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					      Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                              Reddwall Solutions
                                                                              “Delivering Systems & Support”
                   “Reviewing the State of Affairs”


Food & Nutrition




Canola Oil                                              Nano-Tea
* This technology is called NSSL (Nano-sized self       * Prepared with nano-technology, the nano-
assembled structured liquids), which is a               tea can release effectively all the excellent
development of minute compressed micelles               essences of the tea thus, boosting the
called nanodrops. These minute micelles serve as a      adsorption (adsorbing viruses, free radicals,
liquid carrier, which allows penetration of healthy     cholesterol and blood fat) and annihilation of
components (such as vitamins, minerals and              viruses through penetration so that a good
phytochemicals) that are insoluble in water or fats.    supplement of selenium can be achieved and the
The minute micelles carry the phytosterols to the       selenium supplement function can be increased
large micelles that the body produces from the bile     by 10 times.
acid, where they compete with cholesterol for entry
into the micelle. The phytosterols enter the micelle,
thereby inhibiting transportation of cholesterol from
the digestive system into the bloodstream.
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Food & Nutrition




 Vitamin Supplement                                 Activated Water

 * All Spray For Life® products are dispensed by    * Nano Cup aerobics living on the authority of the
 our newly-designed pre-metered, non-               state department is testing a new nano functional
 aerosol Nanoceutical Delivery System (NDS)         Cup Galaxia using far infrared nano-materials and
 administered transmucosally, resulting in          nano-East Limited has developed the unique effect
 higher circulatory and tissue levels               of material properties faxing activated, the water
 (increased-bioavailability).                       molecules resonate, strengthening the immune
 * The superior benefits of our patented NDS        system and enhancing metabolism.
 technology is to introduce Nanodroplets of pure
 nutrients into the body in a manner which allows
 over time, more rapid, uniform and complete
 absorption than pills, capsules or liquids which
 are absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract.

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Household Products




   Nano Oil Lubricant                                Bath Towels

   * Nano-enhanced multi-surface/multi-              * Our gym and bath towels are made from
   purpose                                           luxurious 100% pure cotton treated with
                                                     SilverSure so they never go smelly in your
    -   Unlocks frozen parts                         gym bag and help protect against fungal
    -   Penetrating Oil lubricates and protects      infections easily caught in public showering
    -   Dissolves rust and corrosion                 facilities such as the gym or pool.
    -   Drives out moisture                          * Our bath towels stay bacteria and odor free no
    -   Frees sticky mechanisms                      matter how long between washes.
    -   NO SQUEAKS




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Household Products




 Luggage
                                                        Wrinkle Free Sheets
 * Our company has a long history of creating
 innovative products that are designed to advance       * Whether you are looking for health benefits,
 the luggage industry as a whole and deliver            the feeling of extra freshness or just the feeling
 solutions to consumers. Our management and             of 100% cotton sheets, AgActive sheet sets
 research team set out to solve an on-going dilemma     are the definition of luxury and can also help in
 in the luggage industry: how to keep luggage           the fight against cross infection of super
 looking newer and cleaner for longer periods of        bugs such as penicillin resistant bacteria
 time. After a great deal of research and testing, we   (MRSA).
 identified the use of nanotechnology as the key to     * Of course we stress that we cannot
 creating lightweight fabric that provides              guarantee total protection from cross infection
 superior protection against stains and other           as it's sources are many and varied, however
 elements. We selected Nano-Tex fabric and the          our sheets can form part of a planned hygiene
 end result is beautiful luggage that will withstand    program.
 the test of time.                                                                                              5
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Household Products




Hand Bag                                                Plastic Wrap
* German-based international leather and bag            * We have also succeeded in producing nano
specialist BREE has created the first illuminated       ZnO light catalyst, which can sterilize completely
business handbag with Smart Surface                     in indoor lighting, and compound materials which
Technology. The very solution they were looking for     with IR Ray double the number of functions. All
is now available in the form of "Smart Surface          these make its application far-reaching.
Technology" developed by Bayer MaterialScience,         * Function of Nano Plastic Wrap:
one of the world's largest plastics manufacturers, in     - Anti-UV
partnership with the Swiss firm Limited, a specialist     - Reflecting IR
in electroluminescence (EL) and precision electronic      - Sterilizing and anti-mold
components.                                               - Better temperature tolerance
                                                          - Fire-proof

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Clothing




 Socks                                              Pants

 * No more athlete’s foot! Now ordinary cotton      * Dockers recently came out with a
 socks treated with nano-silver particles –         new brand of pants, the Go Khakis,
 SoleFresh ™ are out on the market. The nano-       which promise to keep your legs
 silver inhibits the growth of bacteria and         stain-free using revolutionary
 fungus thus, preventing foot odor and              nanotechnology.
 itchiness.




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Appliances




 Washing Machine                                      Refridgerator

 * Globally recognized for its high-tech and          * Daewoo’s Side by Side refrigerator. Its latest
 futuristic appliances, Samsung incorporates a        radius design will introduce a comfortable
 technology called Silver Nano. C1235A 5.2 kg         atmosphere to your family setting.
 Drum Type washing machine comes with                 * After splitting the particles of silver known to
 Silver Wash that sterilizes your clothes. Plus       have superior deodorant and antibiotic power by
 with its stainless steel tub, it can help you save   1/1000000 mm, we have applied it to major parts
 water up to 30%.                                     of refrigerator in order to restrain the growth and
                                                      increase of a wide variety of bacteria and
                                                      eliminate odors. Accordingly, it is the latest pro-
                                                      health technology to ensure freshness of food
                                                      products and ultimately, your health. Nano
                                                      Silver presents strong disinfection, deodorant and
                                                      storage power.
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Appliances




 Window Air Conditioner                                  Power Tools

 * Choose Samsung AW09F2TBC Window Type                  * Introducing a battery cathode based on
 Aircon for it cools your home quickly during long hot   phosphate nanocrystals that has ripped its
 summers. This 1.0 hp Manual Timer Air                   way from a lab at the Massachusetts Institute
 Conditioner has Silver Nano technology and will         of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, through
 be the perfect choice for your home.                    financing, design, development and
                                                         manufacture in east Asia, to its current
                                                         position, driving 36-volt power tools from
                                                         Black & Decker - owner of the DeWalt
                                                         professional-grade marque.



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Personal Care Products




 Toothpaste                                         Cosmetics
 * Nanoparticle mHAP is non-abrasive,               * Radical Sponge® is a sophisticated ingredient
 almost the same substance as the teeth,            specially processed from BioFullerene™ to facilitate
 and not only helps remove plaque, but              blending into any cosmetic product. While
 also provides essential mineral to repair          BioFullerene™ is simply Fullerene in powder form,
 surface and subsurface areas of                    Radical Sponge® is an advanced ingredient
 microscopic damage, restoring tooth enamel         designed for superior adaptability to, and
 to its near-original mineral density,              stabilization of, cosmetic formulations. Thus,
 smoothness and gloss, and protecting against       Fullerene has been rendered easier to use in
 decay to give us healthier, naturally              cosmetic applications without sacrificing any of the
 translucent, more beautiful teeth.                 safety or functional properties of BioFullerene™.
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Personal Care Products




Nanoexfolient                                        Hair Brush
* StriVectin™-NE Self-Heating NanoExfoliant          * Using Nano Silver technology, Sang Shin is
For The Hands™ has a molecular weight                producing high-quality brush bristles for
perfectly suited to help increase cellular           healthy hair. To accomplish this, we produce brush
turnover and improve the appearance of               bristles by mixing and processing Nylon 66 raw
surface tension and overall clarity while            materials and anti-bacterial Nano Silver materials.
delivering optimal hydration and elasticity.
Our thermo-active NanoExfoliating technology
delivers substantial dermabrasive properties
without causing lasting redness or damaging the
skin.

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Personal Care Products




Razor Blades                                         Mosquito Repellent Spray
* The FX Diamond razor uses nanotechnology           * As micro capsulated fragrance is used, once
to create a coating on its blades to make them       you spray this product on clothes, the effect
more durable. Adding nano-particles to the           will last up to 10 hours.
blade metal increases the density, and thus
the hardness. The Panasonic Arc electronic
razor uses nano-particles in its blades to
increase their sharpness.




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Personal Care Products




 Skin Cream                                         Soap

 * Superior nano ZnO formula combined with          * The Korean company is using
 state-of-the-art nano micelle technology to        nanotechnology for advances in soap
 completely remove makeup and dead cells,           production processes resulting in the
 leaving your skin clean, smooth, and fresh.        preparation of nano solutions. Antibacterial
                                                    soaps provide not only basic sterilization,
                                                    but also kill a wide variety of pathogenic
                                                    bacteria and viruses including hepatitis
                                                    and other infectious diseases.

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Personal Care Products




Skin Supplement                                       Sunscreen

* Advanced Nano Technology LLC, the company           * Natural ingredients, skin soothers, and clear
that distributes Nano-2+ and Nano Silver, is using    ZCOTE Technology make this a refreshing
a system of nanoization that no other company in      choice in Sun Protection. It is water resistant,
the world has. It has made the supplements in         light weight, non greasy, and fragrance free. Lightly
Nano-2+ so small that they pass right through         moisturizes skin, and drenches it with skin
the membrane of human cells, completely               enhancing Green Tea, Vitamins C and E, Vitamin A
nourishing them and bringing them to life.            and Ginseng/Ginko Biloba/Licorice extracts for anti
                                                      aging. Hyaluronic Acid is added to keep skin
                                                      hydrated, without the greasy heavy feel of some
                                                      sun blocks.

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Personal Care Products




 Skin Whitener                                      Curling Iron

 * Investigation into the cause of "chronic"        * Leaves hair renewed, repaired and
 blemishes that appear with minimal UV exposure     revitalized for a softer and smoother
 and application of "nanotechnology" at KOSÉ        finish. Lets you flip, shape, control and
 has produced the series that enhances              smooth hair. Nanotechnology produces
 whiteness and transparency of your skin            minimal hair damage and eliminates frizz.
 flawlessly.




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Electronics




Intel Celleron Processor                             Light Emitting Diode

* Intel entered the nanotechnology era in            * Organic light emitting diode (OLED) technology
2000 when it began volume production of              uses substances that emit red, green, blue or
chips with sub-100nm length transistors. *           white light. Without any other source of
* Intel believes that the future of                  illumination, OLED materials present bright, clear
nanotechnology is silicon based; the                 video and images that are easy to see at almost
company has a major effort in this area,             any angle.
both in-house and through external                   * OLED displays stack up several thin layers of
research programs.                                   materials. They operate on the attraction between
                                                     positively and negatively charged particles. When
                                                     voltage is applied, one layer becomes negatively
                                                     charged relative to another transparent layer. As
                                                     energy passes from the negatively charged (cathode)
                                                     layer to the other (anode) layer, it stimulates organic
                                                     material between the two, which emits light visible
                                                     through an outermost layer of glass.                           16
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Electronics




iPod Nano                                              SED Display

* Inside the iPod Nano are memory chips from           * The Suface-conductor Electron-emitter Display
Samsung and Toshiba. Samsung, the biggest              (SED) based on a new type of flat-panel display
producer of NAND and DRAM flash memory                 technology, was created through the merging of
chips in the world, uses semiconductor                 Canon's proprietary electron-emission and
manufacturing methods with precision below             microfabrication technologies with Toshiba's CRT
100 nanometers. This precision, in part, is what       technology and mass-production tehcnologies for
enables the iPod Nano's 4 GB NAND flash                liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and semiconductors.
memory.                                                Like conventional CRTs, SEDs utilize the collision of
                                                       electrons with a phosphor-coated screen to emit light.
                                                       Electron emitters, which correspond to an electron
                                                       gun in a CRT, are distributed in an amount equal to
                                                       the number of pixels on the display.
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Electronics




Notebook Computers                                   Keyboard & Mouse

* The Q40 also incorporates Samsung's Silver         * IOGEAR's Wireless Keyboard and Optical
Nano technology and is compliant with RoHS           Mouse combo is coated with a Titanium Dioxide
standards that restrict the use of hazardous         (TiO2) and Silver (Ag) nano-particle
substances. For extra peace of mind, it also         compound. The coating uses two mechanisms to
carries the Samsung ECO Mark, certifying that        deactivate enzymes and proteins of bacteria from
the Q40 uses eco-friendly components and             surviving on the surface of the product. The
packing materials, and promotes power saving.        compound has been tested and proven effective
* Silver Nano technology takes advantage of          against various bacteria.
the anti-bacteria properties of silver to protect
computer users from potentially harmful
germs, molds and bacteria. It is applied as a
high-tech coating on the Q40's keyboard and
palm rest.
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Electronics




XBOX                                                   Sensors
* The chip features a customized version of            * We apply nanotechnology during sensor
IBM's industry leading 64-bit PowerPC core. The        development, enabling us to minimize sensor
chip includes three of these cores, each with two      size and increase unit pixels integrated into a
simultaneous threads and clock speeds greater          limited area. This produces higher density as well
than 3 GHz. It features 165 million transistors        as lower power consumption, so as to improve
fabricated using IBM's 90 nanometer Silicon            the vulnerability of previous image sensors in
on Insulator (SOI) technology to reduce heat           mobile phones.
and improve performance.



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Electronics




Organic Electroluminescent Display                          Lithium-Ion Battery

* Made of nanostructured polymer films, OLED                * The new battery fuses Toshiba's latest advances
screens emit their own light and are lighter,               in nano-material technology for the electric devices
smaller and more energy efficient than                      sector with cumulative know-how in manufacturing
conventional liquid crystal displays.                       lithium-ion battery cells. A breakthrough
* OEL were introduced to the world by Pioneer in            technology applied to the negative electrode
1999, and headunits have never looked the same              uses new nano-particles to prevent organic
since. OEL displays, featured in select Premier and         liquid electrolytes from reducing during battery
Pioneer models, have some intensely great                   recharging. The nano-particles quickly absorb
advantages over normal displays, namely: you can            and store a vast amount of lithium ions,
read the display from wide angles and even in               without causing any deterioration in the
bright sunlight (what a concept!).                          electrode.
* Since it’s easier to read, it’s also easier to control,
and you can keep your eyes on the road longer.
It’s a self-emitting device, so there’s no need for
backlighting and it’s really efficient to operate.
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Business Applications




Photo Paper                                           Nanolithography

* KODAK Ultima Picture Paper employs a                * Words written on a silicon substrate using a
revolutionary nine-layer composition -                carbon nanotube tip of about 10 nanometers in
engineered with ceramic nanopaticles and              diameter. The thickness of the letters is about 7-8
other advances in coating technologies - to           nanometers, and the height of the letters is 20
resist the effects of heat, humidity, light, and      nanometers. The words were imaged with an
ozone.                                                atomic force microscope equipped with another
                                                      nanotube tip.
                                                      * NanoInk has developed a nanotechnology
                                                      based approach to fight pharmaceutical
                                                      counterfeiting and illegal diversion. NanoInk
                                                      deploys its highly patented Nanoencryption
                                                      technology process to provide deeply covert
                                                      traceability at the unit dosage level.
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Business Applications




Paper Coatings                                         Commercial Textiles
* Ecology’s proprietary patent pending, nano-          * Nano-Tex is the first company to bring
engineered coatings combine cutting edge               nanotechnology to the textile industry.
technologies to produce breakthrough multi-            Nano-Tex utilizes nanotechnology to: 1)
functional coatings of superior performance.           design molecules with specific
They are fast curing durable, and clean nano-          performance attributes; 2) engineer the
composite coatings for the products of tomorrow,       molecules to assemble on the surface of
exhibiting new of properties that are suitable for a   textile fibers with extreme precision, and
broad range of applications.                           3) ensure that they permanently attach to
* Ecology Coatings has developed a 100% solids,        the fibers through patented binding
UV curable coating for the waterproofing of paper      technology. This patented binding
and paper products. Nanoparticles penetrate            technology, exclusive to Nano-Tex
through the paper, blocking water and many             treatments, allows Nano-Tex to offer the
solvents, even when only one side is coated.           most sophisticated enhanced textiles on the
                                                       market today.                                        22
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Cancer Drugs




DOXIL (FDA Approved, February 2005)                   ABRAXANE (FDA Approved, January 2005)

“ Anti-cancer drug for the treatment of               “ Anti-cancer drug used to treat advanced
refractory ovarian cancer and AIDS-related            breast cancer.
Kaposi’s sarcoma.                                     “ Albumin-bound form of paclitaxel with a
* First marketed product to incorporate               mean particle size of approximately 130
STEALTH® technology which is composed of lipid        nanometers”
nanoparticles that incorporate a polyethylene
glycol (PEG) coating. This coating helps evade the
potential impact of the immune system and
enables STEALTH® technology to provide the
precise delivery of drugs to disease-specific areas
of the body.
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Cancer Drugs




EMEND (FDA Approved, March 2003)

* Anti-nausea drug for chemotherapy patients that contains 80 or 125 mg of aprepitant formulated
as NanoCrystal drug particles.
* NanoCrystal particles are small particles of drug substance, typically less than 1000 nanometers (nm)
in diameter, which are produced by milling the drug substance using a proprietary, wet-milling technique.
The NanoCrystal particles of the drug are stabilized against agglomeration by surface adsorption of
selected GRAS (Generally Regarded As Safe) stabilizers. The result is an aqueous dispersion of the drug
substance that behaves like a solution – a NanoCrystal colloidal dispersion, which can be processed into
finished dosage forms for all routes of administration.
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Immunosuppressant & Hormone Therapy




RAPAMUNE (FDA Approved, August 2000)                 ESTRASORB (FDA Approved, October 2003)

* Immunosuppressant indicated for the               * Topical lotion that contains estrogen approved
prophylaxis of organ rejection in patients           for the treatment of moderate to severe
aged 13 years or older receiving renal               vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes) associated
transplants.                                         with menopause.
                                                     * Product utilizes Novavax’s patented and
                                                     proprietary micellar nanoparticle drug-delivery
                                                     platform. This technology involves the application
                                                     of a cosmetic like, moisturizing emulsion to deliver
                                                     a therapeutic dose of 17β estradiol into the
                                                     bloodstream when applied to the skin.

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Cholesterol & Appetite Treatment




TRICOR (Launched, December 2004)                       MEGACE ES (FDA Approved, July 2004)

* Cholesterol-lowering drug that employs Elan’s        * Drug designed to stimulate appetite for the
NanoCrystal Technology to make it more easily          treatment of anorexia, cachexia, or an
administrable.                                         unexplained, significant weight loss in
* The NanoCrystal particles of the drug are            patients with a diagnosis of Acquired
stabilized against agglomeration by surface            Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
adsorption of selected stabilizers. The result is an   * Utilizes Elan’s NanoCrystal technology
aqueous dispersion of the drug substance that          delivery system to improve the rate of dissolution
behaves like a solution – a NanoCrystal colloidal      and bioavailability of the original megesterol
dispersion, which can be processed into finished       acetate oral suspension.
dosage forms for all routes of administration.
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Bone Replacement & Dental Reconstruction




VITOSS (Launched, February 2004)                       ZIRCONIUM (Launched, September 2003)

* 3-D ß-TCP scaffolds for use in repairing bone       * Commercial nano-sized zirconium oxide
defects that are comprised of highly porous, 100 nm   for dental applications including fillings
sized particles.                                      and prosthetic devices.
* Nano-sized particles to enhance resorption          * Nano-sized zirconium oxide is ideal for
and new bone growth.                                  dental applications because of its strength and
                                                      transparency to light, but it is opaque to x-rays,
                                                      making it an excellent material for UV-cured
                                                      dental fillings.



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Chemical Substitute & Drug Development




Neowater (Launched February 2004)                         Controlled Flow Cavitations (Launched 2005)

* Broad enabling platform upon which research,            * Technology controls the location, size,
diagnostics, biotech and pharma companies can             density, and intensity of implosion of bubbles
obtain disruptive price-performance results, yet with a   in the cavitation zone to create optimum
graceful implementation.                                  process conditions. This ability to harness the
* Neowater enables superior water-based                   force of cavitation yields superior results when
biocatalysts, solvents, reagents, media enhancers,        the controlled energy release is applied to
and buffers that maximize the efficiency of new and       nanomaterials synthesis and to the development
existing products and processes.                          of fine emulsions and dispersions for advanced
* Neowater™, with its stable system of largely            applications.
hydrated nano-particles, like non-ionic detergent         * Has been applied to a range of products from
derived micelles, reduces the entropy of aqueous          Appetite Control Spray Gels to Metal Oxide
solutions. In addition, by design, it exhibits both       Catalysts.
hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
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Medical Imaging




Odot Nanocrystals                                        TriLite Technology

* Qdot nanocrystals are nanometer-scale atom             * Technology used to create nanocrystals and
clusters, containing from a few hundred to a few         nanoclusters for imaging and diagnostics.
thousand atoms of a semiconductor material which         * TriLite™ alloyed nanocrystals are of relatively
have been coated with an additional semiconductor        uniform size: approximately 6 nm alloyed
shell (zinc sulfide) to improve the optical properties   nanocrystals can be produced in stable blue and
of the material.                                         blue green colors (less than 525 nm). Crystals can
* The many benefits they bring to fluorescence           also be made in the far red region of the spectrum
methodology include: Long-term photostability            (greater than 660 nm) with little loss in stability.
for live-cell imaging and dynamics studies;              * TriLite™ nanoclusters are aggregates of 8 – 12
Fixability for follow-up immunofluorescence              individual nanocrystals. These nanoclusters are 40
from in vivo studies; Archivability for permanent        – 50 nm in size and are functionalized on the
sample storage in pathology; Brilliant colors for        surface with carboxyl groups using a proprietary
simple, single-excitation source, multicolor analysis.   Crystalplex technology.

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Diagnostic Tools




CellTracks (Launched 2004)                            NanoChip Technology (Launched 2005)

Kits and Marker Reagents use “patented                NanoChip® microarray technology provides an
magnetic nanoparticles called ferrofluids,            open platform that allows customers to easily run
conjugated to antibodies and directed against         common assays as well as customize their own
rare cells including circulating tumor and            assays. Applying a positive electric current to
endothelial cells. After the rare cells are           individual test sites on the microarray enables
enriched from the patient sample, they are            rapid movement and concentration of negatively
fluorescently labeled.                                charged DNA and RNA molecules. Nanogen’s
                                                      technology involves electronically addressing
                                                      biotinylated samples, hybridizing
                                                      complementary DNA reporter probes and
                                                      applying stringency to remove un-bound and
                                                      nonspecifically-bound strands after hybridization.

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Medical Tools




Laporascopic Fusion System (Launched 2004)            TiMESH (FDA Approved; March, 2004)

* The SurgRx™ EnSeal™ Tissue Sealing and              * Specifically indicated for laparoscopic and open
Hemostasis System allows surgeons to seal and         surgery for the repair of direct or indirect inguinal,
transect small to large vessels, large pedicles and   femoral, umbilical and incisional hernias; rectal,
tissue bundles to achieve surgical hemostasis.        vaginal and apical prolapses; and parietal
* With Smart Electrode Technology, EnSeal™            reinforcement of tissues and abdominal wall repair.”
Instruments adjust and dose energy                    * Light, strong and totally biocompatible because of
simultaneously to various tissues each with its own   its inertness and immunity to corrosion by all body
impedance characteristics. This proprietary           fluids and tissue, titanium is one of few materials that
electrode consists of millions of nanometer-          naturally match the requirements for implantation in
sized conductive particles embedded in a              the human body. Cutting-edge nanotechnology is
temperature-sensitive material. EnSeal™ works         used to develop TiMESH with its ideal surgical
equally well when sealing arteries, veins, and        mesh properties, including biocompatibility,
transecting fatty tissue, small ligaments and         resistance to infection, and the ability to be
connective tissue.                                    recognized by the body as a solid titanium
                                                      implant.                                                     31
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Medical Tools




Acticoat                                                 SilvaGard Technology

* Acticoat* (with SILCRYST™ Nanocrystals)                * SilvaGard Antimicrobial Surface Treatment is
Dressings offer powerful antimicrobial barrier           nanoparticle technology created and applied in
protection. Only Acticoat maintains safe                 solution.
bactericidal concentrations of silver with               * SilvaGard is a wet chemistry process which
patented nanocrystalline technology.                     applies nanoparticles of silver to the surfaces of
* Acticoat* Moisture Control (with SILCRYST™             devices. SilvaGard deposits discrete silver
Nanocrystals) is an absorbent 3-layer dressing           nanoparticles uniformly but discontinuously
consisting of the following: A nanocrystalline silver-   (on the submicroscopic, nearly molecular
coated polyurethane layer, a white polyurethane          level) on the surface of the devices after
foam layer and a blue waterproof polyurethane film       they are manufactured.
layer.
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Reproduction




First Reponse Home Pregnancy Test Kit                  Liquid Condom

* The home pregnancy test is an excellent              * With American scientific research achievement
example of how nano-properties can be used to          and advanced technology of nanometer-silver and
provide practical solutions to real-world problems.    physical foaming. The formulated concentrate
* A pregnant woman's urine has a significant           takes polyvinyl alcohol resin as its basic
excess of HcG, human gonadotropic hormone.             material and nano silver as its main
This hormone has a certain protein structure           components.
that binds to a complementary DNA base pair            * It is designed to protect the vaginal and cervical
sequence. That very specific complementary lock        surfaces. It can remain in the vagina for a long time
for the HcG key is attached to gold                    without destroying the vagina's chemical balance. It
nanoparticles which reflect light of a specific        can effectively kill gynecological disease pathogens
color. If HcG is detected, the spot or line            such as staphylococcus aureus, Candida, coliform
reflects red; if not, blue or clear or whatever the    bacillus, and prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
design entails.                                        Daily use of this product can help maintain genital
                                                       hygiene and prevent infection by pathogens.
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     Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                   Reddwall Solutions
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Sporting Goods




Baseball Bat                                           Bicycle

* Easton, a leader in the development of new           * Easton Sports, a manufacturer of sporting goods in
materials and product innovation, is proud to          the United States with a tradition of innovation, has
introduce a revolutionary breakthrough: CNT--          just launched the world's first bicycle featuring
carbon nanotube technology.                            nanotechnology products.
* The weakest areas in a traditional carbon-fiber      * Easton is ahead of the game again with the launch
bat are the tiny spaces between the fibers that        of a bicycle featuring carbon nanotube technology.
contain only resin. To improve the strength of these   Carbon nanotubes are tiny cylinders of carbon
areas, Carbon Nanotube Technology is sixteen           atoms that have 100 times the strength of steel
times stronger than steel and possibly the             but weigh considerably less. Easton has used
strongest fiber that will ever be made. It is          these materials to produce a bicycle frame called the
dispersed throughout the resin making it tougher       SLC01 Pro Machine, which is 23% lighter than the
and stronger.                                          previous lightest model, weighing in at just 960
                                                       grams.                                                      34
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Sporting Goods




  Bowling Ball                                      Crampon

  * ABS has developed Nano-Carbon Particle          * The Vector Nanotech use a new alloy developed
  Technology exclusively for the Nanodesu           by Sandvik (a world leader in steel) called Sandvik
  Line, which has proven to be competitive          Nanoflex®. The new alloy reduces the weight of
  and durable.                                      normal steel by 20% and increases resistance
                                                    from 43 HRC to 52 HRC. This allows C.A.M.P. to
                                                    decrease the thickness of its Vector crampons from
                                                    2.75 mm to 1.8 mm significantly reducing the
                                                    crampon’s weight and increasing the
                                                    penetration capability of the points.

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     Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                Reddwall Solutions
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                  “Reviewing the State of Affairs”


Sporting Goods




Fishing Rod                                          Football Pads
* Redington's Nano Titanium Quartz (NtiQ) fly        * Sandvik Nanoflex® is a revolutionary metal alloy
fishing rod will have you stepping up the            from Sandvik Materials Technology. Exploiting the
technology ladder. This high-performing rod in its   latest advances in nanotechnology, Sandvik
unique textured blue color is definitely ready for   Nanoflex® offers a unique combination, matching
the big fish. Built with a high modulus graphite,    high strength and hardness with exceptional
a layer of nano titanium resin fills in the small    formability.
pores left by the graphite, and a final coat of
quartz provides strength and durability.


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    Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                  Reddwall Solutions
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Sporting Goods




  Golf Balls                                            Snowboard
  * NANO TECH™ CORE: Nano particles                     •The most technically advanced board on the
  infused into the rubber chemistry produce             market, the Darkhorse is a freeriding machine.
  an extremely lively but soft inner core.              We use a full sheet of carbon fiber to add
  * Players get maximum distance and soft feel          stiffness and pop that is lightweight.
  as well as greens-chewing holdability from the        * Construction & design Features
  3-layer construction of the Px3. In addition to its     - Hypracore 7
  PhD advanced dimple design and Nano Tech                - Dyneema Wrap
  core, the Px3 features a resilient Dupont®              - Sidewall Construction
  HPF® Mantle Layer which delivers increased              - Progressive Sidecut
  velocity off the tee and higher spin rates on full      - Nano Highspeed Graphite Base
  iron shots.
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    Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                   Reddwall Solutions
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Sporting Goods




 Hockey Stick                                        Tennis Balls

 * The new composite stick, developed by             * Premium Tennis Ball with new NanoPlay
 Montreal Sports Oy with the use of                  technology for increased durability.
 nanotechnology, is 60 - 70% better impact           * Wilson has "nanocoated" the balls with a butyl-
 resistance than the traditional composite           based barrier called Air D-Fense by InMat Inc.
 stick. This amazing difference in durability is     which the company says inhibits air permeation
 possible because Montreal Hybtonite Nano            by 200 percent. The balls did not fuzz up quickly
 Epoxy is not a blend of nanoparticles and           after taking a pounding on California's hard courts,
 Epoxy but a reacted Hybrid carbon nanotube          nor did they lose their spring deep in the second set
 epoxy matrix.                                       after some long, brutal rallies from the baseline.

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Sporting Goods




Golf Club                                              Pick

* The Evolution is unique in design and material       * When aluminium may not cut it, but steel seems
and truly is the best of both worlds. In the case of   like overkill, try a hybrid. The Corsa Nanotech uses
the EVOLUTION, AccuFLEX Golf’s Nano                    innovative Sandvik Nanoflex® steel alloy (20%
Composite technology enhancement increases             lighter than normal steel and up to 60% stronger)
the surface area of the shaft thereby creating a       attachments on the pick and spike to drastically
tighter molecular structure. This means that           increases the strength and durability of these
shafts that are enhanced with AccuFLEX                 points without significantly increasing the weight.
Golf’s Nano Composite technology have                  Well-suited for classic alpinism, but thanks to the
fewer voids in the fiber, tighter tolerances           steel attachments, it can also be used on icy and hard
and feature lighter weight with more fiber             snow where the properties of steel become desirable.
density. Nano Composite technology shafts are          7075 aluminum alloy single-curve bent shaft with the
also stronger, have faster recovery with less          aggressive Sandvik Nanoflex® spike offers a
shaft deformation while transmitting better feel.      maximum range of comfortable positions for posting
                                                       and anchoring.
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     Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                    Reddwall Solutions
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Automotive




 Paint Finish                                         Car Wax

 * Part of the standard specification for the off-    * NanoWax is our most technologically advanced
 roader is a new type of paint finish developed       wax created using Nano technology. This formula is
 on the back of nano-technology, which made its       better at filling fine scratches and concealing
 series-production debut in Mercedes-Benz             swirl marks than traditional waxes. It also
 vehicles. Offering significantly improved            provides an amazing shine and leaves no wax
 scratch resistance compared to                       residue behind. We believe NanoWax is the best
 conventional non-metallic or metallic paint          performing high gloss wax formula on the market
 finishes. Nano-particle clearcoat also               today. It's an easier way to protect your car with a
 provides a noticeably enhanced sheen.                long lasting wax and high gloss shine.
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    Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                      Reddwall Solutions
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Automotive




  Fuel Additive                                      Auto Glass Treatment
  * Envirox™ Fuel Borne Catalyst is a                Defender is advanced nanotechnology, forming a
  scientifically and commercially proven diesel      barrier molecule-by-molecule that chemically
  fuel additive which reduces fuel                   bonds to glass. That’s why it lasts up to a year,
  consumption and also reduces harmful               outperforming the leading rain-repellent product
  exhaust emissions.                                 that’s just wiped onto the surface. And Defender
  * Envirox™ improves fuel consumption               stands up better to sunlight, salt, moisture and
  using two mechanisms:                              cleaning.
     - Cerium oxide modifies combustion so           * Each Defender applicator covers approximately 45
  that more work is delivered from each              square feet of glass. The wipe-on, wipe-off application
  combustion cycle for a given quantity of fuel      is done in minutes and cures immediately. No fuss, no
     - Cerium oxide lowers the temperature at        mess, no special tools required. No haze, streaks and
  which carbon combusts allowing the engine          smears. And no buffing. Defender can be consumer
  to operate with optimum efficiency.                applied, or applied by a car care professional.
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   Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                    Reddwall Solutions
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Automotive




  Head Gasket & Block Repair                         Tires

  * K & W NanoTechnology Permanent Head              * The S.drive is designed with nanotechnology to
  Gasket and Block Repair uses nanoparticles         provide "extraordinary grip and handling" in sizes to
  that are one millionth the size of a millimeter.   fit the broadest range of sport sedans and coupes
  These particles fill in the crevices that          from Europe, Asia and North America.
  other products can’t, making a stronger,           * Using nanotechnology, Yokohama engineers
  more solid bond thats permanently                  created a silica-based compound to conform to
  hardens to the surface area.                       the road surface, maximizing grip in wet and dry
                                                     conditions. Tiny scores within the tire groove walls,
                                                     similar to sipes on the tire's surface, effectively
                                                     distribute stress loads and further reduce uneven
                                                     wear.

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     Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                   Reddwall Solutions
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Surface Coatings




Functional Coatings                                    Wood Preservative

* Functional coatings, tailored to all types of        * The water droplets rest on the impregnated
requirements are being developed with the              wood surface like mysterious blue pearls. But this
application of chemical nanotechnology. This           is no conjuring trick: the wood has been treated
facilitates completely new product properties, which   with a BASFs nanoparticular surface coating ,
can be used for any industrial application.            which has made its surface extremely water-
"Intelligent", environmentally-friendly and cost-      repellent (superhydrophobic). This coating
effective solutions are aimed at securing              reduces the contact area between water and
competitive advantages.                                wood to a minimum. It also decreases the
* At present nanogate is "on top" in three hi-tech     forces of adhesion, making the water droplets
application areas: permanent non-stick coatings        assume a globular form. Surfaces become self-
on glass, ceramics, metals or polymers, non-           cleaning and stay clean for a long time by applying
scratch systems for plastics and anti-corrosion        nanostructures as they can be found on the leaves
systems for light metals.                              of the lotus plant.
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Surface Coatings




 One Step Paint                                      Anti-Graffiti Paint

 • Nanophase's proprietary nanoparticles are         * Deletum 5000's special ingredient is silica. It is
 now being used in Behr's Premium Plus Ultra         loaded with particles of the stuff that are but a few
 paint. Nanophase's nanoparticles not only           nanometers across. These particles have both oil-
 lend the paint improved adhesion and anti-          repellent and water-repellent molecules attached
 mildew properties, but also allow users to          to their surfaces. Both are necessary, since the
 forgo the normal two-step priming and               materials used by graffiti artists may be oil-based or
 coating process. The new paint reportedly           water based. However, if merely mixed together, the
 does both in a single step.                         two would end up repelling each other, and thus
                                                     separating. By attaching them to the silica, this mutual
                                                     loathing can be overcome and, as the paint dries, the
                                                     changes that take place force the oil-and-water-
                                                     proofing to the surface. The result is that most
                                                     agents used will not stick to that surface—and
                                                     what does stick can be washed or brushed off
                                                     easily.                                                       44
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Surface Coatings




 Environmentally Safe Epoxy                                 Construction Coatings

 * Advanced Nano-Coatings, Inc ("ANC") is a producer        * The implementation of Nanotechnology
 of high performance, VOC compliant epoxy coatings.         components into wall and facade coatings
 * ANC's products are based upon unique polymer             created some products which architects and
 chemistry combined with cutting edge Nano                  building owners have been waiting for.
 Technologies.                                              * These high-tech products make it
 * ANC'S utilization of these technologies produces         possible, by simply replacing
 multi functional coating systems. These systems            conventional wall paints, to achieve better
 exhibit unique qualities, which now allow a coating        energy ratings for buildings, better indoor
 system to solve more than one market need.                 air quality and fewer allergy-related
 * Applications for these products include wood, steel      illnesses.
 and concrete protection, fire protection and retardency,
 insulation of building materials and many other
 structural protection applications.
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     Nanotechnology: Occupational Safety & Health                                 Reddwall Solutions
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Surface Coatings




Non-Stick Bakeware                                  Television Display Coating

* Due to environmental issues with many other       * Ecology’s proprietary patent pending, nano-
forms of non-stick coatings, Nanofilm has           engineered coatings combine cutting edge
developed non-stick coatings for glass, which is    technologies to produce breakthrough multi-functional
used on bakeware.                                   coatings of superior performance. They are fast
* These transparent, invisible ultra-thin films     curing durable, and clean nano-composite coatings
are less than 10 nanometers thick. They provide     for the products of tomorrow, exhibiting new
the following characteristics:                      properties suitable for a broad range of applications.
 - Non-stick                                        * Nano-particles contribute high resistance to both
 - Long-lasting                                     abrasion and humidity. Our coatings have high optical
 - Contaminant releasing                            clarity and are also quite flexible, offering a minimum
 - Non-staining                                     of 19\80 degree material bend. These coatings are
* The glass treatment can be applied during OEM     ideally suited to protect temperature sensitive,
manufacturing through a spray coating process or    scratch prone surfaces, such as OLED displays.
as a consumer aftermarket treatment.                                                                             46
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Environmental Health & Safety




Hazard Containment                                      Safety Flare
* Due to unparalleled surface area, unique              * Nano-enhanced particles
morphology, increased porosity, and small crystallite     - Brighter for extended visability
sizes these nanomaterials exhibit enhanced chemical       - Extended GLOW time
reactivity. NanoScale has compiled extensive data on    * NO FIRE and NO BURNING typically
the reactivity of nanomaterials towards many hazards    associated with automotive flare products
including acidic and caustic gases, chlorocarbons,      that last up to only 15 minutes: It is like
organophosphorus compounds, simulants as well as        ―Fire-Fly‖ juice.
chemical warfare agents. The reactive nanomaterials
not only adsorb toxic compounds, but also
chemically dismantle them. This inhibits the
possibility of desorption of captured agents. In
addition, decomposition products are less toxic or
nontoxic and are typically in an easily disposable
solid form.                                                                                                 47
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Environmental Health & Safety




  Radiation Suit                                          Radio Frequency Blocker
  * Radiation Shield Technologies (RST) is the sole       • Proprietary nano-enhanced wall paint
  producer of DemronTM, a revolutionary lightweight,      passively blocks Radio Frequency (RF)
  non-toxic, Lead-free, radiation protection fabric for   traffic.
  individuals. Through a distinctive technology 8         • NaturalNano is a nanomaterials
  years in the making, RST has perfected the              company that develops and markets
  development of this unique garment that can             proprietary technologies and products that
  effectively shield the human body against               provide novel properties to a variety of
  ionizing radiation, while leaving its wearer            materials such as industrial polymers,
  unencumbered and fully mobile. Using a                  plastics and composites.
  patented nanotechnology, DemronTM is currently
  manufactured into full body suits, blankets, tents,
  and other products to protect individuals during any
  radiological/nuclear emergency.
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Discovery Items




 Self Cleaning Glass                                 Umbrella

 * Pilkington Activ™ has a special                   * Modelled on a natural phenomenon – the lotus
 transparent exterior coating that lasts the         leaf. In nature, a fascinating effect is produced by
 lifetime of the window. Its unique dual             the microscopic, rough nanostructure on the
 action uses the forces of nature - natural          leaves of the lotus plant: Dirt and moisture simply
 ultraviolet light and rain - to help keep the       roll off.
 glass free from organic dirt.                       * The design of your NanoNuno® umbrella is
 * Pilkington Activ™ is a laminated glass that       based on this natural principle, with the result that
 provides a SMART GLASS ® Solution for               moisture does not penetrate the fabric and so
 safety, noise reduction and fading control. It      there is no tedious drying.
 can also be combined with other Pilkington
 glass to enhance summer and winter comfort
 and security.
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Discovery Items




Insulation                                                Cultured Diamond

* The insulating component of Nansulate is a              * Apollo diamonds are grown using a highly
material we call Hydro-NM-Oxide. Passage of               modified derivation of the process scientists
thermal energy through an insulating material is an       know as Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD). Our
attempt by hotter, fast vibrating molecules to transfer   technology enables us to grow real diamonds
energy to cooler, slow vibrating molecules in order to    without putting additional stress on the
reach equilibrium.                                        environment.
* Conduction is limited because the "tunnels" are
only the size of the mean-free path for molecular
collisions, smaller than a wave of light, and
molecules collide with the solid network as frequently
as they collide with each other. The unique
structure, nanometer-sized cells, pores, and
particles along with large surface area means
poor thermal and radiative conduction.
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