THE WALL

Document Sample
THE WALL Powered By Docstoc
					 THE WRITING’S ON
     THE WALL

VICTORIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT RESPONSES TO
                 GRAFFITI

             December 2002
      The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




CONTENTS

CONTENTS                                                                              2

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY                                                                     3

INTRODUCTION                                                                          4

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                                                                  5

POLICIES ADOPTED BY COUNCILS                                                          6

NO POLICIES                                                                           6
REACTIONARY POLICIES                                                                  7
EMPLOY CONTRACTORS                                                                    8
MINOR OR PROPOSED POLICIES                                                            9
PRO-ACTIVE POLICIES                                                                  10
REMOVAL STRATEGIES                                                                   11
EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES                                                               14
PREVENTION STRATEGIES                                                                16

KEY RECOMMENDATIONS                                                                  19

REFERENCES                                                                           20




                                           2
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The prominence of graffiti in Victoria’s urban landscape has recently emerged as a
pressing issue. It raises questions about how comfortable and safe residents feel in
their communities, and is seen by many as a symptom of a society where anti-social
behaviour is the norm.

Yet despite the negative impact that graffiti has on our communities, there does not
appear to be any consensus as to who’s task it is to tackle the graffiti issue. Some
believe it is a policing problem, others would rather leave it to the State Government
to solve. However, a small number of Victoria’s Local Government Councils have
taken it upon themselves to devise strategies to counter the graffiti problem – with
some extremely positive results. They see graffiti as affecting the whole community,
and therefore consider it to be everyone’s job to contribute towards the solution.

The solution, however, does not lie in one single strategy. Graffiti is a complex,
multi-faceted problem, and requires a complex solution.      The following Key
Recommendations outline the foundation for implementing a comprehensive solution
to the graffiti problem:

•       A comprehensive graffiti policy should include a combination of removal,
       educational and preventative strategies in order to tackle graffiti both in the
       short-term and the long-term. Policies adopted by Greater Geelong City
       Council, Greater Dandenong City Council, Boroondara City Council and Knox
       City Council, provide examples of the broad approach necessary to manage
       graffiti. Councils newly adopting or updating graffiti policies should therefore
       select a range of approaches that best suit the needs of their municipality.

•      Different strategies achieve different results depending upon which
       municipality they are implemented in. Therefore, councils should conduct
       pilot programs to test the success of their chosen strategies before
       implementing them across the whole of the municipality.

•      It is unrealistic to expect that graffiti can be eradicated totally. Rather, graffiti
       management requires a long-term commitment by councils. Councils need to
       allow room for graffiti management in their budgets over the long term, taking
       the lead from pro-active councils such as Greater Geelong and Knox.

•      Councils should cooperate with each other by communicating their different
       approaches and successes, in order to establish best practice within each
       municipality.

It is hoped that this report will assist local councils in devising comprehensive graffiti
policies, and inspire them to work together towards a consistent approach to the
graffiti issue across the State.




                                            3
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




INTRODUCTION
The incidence of graffiti in Victorian streets and on assets, both publicly and privately
owned, has a negative impact on many aspects of life within our municipalities. From
the feelings of insecurity and fear that graffiti installs in community members, to
negative attitudes directed towards our youth, graffiti affects more than just the
immediate victims; it creates the impression that crime and delinquency are rampant
within the community.

Graffiti is defined as the marking of another person’s property without their consent,
and can take several forms:

•      ‘Tagging’ describes the practice of quickly scribbling or scratching the
       signature or nickname of the person responsible, and is by far the most
       prevalent form of graffiti.

•      ‘Piecing’ involves the creation of a more complex picture or word, and is far
       more time consuming than tagging.

•      Political or social comments, which are generally associated with university
       students.

Graffitists come from a range of backgrounds and have varied motivations, whether it
be boredom, self-expression, peer pressure or simply risk-taking. ‘Tags’ and ‘Pieces’
provide publicity and credibility for the person responsible among other graffitists.

Tagging presents the biggest problem in our municipalities, due to the nature of the
activity where offenders can get their ‘tag’ up quickly in most public places and
disappear before detection. Piecing, on the other hand, is quite time consuming and
requires a certain level of skill. Hence, ‘pieces’ are mostly found in less public areas,
such as on fences abutting train tracks and reserves.

The question of how to deal with graffiti is a complex one. While ‘tags’ and ‘pieces’
are generally interpreted by the community as symptoms of a society where anti-
social behaviour is the norm, many others argue that graffiti is an art form, a means
of expression for our youth.

The solution, therefore, requires the development of a multi-faceted approach that
incorporates both of the above viewpoints. The following examples illustrate the
many and varied strategies available to tackle the graffiti issue, and it is clear that
those municipalities achieving the greatest success are those who have implemented
a range of approaches, as opposed to a single solution.




                                            4
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
The information provided in this report was obtained primarily from material
communicated to me by each of the Victorian Local Government Councils, at my
request. As such, some of the strategies outlined may be incomplete or out of date,
as several Councils indicated that their policies were still in the process of being
developed or up-dated, others were unable to locate the exact details, and still others
deemed the information as being confidential. In light of these limitations, the
following report presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date information made
available to me at the time of writing.




                                            5
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




POLICIES ADOPTED BY COUNCILS
The following information indicates where each Council stands in relation to its graffiti
control or prevention policies.




No Policies

    Alpine Shire Council                   Gannawarra Shire Council
    Ararat Rural City Council              Glenelg Shire Council
    Buloke Shire Council                   Hindmarsh Shire Council
    Campaspe Shire Council                 Indigo Shire Council
    Central Goldfields Shire Council       Mount Alexander Shire Council
    Darebin City Council                   Northern Grampians Shire Council
    Delatite Shire Council                 West Wimmera Shire Council
    East Gippsland Shire Council           Yarriambiack Shire Council


The majority of these Councils indicated that they did not consider graffiti a problem.
Being rural municipalities, the incidence of graffiti is minimal or, as in the case of
West Wimmera Shire Council, non-existent. However, Ararat Rural City Council
expressed an interest in developing a policy, and Glenelg Shire Council stated that
graffiti is apparent within the municipality, but as the community doesn’t appear to
see it as a problem Council has no impetus to act.

Darebin City Council and Indigo Shire Council expressed an interest in the ban of
spray-paint cans to minors, however Indigo felt that the issue was more relevant to
the State Government than individual Councils.




                                            6
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




Reactionary Policies

    Ballarat City Council                  Moreland City Council
    Bass Coast Shire Council               Mornington Peninsula Shire Council
    Brimbank City Council                  Moyne Shire Council
    Colac-Otway Shire Council              Murrindindi Shire Council
    Corangamite Shire Council              Nillumbik Shire Council
    Glen Eira City Council                 Pyrenees Shire Council
    Golden Plains Shire Council            Queenscliffe Borough Council
    Greater Bendigo City Council           Southern Grampians Shire Council
    Greater Shepparton City Council        Strathbogie Shire Council
    Horsham Rural City Council             Towong Shire Council
    Macedon Ranges Shire Council           Wangaratta Rural City Council
    Mitchell Shire Council                 Wellington Shire Council
    Moonee Valley City Council             Wyndham City Council


These Councils stated that the only action taken to combat graffiti is to clean it off
Council property when somebody reports it. They have no policies in place to
provide assistance, education or guidance to private property owners who are victims
of graffiti.

A time-limit for graffiti removal has been adopted in several of these municipalities
(ie. 2 hours for offensive material and 24 hours for other graffiti), and Greater
Bendigo Shire Council mentioned assisting private property owners with removal if
they are incapable of removing it themselves (frail, aged etc.). Southern Grampians
Shire Council makes an effort to identify offenders to provide information to the
Police, however they stated that this kind of information is fairly scarce.

While many of these municipalities are located in rural areas, several of them
acknowledged an awareness of the incidence of graffiti,. For example, Queenscliffe
Shire Council acknowledged an increase during school holidays when holiday
makers visit, and Towong mentioned the incidence of graffiti on their skate park.

While graffiti is included in some of these Councils’ Local Laws – in relation to
penalties for those apprehended – many considered the issue as more of a police
matter.




                                            7
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




Employ Contractors

    Monash City Council                    Yarra Ranges Shire Council
    Moorabool Shire Council                La Trobe Shire Council
    Whittlesea City Council

These Councils consider graffiti an issue worth investing in, employing contractors
(such as ‘Graffiti Busters’) to remove graffiti from Council property.

Monash City Council also issue a notice to property owners to clean off graffiti or be
issue a fine. They also take responsibility for cleaning private fences that abut a
reserve.

Whittlesea City Council employs contractors for large works only, and have time-lines
for graffiti removal.

In addition to the above measures, La Trobe Shire Council only uses dark paint on
toilet blocks in order to deter graffitists.




                                            8
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




Minor or Proposed Policies

    Hepburn Shire Council                  Moira Shire Council
    Hobsons Bay City Council               South Gippsland Shire Council
    Kingston City Council                  Surf Coast Shire Council
    Loddon Shire Council                   Swan Hill Rural City Council
    Maribyrnong City Council               Warrnambool City Council
    Melton Shire Council                   Wodonga Rural City Council

Several of these Councils are in the process of developing policies, which include
graffiti ‘hotlines’, legal graffiti walls, cost sharing with private property owners etc.
Maribyrnong City Council provide a ‘one-off’ graffiti kit to residents for removal, and
Melton Shire Council has a customer service charter, where reports are placed on a
time frame and removed in order. Moira Shire Council has painted several large
walls within the municipality to prevent graffiti, and Wodonga Rural City Council clean
their Skate Bowl after every school holiday, and paint their underpasses every year.

Surf Coast Shire Council use only oil-based paint on painted surfaces, as removal
products are far more effective on this surface. Swan Hill Rural City Council is
working with the Community Local Safety Committee, and their approach has a
distinct Police focus.

Loddon indicated that they have almost no incidence of graffiti except for on a public
toilet block, which they are considering demolishing in order to prevent graffiti. And
South Gippsland Shire Council has adopted another unique policy – playing music
that is unattractive to adolescents in walkways where they tend to congregate - an
approach that has been very successful.




                                            9
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




Pro-Active Policies

    Banyule City Council                   Hume City Council
    Baw Baw Shire Council                  Knox City Council
    Bayside City Council                   Manningham City Council
    Boroondara City Council                Maroondah City Council
    Cardinia Shire Council                 Melbourne City Council
    Casey City Council                     Mildura Rural City Council
    Frankston City Council                 Port Phillip City Council
    Greater Dandenong City Council         Stonnington City Council
    Greater Geelong City Council           Whitehorse City Council

These Councils have adopted pro-active responses to graffiti in their municipalities,
and their different strategies, grouped into categories of removal, education and
prevention, are outlined below:




                                           10
                     The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




         REMOVAL STRATEGIES
Strategy                  Details                              Discussion                        Utilised By
Zero-Tolerance            Graffiti is removed within a         This approach aims to deter       Banyule City Council
                          certain time-frame after it has      graffitists by removing their     Baw-Baw City Council
                          been reported. For example,          material immediately so that      Bayside City Council
                          offensive graffiti might be          the graffitist does not receive   Boroondara City Council
                          removed within 5 hours of it         any fame or recognition for       Cardinia Shire Council
                          being reported, and all other        the act among his/her peers.      Casey City Council
                          graffiti removed within 24           Whilst it has proven to be        City of Melbourne
                          hours. Contractors such as           successful in many areas, it      Frankston City Council
                          'Graffiti Busters' are often         can be quite costly to hire       Greater Dandenong City
                          employed to implement the            contractors to do a               Council
                          removal.                             comprehensive job.                Greater Geelong City Council
                                                               However, evidence shows           Hume City Council
                                                               that once an initial clean up     Knox City Council
                                                               has been implemented, costs       Manningham City Council
                                                               do decrease with the
                                                               decrease in the incidence of
                                                               graffiti.



Provision of Paint  Council provides paint                     This approach has potential       Banyule City Council
Vouchers to Private vouchers entitling the graffiti            but requires resources to be      Boroondara City Council
property Owners     victim to a specified amount               put towards advertising in        City of Stonnington
                    of paint in order to clean off             order to encourage residents      Frankston City Council
                    their own property. Paint                  to take up the offer. Many        Greater Geelong City Council
                    Outlets are contacted and                  residents believe that graffiti   Knox City Council
                    asked to participate by                    is someone else's problem,
                    providing discounted paint.                and so this strategy should
                                                               be paired with an education
                                                               strategy in order to maximise
                                                               the benefits.


Graffiti 'Hotline'        The graffiti 'hotline' facilitates   This has proved to be a           Boroondara City Council
                          the reporting of graffiti, as        popular strategy amongst          Casey City Council
                          well as providing technical          pro-active Councils, allowing     Frankston City Council
                          advice on the cleaning and           ease of reporting and             Greater Geelong City Council
                          removal of graffiti. It is           auditing, and an effective        Hume City Council
                          usually paired with a media          method of distributing            Knox City Council
                          campaign aimed at                    information to those seeking      Stonnington City Council
                          educating residents to report        advice.
                          graffiti.




                                                                11
                  The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti


 Utilising the Justice   Convicted graffitists and          This approach has the             Baw-Baw City Council
 Department              young offenders are made           double benefit of educating       Boroondara City Council
 'Diversion Program',    contribute to the removal or       offenders about the damage        Cardinia City Council
 and 'Community          prevention of graffiti as a part   they do to the community,         Frankston City Council
 Corrections'            of their punishment (ie.           while also removing existing      Greater Geelong City Council
                         Community Based Orders).           graffiti or preventing further    Knox City Council
                         For example, they may be           offences.                         Maroondah City Council
                         required to clean existing
                         graffiti off Council property,
                         or decorate spaces that are
                         prone to graffiti with murals
                         to prevent further damage.



 Pro-Active Audits       Council conducts pro-active Aimed at reducing the visible            Boroondara City Council
                         audits throughout the             presence of graffiti in order to   Cardinia Shire Council
                         municipality to identify          deter other graffitists.           Casey City Council
                         graffiti, and contractors are                                        City of Melbourne
                         then hired to maintain and                                           Greater Dandenong City
                         clean Council owned                                                  Council
                         facilities and report graffiti on                                    Greater Geelong City Council
                         a daily basis                                                        Knox City Council
                                                                                              Manningham City Council
                                                                                              Mildura Rural City Council
                                                                                              Stonnington City Council




 Graffiti Information    Council web-sites include          A cost-effective strategy to Boroondara City Council
 via Council Web-        information about graffiti,        ensure that information is   Frankston City Council
 sites                   preventative measures and          accessible to those who seek Greater Geelong City Council
                         removal strategies.                it.
 Provision of free       Tool kits including free paint     These kits enable private         City of Stonnington
 'Graffiti Tool Kits' to and removal products and           property owners to remove         Frankston City Council
 victims                 information are available to       any graffiti themselves,          Greater Dandenong City
                         victims of graffiti. Usually,      which should act as a             Council
                         only the first kit is free, and    deterrent to others planning      Greater Geelong City Council
                         any further kits required will     on graffiting private property.
                         be available at a discounted
                         cost.


 Graffiti Removal        Council provides graffiti          Empowers the community,           Frankston City Council
 Trailers                removal trailers for use by        enabling them to take an
                         volunteers for the removal of      active stance on the fight
                         graffiti on private property.      against graffiti.
  A Local Law            The owner of private               Ensures private property          City of Melbourne
 rcing the removal of property that has been                owners take responsibility for    Frankston City Council
fiti on private property graffitied is issued a notice to   their own assets, should be       Greater Geelong City Council
                         remove the graffiti or be          in conjunction with a free        Hume City Council
                         issued a fine.                     paint of tool kit offer.
 Promote the             These networks develop and Create a sense of community               Greater Dandenong City
 establishment of        participate in community    empowerment and pride.                   Council
 neighbourhood or        projects and evaluate local                                          Greater Geelong City Council
 precinct networks       graffiti minimisation                                                Knox City Council
                         initiatives.                                                         Manningham City Council




                                                             12
                 The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti


Preliminary free         Council invests in a once off,   While this strategy is costly     City of Melbourne
graffiti clean up from   comprehensive clean up of        to begin with, it is very         City of Stonnington
front fences or          all graffiti on public and       effective, with graffiti levels   Manningham City Council
facades or private       private property in the          dropping dramatically after       Port Phillip City Council
properties               municipality.                    the initial period. Hence,
                                                          removal costs on Council
                                                          assets decrease in the long
                                                          term.




                                                           13
              The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




    EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES
Strategy              Details                           Discussion                      Utilised By
Educational           Educational Brochures are         The provision of brochures is   Banyule City Council
Brochures             made available to the public,     a cheap and effective           Bayside City Council
                      outlining what graffiti is,       method of educating and         Boroondara City Council
                      methods of removal,               empowering private property     Cardinia Shire Council
                      preventative measures, and        owners. They encourage the      City of Whitehorse
                      encouraging the reporting of      adoption of preventative        Frankston City Council
                      graffiti.                         measures, and educate           Greater Dandenong City
                                                        victims as to how to remove     Council
                                                        the offensive material          Greater Geelong City
                                                        themselves to reduce further    Council
                                                        graffiti.                       Knox City Council
                                                                                        Manningham City Council

Educational           Programs might include            Focusing education at           Banyule City Council
Programs for          community art projects,           Primary School children aims    Cardinia Shire Council
Primary School        'adopt-a-bus                      at cutting out the problem at   Casey City Council
children              shelter/pole/power box'           its source. These programs      Frankston City Council
                      projects, talks explaining the    instil in the participants a    Greater Dandenong City
                      damage and costs                  sense of ownership and          Council
                      associated with illegal           pride in their communities.     Greater Geelong City
                      behaviour such as graffiti etc.   8-9 year olds are deemed        Council
                                                        the most appropriate            Knox City Council
                                                        audience, as they are old       Manningham City Council
                                                        enough to understand but        Port Phillip City Council
                                                        are not yet at the stage
                                                        where peer-pressure and
                                                        identity issues start to
                                                        emerge.


A 'Code of Practice' A Code of Practice is         As above, the lower the         Boroondara City Council
be established       established for local traders visible presence of graffiti,   Greater Dandenong City
                     to ensure their commitment the less likely it is to re-occur. Council
                     and consistent protocols are
                     met for dealing with graffiti


Trader Forums         Council undertakes 'Trader        Traders need to be educated Boroondara City Council
                      Forums' to educate traders        so that they recognise the  Greater Dandenong City
                      about strategies to deal with     problem as one that the     Council
                      graffiti, in conjunction with     whole community can
                      Victoria Police.                  contribute towards fixing,
                                                        rather than harbouring the
                                                        'leave it to the Police'
                                                        attitude.

In-house training     Keep Council staff informed       Ensure there is a firm          Boroondara City Council
and information       about Council's attitude          commitment across the
sharing sessions      towards graffiti and relevant     Council to tackle graffiti.
                      programs.




                                                      14
           The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti


Encourage Public   Aim to empower the              A whole of community              Cardinia Shire Council
Education          community to take action to     approach is required to           City of Melbourne
                   prevent graffiti occurring on   effectively tackle the graffiti   Greater Dandenong City
                   their personal property, and    issue. Only education will        Council
                   to heighten public awareness    serve this purpose, however       Manningham City Council
                   of, and gain support for,       it can be costly.                 Maroondah City Council
                   Council's graffiti
                   management strategy.




                                               15
                   The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




          PREVENTION STRATEGIES
Strategy              Details                           Discussion                    Utilised By
Reporting Graffiti to All graffiti is reported to the   Increases the likelihood that Boroondara City Council
Police                police, to assist them in         the offenders will be caught. Cardinia Shire Council
                      compiling 'tag' identification                                  City of Melbourne
                      databases, and to inform                                        Greater Geelong City Council
                      them of 'hot spots'.                                            Knox City Council
                                                                                      Maroondah City Council
                                                                                      Mildura Rural City Council



Implementing 'Crime    Crime Prevention Through         Incorporating CPTED                Banyule City Council
Prevention Through     Environmental Design'            principles into the                Baw-Baw City Council
Environmental          (CPTED) principles advocate      construction of new buildings      Boroondara City Council
Design' Principles     careful planning to ensure       ensures that new structures        Cardinia Shire Council
                       new structures or                do not attract graffiti. It is a   City of Melbourne
                       renovations have a reduced       cost-effective and pro-active      Frankston City Council
                       risk of attracting graffiti.     prevention strategy.               Greater Dandenong City
                       They include: Facilitating                                          Council
                       sight lines to enhance natural                                      Greater Geelong City Council
                       surveillance, improving                                             Knox City Council
                       lighting and landscaping,                                           Manningham City Council
                       site/building design to limit
                       access to walls etc. and
                       using materials that will not
                       attract graffiti.



Use of Anti-Graffiti   This approach aims to deter This pro-active approach is             Bayside City Council
Coatings or use of     graffitists, as offenders prefer cost-efficient and effective as    Boroondara City Council
dark paint on          to write on light coloured       a deterrent.                       Cardinia City Council
Council assets         surfaces, and the use of anti-                                      City of Melbourne
                       graffiti coatings allows the                                        Frankston City Council
                       graffiti to be easily removed.                                      Greater Dandenong City
                                                                                           Council
                                                                                           Mildura Rural City Council


Encouraging other      Encouraging other agencies,      The lower the visible              Boroondara City Council
Government             such as transport providers,     presence of graffiti, the less     City of Melbourne
agencies and           to remove graffiti from their    likely graffitists will be         Frankston City Council
service providers to   assets and take up               encouraged to 'put up' their       Greater Dandenong City
also take a pro-       preventative measures,           own graffiti.                      Council
active stance          means that graffiti will be                                         Greater Geelong City Council
against graffiti       reduced throughout the                                              Knox City Council
                       whole municipality, not just                                        Manningham City Council
                       on Council assets.




                                                           16
                   The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti


Community Art          School students are invited      This instils a sense of           Boroondara City Council
Projects               to participate in community      community pride and               Greater Dandenong City
                       art projects, such as painting   ownership in students, and        Council
                       murals in laneways, or           also serves to deter possible     Knox City Council
                       decorating power boxes, in       graffitists as there is strong
                       order to deter graffitists and   aversion within the graffiti
                       beautify the municipality.       community to writing over
                                                        another person's artwork.


Keeping a Register     Enables the linking of           The aim is to encourage        Cardinia Shire Council
of 'tags'              incidents and mapping.           reporting that leads to        Greater Geelong City Council
                                                        prosecution (or other) of
                                                        offenders, and to develop
                                                        accurate and efficient
                                                        reporting systems for graffiti
                                                        to assist with rapid removal
                                                        and a coordinated response.
                                                        This process can be costly.


Place controls on      Spray paint, markers etc. are    There is some debate as to        Cardinia Shire Council
sale of graffiti       placed in locked cabinets,       the effectiveness of this         Casey City Council
implements through     out of sight of customers, by    strategy. There is an             City of Melbourne
voluntary accord of    traders to deter young           argument that graffitists will    Greater Geelong City Council
traders                people from buying or            just go elsewhere to              Manningham City Council
                       stealing these implements.       purchase their tools, unless
                                                        there was a total ban against
                                                        the sale of spray paint cans
                                                        to minors, which is seen by
                                                        many as putting across a
                                                        message of distrust to all
                                                        youths.

Legal Murals/Art       Delegating specific walls or     There are mixed feelings on       Cardinia Shire Council
                       areas where graffiti artists     this strategy. Although legal     Greater Dandenong City
                       can produce their works          graffiti can be useful on a       Council
                       legally.                         continually damaged site,         Greater Geelong City Council
                                                        they may be considered to         Mildura Rural City Council
                                                        send out mixed messages,          Port Phillip City Council
                                                        and they don't necessarily
                                                        appeal to the culture of
                                                        graffitists. Others argue that
                                                        this approach to reducing
                                                        graffiti reflects negatively on
                                                        it as a legitimate art form.




                                                           17
                 The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti


Provision of Youth   Council provision of              Aims to focus youth activities    Cardinia Shire Council
Programs             adequate youth programs           on legal pursuits, with some      City of Melbourne
                     (eg. Skate parks, youth           activities proving to be quite    Greater Geelong City Council
                     centres/activities) that will -   successful. However, with         Knox City Council
                     as a by-product - assist in       the provision of skate parks      Port Phillip City Council
                     graffiti reduction by providing   usually comes an increase in
                     recreational opportunities for    graffiti in that area, so these
                     young people                      activities do not wholly divert
                                                       attention away from illegal
                                                       activities.




                                                          18
       The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




KEY RECOMMENDATIONS
•      A comprehensive graffiti policy should include a combination of removal,
       educational and preventative strategies in order to tackle graffiti both in the
       short-term and the long-term. Policies adopted by Greater Geelong City
       Council, Greater Dandenong City Council, Boroondara City Council and Knox
       City Council, provide examples of the broad approach necessary to manage
       graffiti. Councils newly adopting or updating graffiti policies should therefore
       select a range of approaches that best suit the needs of their municipality.

•      Different strategies achieve different results depending upon which
       municipality they are implemented in. Therefore, councils should conduct
       pilot programs to test the success of their chosen strategies before
       implementing them across the whole of the municipality.

•      It is unrealistic to expect that graffiti can be eradicated totally. Rather, graffiti
       management requires a long-term commitment by councils. Councils need to
       allow room for graffiti management in their budgets over the long term, taking
       the lead from pro-active councils such as Greater Geelong and Knox.

•      Councils should cooperate with each other by communicating their different
       approaches and successes, in order to establish best practice within each
       municipality.


Graffiti is a blight upon our urban landscape, creating the impression of crime and
delinquency within our communities. As such, it is an issue that demands immediate
attention. It is hoped that this report has provided the necessary information to
enable those councils that have not yet taken action to lay down a corner stone upon
which can be built a whole of State approach to the management of graffiti.




                                            19
    The Writing’s on the Wall – Victorian Local Government Responses to Graffiti




REFERENCES
•   Individual local government publications.

•   www.kesab.asn.au/graffiti/report.pdf




                                        20

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags: WALL
Stats:
views:113
posted:3/28/2010
language:English
pages:20
Description: THE WALL