Chapter 3 - District 401 Home Elmwood Park Community Unit School by lifemate


									       Drive Right
       Chapter 3
          Unit 2
  Theory Notes from
Driver Education Class
3.1 Instruments, Controls and Devices
          Instrument Panel:
          1. Speedometer – speed you are traveling.
          2. Tachometer – engines revolutions per minute.
          3. Odometer – total number of miles vehicle
          4. Fuel Gauge – amount of fuel in tank.
          5. Temperature Light or Gauge – coolant is too
          6. Oil Pressure Light or Gauge – problem with
          7. Alternator Warning Light or Gauge – electrical
          8. Brake System Warning Light –
              1. Release Parking Brake.
              2. Braking system not working properly.
3.1 Instruments, Controls and Devices
          Instrument Panel
          9. Antilock Braking System Light – if system is working
          10. Safety Belt Light – reminds you to fasten seat belt.
          11. Air Bag Warning Light – if system is in proper
              working condition. Stays on a few seconds.
          12. Turn-Signal Indicator – direction you have signaled
              to turn.
          13. High Beam Indicator – glows when high-beam
              headlights are on.
          14. Steering Wheel – controls direction of front wheels.
          15. Steering Wheel Adjustment Lever – tilting wheel.
          16. Selector Lever – shifting gears for automatics.
          17. Gear-Shift Lever – manual transmission cars.
          18. Ignition and Starter Switch – starts engine.
3.1 Instruments, Controls and Devices
          Instrument Panel
          19. Cruise Control – maintain desired speed.
          20. Parking Brake – keeps vehicle in place.
          21. Clutch Pedal – allows you to shift gears.
          22. Foot-Brake Pedal – slows or stops vehicle.
          23. Accelerator Pedal – increase speed if pushed.
          24. Safety Belts – protection against injury in collision.
          25. Head Restraints – reduces whiplash in collision.
          26. Inside Mirrors – view through the rear window.
          27. Outside Rearview Mirror – view to side and rear.
          28. Horn – on steering wheel.
          29. Hazard Flasher Control – warns others about a
              hazard or that you are in trouble.
          30. Turn Signal Lever – indicates direction of turn.
          31. Windshield Wipers and Washers – cleans windows.
3.1 Instruments, Controls and Devices
          Instrument Panel
          32. Light Switch – controls headlights, taillights, etc.
          33. Hood Release Lever – pull to release hood.
          Heater, Air Conditioning, and Defroster – warm, cool or
              defrosts the interior or windows.
          Sun Visor – pull down or to the side to reduce glare.
          Seat Adjustment Lever – adjusts seat position.
3.2 Getting Ready to Drive
           Outside Checks:
           1. Walk around and look for hazards. Look for leaking
              fluids under your vehicle.
           2. Glance at tires and see they are properly inflated.
           3. Check direction of front tires. You may have to turn.
           4. Check windows and lights. Make sure they’re clear.
           5. Check back window ledge for objects.
           6. Look inside of the vehicle for unwanted passengers.
3.2 Getting Ready to Drive
           Getting into the Vehicle:
           1. Unlock vehicle (keys and/or remote).
           2. Walk around the front to enter vehicle.
           3. Get in vehicle and lock doors

           Inside Checks:
           1.   Lock doors. Less likely to open in a collision.
           2.   Adjust seat for comfort and best control of pedals.
           3.   Your hands should be balanced and comfortable.
           4.   Adjust head restraint to the middle of head.
           5.   Adjust the inside rearview mirror.
           6.   Adjust the left and right outside mirror
           7.   Fasten seat belt.
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Selector-Lever Positions:
           P: Park – Locks transmission
           R: Reverse – Used for Backing
           N: Neutral – Allows wheels to roll
           D: Drive – Used for Moving
           1: Lower Gear – Slow hard pulling
           2: Higher Gear – Passing Gear
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Starting the Engine:
           1. Parking Brake is Set
           2. Make sure Transmission in
              Park (or Neutral if stalls)
           3. Keep foot off Accelerator
           4. Turn ignition to On – Then
              Start and release key
           5. Check Gauges, Lights and
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Hand Positioning and Controlled
           -   Comfortable and balanced hand position
               on steering wheel.
           -   Grip wheel firmly on both sides.
           -   10 and 2 or 9 and 3 or 8 and 4
           -   Always keep your knuckles outside the
               rim of the steering wheel.
           -   Keeping the thumbs outside of the
               wheel could help reduce injury in a
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Steering the Vehicle:
           -   Determine an aiming point while driving your
           -   The target should be in the center of your path
               of travel.
           -   Look far ahead to identify clues and hazards.
           -   Avoid looking directly in front of your vehicle.
           -   Do not use the road lines as guides – this
               prevents you from looking far into the distance
               you want to travel.
           -   Once you master these you will automatically do
               them. You will then concentrate on the total
               driving task.
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Putting the Vehicle into Motion:
           1.   Press firmly on the brake pedal.
           2.   Move the selector lever to Drive.
           3.   Release the Parking Brake.
           4.   Check for traffic ahead and in rearview mirror.
           5.   If you are going to move away from the curb,
                use the left turn signal. Check mirrors again.
           6.   When you know the roadway is clear, release
                the foot-brake an press gently on the
           7.   Quickly check again over your left shoulder for
           8.   Cancel your turn signal, if necessary.
           9.   As you reach your desired speed, let up a little
                on the accelerator. Adjust speed for traffic
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Stopping the Vehicle:
           1. Check Traffic in both mirrors before
              slowing down.
           2. Let up on the accelerator.
           3. Tap the foot brake lightly.
           4. Gradually press down on the foot-
              brake pedal. Ease up on the brake
              just before stopping. Leave the
              selector lever in Drive if you plan to
              start moving again immediately.
              Otherwise, shift to Park.
3.3 Driving an Automatic Transmission
           Securing the Vehicle:
           1. Once you have stopped, continue to press
              the foot brake.
           2. Shift to Park in an automatic or to Reverse in
              a stickshift vehicle.
           3. Set the parking brake. Turn off all
              accessories. Close all windows.
           4. Turn off the ignition switch. Remove the key.
              Release the foot brake.
           5. Unfasten your safety belt.
           6. Lock all doors.
3.4 Driving a Manual Transmission Car
           Selector-Lever Positions
3.4 Driving a Manual Transmission Car
           Selector-Lever Positions:
           Neutral (N)- positioned in center of crossbar.
           First (1) – Start the vehicle moving and up to 10-
               15 MPH.
           Second (2) – Accelerate to a speed of 15-25
           Third (3) – Accelerate to a speed of 25-40 MPH.
           Fourth (4) – Accelerate to speeds above 35 MPH
               (Highway Driving).
           Fifth (5) – in a five-speed transmission use this
               gear for 45 or 50 MPH.
           Sixth (6) – Highway driving of 55 MPH or faster.
           Reverse (R) – Gear is used for Backing Up.
               Never shift to R if the car is moving forward.
3.4 Driving a Manual Transmission Car
           Using the Clutch:
           -   Always press the clutch pedal to the floor
               before starting the vehicle, shifting or
           -   Shift smoothly from one gear to position to
               the next.
           -   The speeds given here for shifting are only
               guidelines. Read your owner’s manual to
               know the recommended shifting speeds for
               your vehicle.
           -   Do not develop the habit of riding the clutch.
           -   This means resting your foot on the clutch
               pedal while driving. This causes the clutch
               to wear out and can lead to expensive
3.4 Driving a Manual Transmission Car
           Starting the Engine

           Putting the Vehicle in Motion

           Shifting from First to Second

           Stopping from First or Reverse

           Shifting from Third, Fourth and Fifth

           Stopping from Higher Gears


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