guide. in 1928 and built of Portland stone. It was On the right hand side of the drive is a group designed by the London architect Morley of young Acer saccharinum, the Silver maple, Horder. Some described him as a ‘poet in brick’ introduced from Eastern North America in but DH Lawrence ridiculed this building as an 1725. It is a fast growing tree. 4 ‘iced cake’. The Lido, lake and University Boulevard were constructed at same time. If you cross the grass to the right of Jubilee It was opened by King George V and Queen Drive and move round to the right just behind Mary in 1928 Acer saccharinum the small car park you will find an example of Ulmus ‘Sapporo Autumn Gold’, the so-called In the quadrangle you will see clipped specimens resistant elm. Most English elms now rarely of Ilex x altarclarensis ‘Hodginsii’, a form of reach any great size due to the continuing the Highclere holly. This is a strong vigorous prevalence of Dutch Elm Disease but this male clone which, tolerates pollution so was clone is resistant and has good autumn colour. often planted in cities in the past. There is another specimen of this opposite Derby Hall and this is regarded as a ‘Champion Tree’ as it is the largest specimen if this species in the UK. 5 The very narrow tree nearby is a Fagus sylvatica ‘Dawyck’. The Dawyck Beech was originally found in a plantation in Dawyck, Peebles, in about 1860 but not widely planted until about 1930. 6 ® Jubilee Avenue Staying in front of the low stone wall and continuing away from Jubilee Drive, you will Near the perimeter of the garden, at the back of come to a group of exotic conifers. The one the Trent Building are examples of Cedrus atlantica with very delicate foliage is Metasequoia and Cedrus atlantica Glauca, the ‘Blue Cedar’. glyptostroboides, the dawn redwood, which is This blue form occurs in the wild as well as in a deciduous conifer so will be leafless in winter. cultivation but originates in the Atlas Mountains It was only known as fossil for many years, but in Algeria and Morocco. It was introduced in was rediscovered in China in 1941. It has good 1840 but not readily cultivated until 1900’s. 10 autumn colour. 7 Nearby is a fine example of Liriodendron Nearby, the very upright tree with heavy dark tulipiferae, the ‘Tulip Tree’ It can be recognised green foliage is Sequoiadendron giganteum by its squarish truncated leaves. In early summer otherwise know as the Wellingtonia, or it produces exquisite greenish tulip shaped flowers Mammoth Tree. This is a native of California, with orange stamens. It is a large slow growing and was introduced to the UK in 1853. It is tree, which does not flower until mature, at least Sequoiadendron acknowledged as the largest living thing. One 25 years old. It originates from North America giganteum specimen, known as ‘The General Sherman and was introduced by Tradescant the younger. 11 Tree’ is around 81m high with a girth of 24m. It is also one of the most long lived plants with You can detour here into Highfields Walled the oldest estimated at 3,200 years. It was Garden 12 which is described elsewhere in discovered by William Lobb in 1853. 8 this guide. Eucalyptus here represent Australia 16 in our world tour and in summer cannas stand 17 Move up onto the raised lawn in front of for South America. Continue behind the Highfields House. 9 This was built about Archaeology building across the tarmac paths. 1797 for Joseph Lowe, a local woollen and On your left, almost clinging to the building is linen draper who had been Sheriff in 1763. a huge English Oak, Quercus robur 13 and The Lowe family occupied Highfields for 80 a short way on, to your right is a good mature years and owned it for 120. It was originally an specimen of the London Plane, Platanus x Liriodendron extensive property with a walled garden, many acerifolia. 14 The paths lead you out onto tulipiferae glasshouses, stables and coach houses as well Cherry Tree Hill. The gnarled old specimens of as farmstead for 25 cows. Jesse Boot bought Prunus ‘Kanzan’ 15 give this road its name. the estate around 1919 and gave it to the It is a splendid site with masses of pink East Midlands University in 1921. blossom in early summer and has featured on many University pictures over the years. Around the garden are specimens of Acer J palmatum, cultivars, of ‘ apanese maple’, The clear open hillside beyond used to be with leaves like small hands. They originate from the site of the Cherry tree Buildings but now Japan, China and Korea, These small trees need displays groups of young trees 16 including shade, and a moist soil and then produce good limes and cherries that will in time take over autumn colour. from the older plantings. Turning to your left and crossing the road diagonally you will enter a grassy area with more trees. Looking around from this point you can see a fine spreading Ailanthus altissima, with huge pinnate leaves. This is sometimes called the Tree of Heaven because of its rapid speed of Further on the left is a small upright tree named growth. It originates from Northern China. 17 Ginkgo biloba. Commonly called the maidenhair tree, it is a conifer not fern. It is one of the few Nearby is a mature Catalpa bignonioides, with remaining plants that was growing 200 million large flat round leaves. The long seedpods years ago, when dinosaurs roamed the earth. produced after the white flowers give it the It was discovered in China and has long been common name of Indian Bean Tree, although valued for its medicinal properties. 22 it originates from the Gulf of Mexico. 18 Nearby is a bushy evergreen, Arbutus unedo or If you visit in May you will see the strange the Killarney strawberry tree. In late summer you mixture of pink and yellow flowers on the will see both mature fruits and flowers at same + Laburnocytisus adamii, a curious hybrid time. The word unedo means ‘eat one only’ originally produced from grafting together because the fruits, although edible, are quite laburnum and broom. 19 unpleasant. It is found as a native throughout Mediterranean areas through to Ireland. 23 The large tree next to the Strawberry tree is a Southern Beech, Nothofagus obliqua, 24 originating from Chile originally in 1910. Ginkgo biloba Look for the gap in the planting at the left- hand end and cross the road to the Vale of Tears, so-called because of the collection of weeping trees. 25 The small weeping birch is Betula pendula ‘Youngii’, one of the best weeping trees for small gardens. ® Yellow and pink flowers from this graft hybrid Nearby is an upright birch with chalky white 18 Going back across the main road and walking bark. This is Betula utilis, the Himalayan birch, 19 across the top of Portland Hill, we enter the introduced by Sir Joseph Hooker in 1849 from area known as the Botanic Garden, 20 which Western China. used to contain a traditional range of botanical order beds. It is now a quiet retreat garden with In the area there are also specimens of weeping some fine views across Nottingham towards the ash Fraxinus excelsior ‘Pendula’, with its shaggy river. The open lumpy area of grass beyond the umbrella shape and the weeping beech Fagus garden is the site of Keighton Medieval Village, sylvatica ‘Pendula’ with its large sweeping a site of archaeological interest. branches and pendulous twigs. The unusual bushy plant nearby is a medlar, Nearby is another beech with delicate cut leaves. Mespilus germanica. The single apple blossom- It is correctly named Fagus sylvatica ‘Heterophylla’ like flowers are followed by brown fruits, which but often called the Fern-leaved beech. need to be very ripe before eating and even then the flavour is an acquired taste! It is a native of Southern Europe and Asia Minor. 21 ® The Downs in mid summer 20 21 Walk up the hill into the Visitor Car Park and head towards the top left-hand corner. The steps lead up and through the courtyard of Hugh Stewart Hall. The golden conifers that flank the crossing path on the left-hand side are Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Stewartii’, chosen because of the Hall name. 26 On the right-hand side, opposite the end of the cross path, is a lovely young specimen Turn right and walk alongside the Downs. of the golden-leaved tulip tree, Liriodendron The row of large trees 29 alongside the tulipiferae ‘Aureomarginatum’. There are tennis courts are a purple leaved form of several other interesting trees in the area the common beech and the graft line can including a Monkey Puzzle. 27 be clearly distinguished half way up the trunk. Walking on to the road junction there is a Walk on through the archway out of the Hall small group of conifers 30 with more grounds. Carry straight on to the roadway. evergreen Sequoiadendron giganteum The vast grassy area beyond is known as the interplanted with the deciduous Metasequoia Downs. Since 1995, it has been managed as a glyptostroboides. Turn right at the road wildflower meadow and the number of species junction and you will see the restored rock present has considerably risen. 28 garden 31 where our tour ends. The University of Nottingham also has The whole campus was designed with other campus sites; the nearby Jubilee sustainability high in its profile and some very Campus and also Sutton Bonington. innovative green strategies were used in the Both of these sites are open to the public. design of the new buildings. The Campus has received many awards. The landscape was designed to integrate with the buildings and to encourage wildlife. Fundamental to the design are a series of lakes. As well as sites providing cooling for the buildings in summer, the lakes receive all surface drainage water Other from the whole site acting as balancing ponds. Trees and shrubs are now well established and wildflowers grow on the grassy mounds behind the lakes. A wide range of waterfowl including mallards, swans, coots, moorhens, geese and Jubilee Campus herons have become established and breed on the lakes. Many of the buildings have green Our state-of-the-art Jubilee Campus, was roofs, which have been planted with a carpets opened in October 1999. When the University of low growing alpine plants. These green realised that continued development of roofs help to maintain steady temperatures in University Park would destroy its beautiful the buildings winter and summer, acting more green landscape, they made the unique efficiently than traditional insulation. Phase II decision to build a new campus. The site of this development includes additional chosen was a brownfield site, very near to buildings on the opposite side of Triumph road, University Park, the home of the former complete with a paved Boulevard, linking the Raleigh bicycle factory. Initially there were two sites. An avenue of sixty new Sophora neither trees nor even soil on the factory site, japonica, fountains and an additional small although the University was able to purchase lake will enhance the scheme. a narrow band of land at the rear of the site, which contained mature trees which provide 22 an ideal backdrop for the landscape. This has Sutton Bonington 23 been integrated into the site. Whereas University Park is a green oasis within the city of Nottingham, the campus at Sutton Jubilee Campus lakes in early summer Bonington is a small community within the ® countryside. This 40 acre site is home to land based sciences such as Agriculture, Plant Sciences, Food Sciences and the Veterinary School. Although on a relatively small scale, the campus is well endowed with very varied plantings including a small arboretum. In recent years much landscape refurbishment has taken place and many new planting are now establishing well. Of particular interest is the lime avenue alongside the South Laboratory. This was planted to commemorate those lost in the First World War. There is said to be a ‘Queen’s Shilling’ buried under each tree. The University is committed to environmentally sensitive techniques in its grounds management. issues Environmental Recycling Wherever possible gardens waste is recycled to produce compost or mulching materials. Pesticides The use of pesticides is kept to a minimum. Planting Policy The University is committed to tree planting, adding many new trees each year using a balance of native species and exotic species. Scrubland It is accepted that some areas of scrub and bramble may appear neglected but have a 24 rich wildlife value. Grasslands There are many areas of grass that are managed as meadowland allowing them to flower and seed naturally thus supporting other wildlife. Peat No peat is used for soil amelioration. Tree Surgery In some areas dead or dying trees are left as bat roosts or for wood boring birds and insects. Habitats In some woodland areas, prunings and felled timber are left as habitat piles. Historical Conservation The campus has not been truly ‘natural’ for many years. Some areas will have a specific historical value, which is conserved in its own right.