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					LAND APPLICATION OF BIOSOLIDS
      DONALD A. OWEN


      BE125 (FIELDS 1 - 8)
  BEDFORD COUNTY, VIRGINIA
         MARCH 2005
         SYNAGRQ
 Synagro Southwest, Inc.




                                                                 February 9,2005




Dr. Cal M. Sawyer
Director, Division of Wastewater Engineering
Virginia Department of Health
PO Box 2448
Richmond, VA 23218



Dear Dr. Sawyer:


Transmitted herein for your consideration is land application she for Donald A. Owen
(designated as BE125 fields 1-8) located in Bedford County, Virginia. This submission
contains strictly site-specific information. Please refer to the operations and maintenance manual
submitted under separate cover for all non-site specific information.

Do not hesitate to contact me at (804) 433-2170 should you have any questions or require
additional information.

                                                                Sincerely,



                                                                D. Steve McMahon                   {
                                                                Technical Services Director


DSM/cmw
Enclosures




              10647 Tidewater Trail, Champlain, VA 22438-2017 • Ph: (804) 443-2170 • Fax: (804) 443-2214
             SYNAGRO
      A Residuals Management Company


FIELD SUMMARY SHEET

Donald A. Owen             BE125
                                                          SYNAGRO

                            VIRGINIA REQUE8T AND CONSENT FOR BIOSOLIDS

PARM OPERATOR: ""fad? Vf^^. f
address?            Q/A "77/5Z/*£_ i
r-'ARM LOCATION:


PSA TRACT*

TOTAL ACREAGE:,                        A*             COUNTY:    '"                      tMA
CROPS: ,

1.    I agraa to ba roapontlblo for adhering to tho following oondiUoni, where appHeabia:
     a.    The mU pH will be adjusted to » 4.0 whan blotolldt are applied. (Thla may be aecomptiahad through the
           application of ilma-traated btoeWde.)
     e.    do net grua inlmalt en tha land for 30 days after tnt application of bloaollda. In addition, anJmato Intended
           for dairy production should not ba allowed to area on the land or ba fad ohowwd foliage for tOdaye after the
           appffcattn of Blotolldt, Meefrpreduolng Hvwtoek thouid not be fad shopped feltae for SO daya after tht
           application of bteeellda.
     c.    Food eropa for direct human centumpBon that are above tha land surface than not ba harvested for U
           montha after tht application of bloaollda.
     d.    Pood eropt for direct human consumption with harvested part* bttow the turfioa of tht land thail not ba
           harveatod for 20 month* altar the application of bloididi when the biotelidt remain on the land aurfaoa > 4
           montha prior 10 Irraorporatjon Into the toll, or 38 month* whan tha bletollda remain on the tend turtee <*»
            menthe prtor to Incorporation.
     e.     Pood eropa, feed eropa and fiber crept ehell not ba harvested for SO deye aftar appfloatton of btoaeMa.
     f,     Publip aeeaat to land with a low potential for pubne exposure lhaJI ba raatrietad for 30 dayt. PubJto tocett to
            land wtt» a high petontlal for public exposure thell be reatHetad for 1 year. No blceoldt-tmandtd aoH thai)
            ba excavated or removed from the tlte for 30 dayt following the bloaellda appReatfon unleaa adequate
            previalont am made to prevent public exposure to ton, duals or tarotoia.
            Turf grown en land where blotolldt are applied thall not bt hwvaeted lor ona year aftar application of
            bteteilde whan tht harvettad turf la plaoed en either Itnd with a high potential for public expotuni or a lawn,
            unlaat otharwtaa apeelfiad by tha permltilng authority.
            8upp)emanail ocmmerclgl ftrtlllker or manure applleationt thouid be coordinated with tw bloaollda
            appllcaflona aueh that ffta total crop needa for nutrlenta are not exeetded ta idtntfRtd en the nutrient balanoa
            aheal or tho nutrlant management plan approved by tha Virginia Department of Oonesfvatfen and Raeraatlert
            to be tupplled to tha farm operator by Synagro at tha time of application of bloeofldt ta a tpedflo aarmHtod

      i     Tobtooo, baeaut* It hat ba«n ahewn to aeeumulate cadmium, thouid not ba grown tor three* yean fellowlM
            tha application of btoiolldt-boma cadmium equal to or exceeding 0.46 Ibe/aora,
      i understand, that this transaction la not contemplated by tht partltt to ba a tale of goodt, and that 8ynmro la
      willing to provide to me without eharge tha tarvlea of land applying blotoKdt which rtavt batn aparevtd by the
      appropriate regulatory egendea for land application.                                                       '
      I undarattnd that tuooeieru! crop production depends on many wlablae, tuoh aa watthar, toll condition* and
      ipedflo farming prtctloet and that while Synagro hat experience with land application of bloaollda, tha
      retpontlblfny for properly aoeemmodating agricultural practlcw to blotolldt utfllzaBen are aeiely mine, I have atto
      read and undaratofta tea "Imaortant Information About Uiing Bioaolldt at a ParUllzar* which fa on the ravaraa tlda
          ...    ..... —'*"**^CitntnieRequeetndCont


                                                                                       DATE

                      Synagro • 801 Carolina Street, #601» Prederlcksburg, VA 22401 • 540.371,9050
     ■ -^R&CVA                                        WHITE • Rkglonil OfRea                             CANAKY
                                                                  SYNAGRQ
                                                            /\ ReuJnah Mana&mtnt Company



                                   VIRGINIA LANDOWNER CONSENT FOR BIOSOLIDS APPLICATION

 OWNER NAME: ^ ^&Q>                                   fa. &U 7<? a /       PHONE:'^)
 ADDRESS: %/£ tt&/ Ai                                  V> ft£r-/ /» £>/ 1/ &
 OPERATOR NAME: $& J/A &> A.CD^'gj/                                                                     TOTAL ACRES: / 757 9
 FSA TRACT #- /^ M/> UM /&& ^T^i & *CK^™ .mtv-
 The undersigned hereby agrees to the application of biosolids by Synagro at application rates in accordance with applicable laws
 and regulations.

 This biosolids application agreement is made on        P     ' -?w ^/          between j^PAJ't-i^i ''• &>u^c^("Landowner"! and
 Synagro (owner of the permit).

 Landowner is the owner of agricultural land shown on the map attached as Exhibit A and designated there as                        '&"■£ ^^° ~Z~'
 /4faA("Landowner's land"). Synagro agrees to apply and Landowner agrees to comply with certain
                                      ti    f biosolids
 permit requirements following application of bilid on Ld' ld iin amounts and iin a manner authorized by permit number
                                                        Landowner's land t  d
                              which is held by Synagro.

 Landowner acknowledges that the appropriate application of biosolids will be beneficial in providing fertilizer and soil conditioning to
 the property. Moreover, Landowner acknowledges having been expressly advised that, in order to protect public health:

 1.   I understand that Synagro will coordinate biosolids deliveries with my farm operator hereinafter (leasee) unless
      otherwise advised by me.
 2.   I agree to allow Synagro and federal, state and local regulatory staff access to my land for the purposes of permitting
      the site, inspecting the site, applying biosolids, obtaining samples from the site and testing. I reserve the right to ask
      the above parties for proper identification at any time.
 3.   I understand that the following conditions apply to my land following biosolids applications and that my leasee has
      signed an agreement form with Synagro stating that my leasee will be responsible for following these conditions
      where applicable:
      a.   Do not graze animals on the land for 30 days after the application of biosolids. In addition, animals intended for dairy
           production shall not be allowed to graze on the land for 60 days after the application of biosolids.
      b.   Food crops (crops consumed by humans including but not limited to fruits, vegetables and tobacco) with harvested parts
           that touch the bbsolids/sofl mixture and are totally above the land surface shall not be harvested for 14 months after the
           application of biosolids. Food crops with harvested parts below the surface of the land shall not be harvested for 20 months
           after the application of biosolids when the biosolids remain on the land surface > 4 months prior to incorporation into the
           sofl, or 38 months when the biosolids remain on the land surface < 4 months prior to incorporation. Food crops, feed crops
           and fiber crops shall not be harvested for 30 days after application of biosolids.
      c.   Public access to land with a low potential for public exposure (land the public uses infrequently including but not limited to
           agricultural land and forests) shall be restricted for 30 days. Public access to land with a high potential for public exposure
           (land the public uses frequently including but not limited to a public contact site such as parks, playgrounds and golf
           courses) shall be restricted for 1 year.
      d.   Turf grown on land where biosolids are applied shall not be harvested for one year after application of biosolids when the
           harvested turf is placed on either land with a high potential for public exposure or a lawn, unless otherwise specified by the
           permitting authority.
4.    Supplemental commercial fertilizer or manure applications should be coordinated with the biosolids applications
      such that the total crop needs for nutrients are not exceeded as identified on the nutrient balance sheet or the
      nutrient management plan approved by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation to be supplied to
      the Landowner by Synagro at the time of application of biosolids to a specific permitted site.
5.    Tobacco, because it has been shown to accumulate cadmium, should not be grown on Landowner's land for 3 years
      following the application of biosolids-borne cadmium equal to or exceeding 0.45 Ibs/ac (0.5 kg/ha).
6.    I have also read the "Information About Biosolids" which is on the reverse side and incorporated by reference in this
      Consent.
7.    The term of this Consent shall continue until written notification is given by either party to terminate this agreement.
8.    I certify that I am holder of legal title to the above described property or am authorized by the holder to give consent
      for the land application of biosolids and that there are no restrictions to the granting of consent under this form.




OWNER SIGNATURE '(If signing as a representative, include title)                                            D«TE

                          Synagro • 601 Caroline Street, #601 • Fredericksburg, VA 22401 • 540.371.9050

SYNLOCVA-02/01                                              WHITE: Regional Office                                       CANARY: Landowner
                                     INFORMATION ABOUT BIOSOLIDS



 Bbsolids Generator!
 Btasolids are the accumulated, treated solids separated from water during the treatment of wastewater by public and
 private wastewater treatment plants (Generators). The Generator is responsible for supplying biosolids that are
 suitable for land application under state and federal regulations.

 Benefits of Biosolids                                "-. •       .   .■■'•■••-.
 Bbsolids provide nitrogen in a form that can be taken up by plants during thetrgrowth cycle. Bbsolids also add
 phosphorus to the sol If lime is added to biosolids, the bbsolids will-have the added benefit of a liming agent.
 Bbsolids contain primary, secondary and micronutrients that can be used by plants. Bbsolids are primarily an
 organic material; when added to soil, they improve water and nutrient retention, reduce erosion potential and
 improve soil structure.

 Btosolids Recycling Considerations                           _             .   ..   _.    .          —
' WhTe~rnbsTb1osolKls~corita!n traces of materials from household and industrial wastes, controls are required to
 ensure that land application presents no increased risk to people, animals, or the environment. These controls also
 ensure unrestricted future land use. Controls include federally mandated pretreatment programs to remove trace
 metals and other by-products from industry from the water these facilities send to treatment plants, ongoing bbsolids
 testing and regulatory limits on both the amounts of metals contained in bbsolids and the amounts that can be
 applied to the soil. Metals limits are very conservative based on decades of research by federal agencies and major
 universities nationwide. Metals exist naturally in soils and many of the trace metals from bbsolids are essential
 nutrients for plants, animals and people.

 Bbsolids must be properly disinfected at the treatment plant to be eligible for land application. Any pathogens
 (bacteria and viruses) remaining after disinfection die off after land application from exposure to sunlight and the
 hostile sofl environment. Regulations impose conservative waiting periods for livestock grazing, food crop and turf
 harvesting and public access for die-off to occur. After more than 40 years of land applying bbsolids in the U.S., no
 illness related to land application of bbsolids has been documented.

 Whle odor from bbsolids applications is not usually significant, and typically less than that from livestock manure, it
 is possible that an odor from the decomposition of organic matter may be noticed. If this occurs, it generally
 disappears in a short time. Injecting or incorporating bbsolids into the sofl on cropland also reduces odor potential.

 Bbsolids Land Application Regulations
 Bbsofids applbatbns are regulated by federal, state and sometimes local agencies. Typically each land application
 site must be permitted by a state agency. This permitting process ensures that sites are suitable for application,
 bbsolids of acceptable quality are applied correctly (e.g., at appropriate rates), and records of application and testing
 are maintained. For farmland, bbsolids are applied at agricultural rates for cropping purposes and for
 reclamation/disturbed lands at rates designed to reestablish vegetation on the site.

 Regulations require that.participants in land_appjication programsiojlow certain site management conditions. These .
 are outlined in item 3 on the front side of this Consent Form. Synagro ensures that the leasee signs an agreement
 form to be responsible for these conditions where applicable before Synagro applies bbsolids; however, you should
 advise new lessees of these conditions in cases where they are not also working with Synagro.

 Agronomic Considerations
 Tractor-trailer units are used to deliver bbsolids to the fields approved for bbsolids applications. Sofl compaction
 may occur on the travel areas used by the trucks and in areas where bbsolids are unloaded for transfer to the
 applicator vehicle.

 Since some bbsolids contain lime, it is Important to recognize any increase in soil pH where bbsolids have been
 applied and exercise care in using certain herbicides. If considering the use of a sulfonylurea herbicide, particular
 attention should be paid to any label restrictions. High soil pH and dry weather may slow decomposition of these
 chemicals, resulting in carry-over. For soBs with low manganese levels, increased soil pH from lime addition (alone
 or in lime treated bbsolids) may reduce manganese availability and thereby potentially reduce crop yields.

 Bbsolids contain salts. Biosolids applbatbns alone rarely cause salt problems. However, if combined with other
 significant salt-increasing factors, such as drought, excessive sofl compaction, saline irrigation water and salt-
 containing fertilizers, salts may reach levels that could negatively affect germination and growth of some crops.
          Tax ID Landowner Identification Sheet


                              !               Tax ID

                                             147-A-83

                                             147-A-83

                                             147-A-83

                                             147-A-83

                                             147-A-83

                                             147_A-83

                                             130-2-1

                                             130-2-1




Field #

  1

 2

 3

 4

 5

 6

 7

 8
                      IP SYNAGRO                       Donald Owen
                                                       BE 125
                                                       Fields 1-6


                      A Residuals Management Company




        SCALE 1 : 15.716


1.000         1.000

              FEET
                           2,000     3.0X

                                                                     A

                                   TAX MAP
                                                                         f
                                                                         N
                     r■SYNAGRQ                        Donald Owen
                                                      BE 125
                                                      Fields 7. 8


                     A Residuals Management Company




        SCALE 1 :15,710


1,000        1,000

             FEET
                          2.000    3,000

                                                                    A
                                   TAX MAP
                                                                        t
                                                                        N
.




             ■




                 !




    -■   .




                              .




                         -■




                     /



                                  ■




                                      ..■..
        NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT PLAN




                    Donald A. Owen

                     816 Helm Street
                    Bedford, VA 24523




160.8-Acre Cow/Calve and Hay Farm Utilizing Biosolids and
                   Commercial Fertilizer
  (Land available for biosolids under this plan 125.0 acres)
                      Hay Land:    160.8
                      Crop Land:     0.0
                      Pasture:       0.0




            Plan Effective Date: March 1,2005
            Valid Until:           March 1,2008

          Plan should be revised upon expiration.



                  Hydrologic Unit # L26




                 This Plan Was Prepared By:


                     William J. Rogers
               Nutrient Management Specialist
                      Certification # 342
                    10647 Tidewater Trail
                    Champlain, VA 22438
                                    BE125 Narrative
Mr. Owen operates a cow/calve and hay operation on these 161 acres of cultivated land in
Bedford County, Virginia. Mr. Owen currently uses commercial fertilizers to supply the
nutrient needs of his crops. In the future, he plans to begin to use biosolids as a replacement
for the purchased commercial fertilizer and lime. This nutrient management plan includes
the planned fields to receive biosolids applications. The acreage included in the NMP has
been determined using a GPS mapping system; these acres may deviate from the included
FSA aerial photos due to more accurate field measurements.

Over the course of several years and consecutive applications of biosolids every three years,
the soil test phosphorous levels are expected to rise to a high or very high soil test range. If
this occurs, the fertilization program should be reevaluated to supply maintenance levels of
phosphorous.

To maximize the benefits of this plan, the following guidelines should be followed:

1) Soil samples should be taken from fields, at a minimum, once every three years or once
per crop rotation to evaluate the need for additional soil nutrients, before additional
applications are made. This plan should be adjusted to reflect changes in soil fertility. Lime
stabilized biosolids, when available, should be used to adjust low soil pH levels to a range of
6.5 to 6.8. Otherwise, lime or other materials should be utilized to adjust soil pH to the
proper range of 6.2 to 6.8 in order to maximize proper utilization of soil nutrients.

2)   All biosolids applications must adhere to setbacks in accordance with the Virginia
Department of Health, "Biosolids Use Regulations".

3) Following a soil conservation plan is highly recommended, especially when soils in a
field are classified as highly erodible and soil test phosphorous values are very high (55 ppm
or greater as Mehlich I). If such a field is in pasture or grass hay, the grass should be
maintained at a minimum height of 3 inches to reduce soil erosion and improve runoff water
quality.

4) It is also recommended that a soil nitrogen test be used to monitor all cornfields. This
will ensure that adequate nitrogen is available for crop development and allows the farmer to
forgo unnecessary nitrogen applications when soil nitrogen levels are sufficient.

5) All fertilizer and biosolids applications should consider residual sources or nitrogen
release from a previous legume crop and organic nitrogen mineralizing from previous
manure or biosolids applications.

6) Significant amounts of residual phosphorous should be applied in most biosolids
applications. Additional soil testing is recommended in order to determine if additional
phosphorus is necessary for crops in subsequent years. For example, when biosolids are
utilized to grow a crop of corn, the phosphorus requirements of a soybean crop grown the
following year should be met. This should be taken into account prior to the applications of
any additional phosphorus for the soybean crop.
                                                             Nutrient Management Balance Sheet
                                                                   (Spring, 2005-Summer, 2008)
                                                                              BE125


Tract: BE125 - Donald Owen                        Location: Bedford County




 The planned biosolid application is an organic nutrient source application and at least two cuttings of hay are planned. Therefore, the entire nitrogen application is planned as one
spring application. If this application of biosolid is completed between October 1 and February 29, the application must be applied at half the listed rate.
Commercial Application Methods:
        br • Broadcast ba - Banded sd • Sidedress
Field Name:         01
Total Acres:        9.00                             Usable Acres:         7.80
FSA Number:         5046/1-3
Tract:              BE 125
Location:           Bedford
Slope Class:        D     Hydrologic Group:   B      Leaching Index:       13.00




Soil Test Results:
       DATE        PH     P     K       MOST RECENT LIME
       Sp-2004     5.9    M-    M-      Spring-2005 0.6 tons/acre




Soils:
         PERCENT    SYMBOL      SOIL SERIES
         59         21C         MADISON
         26          7C         CECIL
         15          7B         CECIL




Crop Rotation:
         YEAR   SEASON    YIELD UNITS         CROP NAME
         2005   Spring    2.8   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2006   Spring    2.8   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007   Spring    2.8   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:         02
Total Acres:        9.80                             Usable Acres:          8.80
FSA Number:         5046/4, 7
Tract:              BE 125
Location:           Bedford
Slope Class:        D      Hydrologic Group:   B     Leaching Index:        13.00




Soil Test Results:
       DATE        PH     P      K      MOST RECENT LIME
       Sp-2004     5.3    M-     M+     Spring-2005 0.6 tons/acre




Soils:
         PERCENT    SYMBOL       SOIL SERIES
         51         21C          MADISON
         49          7C          CECIL




Crop Rotation:
         YEAR   SEASON    YIELD UNITS          CROP NAME
         2005   Spring    2.9    tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2006   Spring    2.9    tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007   Spring    2.9    tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:            03
Total Acres:           34.60                           Usable Acres:          23.00
FSA Number:            5046/5, 6
Tract:                 BE 125
Location:              Bedford
Slope Class:           D     Hydrologic Group:   B     Leaching Index:        13.00




Soils:
         PERCENT       SYMBOL       SOIL SERIES
         55            21C          MADISON
         45             7C          CECIL




Crop Rotation:
         YEAR SEASON           YIELD UNITS       CROP NAME
         2005 Spring           2.8   tons        Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2006 Spring           2.8   tons        Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007 Spring           2.8   tons        Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:              04
Total Acres:             6.70                           Usable Acres:          6.00
FSA Number:              5046/10
Tract:                   BE 125
Location:                Bedford
Slope Class:             C    Hydrologic Group:   B     Leaching Index:        13.00




Soils:
         PERCENT         SYMBOL     SOIL SERIES
         58               7C        CECIL
         42              21C        MADISON




Crop Rotation:
      YEAR SEASON             YIELD UNITS         CROP NAME
      2005 Spring             2.9   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2006   Spring        2.9   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007   Spring        2.9   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:        05
Total Acres:       25.20                             Usable Acres:          15.50
FSA Number:        5046/11
Tract:             BE 125
Location:          Bedford
Slope Class:       C       Hydrologic Group:   B     Leaching Index:        12.93




Soils:
         PERCENT   SYMBOL        SOIL SERIES
         67         7C           CECIL
         32        21C           MADISON
         1         33B           TURBEVILLE




Crop Rotation:
      YEAR SEASON          YIELD UNITS         CROP NAME
      2005 Spring          3.0   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
      2006 Spring          3.0   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
      2007 Spring          3.0   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:         06
Total Acres:        14.20                            Usable Acres:          13.80
FSA Number:         5046/8, 9
Tract:              BE 125
Location:           Bedford
Slope Class:        C      Hydrologic Group:   B     Leaching Index:        13.00




So/7 Test Results:
       DATE        PH     P      K      MOST RECENT LIME
       Sp-2004     5.6    L+     H-     Spring-2005 0.6 tons/acre




Soils:




Crop Rotation:
         YEAR   SEASON    YIELD UNITS          CROP NAME
         2005   Spring    2.8   tons           Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2006   Spring    2.8   tons           Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007   Spring    2.8   tons           Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:            07
Total Acres:           21.40                            Usable Acres:         20.70
FSA Number:            3249/1
Tract:                 BE 125
Location:              Bedford
Slope Class:           C     Hydrologic Group:   B      Leaching Index:       13.00




So/7 Test Results:
       DATE        PH        P     K       MOST RECENT LIME
       Sp-2005     6.3       H-    M       Spring-2005 0.8 tons/acre




Soils:
         PERCENT       SYMBOL      SOIL SERIES
         65             7B         CECIL
         35            21C         MADISON




Crop Rotation:
      YEAR SEASON            YIELD UNITS         CROP NAME
      2005 Spring            3.0   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
      2006 Spring            3.0   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007 Spring         3.0   tons          Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Name:              08
Total Acres:             39.90                             Usable Acres:         29.40
FSA Number:              3249/2
Tract:                   BE 125
Location:                Bedford
Slope Class:             C      Hydrologic Group:   B      Leaching Index:       13.00




Soils:




Crop Rotation:
      YEAR SEASON              YIELD UNITS          CROP NAME
         2005   Spring         3.0   tons           Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2006   Spring         3.0   tons           Fescue grass (hay), maint.
         2007   Spring         3.0   tons           Fescue grass (hay), maint.
Field Productivities for Major Crops




           Yield Range
  Soil Sample Field Identification Sheet

Field #               Soil Samnle ID
    01                      1&2&3

   02                      4&7

   03                      6&5

   04                      10

   05                      11

   06                      8&9

   07                      H

   08                      P
Lab ID: 04-20389                                          (M/09/04                                BEDFORD/019




                                   Virginia Cooperative Extension
                                              Soil Test Report
     Bedford County Office                 Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory   SEE ENCLOSED NOTES:

     122 East Main Street                          145 Smyth Hall (0465)           1   3
     Suite 102                                    Blncksburg, VA 24061
     Bedford, VA24S23-203S
     540-586-7675




 o                                                        c   f
                   OWEN     DONALD A                      o   o
 w
 N                  816 HELM ST                           P   R
                                                          Y
 E
 R
                   BEDFORD,   VA   24523




Crop: Tall Grass - Hay (44)
Lab ID: (M-2O39O                                                    (M/09/04                                                     BEDFORD/019



                                    Virginia Cooperative Extension
                                                         Soil Test Report
     Bedford County Office                           Virginia Tech Soil Te.sling Laboratory                     [sii ENCLOSED NOTES:
                                                                                                                |SEF.

     122 East Main Street                                    145 Smyth Hall (0465)                                    3
     Suite 102                                               Macksburg, VA 24061
     Bedford, VA 24523-2035
     540-586-7675




 o                                                                  C    F
                   OWEN     DONALD A                                 O   O
 w
 N                  816 HELM ST                                      P   R

 E                                                                   Y

 R
                   BEDFORD,    VA 24523




                                                              SAMPLE HISTORY




                                                                  LAB TESTS


                 SSP                                                                   SSaKifjii
     B                                                                                             fj--
                                                                                                                0.2       29.4         0.2
                                               183                                        1.4             5.4
     5.3            14        167      829
                                                                                         SUFP         SDFF      SUFF      SUFF         SUFF
                    M-        M+       M-       H

                                             FERTILIZER AND LIMESTONE RECOMMENDATIONS


Crop: Tall Grass - Hay (44)
Lab ID: 04-20388                                                       04/09/04                                         BEDFORD/019




                                    Virginia Cooperative Extension
                                                          Soil Test Report
     Bedford County Office                            Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory             SEE ENCLOSED NOTES:

     122 East Main Street                                     145 Smyth Hall (0465)                     1    3
     Suite 102                                               Blacksburg, VA 24061
     Bedford, VA 24523-2035
     540-586-7675




 o                                                                     C   F
                   OWEN     DONALD A
 w                                                                     O   O

 N                  816 HELM ST                                        P   R

 e                                                                     Y
 R
                   BEDFORD,    VA 24523




                                                               SAMPLE HISTORY




                                                                  LAB TESTS

                                                                                       m
                                                                                  Hi
                                                                 Jem

                     Up                                  mm
                            WJMBMB                                                  m              m             $M&
                                                331                                       1.6   10.0   0.3       27.9         0.4
     6.6            45        291      1904
                                                VH                                       SUFF   SUFF   SUFF      SUFF         SUFF
                    H-        H+        H

                                              FERTILIZER AND LIMESTONE RECOMMENDATIONS


Crop: Tall Grass • Hay (44)
                                                                          (M/09/04                                                           BEDFORD/019
Lab ID: 04-20393



                                    Virginia Cooperative Extension
                                                               Soil Test Report

                                                                                                                          I                         :j
                                                            Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory                         |SEE UNCLOSED NOTES:
     Bedford County Office
     122 East Main Street                                           145 Smyth Hall (0465)                                  1   3
     Suite 102                                                     Blacksburg, VA 24061
     Bedford, VA 24523-2035
     540-586.7675




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                   OWEN      DONALD A                                      O   O
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                   BEDFORD,    VA 24523




                                                                         LAB TESTS


                                                                           USB
                 jtXSUXf&i                                                              ■&•£,


                                                      205                                           1.9      14.5         0.1         35.1         0.3
      4.9            4        202         783
                                                                                                SUFF         SUFF        SUFF         SUFF        SUFF
                     L         H-         M-           H+

                                                  FERTILIZER AND LIMESTONE RECOMMENDATIONS


Crop: Orchardgrass/Fescue-Clover Establishment (31)




     121. P2O5 and K2O recommendations will supply the needed nutrients for establishment and one harvest year's growth.


     823. Apply the nitrogen at the time the grass is seeded in late summer, early fall or early spring. Overseed the grass wilh clover the following
     February.
      tab ID: 04-20392                                                         (M/09/04                                                         BEDFORD/019



                                          Virginia Cooperative Extension
                                                                    Soil Test Report
    f|Bedford County Office                                     Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory                        |SEE ENCLOSED NOTES:
    ( 122 East Main Street                                              145 Smyth Hall (0465)                                1    3
  Wpl Suite 102                                                        Dlacksburg, VA 24061
 Wp        Bedford, VA 24523-2035
&$'?•' 540-586-7675



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                                                                         SAMPLE HISTORY




                                                                            LAB TESTS




    ■ni
           4.9           4          148     471           148                                       1.1        12.5         0.1         31.1         0.2
                         L                   L            H-                                       SUFF        SUFF        SUFF         SUFF        SUFF

                                                     FERTILIZER AND LIMESTONE RECOMMENDATIONS


    Crop: Orchardgrass/Fcscue-Clover Establishment (31)




       121.P2O5 and K2O recommendations will supply the needed nutrients Tor establishment and one harvest year's growth.


       823. Apply the nitrogen at the time the grass is seeded in late summer, early Tall or early spring. Overseed the grass with clover the following
       February.
                                                                   W/09/04                                                 BF.DFORD/019
Lab ID: 04-20391



                                     Virginia Cooperative Extension
                                                        Soil Test Report
                                                                                                          SEE ENCLOSED NOTES:
     Bedford County Office                           Virginia Tech Soil Testing Laboratory
     122 East Main Street                                    145 Smyth Hall (0465)                        1   3
     Suite 102                                              Itlacksburg, VA 24061

     Bedford, VA 24523-2035
     540-586-7675




                                                                    C    F
 o                 OWEN     DONALD A                                o    o
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                                                                    Y
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                    BEDFORD,   VA 24523




                                                                  LAB TESTS




                                              %m                        ':'Wm"'i
                                                                                             0.9   7.4    0.1       18.4        0.2
     5.6             9         181     1163     293
                                                                                         STUFF     SUFF   SUFF     SUFF         SUFF
                    L+         H-       H       VH

                                              FERTILIZER AND LIMESTONE RECOMMENDATIONS


Crop: Tall Grass - Hay (44)
Report Number:
                                                        A&L EASTERN AGRICULTURAL LABORATORIES, INC.
2005-R035-036                                                           7621 Whitepine Road • Richmond, Virginia 23237 • (804) 743-9401
                                                                            Fax No. (804)271-6446 • Email: office@al-labs-eastern.com
Account # 74660



Send To:             SYNAGRO MID-ATLANTIC INC                                             Grower:          BE-DONALD OWEN                                                            Samples Submitted By:
                     STEVE MCMAHON                                                                                                                                                   BILL ROGERS
                     10647 TIDEWATER TR                                                                                                                                              COPY TO: ;C1->BILL ROGER
                     CHAMPLAIN, VA 22438

                                                                                          SOIL ANALYSIS REPORT
                                                                                                                                                                                     Analytical Method:
Page: 1                   Date Received: 02/03/2005                          Date of Analysis: 02/04/2005             Date of Report: 02/07/2005                                     Ammonium Acetate, Bray-P




                                                                                                                                                                                       This report opptes to the samp!e(s) tested. Samples aie retained a
Values on this report represent the plant available nulrtents in the soil.                  Explanalion of symbols: % (percent), ppm (parts per million), tbs/A (pounds per acre),     maximum of thirty days after tasting. Sot! Analysis prepared by:
                                                                                                                                                                                           A&L EASTERN AGRICULTURAL LABORATORIES. INC.
Rating afler each value: VL (Very Low), L (Low), M (Medium), H (High), VH (Very High).      ms/cm (milli-mhos per centimeter), meo/IOOg (milt-equivalent per 100 grams).
ENR- Estimated Nitrogen Release C.E.C. - Cation Exchange Capacity.                          Conversions: ppm x 2 = bs/A, Sdifcle SaBs ms/cm x 640=ppm.
                                                                                                                                                                                           by:         £32£22^J
                                                                                                                                                                                                     r<
                                                                                                                                                                                                      C.    Norman Jones
Report Number:
                              A&L EASTERN AGRICULTURAL LABORATORIES, INC.
2005-R008-036
                                           7621 Whitepine Road • Richmond, Virginia 23237 • (804)743-9401
Lab Number:                                                   Fax No. (804)271-6446
40013             Page 1

Account Number:
74660                                                                                                                             Samples Submitted By:
                                                                                                                                  BRYAN CAUTHORN
    Send To:      SYNAGRO MID-ATLANTIC INC                                    BLUE PLAINS
                  STEVE MCMAHON
                  10647 TIDEWATER TR




ALL VALUES ARE ON A DRY WEIGHT BASIS EXCEPT AS NOTED.                                                                                         V PAUL C. H. CHU       ( C. NOR!      NONES
                  Our reports and letters are for the exclusive and confidential use of our clients, and may not be reproduced in whole or in part, nor may any reference be made
                     to the work, the results, or the company in any advertising, news release, or other public announcements without obtaining our prior written authorization.
Report Number:
                                A&L EASTERN AGRICULTURAL LABORATORIES, INC.
2005-R008-036
                                             7621 Whitepine Road • Richmond, Virginia 23237 • (804) 743-9401
Lab Number:                                                     Fax No. (804)271-6446
40013               Page 2

Account Number:
74660                                                                                                                               Samples Submitted By:
                                                                                                                                    BRYAN CAUTHORN
    Send To:        SYNAGRO MID-ATLANTIC INC                                     BLUE PLAINS
                    STEVE MCMAHON
                    10647 TIDEWATER TR
                    CHAMPLAIN VA 22438                                                                                                                       Date Sampled:            01/03/2005
                                                                                                                                                             Date Received:           01/04/2005
                                                                                                                                                              Date Reported:          01/10/2005
Sample ID:    JAN




                                                                           Detection
                                              Result          Result       Umit                              Analysis           Analysis
Parameter                                       (%)         (mg/kg)        (mg/kg)            Analyst         Date               Time             Method Reference

ARSENIC                                                          1.04      0.2                KMM             01/06/2005         16:00            SW     646-7061A
MERCURY                                                          0.58      0.2                KMM             01/06/2005         16:00            SW     846-7471A
SELENIUM                                                         2.41      0.1                KMM             01/06/2005         16:00            SW     846-7741A
PH (STD.UNITS;AS IS)                           12.30                                          RD             01/05/2005          12:30            EPA 150.1
CALCIUM CARBONATE EQV                          24.58         245800        100                KCS            01/05/2005          15:00            A0AC 955.01
VOLATILE SOLIDS                                56.40         564000        100                KCS            01/05/2005          16:00            SM     2540G
ORGANIC NITROGEN                                4.46          44600        100                DCH            01/05/2005                           CALCULATION
MOLYBDENUM                                                         20      5                  JCM             01/05/2005         14:00            SW     846-6010B




ALL VALUES ARE ON A DRY WEIGHT BASIS EXCEPT AS NOTED.                                                                                             PAULC. H.CHU
                    Our reports and letters are for the exclusive and confidential use of our clients, and may not be reproduced in whole or in part, nor may any reference be made
                       to tfje work the results, or the company in any advertising, news release, or other public announcements without obtaining our prior written authorization
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