Natural_and_historic_resources by chrstphr

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 13

									   Strategic Direction 2:
  Protection of Resources


Natural/Historic Resources
Environmental Scan                                                              Natural/Historic Resources Profile




          Between 1997-2002, 93% of Non-Residential Development
                     occurred in Development Areas



                                       Rural Areas               Non-Residential Development
                                           7%
                                                                       % square feet




                                                      Development areas
                                                             93%




                         Rural Areas
                            30%                                      Residential Development
                                                                             % Units




                                                                Development areas
                                                                       70%



NOTE: The percentage of residential units developed in the Development Areas (70%) over the five
years is skewed by a surge in multi-family development in 2002 (922 units out of a total of 1,404 units in
the Development Areas). The percentage of residential units developed in the Development Areas was
lower in the preceeding four years (64%).




                                                     37
Environmental Scan                                                       Natural/Historic Resources Profile



            Total Residential vs. Non-Residential
                 Development for 1997-2002
                         Non-Residential Residential
                               % SQ FT     % UNITS
Neighborhood 1                      9%          2%
Neighborhood 2                      7%         10%
Neighborhood 3                     24%         11%
Neighborhood 4                      6%          8%
Neighborhood 5                     13%         14%
Neighborhood 6                      8%          1%
Neighborhood 7                      1%          0%
Crozet Community                    2%          6%
Hollymead Community                17%         11%
Piney Mountain Community            7%          1%
Rivanna Village                     0%          5%
Development areas                  93%         70%
Rural Area 1                        1%          7%
Rural Area 2                        2%          6%
Rural Area 3                        3%          9%
Rural Area 4*                       1%          7%
Rural Areas                         7%         30%

*Note: In 2001, the Southern Park site plan (617,115 SQ FT) was approved for Rural Area 4; this
has been subtracted from calculations as it is still open space not applicable to "development"
meant here

•   Methodology: Non-residential data from Development Activity Report Table 2-13 (which
    represents site plan approvals in square feet) and Residential data from Table 2-4 (which
    represents the number of dwelling units by building permit). The percentages of square feet
    and dwelling units was calculated for each of the Comprehensive Plan Areas
•   Source: Development Activity Reports 1997-2002, Albemarle County Dept. of Planning and
    Community Development
•   Prepared by Bryan Eckstein, 2003




                                               38
Environmental Scan                                                                                                      Natural/Historic Resources Profile


  The rate of subdivision in the Rural Areas is fairly constant, despite the
          County’s goals of limiting residential development there

The chart below shows the number of parcels created each year in the Rural Areas. Generally,
this shows that the rate of subdivision is fairly constant, despite the County's goals of limiting
residential development in the Rural Areas. The gap for 1995 indicates that the data are not
available for that year.

                                     Constant number of parcels created in Rural Areas
                                                   in the last 17 years

                           400

                           350                                            340
                           300
                                                                                          281
         Created Parcels




                                                                    275
                           250                                254                                                 249 260 241 259         256
                                                  229                           225 221         229
                                                        214
                           200                                                                                                      191
                                            183
                                                                                                            171
                           150

                           100

                            50

                                 0
                                 95

                                 96
                                 85

                                 86

                                 87

                                 88

                                 89

                                 90




                                 97

                                 98

                                 99

                                 00

                                 01

                                 02
                                 91

                                 92

                                 93

                                 94
                               19

                               19
                               19

                               19

                               19

                               19

                               19

                               19




                               19

                               19

                               19

                               20

                               20

                               20
                               19

                               19

                               19

                               19




                                        Most parcels created in Rural Areas are of residential
                                                      size in the last 17 years
                                     1800                                  1670
                                     1600
                                     1400                                               1211
                                     1200
                           Parcels




                                     1000                                                             843
                                      800
                                      600
                                      400                      249
                                      200         34                                                               99
                                                                                                                             2            1
                                        0
                                                   0           <2         2-4.99 5 - 20.99 21-100 100.01 - 500.01 - > 1000
                                                                                                    500     1000
                                                                                            Acres




This chart shows the new parcels in Rural Areas for the same period by size class. This gives an
idea of the number of residential-development lots (generally, those in the "2-4.99" and "5-20.99"
acre classes).

Source: Scott Clark; Albemarle County Dept. of Planning and Community Development



                                                                                   39
                                Environmental Scan                                                                  Natural/Historic Resources Profile


                                      The number of new lots of size appropriate for residential development created
                                     each year in rural areas is not decreasing, despite County’s efforts to restrict such
                                                              * Incomplete records for 1995
                                                                             development

                              300


                              250                                      253
Lots Under 21 Acres Created




                                                                                            218
                                                         208    202                                                 203
                              200                                                                                               195               199
                                                   182                                                                                188
                                             174                               180   179
                                                                                                  168
                                                                                                                          158
                              150      146                                                                                                  144
                                                                                                              143


                              100


                               50

                                                                                                        24*
                                0
                                    1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995* 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002



                                                                                New Parcels, 1985-2002
                                                                               Under 21 Acres             21 Acres +
                                                                                 Acres   Lots       Acres Divisions
                                                               1985            845.791    146     749.041         24
                                                               1986            982.314    174   1,102.509         42
                                                               1987            939.967    182     566.822         21
                                                               1988          1,213.174    208     923.299         34
                                                               1989             964.97    202   1,330.033         55
                                                               1990          1,206.599    253   1,827.198         71
                                                               1991            778.787    180     827.426         32
                                                               1992            869.015    179     810.969         29
                                                               1993            910.363    218   1,345.627         46
                                                               1994            739.585    168    1,275.55         47
                                                               1995*           189.557     24      58.897          2
                                                               1996            763.795    143     608.394         22
                                                               1997            824.653    203     938.469         31
                                                               1998            702.324    158   2,158.069         89
                                                               1999            878.188    195     927.979         31
                                                               2000            877.052    188   1,534.654         55
                                                               2001            645.654    144      941.24         30
                                                               2002            783.975    199   1,116.274         43
                                                               Total  15,115.76 3,164      19,042.45     704
                                                                  * Incomplete records for 1995
                                      Source: Scott Clark; Albemarle County Dept. of Planning and Community Development




                                                                                       40
Environmental Scan                                                                                                                Natural/Historic Resources Profile




The number of dwelling units constructed in Rural Areas each year is not decreasing,
            despite the County’s efforts to restrict such development


                                                         360
      Actual Dwelling Units Constructed in Rural Areas




                                                         340
                                                                                                                          336

                                                         320
                                                                                                                                                     316

                                                         300

                                                                                                                 286
                                                         280                                                                       281
                                                                                                        272
                                                                  268
                                                         260
                                                                                    253                                                     253

                                                         240               239
                                                                                             231
                                                         220


                                                         200
                                                               1993     1994     1995     1996     1997       1998     1999     2000     2001     2002




COMP PLAN AREA                                                           1993            1994        1995              1996         1997            1998
Urban areas                                                             265 33%         450 48%     158 27%           401 48%      376 42%        367 42%
Communities                                                             195 24%         173 18%     137 23%           140 17%      195 22%        158 18%
Villages                                                                 77 10%          77   8%     48   8%           63   8%      62   7%        63    7%
Rural areas                                                             268 33%         239 25%     253 42%           231 28%      272 30%        286 33%
Total                                                                   805 100%        939 100%    596 100%          835 100%     905 100%       874 100%

COMP PLAN AREA                                                           1999            2000        2001              2002
Urban areas                                                             218 28%         189 29%     414 47%          1131 66%
Communities                                                             167 22%         130 20%     186 21%           246 14%
Villages                                                                 49   6%         50   8%     22   3%           27   2%
Rural areas                                                             336 44%         281 43%     253 29%           316 18%
Total                                                                   770 100%        650 100%    875 100%         1720 100%

Source: 1997 and 2002 Development Activity Reports; Albemarle County Department of Planning
and Community Development




                                                                                                   41
Environmental Scan                                                          Natural/Historic Resources Profile


More than 2,000 buildings and structures and 400 archaeological sites have
              been identified as potential historic resources

IV.     SURVEYS AND HISTORIC RESOURCES

In both numbers and quality, Albemarle County's inventory of historic buildings and structures still
standing in 2000 justifies a strong effort to protect these non-renewable resources, and the first
step in any preservation program is a survey of existing historic resources. Surveys, either
previously developed, new, or updated, are the standard tool for demonstrating that buildings and
structures to be protected have "important historical, architectural, archaeological or cultural
interest." (The quoted phrase is the criteria specified in the Code of Virginia, which enables the
County to protect its historic resources.) Albemarle County benefits from a substantial base of
completed surveys, on which it can build its current historic preservation efforts.

Existing Historic Resource Surveys

The Virginia Department of Historic Resources (VDHR) records for Albemarle County identify
more than 2000 buildings and structures and 400 archaeological sites that have been surveyed
as potential historic resources. The records also indicate that only four other counties in the state
have had more than one thousand historic buildings and structures surveyed. The vast majority
of these resources were surveyed between 1979 and 1983 by Jeffrey O'Dell and Margaret Welsh,
architectural historians for the VDHR (then the Division of Historic Landmarks), who conducted a
comprehensive, reconnaissance-level architectural survey of approximately 1600 resources in
Albemarle County. Although Albemarle is one of the best-surveyed counties, the combined 2400
resources comprise less than 7% of total properties in the County.

Excerpt from Albemarle’s “Historic Preservation Plan”




                                                 42
Environmental Scan                                                      Natural/Historic Resources Profile


Historic Resources Data Sharing System
The Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR) acts as the state's Historic Preservation
Office. In February, 2002 DHR made available the Historic Resource Data Sharing System. The
system is an inventory of cultural resources (architecture and archaeology) in Virginia. It is
available to trained users for an annual fee.
The map below came from this system.


  The Historic Resources data system shows the location of the many historic resources
                                  in Albemarle County.




                                              43
                                                                                                                                         County of
                                                                                                                                     Albemarle                    Virginia




                                                                                          810


                                                                                       WHITE HALL
                                                                                                                                                                       33

                                                                                                                                  29                   20

                                                                                                                        RIO
                                                                                                                                                                 231
                                                                                                            JACK JOUETT                   RIVANNA
                                                                                        240
                                                                                                                                                               22
                                                                                                     250
                                                                        64                                             City of
                                                                                                                                                  22
6                                                              250
                                                                                                                   Charlottesville
        151
                                                                                                                                          250
                                                                                                                                                 64


                                                                                                    29
                                                                                                                                         53
                                                                                      SAMUEL MILLER
                                                                                                              20




                                                                                                            SCOTTSVILLE



                                                                                                6
                                                                                                                            Town of
                                                                                                                           Scottsville

                            N
                        Y
                            OF A L B E M                                                                                                      ACE
                   T




                                                               AR
                COU N




                                                                   LE




                        VI
                             F O U
                                   N D E D




                           R GI N IA
                                             A D   1 7
                                                         4 4




                                                                                                                                              Easements

                                                                                                                                              Magisterial Districts


0


0   1
        1


            2       3
                        2


                                       4
                                                               3


                                                               5        6
                                                                         4
                                                                           Miles
                                                                         Kilometers
                                                                                                                ACE and other
DATE: 9/3/2003
NAME: stwilson
FILE: ace_etc.mxd
PREPARED BY: DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                           Permanently Protected Areas
~ OFFICE OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA SERVICES (GDS) ~ THIS MAP IS FOR DISPLAY PURPOSES ONLY.
ANY MAPPING LAYERS (ESPECIALLY PARCELS) THAT ARE SHOWN ON THIS MAP ARE NOT TO BE
CONSTRUED OR USED AS A LEGAL DESCRIPTION. ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THE ACCURACY
OF THE LAYERS SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE APPROPRIATE ENTITY.
SOURCE: ACE Round 1 has been finalized. ACE Round 2 and Round 3 have not been closed.
The easements layer was researched for accuracy mostly through the efforts of the Piedmont
Environmental Council (PEC) using a combination of County real estate records and other sources.
                                                                                                                              County of
                                                                                                                          Albemarle                 Virginia




                                                                            810




                                                                                                                                                          33

                                                                                                                       29                  20



                                                                                                                                                    231


                                                                          240
                                                                                                                                                  22
                                                                                       250
                                                            64                                              City of
                                                                                                                                      22
6                                                       250
                                                                                                        Charlottesville
        151
                                                                                                                               250
                                                                                                                                     64


                                                                                      29
                                                                                                                              53

                                                                                                   20




                                                                                                                                **43,349 (9%) acres out of
                                                                                                                              464,640 acres in the County**


                                                                                  6
                                                                                                                 Town of
                                                                                                                Scottsville          Parks, and Recreation Areas

                                                                                                                                     ACE
                       N
                   Y
                       OF A L B E M                                                                                                  Easements
               T




                                                  AR
             N
            C OU




                                                   LE




                   V
                        F O
                            UN
                                 D ED AD 1 7 4




                       I R G I N IA
                                              4




                                                                                                                                     Trails
                                                                                                                                     River Access Sites
0       1                                 2             3       4


                                                                                          Parks, Recreation Areas,
                                                              Miles
                                                             Kilometers
0   1       2                      3               4    5   6



DATE: 9/3/2003
NAME: stwilson
FILE: parks_facilities_and_easements.mxd
PREPARED BY: DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                         Trails, River Access Sites,
                                                                                      and Permanently Protected Areas
~ OFFICE OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA SERVICES (GDS) ~ THIS MAP IS FOR DISPLAY PURPOSES ONLY.
ANY MAPPING LAYERS (ESPECIALLY PARCELS) THAT ARE SHOWN ON THIS MAP ARE NOT TO BE
CONSTRUED OR USED AS A LEGAL DESCRIPTION. ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THE ACCURACY
OF THE LAYERS SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE APPROPRIATE ENTITY.
SOURCE: COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF PARKS AND RECREATION.
NOTE THAT TRAILS INCLUDE EXISTING AND PROPOSED TRAILS.
ACE Round 1 has been finalized. ACE Round 2 and Round 3 have not been closed.
The easement layer was researched for accuracy mostly through the efforts of the Piedmont
Environmental Council (PEC) using a combination of County Real Estate Records and other sources.
                                                                                                                                      County of
                                                                                                                              Albemarle                   Virginia




                                                                                     810




                                                                                                                                                             33

                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                         29




                                                                                                                                                       231


                                                                                   240
                                                                                                                                                     22
                                                                                                250
                                                                 64                                            City of
                                                                                                                                          22
6                                                           250
                                                                                                           Charlottesville
    151
                                                                                                                                         64

                                                                                                                                              250
                                                                                               29
                                                                                                                                 53

                                                                                                      20




                                                                                                                                       **Total Number of Parcels in
                                                                                                                                            Land Use Taxation
                                                                                                                                                  4629**
                                                                                           6
                                                                                                                    Town of
                                                                                                                                      **Parcels 20 Acres and Below
                                                                                                                   Scottsville                 1841 (40%)**
                        N
                        OF A L B E M
                    Y
               T




                                                      AR
            C OUN




                                                       LE




                         FO                      44
                              UND            7
                                    ED A D 1


                    VI
                         R G I N IA




0       1                                  2                3         4
                                                                                                                              Parcels Under 20 Acres
                                                                       Miles
                                                                      Kilometers
0   1       2                       3                  4     5    6

                                                                                                            Parcels 20 Acres or Less
NAME: stwilson
DATE: 8/6/2003
FILE: Landuse_20.mxd
PREPARED BY: DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
~ OFFICE OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA SERVICES (GDS) ~ THIS MAP IS FOR DISPLAY PURPOSES ONLY.
                                                                                                             in Land Use Taxation
ANY MAPPING LAYERS (ESPECIALLY PARCELS) THAT ARE SHOWN ON THIS MAP ARE NOT TO BE
CONSTRUED OR USED AS A LEGAL DESCRIPTION. ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THE ACCURACY
OF THE LAYERS SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE APPROPRIATE ENTITY.

SOURCE: 2002 COUNTY REAL ESTATE RECORDS
                                                                                                                                                        County of
                                                                                                                                                   Albemarle                   Virginia




                                                                                         810
                                                                                    WHITE HALL
                                                                                        Forestry 492
                                                                                         Mixed 593
                                                                                                                                                                                  33
                                                                                       Agriculture 514
                                                                                       Horticulture 14                                  RIO                         20
                                                                                       Open Space 3                             Forestry 18 29
                                                                                         Total 7798                              Mixed 33
                                                                                                              JACK JOUETT Agriculture 44
                                                                                                                 Forestry 34   Horticulture 0
                                                                                                                                                        RIVANNA
                                                                                                                  Mixed 52                               Forestry 317
                                                                                                                               Open Space 0               Mixed 296        231
                                                                                                                Agriculture 80  Total 5708
                                                                                                                Horticulture 0                          Agriculture 275
                                                                                                                Open Space 1                             Horticulture 2
                                                                                      240                        Total 3120                             Open Space 2
                                                                                                                                                          Total 6867      22
                                                                                                          250
                                                                64                                                                 City of
                                                                                                                                                               22
6                                                           250
                                                                                                                              Charlottesville
        151
                                                                                                                                                              64
                                                                                 SAMUEL MILLER
                                                                                    Forestry 466                                                                   250
                                                                                     Mixed 343           29
                                                                                   Agriculture 239
                                                                                                                                                       53
                                                                                   Horticulture 17
                                                                                   Open Space 0
                                                                                    Total 6167                           20




                                                                                                                   SCOTTSVILLE
                                                                                                                       Forestry 550
                                                                                                                        Mixed 367
                                                                                                                      Agriculture 175
                                                                                                                       Horticulture 0
                                                                                                                      Open Space 0
                                                                                                                        Total 7643
                                                                                                     6                                                       JACK JOUETT
                                                                                                                                          Town of
                                                                                                                                         Scottsville         RIO
                        N
                    Y
                        OF A L B E M
                                                                                                                                                             RIVANNA
               T




                                                      AR
            C OUN




                                                       LE




                    VI
                         FO
                              UND




                         R G I N IA
                                    ED A D 1
                                             7   44




                                                                                                                                                             SAMUEL MILLER
                                                                                                                                                             SCOTTSVILLE
0       1                                  2                3       4                                                                                        WHITE HALL
                                                                      Miles
                                                                    Kilometers
0   1       2                       3                  4    5   6




NAME: stwilson
DATE: 8/8/2003
                                                                                                                                          Land Use Taxation
FILE: Landuse.mxd
PREPARED BY: DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
~ OFFICE OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA SERVICES (GDS) ~ THIS MAP IS FOR DISPLAY PURPOSES ONLY.
ANY MAPPING LAYERS (ESPECIALLY PARCELS) THAT ARE SHOWN ON THIS MAP ARE NOT TO BE
CONSTRUED OR USED AS A LEGAL DESCRIPTION. ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THE ACCURACY
OF THE LAYERS SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE APPROPRIATE ENTITY.
                                                                                                                                         By Number of Parcels
SOURCE: 2000 MAGISTERIAL DISTRICTS
2002 COUNTY REAL ESTATE RECORDS
                                                                                                                         County of
                                                                                                                      Albemarle                  Virginia




                                                                            810




                                                                                                                                                    33

                                                                                                                 29                  20



                                                                                                                                             231


                                                                          240
                                                                                                                                            22
                                                                                       250
                                                            64                                        City of
                                                                                                                                22
6                                                       250
                                                                                                  Charlottesville
        151
                                                                                                                         250
                                                                                                                               64


                                                                                      29
                                                                                                                        53

                                                                                             20




                                                                                  6
                                                                                                           Town of
                                                                                                          Scottsville
                        N                                                                                                           AGRICULTURE
                        OF A L B E M
                    Y
               T




                                                  AR




                                                                                                                                    FORESTRY
            C OUN




                                                   LE




                         F O                 44
                             UN D
                                  ED A D 1 7


                    VI
                         R GIN I A




                                                                                                                                    HORTICULTURE
                                                                                                                                    MIXED
0       1                                 2             3     4
                                                              Miles
                                                             Kilometers                                                             OPEN SPACE
0   1       2                     3                4    5   6




NAME: stwilson
DATE: 8/25/2003
                                                                                                                Land Use Taxation
FILE: Landuse.mxd
PREPARED BY: DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
~ OFFICE OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA SERVICES (GDS) ~ THIS MAP IS FOR DISPLAY PURPOSES ONLY.
ANY MAPPING LAYERS (ESPECIALLY PARCELS) THAT ARE SHOWN ON THIS MAP ARE NOT TO BE
CONSTRUED OR USED AS A LEGAL DESCRIPTION. ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING THE ACCURACY
OF THE LAYERS SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE APPROPRIATE ENTITY.
                                                                                                                By Land Use Type
SOURCE: 2000 MAGISTERIAL DISTRICTS
2002 COUNTY REAL ESTATE RECORDS

								
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