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					WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10



Standard of Living Comparisons
Lesson Overview
This lesson will expose Grade 10 students to current economic and social data on various
countries around the world. The students will use the data to make comparative statements
regarding Canada’s place in the world. A mapping activity will give the students a visual
display of the distribution of wealth in the world.

Grade Level
Grade 10

Time Required
60–90 minutes

Curriculum Connection
Saskatchewan: History 10, Unit 2—Economic Decision-Making

Link to Canadian National Geography Standards
Essential Element #1 (Grades 9–12) – The World in Spatial Terms
 • Map, globe, and atlas use
Essential Element #2 (Grades 9–12) – Places and Regions
 • Critical issues and problems of places and regions
Essential Element #4 (Grades 9–12) – Human Systems
 • Economic development by world regions, country, and regions within countries
Geographical Skills #3 (Grades 9–12) – Organizing Geographic Information
 • Use a variety of media to develop and organize integrated summaries of geographic
   information
Geographical Skills #4 (Grades 9–12) – Analysing Geographic Information
 • Make inferences and draw conclusions from maps and other geographic representations
 • Use the processes of analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and explanation to interpret
   geographic information from a variety of sources

Canadian Geographic–CIDA Map
The Canadian Geographic–CIDA map A Developing World (available on-line at
www.canadiangeographic.ca/worldmap) will be used extensively. The large print map could
be used as well. Classroom sets of the printed map are available. Click here to order.




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                               1
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                     SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10


Additional Resources, Materials, and Equipment Required
 • Access to a computer lab and the Internet
 • World atlas (one per student)
 • Student Activity Worksheet (one per student)
 • Blank world maps (one per student) (An outline world map may be downloaded from
   http://atlas.gc.ca/rasterimages/english/maps/reference/outlineworld/world01.pdf)
 • Two pens/pencils of different colours
 • Link for CIDA: www.cida.gc.ca
 • Link for the United Nations Millennium Development Goals: www.un.org/millenniumgoals

Main Objective
Students will become familiar with the diverse range of standards of living around the world,
and attempt to offer solutions to the problem of the unequal distribution of wealth
worldwide.

Learning Outcomes
By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
 • use their technological skills to locate and obtain data available on the website;
 • make comparative statements about the data they retrieve;
 • complete a world map, locating and labelling 40 countries, as directed;
 • define the criteria upon which the Human Development Index (HDI) is based;
 • define gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and longevity;
 • infer a relationship between GDP and literacy rates around the world;
 • participate in a small group discussion;
 • attempt to problem-solve, and offer creative and reasonable solutions.

The Lesson
                               Teacher Activity                       Student Activity
Introduction         •     Review the information from the     •   Students participate in the
                           previous lesson on standard of          review by offering definitions
                           living (definition and criteria).       and criteria that they recall
                           (2 minutes)                             from the last lesson.
                         • Hand out the Student Activity       •   Students access the website
                           Worksheets entitled “Standard of        and observe the areas/data
                           Living Comparisons” and “World          available.
                           Map Highest 20 / Lowest 20,”        •   Students ask any clarifying
                           along with the outline world            questions needed to complete
                           map.                                    the activities.
                         • Give a brief overview of the
                           United Nations and the HDI.
                           (3 minutes)




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                           2
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                  SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10




                          Teacher Activity                        Student Activity
Introduction        •   Indicate the website for students
(cont’d)                to access:
                        www.canadiangeographic.ca/wor
                        ldmap
                    •   Introduce students to the
                        various areas/data available on
                        the website and provide
                        instructions for the activities.
                        (5 minutes)
Lesson              •   Circulate among the stations to     •   Students search the website to
Development             assist and facilitate.                  obtain the information needed
                        (25 minutes)                            to complete the Standard of
                    •   As students are finishing the           Living Comparisons worksheet.
                        Standard of Living Comparisons          (25 minutes)
                        worksheet, remind them of the       •   Students use the website or an
                        World Map Highest 20 / Lowest           atlas to complete the World Map
                        20 activity, and the resources          Highest 20 / Lowest 20 activity,
                        they should use to complete it.         indicating the 20 highest HDI-
                        (15 minutes)                            ranked countries in the world
                    •   When students are finished the          and the 20 lowest HDI-ranked
                        world map activity, divide them         countries in the world.
                        into groups of four to analyse          (15 minutes)
                        their world maps, offering          •   Students participate in small
                        reasons for the locations of the        groups to analyse and offer
                        highest 20 and the lowest 20            solutions to the world’s wealth
                        countries. Ask students to offer        distribution problem.
                        solutions to the world’s wealth         (10 minutes)
                        distribution problem.
                        (10 minutes)
Conclusion          •   Collect student worksheets and      •   Students hand in their
                        maps.                                   worksheets and maps for
                    •   Discuss with the students any           assessment.
                        surprising facts they discovered,   •   Students review the activities
                        and clarify any questions they          they participated in and ask any
                        may have about the data they            questions they have about the
                        were analysing.                         material covered.
                        (5 minutes)                             (5 minutes)


Lesson Extension
The lesson could be extended by researching CIDA and divisions within the United Nations
whose goal is to assist less developed countries. The lesson could also be extended by
having students write a journal entry about how they could assist countries in need.




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                         3
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10


Assessment of Student Learning
 • The teacher should informally assess each student’s ability to navigate the website as
   he/she circulates among the computer stations.
 • The teacher will grade each student’s worksheet and world map.
 • The teacher will informally assess each student’s discussion points and solutions offered
   in the small group setting.



                                            •••




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                   4
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                       SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10



                         Student Activity Worksheet:
                       Standard of Living Comparisons

Name: ____________________________________________                               Total Mark:    /26

Access the website www.canadiangeographic.ca/worldmap to assist you in answering the following
questions. Once on the site, click on “A Developing World.”

1. The Human Development Index (HDI) measures the quality of life in various countries. Define the
   criteria upon which the HDI is based.

  Longevity: ___________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  Knowledge: __________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  Standard of Living: ____________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                      Mark:     /6
2. In the section “Select a country/territory,” choose any European country. In the “Compare with”
   section, choose Canada. Make two comparative statements regarding GDP per capita and life
   expectancy, using the data from Canada and the European country you chose.

  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________


  ____________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                      Mark:     /4



Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                             5
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                       SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10


3. Repeat the steps in question 2 above, but this time choose an African country to compare with
   Canada.

  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                      Mark:        /4
4. Repeat as above, choosing an Asian country to compare with Canada.

  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                      Mark:        /4
5. Once again, repeat as above, choosing a South American country to compare with Canada.

  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                        Mark:    /4
6. Based on the data pertaining to the countries you have chosen in the questions above, refer to two
   examples to describe and illustrate the relationship between GDP and literacy rates.

  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________


  ___________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                      Mark:        /4




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                               6
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                       SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10



                       Student Activity Worksheet:
                     World Map Highest 20 / Lowest 20
Name: ______________________________________                                     Total Mark:     /26

1. Use the map A Developing World (either the hard copy or the on-line version from the website
   www.canadiangeographic.ca/worldmap) to assist you in labelling the highest 20 and lowest 20
   countries of the world, provided on the next page, according to the HDI data. Use one colour for
   the highest 20 countries and another colour for the lowest 20 countries.

                                                                                       Mark:     /10

2. Once you have finished labelling the map, join other students in a small group to write some
   general statements on what you observe regarding the locations of the 20 highest ranked countries
   compared with the locations of the 20 lowest ranked countries. Attempt to explain the distributions
   of the highest 20 compared with the lowest 20.

  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                        Mark:     /5

3. Offer two solutions that your group has suggested to solve the world’s wealth distribution problem
   (i.e. how can the world’s wealth be redistributed?). Why might your solutions be difficult to
   implement?

  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________


  _____________________________________________________________________________

                                                                                        Mark:     /5



Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                               7
WORLD MAP – A DEVELOPING WORLD                                       SASKATCHEWAN – GRADE 10



     Highest 20 Countries and Lowest 20 Countries Data*
Place the numbers from 1 to 20 for the highest HDI-ranked countries on your world map using one
colour.

Using a different colour, place the numbers from 1 to 20 for the lowest HDI-ranked countries on the
map.



           Highest 20 Countries (HDI)                       Lowest 20 Countries (HDI)

      1. Norway                                  1. Timor-Leste

      2. Sweden                                  2. Rwanda

      3. Australia                               3. Guinea

      4. Canada                                  4. Benin

      5. Netherlands                             5. United Republic of Tanzania

      6. Belgium                                 6. Côte d’Ivoire

      7. Iceland                                 7. Zambia

      8. United States                           8. Malawi

      9. Japan                                   9. Angola

      10. Ireland                                10. Chad

      11. Switzerland                            11. Democratic Republic of Congo

      12. United Kingdom                         12. Central African Republic

      13. Finland                                13. Ethiopia

      14. Austria                                14. Mozambique

      15. Luxembourg                             15. Guinea-Bissau

      16. France                                 16. Burundi

      17. Denmark                                17. Mali

      18. New Zealand                            18. Burkina Faso

      19. Germany                                19. Niger

      20. Spain                                  20. Sierra Leone

    *These data are based on the United Nations 2004 Human Development Index.




Canadian Council For Geographic Education                                                             8

				
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