Global Aluminium Mass Flows Million metric tonnes Increased product inventory

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Global Aluminium Mass Flows Million metric tonnes Increased product inventory Powered By Docstoc
					            2006 Global Aluminium Mass Flows
                            Million metric tonnes


                                                                       Increased product
                                                                         inventory 24.4
Primary metal                                             Finished
    34.0                     48.9     Semi & Cast         products
                                                            40.4
                 Ingot
                  68.8                                                              7.2


         34.8
                           18.4
                                      Returned by              Returned –            Un-recovered
                Internal                            8.6                    7.8
                                       customers             post consumer            Aluminium
                 metal                                                                 (1.1 oxidized)


   Recovered
     metal
                                           Metal 33% of supply
                                           back to Al industry


                                  Aluminium Industry                                       1
                                                                            Source: GARC, 30.10.05(DRAFT)
     Energy Used in a Typical Office Building
               Over 50 Year Life

90



80



70



60



50



40



30



20



10



 0

         Utilization   Maintenance   Materials /Construction
                                                           2
                Why Life Cycle:
     Energy Associated With a Typical Vehicle
               Over 15 Year Life
90



80



70



60



50



40



30



20



10



 0

        Vehicle Use   Vehicle Assembly   Materials Production

                                                                3
       Aluminium Saves Weight in Many Ways

   More than a quarter of all aluminium is used in the transport sector.
  Originally indispensable for its lightweight for the aerospace industry,
  aluminium is now widely used in cars, buses, coaches, lorries, trains,
                    ships, ferries, aircraft and bicycles.




Frame rails                 Wheels                        Transmission housing
Cross members               Engine blocks                 Suspensions
Cabs                        Fuel tanks
                                                                             4
Potential Life-time Energy Savings by Vehicle




                                                                          5
 Institute for Energy and Environmental Research Heidelberg Ltd. (2004)
    Aluminium Transport Opportunity
  Reduced                             Better Fuel
     Mass                             Economy




                           Improved
                        Performance

             Improved
             Safety




                                      Less
   High%                              Emissions
Recycling

                                              6
                    Automotive Applications
                              Windshield
                                               Wiring   Electronic
                              Surrounds
                   Body-in-white       Airbag Harness   Components
                   Structure           Canisters
                                                                            Fasteners,
                                                                            Stamping Assemblies
  Water Pump     Steering Yokes
  Housings

  Closure
  Panels                                                                             Brake
                                                                                     Pistons/
                                                                                     Calipers
Bumper
Beams                                                                             Wheels

                                                                              Suspension
                                              Drive Shaft     Step Plates     Components
Heat Exchanger
                                              Yokes
Components/                                                             Cross
                                                       Inner Door
Radiators                                                               members
                                       Transmission    Panels
         Engine     Knuckles and       Brackets
         Components Control Arms Full
                                 Frames

                                                                                       7
     Good example of aluminum utility & flexibility
                         Significant Aluminium Content Growth

                                            160
                                                  Japan   Europe   North America
Aluminium content in kg per vehicle......

                                            140

                                            120

                                            100

                                            80

                                            60

                                            40

                                            20

                                              0
                                                      1990                2000             2006
                                                         Aluminium content in vehicles for
                                              North America, Europe and Japan (Ducker Research, 2005)
                                                                                                        8
     Encouraging Applications of
       Aluminium in Transport

• Light-weighting
  – Six to eight percent fuel savings can be realized for
    every 10 percent reduction in weight.
  – The typical aluminum part is 40 to 50 percent
    lighter than a comparable steel part.




                                                            9
       Potential Global Energy and CO2 Savings
                  by Light-weighting

• Analysis of single vehicles does not show the total potential for
  energy savings
        Therefore calculation of the potential annual energy savings of
   the whole fleet

          This takes into account the number and usage of vehicles =>
   total energy consumption of the transport sector




                                                                        10
                            Global Light Vehicle Production by Region

                                                                                                     R                   Region (2006-2012 CAGR%)
                                                                                            3.0% CAG
              80.0                                         GR
                                                    3.8% CA
                     2.1% CAGR                                                                                                  Greater China (+9.0%)
              70.0
                                                                                                                                South Asia (+8.6%)
              60.0
                                                                                                                                C/E Europe (+6.5%)
              50.0
                                                                                                                                ME/Africa (+5.3%)
M illio n s




              40.0                                                                                                              S America (+3.4%)
              30.0                                                                                                              N America (+1.3%)

              20.0                                                                                                              W Europe (+0.9%)

              10.0                                                                                                              Japan/Korea (+0.7%)

               0.0
                     1998

                             1999

                                    2000

                                           2001

                                                  2002

                                                         2003

                                                                2004

                                                                       2005

                                                                              2006

                                                                                     2007

                                                                                             2008

                                                                                                    2009

                                                                                                           2010

                                                                                                                  2011

                                                                                                                         2012
                                                                 Source: CSM                                                              11
      CONTINUED GROWTH OF
     AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS
The growth rate in vehicle sales reflected in this IEA projection:




                                                                     12
Large Potential Transport Savings




                                                                   13
 Institute for Energy and Environmental Research Heidelberg Ltd.
      Potential Emissions Savings From Transport
      Growing Faster Than Al Production Emissions

                            Million Tons of CO2e

600



500



400



300                                   H


                                                   Aluminium Production (Direct &
200
                                                   Indirect)
                                                   Potential Transport Savings
100



  0
       1990   1995   2000            2005          2010        2015       2020




                                                                                    14
End




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