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					                                                                                                                   Training Objectives


                                                                       • Identify and evaluate potential health & safety hazards
                                                                       • Minimize your exposure to hazards in the workplace
                                                                       • Advise of regulatory requirements
           NJ Right-To-Know
                                                                       This training is designed to satisfy the requirements of:
           Laboratory Safety
           RCRA Training                                               •   Public Employees OSHA (PEOSHA);
                                                                       •   NJ Right-To-Know / HAZCOM;
           Aresty Research Center for                                  •   United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and;
                                                                       •   Rutgers University policies.
           Undergraduates
           June 1, 2009



                  Rutgers Environmental Health and Safety Department


 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                     Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                    Responsibility for Safety                                             Supervisor’s Responsibilities

                                                                             Supervisors are directly responsible for:


  The responsibility for a safety program rests with the department.         • Making sure employees understand their responsibility for
                                                                               safety.
        The implementation of the department procedures is the
        responsibility of the department’s supervisory personnel.            • Instructing employees on the rules of safety.
                                                                             • Anticipating the risks that may arise from changes.
                                                                             • Encouraging staff to discuss the hazards of their work.
                                                                             • Following up on safety instructions consistently.
                                                                             • Cooperating fully with those organizations concerned with
                                                                               safety and requesting assistance from REHS when necessary.
                                                                             • Correcting all potential safety hazards.
                                                                             • Investigating all accidents and near misses and completing
                                                                               detailed incident/accident reports.
                                                                             • Taking into consideration physician’s advice to accommodate
                                                                               employee’s work restriction(s) when issuing job assignment(s).
                                                                             • Scheduling mandatory safety meetings in the work unit.

 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                     Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                   Employee Responsibilities                                                           Teamwork




• Immediately report all accidents, near misses,
                                                                               In order to assist Rutgers University in achieving it’s vision, all
 unsafe conditions, or equipment.
                                                                                    students and employees must take safety seriously.
• Ask questions if you don’t understand your
                                                                             Ultimately teamwork is the key to making Rutgers a safe place to
 supervisor’s instructions.
                                                                                                          work.
• Use common sense to avoid accidents and
  injuries.
• Never disconnect safety devices.

• Wear proper safety equipment at all times.

• Know the chemicals you are working with and, review the MSDS.




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                     Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                         REHS Website                                                      Online Training and Resource




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                       Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                             NJ Right-To-Know and HAZCOM                                                 NJ Right-To-Know and HAZCOM

                                                                            Employee Rights
                                                                            As an employee of a public employer, you have the right to be well
    What is the purpose of the New Jersey Workers and Community             informed about the hazardous substances that you may be exposed or
                                                                            potentially exposed to in the course of your employment.
  Right to Know Act (RTK) and Hazard Communication Act (HAZCOM)?

  The purpose of these acts are to provide individuals with information
    regarding hazardous substances in the workplace and community.
                                                                                                               In order to comply, Rutgers:

                                                                                                               • Must maintain the Material Safety Data
                                                                                                                 Sheets for the hazardous chemicals (MSDS)
                                                                                                               • Must label all chemicals
                                                                                                               • Must maintain an inventory of chemicals
                                                                                                               • Must provide training



 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                       Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                         MSDS and HSFS                                                  RTK, HAZCOM, MSDS, HSFS Info


                                                                                                                               Where can you get RTK,
                                                                                                                               HAZCOM or MSDS/HSFS
                                                                                                                                    information?

                                                                                                                            Talk to your supervisor and/or
                                                                                                                               call REHS at 445-2550.

                                                                                                                             You can even get information
                                                                                                                                   on our website at
                                                                                                                               http://rehs.rutgers.edu.
An MSDS briefly describes all the information known about a specific
chemical. The description includes known the properties, health effects,
level of protective gear, first aid treatment, and safe handling info for
the chemical. MSDS come with shipments of chemicals, and can be
found online.

Hazardous Substance Fact Sheets are created by the NJ RTK program
for pure substances. These sheets are designed to give the same
                        MSDS.
information as an Health & Safety
  Rutgers Environmental                                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                            Labeling of Hazardous Chemicals                                                             RTK Inventory



                 Most containers come pre-labeled



The employer must label all
  containers with:
• 5 most predominant
  ingredients
• Pictures of warning signs and                                              Every five years, the University is required to complete an
  target organs                                                              inventory of hazardous substances. This inventory is then sent
                                                                             to the Dept. of Health and Senior Services. Everyone in the
• All hazardous materials &
                                                                             State has a right to see this information.
  their CAS numbers

                                                                             Each year an annual update is completed for new hazardous
                                                                             substances.


 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                   Right-to-Know / HAZCOM                                                               The Lab Standard



                                                                            29 CFR 1910.1450

Employees have the right to refuse to work with a substance if their        Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals in the
employer has not given them the information they request, in writing,       Laboratory
within their work shift.

BEFORE they refuse to work with the substance, employees should                            OSHA’s Lab Standard requires:
call the NJ Department of Health and Senior Services at 609-984-2202.
                                                                                           • Chemical Hygiene Plan
                                                                                           • Standard Operating Procedures
                                                                                           • Information and Training
                                                                                           • Medical Consultations
Your employer can not discriminate against you for exercising this right.
                                                                                           • Control Measures
                                                                                           • Prior Approval
                                                                                           • Particularly Hazardous Substances.


 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                         The Lab Standard                                                              The Lab Standard



       The overall requirement of the OSHA Lab Standard is that
      employers must control exposures to hazardous chemicals at
                                                                            Chemical Hygiene Plan
                         established safe levels.
                                                                            A written Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) is
                                                                            required for each lab.
                                                                            REHS developed a Chemical Hygiene
                                                                            Guide for the use of hazardous materials
                                                                            at Rutgers.




                                                                                      For the CHP to be complete, the PI is required to add the
                                                                                      protocols and procedures specific to their lab.


 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                The Chemical Hygiene Guide                                                           The Lab Standard




                    The protocols & procedures must include:                   Just like the RTK law, OSHA requires that Material Safety Data
• Health and safety information regarding the chemicals.                       Sheets must be readily available to the employees who work in
                                                                                          your lab. Make them part of your labs CHP.
• Designation of engineering and/or administrative controls.
• Designation of PPE.
• Emergency information and
  de-contamination procedures.                                               You can also bookmark MSDS websites on
                                                                                        your lab computers.
• Proper disposal methods.




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                Laboratory Safety Guidelines                                                          General Safety


  • Label all storage areas, refrigerators, cabinets, etc., appropriately
        and keep all chemicals in properly labeled container(s).
 • Be alert to unsafe conditions and actions, and call attention to them
          so that corrections can be made as soon as possible.
• Be familiar with the appropriate measures you should take when you
or someone in your lab is working with or is exposed to the following:


      • Corrosive Chemicals                • Compressed Gases
      • Radioactive Materials              • Toxic Chemicals
      • Carcinogens                        • Reactive Chemicals
      • Biohazards                         • Flammable Substances
                                           • Cryogenics



 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                Laboratory Safety Guidelines                                                        Lab Appropriate Clothes



 Personal Safety
 • Use local exhaust ventilation (fume hoods)
 • Safety glasses (at a minimum)
 • Laboratory coats/aprons
 • Gloves
 • Personal Hygiene
 • Never use your mouth to pipette chemicals
 • Use caution when in close proximity to open flames or operating
   electrical machinery
 • Keep exposed skin covered




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                               Housekeeping                                                                     Fire Prevention


                                                                                       • Be aware of ignition sources in your
                                                                                         laboratory area.
• Eliminate safety hazards by maintaining                                              • Purchase and store flammable reagents
  laboratory work areas in a good state of                                               in the smallest quantities possible.
  order.
                                                                                       • Store flammable liquids in appropriate
• All equipment should be inspected
                                                                                         safety cabinets and/or safety cans.
  before use.
                                                                                       • Do not store flammable liquids in
• Keep the laboratory floor dry at all
                                                                                         standard refrigerators, explosion- proof
  times.
                                                                                         refrigerators must be used.
• All machinery under repair and
                                                                                       • Do not store incompatible reagents together
  adjustment should be de-energized prior
  to servicing.                                                                        • Do not store ethers past the expiration. (explosive peroxides may
                                                                                         form)
                                                                                       • Make sure that all electrical cords are in good condition.



   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                                 Cryogenics                                                                           Heat




Hazards:                 Frostbite/burns and Asphyxiation
PPE Required:             Face shield, insulated gloves, lab coat, long pants,
                          closed-toed shoes.
Safe Work Habits: Stand clear of liquids, fill containers slowly, used
                  appropriate containers, handle only in well ventilated
                  areas
   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                            Compressed Gases                                                                    Electrical Safety
                                           How Safe Are Your Gas Handling Practices?
                                            Do you:
                                            • Buy only the quantities you need?
                                            • Read all label information and MSDS
                                              before use?
                                                                                           OSHA estimates that there are, on
                                            • Secure your cylinders properly?               average, 9,600 serious electrical
                                                                                           shock and burn injuries each year
                                            • Protect the valve?
                                                                                                and they also estimate
                                            • Move and handle cylinders properly?          approximately one fatality per day
                                                                                                 due to electrocution.
                                            • Use the proper regulators?
                                            • Check for leaks?
                                            • Avoid exposing the cylinder to temps
                                              above 125 Fo?
                                            • Use and store cylinders in well
                                              ventilated areas?
                                            • Rely on the experts (the manufacturer)
   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety      for advice?                               Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                        Electrical Safety
                                                                                                               Machine Guarding


                                                                                                                              Does your vacuum pump
                                                                                                                                   look like this?

                                                                                                                           Guards must be located at the point
                                                                                                                           of operation or at the point of power
                                                                                                                           transmission
                                                                                                                           • Blades on saws
                                                                                                                           • Grinding wheels
                                                                                                                           • Belts
                                                                                                                           • Pulleys
                                                                                                                           • Electrical services
                                                                                                                           • Motors




Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                          Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                        Ionizing Radiation                                                                    Lasers



                                                                                 Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation



                                                                              Rutgers University’s Laser Safety
                                                                              Program consists of:
                                                                              • Laser Safety Guide
                                                                              • Laser Safety Training
                                                                              • Laser Inspections for Classes 3b
                                                                              and 4




                                                                             Incorporates elements of ANSI laser safety standards Z136.1 (Safe Use of Lasers) and
                                                                                Z136.5 (Safe Use of Lasers in Educational Institutions)


Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                          Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                 Laser Hazard Classification                                                           Class 3b and 4 Lasers



 Class 1:            Incapable of injury based upon either output or
                     controls (embedded within device).                          • Require administrative and engineering controls, as well as
                                                                                   protective eyewear
 Class 2:            Eye protection afforded by the aversion (blink)             • Operators must attend REHS Laser Safety training and
                     response.                                                     receive specific “hands-on” training from supervisor
                                                                                 • Annual audits
 Class 3R:           Eye hazard with optically aided viewing.                    • Baseline eye exams
 Class 3B:           Eye hazard with intrabeam viewing and specular
                     (mirror-like) reflections.

 Class 4:            Eye and skin hazards from direct exposure to the
                     beam, as well as specular and diffuse reflections. In
                     addition, non-beam hazards from support equipment
                     (electrical shock) or components (laser dyes).            For additional information contact Tom Block, Laser Safety Officer at
                                                                                          445-2550 or email at tblock@rehs.rutgers.edu



Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                          Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                     Chemical Classifications                                                      Chemical Classifications



Combustibles: substances capable of catching fire and burning –               Corrosives: substances that cause visible destruction and permanent
cardboard                                                                     damage to skin tissue upon contact – hydrochloric acid
Explosives: substances that can react to produce gas under certain            Hepatotoxins: substances that may cause liver damage - chloroform
conditions. The explosive reaction can be initiated by ignition or shock. –
                                                                              Irritants: substances that are not corrosive, but cause a reversible
picric acid
                                                                              inflammation effect on living tissue by chemical action - ammonia
Flammables: substances capable of igniting easily and burning rapidly.
                                                                              Mutagens: substances that may cause changes in the genetic material
(Flash pt. < 100o F) – acetone
                                                                              of cells – ethidium bromide
Oxidizers: substances that can release oxygen when they react. Fire,
                                                                              Nephrotoxins: substances that may cause kidney damage – acetonitrile
spontaneous combustion, explosions, etc. result if oxidizers are brought
in contact with suitable reactants. – nitric acid, perchloric acid            Teratogens: substances that may affect the development of an embryo
                                                                              or fetus – formamide
Asphyxiates: substances that deplete the oxygen in their environment -
liquid nitrogen, carbon monoxide                                              Neurotoxins: substances that are harmful to the nervous system -
                                                                              acrylamide
Carcinogens: substances that cause cancer - benzene



  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                          Hazardous Chemicals                                                           Routes of Entry



How Safe Are Your Chemical Handling Practices?
Do you:
                                                                                      • Inhalation
• Buy only the quantities you need?
                                                                                      • Ingestion
• Read all label information and MSDS before use?                                     • Absorption
• Write in chemical handling procedures into your                                        • Skin
  SOPs?                                                                                  • Eyes
• Store chemicals contrary to label requirements?                                        • Mucous
                                                                                         • Membranes
• Check the manufacturers’ expiration date?
                                                                                      • Injection
• Check for leaks?
• Use and store chemicals in well ventilated areas?
• Rely on the experts (the manufacturer) for advice?


  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                          Exposure Preventions                                                           Health Effects




                                                                                                              Due to the large number and extensive diversity
                           • No eating, drinking and smoking in the lab                                          of chemicals at Rutgers, it is impossible to
                           • Use hazardous materials in fume hoods                                             discuss each hazardous chemical. Your PI/Lab
                                                                                                                 Supervisor is responsible for reviewing the
                           • Use protective clothing                                                             hazards and health effects of the chemicals
                           • Handle sharp objects with care                                                   used in the laboratory. The following is a list of
                                                                                                               typical health effects that may occur from over
                                                                                                                      exposure to hazardous chemicals.




  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                             Health Effects                                        Reproductive & Developmental Health (RDH)



•     Eyes: irritation and severe burns.                                           The University has developed a process used to assess reproductive
•     Skin: mild skin irritations, skin sensitization and severe burns.              and developmental health concerns for any Rutgers student,
                                                                                     faculty, or staff member.
•     Ingestion: weakness, headache, dizziness, confusion, cyanosis,
      circulatory system failure, gastrointestinal irritation, abdominal
      pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, CNS depression, and possible               • It is voluntary and intended to provide information so people
      death.                                                                         can make an informed decision with their personal physician.
                                                                                   • The assessment identifies potential exposures and recommends
•     Inhalation: dizziness, severe irritation of the respiratory tract,             control measures.
      sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung
                                                                                   • Privacy will be maintained to the extent permitted by law.
      edema.
•     Chronic: dermatitis, erosion of teeth, fetal effects, mutagenic
      effects.




    Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                          Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                            Control Measures                                                               Engineering Controls



     Using MSDS and information on the conditions
     under which a chemical is to be used, you will
      generally be able to determine the degree of
                  protection required.


    Engineering Controls
    ex. exhaust hoods, glove boxes, etc.

    Administrative Controls
    ex. housekeeping, work time controls, etc.

    Personal Protective Equipment
    ex. safety glasses, goggles, etc.


    Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                          Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                      Exhaust Hood Guidelines                                                          Administrative Controls


                                                                                       • Know potential hazards associated with the materials and
                                               • Work with the sash as low as            equipment you work with.
                                                 possible.
                                               • Do not block rear air slots.          • Know locations of exits and emergency equipment.

                                               • At a minimum, work 6” back from
                                                 front sill.                           • Enforce proper use safety equipment.
                                                                                       • Do not eat, drink, smoke, or apply cosmetics in the
                                               • Minimize equipment and chemical         laboratory. Do not store food or drink in the laboratory’s
                                                 storage in the hood.                    refrigerator or freezer.
                                               • Flow indicators
                                               • Annual checks by REHS                 • Wash hands frequently.

                                               • Contact FMS for problems




    Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                          Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                     Administrative Controls                                                Personal Protective Equipment


                                                                                  • Eye Protection
                                                                                     • Safety Glasses
                                                                                     • Chemical Splash Goggles
                                                                                     • Full Face Shield
                                                                                  • Gloves (glove compatibility charts
                                                                                    available)
                                                                                     • Natural Latex or Rubber
                                                                                     • Neoprene
                                                                                     • Nitrile
                                                                                  • Lab Coat or Apron
                                                                                  • Hearing Protection
                Add MSDSs and your Laboratory SOPs to
                complete your Chemical Hygiene Plan.



 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                         Respiratory Protection                                                               Security




                                                                            • Keep doors closed at all times
                                                                            • Lock doors when room is unoccupied
  If engineering and administrative controls are                            • Don’t prop open or compromise
     not successful in minimizing exposure to                                 entrance doors/windows
 airborne contaminants, contact REHS to assess                              • Account for and secure all sensitive
       the need for respiratory protection.                                   material / information
 (Generally not required due to general exhaust                             • Only authorized personnel may enter the lab.
                   availability)                                            • Be aware of unfamiliar persons in or visitors to your office/lab etc…
                                                                            • Be Prepared: Take time out to familiarize yourself with building
                                                                              evacuation plans/routes
                                                                            • Avoid working alone, particularly after hours




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                             Select Agents                                                             List of Select Agents

                                                                            If your lab maintains an inventory of any of the following agents, please
Biological agents that have the potential to be                                                     contact REHS for advice.
used as a weapon of mass destruction are
                                                                            HUMAN PATHOGENS
regulated by the Centers for Disease Control                                                                               • Tick-borne encephalitis complex (flavi) viruses:
                                                                            • Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus
(CDC) under the Select Agent Registration and                                                                                         Central European tick-borne encephalitis
                                                                            • Coccidioides posadasii
Tracking Program.                                                           • Ebola viruses                                           Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis
                                                                                                                                      Russian spring and summer encephalitis
                                                                            • Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (Herpes B
                                                                              virus)                                                  Kyasanur forest disease
                                                                                                                                      Omsk hemorrhagic fever
                                                                            • Lassa fever virus
The registration process assures that:                                                                                     • Variola major virus (Smallpox virus)
                                                                            • Marburg virus
                                                                                                                           • Variola minor virus (Alastrim)
   •    Only facilities with adequate security, engineering controls, and   • Monkeypox virus
                                                                                                                           • Yersinia pestis
        expertise can receive hazardous biological agents.                  • Rickettsia prowazekii                        • Toxins:
                                                                            • Rickettsia rickettsii                                   Abrin
   •    Transfer of hazardous biological agents is documented.
                                                                            • South American haemorrhagic fever                       Conotoxins
   •    Facilities that wish to manipulate Select Agents are carefully        viruses:                                                Diacetoxyscirpenol
        monitored.                                                                     Junin                                          Ricin
                                                                                       Machupo                                        Saxitoxin
                                                                                       Sabia                                          Shiga-like ribosome inactivating proteins
                                                                                       Flexal                                         Shiga toxin
                                                                                       Guanarito                                      Tetrodotoxin

 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                         Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                           List of Select Agents                                                                            List of Select Agents

If your lab maintains an inventory of any of the following agents, please                        If your lab maintains an inventory of any of the following agents, please
                        contact REHS for advice.                                                                         contact REHS for advice.

 HUMAN AND ANIMAL PATHOGENS                                                                       ANIMAL PATHOGENS
•Bacillus anthracis                                                                              •African horse sickness virus
                                                   •Hendra virus                                                                                   •Lumpy skin disease virus
•Botulinum neurotoxin producing species of                                                       •African swine fever virus
 Clostridium                                       •Francisella tularensis                                                                         •Malignant catarrhal fever virus (Exotic)
                                                   •Nipah Virus                                  •Akabane virus
•Brucella abortus                                                                                                                                  •Menangle virus
                                                   •Rift Valley fever virus                      •Avian influenza virus (highly pathogenic)
•Brucella melitensis                                                                                                                               •Mycoplasma capricolum/M.F38/M.
•Brucella suis                                     •Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus         •Blue tongue virus (Exotic)                        mycoides Capri
•Burkholderia mallei (formerly Pseudomonas         •Toxins:                                      •Bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent           •Mycoplasma mycoides mycoides
 mallei)                                                      Botulinum neurotoxins              •Camel pox virus                                  •Newcastle disease virus (VVND)
•Burkholderia pseudomallei (formerly                          Clostridium perfringens epsilon    •Classical swine fever virus
                                                              toxin                                                                                •Peste Des Petits Ruminants virus
 Pseudomonas pseudomallei)
                                                                                                 •Cowdria ruminantium (Heartwater)                 •Rinderpest virus
•Coccidioides immitis                                         Shigatoxin
                                                                                                 •Foot and mouth disease virus                     •Sheep pox virus
•Coxiella burnetii                                            Staphylococcal enterotoxins
                                                              T-2 toxin                          •Goat pox virus                                   •Swine vesicular disease virus
•Eastern equine encephalitis virus
                                                                                                 •Japanese encephalitis virus                      •Vesicular stomatitis virus (Exotic)




   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                            Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                           List of Select Agents                                                             Particularly Hazardous Substances

If your lab maintains an inventory of any of the following agents, please
                        contact REHS for advice.
                                                                                                  Provisions for additional employee protection must be included in each
 PLANT PATHOGENS                                   RECOMBINANT DNA                                Chemical Hygiene Plan for work with Particularly Hazardous Substances
•Liberobacter africanus                            •Viral nucleic acids, intact or fragmented,                               (Section G of CHG)
•Liberobacter asiaticus                             that can encode infectious and/or
•Peronosclerospora philippinensis                   replication competent forms of any
                                                    viruses listed.
•Phakopsora pachyrhizi
                                                   •Nucleic acids, intact or fragmented, that
•Plum Pox Potyvirus                                                                                   REHS and the Laboratory Safety and Design Committee have
                                                    encode for the functional form(s) of any
•Ralstonia solanacearum race 3, biovar 2            of the toxins listed.                             developed and distributed a substance specific list. Faculty must
•Schlerophthora rayssiae var zeae                  •Any agent on this list that has been              complete and submit the PHS survey to REHS after starting at
•Synchytrium endobioticum                           genetically modified.
                                                                                                      Rutgers.
•Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola
•Xylella fastidiosa (citrus variegated chlorosis
 strain)                                                                                              Goal: Ensure control measures and work practices are adequate
                                                                                                      for their use

         Check the REHS website for the most updated list of Select Agents



   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                            Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                           PHS Characteristics                                                                                    PHS List


                                                                                                           Compressed Gases with Acute Toxicity
         • Chemicals and compressed gases with acute toxicity, as
                          defined by ANSI Z129.1                                                           •Arsine                                          •Hydrogen chloride
                     • OSHA regulated carcinogens                                                          •Boron trifluoride                               •Hydrogen cyanide
                         • Reproductive toxins                                                             •Bromine                                         •Hydrogen fluoride
                                                                                                           •Chlorine                                        •Methylamine
                                                                                                           •Fluorine                                        •Phosgene
                                                                                                           •Hydrogen bromide                                •Phosphine

                                                                                                           Chemicals with Acute Toxicity

                                                                                                           •Aniline                                        •Hydrofluoric acid
                                                                                                           •Dimethylmercury                                •Cyanide salts
                                                                                                           •Hydrogen peroxide                              •Ozone




                                                                                                           Check the REHS website for the most updated list of PHS
   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                            Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                            PHS List                                                         Storm Water Regulations

                                                                               NJDEP regulations require us to
                                                                               protect rivers, streams and the
                                                                                            ocean.
OSHA Carcinogens                                  OSHA Carcinogens
•4-Nitrodiphenyl                                     (Continued)
•alpha-Naphthylamine                       •2-Acetylaminofluorene
•Chloromethyl methyl ether                 •4-Dimethylamino-azobenezene     NEVER EMPTY CONTAINERS OF WATER
                                                                             OR CLEANERS ON TO THE GROUND
•3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine                    •N-Nitrosodimethylamine
                                                                                   OR IN STORM DRAINS
•Bis(chloromethyl)ether                    •Benzene
•beta-Naphthylamine                        •Formaldehyde
•Benzidine
•4-Aminodiphenyl                                Reproductive Toxins          • Always empty buckets or machines into sinks that are
•Ethylenimine                              •Formamide                          connected to the sewers
•beta-Propiolactone                        •Lead compounds                   • Check to see if your car is leaking fluids
                                           •Organic mercury compounds        • Inform someone if you see something suspicious


                                                                           If you have questions, ask your supervisor or call REHS (445-2550)

      Check the REHS website for the most updated list of PHS
Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                 Proper Waste Management                                                           Hazardous Waste



                                                                             The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA 1976)
                                                                             allows the EPA to oversee the generation, transportation,
                                                                             treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste.


                                                                             Primary goals :
                                                                             •Protect human health and the environment from the potential
                                                                             hazards of waste disposal.
                                                                             •Conserve energy and natural resources.
                                                                             •Reduce the amount of waste generated.
                                                                             •Ensure that wastes are managed in an environmentally sound
                                                                             manner.




Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                        Hazardous Waste                                                        Container Management


 The Satellite Accumulation Rule
 “A generator may accumulate as much as 55-gallons of hazardous           • Containers must be compatible with the waste being stored in them.
 waste or 1-quart of acutely hazardous waste
                                                                          • Containers must be in good condition.
 . . . in containers at or near any point of generation where wastes
 initially accumulate, which is under the control of the operator of      • Containers must be securely closed.
 the process generating the waste. . .”
                                                                          • Containers must be stored in secondary containment.
 40 CFR 262.34(c)(1)
                                                                          • Lab personnel must monitor waste containers daily for signs of leaks
                                                                            or container deterioration.
                                                                          • Containers holding wastes must be closed at all times except during
                                                                            the addition or removal of the material.
                                                                          • Storage of expired chemicals in lab is discouraged.
                                                                          • Maintaining multiple partially full containers of same material is
                                                                            discouraged.




Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                      Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                          Waste Labeling                                                                                  RCRA


                                                                                     Chemical Compatibility

                                     All hazardous waste containers must have a
                                        black and white hazardous waste label        Incompatible chemicals are chemicals
                                     attached to them from the moment the first      that react with each other;
                                          drop of waste is added or the words        • Violently
                                      “Hazardous Waste” may be written on the        • With evolution of substantial heat
                                             original manufacturer’s label.
                                                                                     • To produce flammable products
                                                                                     • To produce toxic air products


                                                                                     Incompatible waste streams must be
  The hazardous waste label must be filled
                                                                                     stored in separate SAAs.
  out completely with the chemical name of
       every component, concentrations
                                                                                     Note: Use EPA Document Numbered, “EPA-600/2-80-
     (totaling 100%) and the lab contact                                             076” to aid in determining chemical compatibility.
                 information.


 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                              Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                                RCRA                                                                                      RCRA


                                                                                      Waste containers must be capped unless waste is being added or
The generators should perform a weekly inspection of the satellite                                              removed.
accumulation area to insure that:
    • all containers are properly labeled
    • all containers are in good condition
    • all containers are closed/sealed
    • any small spills or leaks that might have occurred should be
      cleaned up immediately
    • and to verify that incompatible wastes are segregated




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                              Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                                RCRA                                                                          Waste Disposal


                   Good Examples of Secondary Containment

                                                                                  For disposal of hazardous waste please
                                                                                  complete the Request for Hazardous
                                                                                  Waste Disposal form and fax it to REHS
                                                                                  at 445-3109 or use our on-line Request
                                                                                  for Hazardous Waste Disposal available
                                                                                  on our Web Site at rehs.rutgers.edu
                                                                                  under the Environmental Services link.




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                              Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                          Laboratory Glass                                                                        Used Oil


 • Empty all materials from the container.                                         •   Used pump oil must be labeled
    • acids or bases are to be rinsed out, the rinsate must be collected               with the black and white “Used
                                                                                       Oil” label or “Used Oil” must be
      as hazardous waste.
                                                                                       written on manufacturer’s label.
    • Solvents are to be placed into an operating empty fume hood                  •   Used oil must be removed in
      overnight (without the cap) to allow the vapors to disperse.                     timely manner.
 • Empty acutely hazardous waste containers must be disposed of as a               •   Older vacuum pumps may contain
   hazardous waste.                                                                    oil which is contaminated with
 • Deface labels.                                                                      PCB.
 • Secure lids on all containers.                                                  •   Pumps manufactured prior to 1979
                                                                                       are suspect.
 • If the container contains broken glass,                                         •   Equipment that may contain PCB
   clearly mark it as "BROKEN GLASS"                                                   contaminated oil must be sampled
   to describe its contents.                                                           by REHS.




  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                            Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                           Drain Disposal                                                                   Universal Wastes

                                                                                 • Batteries such as nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) and small
   Certain materials are suitable for drain disposal. These should be
                                                                                  sealed lead-acid batteries, which are found in many
    carefully considered to ensure they do not cause damage to the
                                                                                    common items in the business and home setting,
     plumbing system or cause other problems such as odors in a
                                                                                   including electronic equipment, mobile telephones,
                                building.
                                                                                 portable computers, and emergency backup lighting.
                The following are drain-disposable substances:                     (dispose of regular alkaline batteries in the trash.)
 • Solutions rendered neutral by the experimental process, buffers, low
  concentrate salts, naturally occurring amino acids, vitamins, sugars,
                                                                                                • Thermostats and switches, which can
                and dilute bleach solutions (10% or less).
                                                                                                  contain mercury and are located in
 (See drain-disposable substances (table 1) in appendix 6 of the CHG)                                    almost any building.
 • Chemicals commonly used on the farm and/or in the household (no                             • Light bulbs, including fluorescent, high
          pesticides) are also allowed to be drain-disposed.                                        intensity discharge (HID), neon,
                                                                                                mercury vapor, high pressure sodium,
                                                                                                        and metal halide lamps.
   Protective equipment must be worn, turn on tap water, slowly pour                                        • Computer monitors.
solution into drain, ensure all material has been washed down the drain.
                                                                                                           Contact Facilities Maintenance removal.
  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                            Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                          Biological Waste                                                                  Biological Waste



                  Labs working at Biosafety Level 1 (BL-1)                                         Labs working at Biosafety Level 2 (BL-2)

                                                                                                                           Solid Waste
                                Solid Waste
                                                                                                                           • Autoclave in clear autoclave bag or
                                    • Autoclave in clear autoclave bags                                                      biohazard labeled bag
                                    • Dispose of in regular trash dumpster                                                 • Place autoclaved bags into the
                                Liquid Waste                                                                                 medical waste stream for disposal via
                                                                                                                             a contracted vendor
                                    • Autoclave
                                    OR
                                    • Treat with a freshly prepared 10% bleach                                              Liquid Waste
                                      solution for at least 10 minutes, then                                               • Autoclave
                                      pour down the drain                                                                    OR
                                                                                                                           • Treat with a freshly prepared 10%
                                                                                                                             bleach solution for at least 10
                                                                                                                             minutes, then pour down the drain


  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                            Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                           Medical Waste                                                                Medical Waste


                                                                            When medical waste is removed from your lab, the contractor will leave
Labs working at Biosafety Level 2 (BL-2) must dispose of solid              a copy of the signed tracking form for your waste boxes.
            waste via the medical waste stream.
                                                                                • The tracking form follows your waste until it is ultimately
                                                                                  destroyed.
• Line a cardboard medical waste box with a red liner bag. The bag              • The facility that ultimately destroys your waste will sign and
  and box are provided by the medical waste vendor at no cost to the              return a copy of the tracking form to you, the generator.
  lab.
                                                                                • Keep both copies of the tracking form in your file for 3 years.
• Label the exterior of the box with the red and white “medical waste
  outer container label.”
• Place autoclaved solid waste into the medical waste box. Label inner
  containers with the red and white “medical waste inner container
  label.”
• When the red liner bag is full, seal the box with packing tape and call
  REHS at 732/445-2550 to request a pickup.




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                        Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                               Sharps                                                             Emergency Action Plan



 Sharps and other medical items must be                                     During an emergency, proper action saves lives. For your safety, please
 disposed of as medical waste, even if they are                             familiarize yourself with the basic steps of the Rutgers University Action
 not in contact with human blood or                                         Plan.
 biohazardous materials.
  • Overclassified medical waste is
    regulated because of the                                                   Fire alarm locations                      Do not fight fires
    perception that it might be                                                Evacuation on alarm                       Close doors
    contaminated with human blood or                                           Use safe exits                            Assemble in a planned location
    a biohazard.                                                               If caught, stay low                       Call University Police
  • Overclassified medical waste is
    packaged in the same manner as
    regulated medical waste.
                                                                            For further information regarding fire safety, to request assistance in
                                                                            developing office fire safety plans, or to schedule a fire safety training
                                                                            session contact the RUES Fire Safety Division at 445-5325.



 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                        Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                                         Emergency Response                                                           Emergency Response



Though no single guide can possibly cover the range and combination         Assess the nature of the emergency.
of events that can constitute an emergency, it is hoped that careful        Attend to injured persons, seek appropriate medical attention.
reading of the all emergency procedures will help you begin the             Evacuate area/building if necessary.
planning process that will best fit your situation.                         Notify appropriate administrative and emergency response personnel:
                                                                              • Campus Police New Brunswick: 911 (outside line only)
Your experimental protocols or written procedures must always                 • REHS: (732) 445-2550
include safety measures, and at times may need to include specific            • Supervisor or Lab Director
emergency procedures.                                                       Institute the appropriate emergency response protocol. Always stay on
                                                                            site to provide information to emergency personnel.
In any case, all such emergency procedures will need to be practiced
and reviewed periodically.




 Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                        Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                           Emergency Equipment                                                       Emergency Response Guidelines


                                                                                              • Stay calm and keep your class calm – don’t panic. Ask the
                                                                                                stockroom attendant or a student to call 6-911 for help.
                                                                                              • Never leave an injured student alone.
                                                                                              • If it is necessary to evacuate the lab, do so in an orderly
                                                                                                fashion. Group the students outside in a safe area, and do a
                                                                                                head count.
                                                                                              • If a student is to be taken to an emergency room, if possible
                                                                                                find out the destination. If appropriate, ask the student to
                                                                                                contact the course coordinator as soon as convenient to
                                                                                                provide an update on his or her condition.
                                                                                              • As soon as possible, the TA or the stockroom attendant should
                                                                                                contact the course coordinator to report the situation.


                                                                                              Remember, be sure to call 6-911!!!



   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                              Emergency Response Guidelines                                                          Emergency Response Guidelines

                                                                    Fire                                                              Injury


   •    PULL the fire alarm.                                                              •   REMOVE the injured person from the area of danger
                                                                                              if possible. Treat for shock by keeping warm and
   •    EVACUATE immediately.                                                                 lying down.
   •    ASSEMBLE in an area                                                               •   CALL Campus Police.
        established by your
                                                                                          •   UNCONSCIOUS VICTIM: Do not enter the area of
        supervisor.
                                                                                              danger. A lethal gas or hidden hazard may be present.
   •    If unable to leave contact RU                                                     •   CHEMICAL SPLASH: Eyes: Flush eyes with drench hose or eyewash for
        Police and give your exact                                                            30 minutes. Body: Remove clothing and use safety shower.
        location so the firefighters
                                                                                          •   ELECTRICAL INJURY: Avoid direct contact with the victim. Disconnect
        can be directed to you.                                                               the power source if it is safe to do so. Move the victim away from the
   •    DO NOT attempt to                                                                     power source with a nonconductive material such as a rope or board.
        extinguish the fire.                                                              •   FIRST AID and CPR: Administer first aid, artificial respiration and CPR
                                                                                              only if trained to do so.




   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety




                              Emergency Response Guidelines                                                          Emergency Response Guidelines

                                       Chemical Spills                                                                            Biological Spill

                                                                                        Spill Inside Biosafety Cabinet                    Spill Outside Biosafety Cabinet
Small Spill                                      Large Spill                                                                              • ATTEND to injured persons.
                                                                                        • KEEP cabinet operating.
                                                                                                                                          • EVACUATE the area/laboratory.
  ASSESS spill size, chemical type and             ATTEND to injured persons, seek      • COVER affected area with absorbent              • ALLOW 30 minutes for aerosolized
  available cleanup equipment.                     appropriate medical attention.         material.                                         particles to settle.
                                 results in personal
    Any chemical spill that EVACUATE area/building.
  EVACUATE the immediate area.                                                          • SPRAY disinfectant on top of covered
                                                                                                                                          • FOLLOW protocol for spill inside
                                                                                                                                            biosafety cabinet.
                                EXTINGUISH reported
   contact/contamination must be ignition and heatto
  WARN other personnel.                                                                   spill.
                                                                                                                                          • CONTACT REHS for assistance. After
                                sources.                                                • ALLOW at least 20 minutes contact                 hours, call Campus Police.
                     REHS for evaluation. from spreading.
  WEAR appropriate PPE.
                                PREVENT spill                                             time.                                           • FILE a formal incident report.
  CLEAN UP spill using appropriate spill
  kit if trained to do so.                         CONTACT REHS for assistance. After   • COLLECT absorbent material and
                                                   hours call Campus Police.              place into autoclave bag. Seal bag
  CONTAIN spilled material in a sturdy                                                    prior to removal from cabinet.                  Skin Contamination
  plastic bag or sealed drum. Apply a              FILE a formal incident report.
                                                                                        • AUTOCLAVE waste bag for                         • WASH the area with warm water
  hazardous waste label and contact
                                                                                          appropriate time to achieve sterility.            and soap. Do not abrade the
  REHS for disposal.
                                                                                                                                            skin.
                                   Acutely Hazardous Spill                              • CLEAN affected area again with
                                                                                          disinfectant.                                   • REPORT to Student or
Any spill of an acutely hazardous chemical, regardless of size, must be considered a                                                        Occupational Health Center for
                                large chemical spill.                                   • DISPOSE as biohazardous waste.                    follow-up.
   Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety                                                  Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety
                                        The End



                             Take home message

  •    Ask questions
  •    Read the MSDS
  •    Wear lab appropriate clothing
  •    Wear PPE
  •    Most of the information from the training is
       on the REHS website
       http://rehs.rutgers.edu/




Rutgers Environmental Health & Safety