SOCCER HISTORY - Soccer is a very old game that Ancient Greeks played using an inflated ball. The Romans also played a form of soccer and they brought it to England after conquering the country. From England the game spread to the continent of Europe and to the British Colonies. Eventually, it became popular in South America and today it is the world’s most popular or famous sport. Soccer was known as “foote balle” when it was first played in England. It was considered a rowdy game and for a long time officials tried to abolish it, however, the English colonists in America continued to play the sport. BASIC RULES OF SOCCER THE GAME - soccer is started by a “kick off.” All players must be “on-side” and the opponents must be at least 10 yds. from the ball. The kickers can’t play the ball again until it has been touched by another player. a kick-off is also used after a goal and at the beginning of the second half. FOULS - i) an indirect free kick is awarded for non-personal fouls such as dangerous play, a goalie taking too many steps with the ball, and offside. ii) a direct free kick is awarded when a personal foul is committed such as pushing, holding, kicking, kneeing, elbowing an opponent or intentionally handling the ball. iii) if a foul occurs within the penalty area, a penalty kick is awarded. TIME - 2 - 45 min halves. No time outs, but the referee may call time for an injury. Substitutions are made on throw-ins, goal kicks and corner kicks. SCORING - a goal is scored when the whole ball passes over the goal line. Any part of the body except the hands and arms can be used to put the ball in the net. LINE UP - 11 players per side. The offence consists of 1 centre, 2 insiders and 2 wingers. 2 halfbacks play at mid-field between the forwards and defence. Half backs both attack and defend. 3 fullbacks and a goalie make up the defence. The goalie is the only player who can use his hands and can only do so in the penalty area. OFFSIDE - a player in his opponents end of the field must have two opponents between himself and the goal line at the time the ball is passed to him. GOAL KICKS - are awarded to the defending team if the attacking team kicks or heads the ball past the end line. CORNER KICK - awarded to the attacking team when a defender last touches the ball before it goes over the end line. THROW IN - when the ball goes over the touch or side line, a throw in is awarded to the opposing team. PENALTY KICK - is a free kick taken by the attacking team as a result of a foul in the penalty area. A penalty kick occurs 11m from the goal line. HANDLING - carrying, striking or propelling the ball with the hand or arm.
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