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WTs wing-arm

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WTs wing-arm

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									Break It Down                   with Stefan Fischer
                                                                                                                                                    Bong-sau for self-defence




WT’s wing-arm
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The bong-sau or ‘wing-arm’ technique of WingTsun (WT) is an incredibly versatile move used in
                                                                                                                                                    Sifu Stefan assumes Blitz Defence                   Stefan moves in to hit with a wedged             This triggers a bong-sau, as Stefan’s
both defence and attack. Here, Australian WT Chief Instructor Stefan Fischer reveals how it works.                                                  stance as the attacker comes in.                    ‘universal solution’, but Jason blocks.          left arm continues forward to strike...



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W
           hy should I use it?                    Another application for the bong-sau is       triggered by your opponent. Once the bong-
             The bong-sau is one of the      against pressure from above. The bong-sau          sau reflex is implanted in the muscle-memory,
             most common reflexes used in     is like a log floating on water: if you place a     it should be triggered automatically, given the
WingTsun. Its main purpose is to redirect    heavy weight on one end of the log, that end       following prerequisites:
an incoming attack, which has superior       will submerge, the weight will drop off and        • Contact area is outside of your arm;
force, from its target. The bong-sau         the log will return to its original position. In   • Pressure is directed diagonally toward
enables someone physically weaker to         effect, the bong-sau absorbs an attacking              your body.
effectively defend an attack from a much     force and robs a linear punch of its power.            Or
                                                                                                                                                    ...followed by a lap-sau (grab) and                 Stefan continues with a close-                   ...and finishes off with a downward
stronger adversary, without interrupting                                                        • Pressure is applied from the top and pushes       fak-sau strike to the attacker’s throat.            distance biu-tze hook...                         elbow and eye-gouge.
their flow of counter-attacks. When           When and how should I                                  your arm down.
someone blocks your punch, the bong-sau      use it?                                                Once the mental, body language and verbal
enables you to continuously follow through      The bong-sau as a reflex rather than a           phases of a conflict have been exhausted and       be described in terms of physics: The first one      ultimately, prevent further attacks. So, in      poon-sau, which is basic two-armed chi-sau.
aggressively, such as with chain-punches     technique, so it’s not a question of when you      combat takes place — what happens? There          corresponds to the first fighting principle: ‘If      most cases the bong-sau will develop out         This is followed by regular chi-sau, which
(also called roll-punches).                  should use it, but rather when will the reflex be   are only three situations that can occur and      the way is clear, go forward!’ The WingTsun         of our attack, when superior forces gets in      comprises seven regular chi-sau sections,
                                                                                                                                                  fighter moves forward and his fists are given         contact with the outside of our arms and         which are followed by five biu-tze sections and
  Training the bong-sau                                                                                                                           maximum acceleration by muscular strength as        the opponent’s forward pressure is directed      the wooden-dummy chi-sau sections.
                                                                                                                                                  it impacts on the target.                           diagonally towards our body or head.                 Many people confuse chi-sau with
 1                                            2                                                  3                                                     The second situation is the result of                                                           fighting and think chi-sau itself makes you
                                                                                                                                                  attempting to apply the first fighting principle,     How do I execute it?                             a good fighter. However chi-sau is merely a
                                                                                                                                                  but this time the opponent defends or attacks           Important is that the bong-sau is not        tool, although an important tool, to implant
                                                                                                                                                  in the form of a block, guard or strike. This       used as a block, in which case it becomes        reflexes in to your subconscious and in your
                                                                                                                                                  creates the situation covered by the second         a technique rather then a reflex. Many Wing       muscle memory. But you obviously do not
                                                                                                                                                  fighting principle: ‘If the way is not clear ...’.   Chun styles use a bong-sau as a block-like       stand in IRAS position with your attacker
                                                                                                                                                  However, the second fighting principle is            movement, against Wing Chun principles.          on the street and start clinging arms. So for
                                                                                                                                                  not specifically formulated for all possible         The disadvantages of this would be that you      chi-sau to be applicable in real life, the reflex
                                                                                                                                                  eventualities, as two situations can arise as our   are susceptible to faints, as the trigger for    training has to be implemented in all other
                                                                                                                                                  arms meet the arms of the opponent.                 the bong-sau would be visual, and therefore      WingTsun exercises like Blitz Defence, Lat
  ‘A’ (left) gives sideways diagonal           B traps with his left arm to create a              The downward pressure on A’s left arm                One is that our arm/fist has sufficient          you could be easily fooled with a rhythm-        Sau, Circle Training and Warrior Day.
  pressure to ‘B’ (right), which creates a     line for his attack. A responds to this            forms a bong-sau, as his right arm              penetrating power to break through the              change in the attack. It also means that you
  bong-sau in B’s right arm.                   downward pressure by rotating through              finishes rolling into bong-sau, travelling       counter-attack, block or guard of the opponent,     need sufficient strength to be able to block      Who else uses it?
                                               a bong-sau with his right arm.                     up and forward to feel what’s coming.           which means that even with a reduced                the attacker’s punch, making it less effective      Reflexes in the way we apply them is quite
                                                                                                                                                  speed, our fist will still land on the target        against a stronger person.                       unique to the Leung Ting WingTsun system.
                                                                                                                                                  while protecting us through the wedge-like              The bong-sau (wing-arm) occurs when          However, all Wing Chun systems employ the
 4                                            5                                                  5                                                positioning of our arms while attacking (think of   your opponent’s arm contacts your arm on         bong-sau (also called bon-sao) in various ways.
                                                                                                                                                  an axe-head and how it’s used to split a log).      the outside and exerts pressure towards
                                                                                                                                                       The second is when our arm/fist does            the vertical centreline or beyond it. A bong-    How do you use it?
                                                                                                                                                  not have sufficient penetrating power, and is        sau also is triggered if your opponent exerts        A bong-sau is sometimes triggered if a
                                                                                                                                                  deflected by the opponent’s attack or block,         downward pressure on your forearm. We resist     fight does not end within the first couple of
                                                                                                                                                  or stopped by the opponent’s guard. In this         slightly and allow our lower arm to be pressed   seconds, hence the whole reflex does not take
                                                                                                                                                  case the second part of the second fighting          downwards. At the same time the opponent         more that probably 0.2 seconds and is just
                                                                                                                                                  principle applies: ‘... stick to the opponent!’     pressure causes our elbow to flip upwards         one small movement in a barrage of attacking
                                                                                                                                                  It is then, and only then, that the situation we    (creating bong-sau). Our forearm now forms a     techniques like chain, punches, kicks, elbows
                                                                                                                                                  practise for in chi-sau (sticky-hands drill) is     defensive diagonal in front of our upper body.   or knees. It’s usually not something you can
                                                                                                                                                  created and a bong-sau would be triggered.                                                           remember as it goes far too quick. However,
  B continues his punch and releases           Due to the force of B’s punch, A is                This allows A to flow through into the
                                                                                                                                                                                                      How do I train it?                               you can see the bong-sau and other reflexes
  his trapping pressure. Due to its            turned, maintaining his bong-sau. This             first of a barrage of counter-attacks.
                                                                                                                                                  What are the targets?                                   The training for the bong-sau — or for any   applied when we film our Warrior Days for
  upward and forward pressure, A’s             moves this body off-line while his bong-           (All movements shown here would be
                                                                                                                                                     In the WingTsun system, we hardly have           of the WT reflexes — starts with the single-      training and teaching purposes, and evaluate
  bong-sau fires up to meet the punch.          sau maintains its forward pressure.                executed in under one second.)
                                                                                                                                                  any pure defensive moves, as these will not,        arm chi-sau exercise dan-chi. The next step is   confrontations in slow motion.

66 BLITZ Magazine                                                                                                        www.sportzblitz.net      www.sportzblitz.net                                                                                                          BLITZ Magazine 67

								
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