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PROCEDURES Title PROCEDURES – FIRE SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT

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PROCEDURES Title PROCEDURES – FIRE SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT

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									                                                PROCEDURES
Title :         PROCEDURES – FIRE SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT
Descriptors : 1)        2)      3)         4)

Category : OS&H



Purpose
Organisational Scope
Policy Statement
Definitions
Principles
Content
References
Contact Information



1. Title
   Procedures – Fire Safety and Management

2. Purpose
   The purpose of this document is to provide staff and students with fire safety and management practices.

3. Organisational Scope
   These procedures apply to all staff and students.

4. Content

    GUIDELINES FOR FIRE SAFETY AND MANAGEMENT

    This document details guidelines on Fire Safety and Management for staff and students within the Faculty of
    Computing, Health and Science, and practices that should be followed in the event of a fire developing in the
    workplace. These guidelines are in addition to the University’s Policy on Fire Safety Management, which can
    be accessed at: http://www.ecu.edu.au/GPPS/policy/

    The University policy details responsibilities and duties of staff in relation to Fire Safety and Management. In
    particular, staff in the Faculty should note the following points:

    7.2 Responsibilities

    Individual Responsibilities: All staff must recognise and accept their responsibility for ensuring their
    workplace is free from Fire Hazards. In the context of Fire Safety, staff must be aware of the potential for
    injury or harm, and take all reasonable steps to remove or reduce the risk in their workplace. It is also a


Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0          1                                 Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
     responsibility of all staff to be fully conversant with all aspects of fire protection/preventative measures
     disseminated by the University.

     Line Managers: Line Managers (i.e. Heads of School, Research Directors, etc) are responsible for
     ensuring that their areas are free from fire risks and hazards. They are to ensure regular inspections are
     carried out in their areas of responsibility. These inspections are to be conducted at least quarterly.

     7.4 Fire Prevention

     All University line managers and supervisors are accountable for ensuring that their areas of
     responsibility are properly maintained and comply with legislative and corporate safety requirements.

     Line managers and supervisors are accountable for the maintenance of an appropriate, high general level
     of housekeeping in their area of responsibility.

     All University line managers and supervisors are responsible for ensuring that when they store volatile or
     flammable materials in their areas, a risk assessment is conducted in accordance with the University Risk
     Assessment Matrix.

Note that the emphasis of the above passages from the University Policy is on the responsibility of all staff to
be aware of the University procedures related to emergency evacuation and fire safety, and the importance of
good housekeeping to ensure that the risk of a fire is eliminated (or at least greatly reduced). Fire prevention
guidelines are listed in Appendix 1 of the University Policy on Fire Safety Management. A copy of this appendix is
attached to these guidelines.

WHAT YOU SHOULD DO


The recommended procedure that staff and students should follow in the event of a fire
occurring in the workplace is:

1.   RAISE the alarm
2.   CLOSE all doors and windows
3.   EVACUATE the workplace
4.   ASSEMBLE in the designated Emergency Evacuation Assembly Area
5.   DO NOT LEAVE the Assembly Area until instructed to do so
6.   OBEY the instructions of the Officer-in-Charge (e.g. Fire Officer or University Fire
     Warden)


Staff are advised not to attempt to control or extinguish a fire unless the following conditions apply:

1. They have received instruction in the use of fire extinguishers, fire blankets, fire fighting techniques, and fire
   properties.
2. They are accompanied by another person, who will provide support at a distance.
3. They are reasonably confident that they can control or extinguish the fire with minimum risk to themselves,
   other staff and students, with the equipment provided.

Item 3 above should include some consideration to the size of the fire and the period that the fire has been
burning. A small fire that has just started burning could easily be handled using a fire extinguisher or a fire
blanket. However, fires spread rapidly, and any time spent obtaining relevant equipment, or reading instructions,
could mean that the fire has grown to an extend that it is not extinguishable with available equipment by the time
you are ready to combat it. The greatest initial danger during a fire is asphyxiation due to lack of oxygen, and
burns due to heat exposure.

Under no circumstances should anyone attempt to extinguish a fire without using the appropriate equipment.

Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0          2                                   Date: 24/7/03
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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

1. The location and use of fire extinguishers, fire blankets, fire reel hoses, and other equipment within your
   workplace.
2. The emergency evacuation procedures, as detailed in the coloured flip-charts located in each corridor.
3. The emergency evacuation assembly point for your building and workplace.
4. The Chief Fire Warden and Area/Floor Fire Warden for your building.
5. The location of the First Aid kit in your workplace.
6. The name and contact details of the First Aid Officer for your workplace.

STUDENTS

In the event of a fire, students should evacuate the workplace in an orderly fashion, and assemble in the
designated assembly area, as instructed by their supervisors.

No student should leave the assembly area until instructed to do so by the Officer-in-Charge.

EMERGENCY EVACUATION ASSEMBLY AREAS

1. All staff and students should assemble in the designated emergency evacuation assembly area, as listed on
   the Emergency Evacuation posters located throughout the workplace. Copies of these posters are shown on
   maps in the Appendices.

2. No staff member or student should leave this area unless instructed to do so by the Officer-in-Charge, or
   unless they are placed in imminent danger.

3. It is essential that all staff and students be accounted for before leaving the assembly area.

EMERGENCY EVACUATION INFORMATION

1. Copies of the emergency evacuation posters are placed on the safety noticeboard in each laboratory within
   the Faculty, and in corridors of buildings (preferably opposite doors and adjoining corridors).

2. Exit signs with appropriate direction arrows should be placed above or below the emergency evacuation
   procedures posters in corridors.

3. Students should receive instruction at their first class on emergency evacuation procedures.

TRAINING

1. The Faculty conducts regular training sessions related to fire safety and management.

2. All new staff and research students (postgraduate and honours) are expected to attend these training
   sessions. Contact the Executive Officer of the Faculty OSH Committee for details.

3. Staff and students who have already attended a training session are encouraged to re-attend on a regular
   basis to update their knowledge and skills.

According to the University Policy, the Director Facilities and Services Centre will ensure, as far as is practicable,
every occupant working or residing in a University building receives, at least once per year, training in the
response procedures to be undertaken by them in an emergency.

RADIOACTIVE AND TOXIC MATERIALS

There are special conditions that apply when dealing with fires involving radioactive or toxic substances. See the
relevant University Policy document for further information.

Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0          3                                   Date: 24/7/03
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FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT

•   Facilities in the University are equipped with various types of fire extinguishers and blankets. Instructions
    should be found adjacent to the equipment in each laboratory.

•   Fire extinguishers available include carbon dioxide (CO2) and dry chemical types.           Only the correct
    extinguishers type should be used for specific types of fires.

    Note that the yellow-coloured, BCF (vaporizing liquid) extinguishers are illegal and must NOT be
    used; the presence of any such extinguishers should be reported to the Laboratory Manager.

•   Refer to the Faculty OSH Webpage, location maps, emergency procedures and phone numbers for
    instructions.

•   The Fire Brigade does NOT recommend the use of the notes “How to use an Extinguisher”, as these are
    outdated and no longer correct. Old handouts are also NOT to be revived and/or recirculated. The best
    notes to follow are those produced in 1995 for the Industrial Unit Fire Extinguisher Course. Copies of these
    are held by the Faculty OSH Committee.

Attached is information relating to different types, and the correct use of fire extinguishers, fire hoses and
blankets.


5. References



6. Contact Information

Contact Person:       Chair, Faculty of Computing, Health and Science
                      Occupational Safety and Health Committee
Telephone:            5710                                 Facsimile:        5811
Email:                s.hinckley@ecu.edu.au




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0        4                                 Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
                                           APPENDICES

                  INFORMATION ON EXTINGUISHERS TYPES AND USES




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0         5                Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
                                           FIRE BLANKETS


                               TO BE USED TO SMOTHER FIRES


INSTRUCTIONS

1. LEAVE BLANKET POUCH ATTACHED TO SUPPORTING BRACKET.

2. PULL BLANKET DOWN FROM POUCH AND UNFOLD/SHAKE OUT.

3. HOLD THE TOP CORNERS AND FOLD TOP OF BLANKET OVER THE FRONT AND
   TOPS OF YOUR HANDS.

4. HOLD THE BLANKET OUT IN FRONT OF YOU AND APPROACH THE FIRE FROM
   THE SIDE.

5. IF THE FIRE IS ON THE GROUND HOLD THE BLANKET ABOUT 20CM. ABOVE THE
   GROUND AS YOU APPROACH THE FIRE.

6. LAY THE BLANKET DIRECTLY OVER AND ONTO THE FIRE.

7. PUSH EDGES OF BLANKET DOWN TO SEAL IN THE FIRE.

8. WHERE APPLICABLE TURN SOURCE OF HEAT OFF.

9. WHERE MATERIAL ALIGHT IS IN A CONTAINER, COOL OUTSIDE OF CONTAINER
   WITH APPROPRIATE COOLING AGENT.

10. DO NOT LIFT ANY PART OF THE BLANKET UNTIL ALL SIGNS OF FIRE (heat,
    smoke, etc.) HAVE DISSIPATED.




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0           6                Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
                                HOSE REELS


TO BE USED FOR FIRES INVOLVING:

                                WOOD
                                COAL
                                PAPER
                                PLASTIC
                                SIMILAR COMBUSTIBLES

***     TO SERVE ONLY THE FLOOR ON WHICH THE HOSEREEL IS LOCATED.

LOCATIONS OF HOSEREELS:

(insert map of building, with “you are here” arrow, and hose reel housings circled)



                                    HOSEREEL OPERATIONS


1. TURN ON STOP VALVE OF HOSE TO RELEASE NOZZLE.

2. ROLL OUT HOSE TO THE AREA OF FIRE.

3. TURN ON WATER AT NOZZLE.

4. WORK FROM A STREAM OF WATER INITIALLY TO A SPRAY AS THE FIRE
   SUBSIDES.

5. DIRECT STREAM/SPRAY OF WATER AT BASE OF FIRE.




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0         7                                  Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
              DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHER




          COLOUR: RED WITH A WHITE STRIPE

DISCHARGE TIME:       0 Secs. (small)-60 Secs. (large)
DISCHARGE THROW RANGE: 2 Metres (small)-4 Metres (large)

TO BE USED FOR FIRES INVOLVING:

                        PAPER
                        WOOD
                        COAL
                        RUBBER
                        TEXTILES
                        LEATHER
                        PLASTICS
                        ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
                        FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
                        COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0     8         Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
                                DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHER

                                           OPERATION


1. CARRY THE EXTINGUISHER TO THE FIRE BY THE CARRY            HANDLE.

2. REMOVE THE SAFETY SEAL AND SAFETY PIN OR LOCKING            DEVICE.

3. OPERATE THE SQUEEZE GRIP RELEASE HANDLE.

4. TEST BEFORE USING ON THE FIRE. THIS WILL GIVE AN INDICATION THAT THE
   EXTINGUISHER IS WORKING AND OF THE ACTUAL THROW RANGE OF THE
   EXTINGUISHER.

5. ATTACK THE FIRE FROM UPWIND (ie. WITH THE WIND           BLOWING FROM BEHIND
   YOU) AND FROM AN ANGLE TO THE FIRE.

6. MAKE A LOW APPROACH TO THE FIRE AS CONDITIONS WILL BE COOLER AND
   THERE WILL BE LESS SMOKE.

7. DIRECT THE SPRAY AT THE LEADING OR NEAR EDGE OF THE FIRE AND SPRAY
   FIRE FROM A HORIZONTAL PLAIN.

8. DIRECT SPRAY ABOVE THE FUEL OF THE FIRE IN A RAPID
   SWEEPING/FLICKING MOTION.

9. STAND BACK FROM FIRE TO PREVENT THE SPREADING OF FIRE BY THE
   FORCE OF THE SPRAY ITSELF OR BY ANY SPLASHING CAUSED BY THE
   SPRAY.




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0         9                         Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
              CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHER




   COLOUR: RED WITH A BLACK STRIPE, WITH
       LARGE BLACK NOZZLED HOSE
Discharge Time of Extinguisher: 8 Secs. (small) to 15-20 Secs. (large)
Discharge Throw Range:          1.5 metres (small) to 2.5 Metres (large)

TO BE USED FOR FIRES INVOLVING:

        ENERGISED ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
        FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
        COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS
        FLAMMABLE GASES
        WOOD           
        RUBBER         
        CLOTH           LIMITED EFFECTIVENESS
        PLASTICS        NOT RECOMMENDED FOR
        PAPER           CLASS “A” FIRES
        COOKING OILS   




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0     10                  Date: 24/7/03
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              CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHER

                                      OPERATION
1. CARRY THE EXTINGUISHER TO THE FIRE BY THE INSULATED
   HANDLE.

        CARBON DIOXIDE HAS REFRIGERANT PROPERTIES AND
        CAN CAUSE FROST BURNS TO SKIN. THE FOLLOWING
        PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE FOLLOWED:

        • ENSURE THAT THE EXTINGUISHER IS CONTINUALLY
          CARRIED BY THE HANDLE DURING AND AFTER THE
          FIGHTING OF THE FIRE.

        • DO NOT TOUCH THE ACTUAL NOZZLE OR METAL PARTS
          OF THE EXTINGUISHER DURING THE FIGTHING OF
          THEFIRE.

        • ATTACK THE FIRE FROM UPWIND. (ie. WITH THE WIND
          BLOWING FROM BEHIND YOU)

2. REMOVE THE SAFETY SEAL AND PIN.

3. DEPRESS TOP HANDLE. THIS ACTUATES AN INTERNAL VALVE.
   OPERATE BY SQUEEZING THE GRIP HANDLE.

4. TEST BEFORE USING ON THE FIRE. THIS WILL GIVE AN
   INDICATION THAT THE EXTINGUISHER IS ACTUALLY WORKING
   AND TO THE THROW RANGE OF THE EXTINGUISHER.

5. *MAKE A LOW APPROACH TO THE FIRE AS CONDITIONS WILL
   BE COOLER AND THERE WILL BE LESS SMOKE.

6. *DISCHARGE CLOSE TO THE FIRE. WORK FROM THE LEADING
   OR NEAR EDGE OF FIRE AND MOVE THE NOZZLE FROM SIDE
   TO SIDE IN A SWEEPING MOTION.




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0     11        Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
         EDUCATIONAL AND ON-GOING TRAINING AIDS

• VIDEO: Fire Control

  18 minutes in length. Comes with a training manual to be used in co-
      ordination with the video and which can be used on its own.

          **Recommended by the Fire Brigade of Western Australia

              Produced by “Channel 1 Training Videos”
     121A Lewis Road, Wantirna, Victoria 3152, Ph. 039-8872744
  *WA. Agent: Gary Duncan, 31 Portee Way, Duncraig. Ph. 9448 0728

 Video is available on a 3-day loan from Worksafe Australia. $9.00 hire
                                   OR
         available for purchase from Channel 1 Training Videos
                         $295 video plus manual

• FIRE EXTINGUISHER INSTRUCTIONAL WALLCHARTS

                        Available from Wormald Fire Systems
                               1/33 Fairbrother Street
                                     Belmont, WA.
                                    Ph. 9277 8944

          ** Recommended by the Fire Brigade of Western Australia

             Laminated A3 charts designed for attachment to walls
                         $12.00 each. (Tax exempt)
                     (Pocket size charts also available)




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0     12                       Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
       LOCATION MAPS FOR EMERGENCY ASSEMBLY POINTS


                                           Insert maps here.




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0            13           Date: 24/7/03
Document Owner: Chair, CHS OSH Committee
                             ECU FIRE SAFETY MANAGEMENT

                     APPENDIX 1: FIRE PREVENTION GUIDELINES

                                      Insert guidelines here.




Fire Safety and Management Version 1.0          14              Date: 24/7/03
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