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					Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                      Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                           Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                                         Concept 1: Structure & Properties of Matter
                                                                                      Concept 4: Chemical Reactions

                                                                                                            Quarter: ____
                                            9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                                 UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                                 Knowledge         Skills
C 1 PO 3                      C 1 PO 1                            C 1 PO 1               C 1 PO 1
Describe/predict properties   Describe substances based            property               1. Describe common physical
of elements and               on their physical properties.        physical property         properties of various types of
compounds.                                                                                   matter. (ex: states of matter,
                                                                                             density, etc.)
                                                                                          2. Use physical properties to
                                                                                             identify unknown substances.

                              C 1 PO 2                            C 1 PO 2               C 1 PO 2
                              Describe substances based            chemical property      1. Describe common chemical
                              on their chemical properties.                                  properties of various types of
                                                                                             matter. (ex: reactivity,
                                                                                             flammability, etc.)
                                                                                          2. Use chemical properties to
                                                                                             identify unknown substances.

                              C 4 PO 2                            C 4 PO 2               C 4 PO 2
                              Identify the indicators of           physical change        1. Distinguish between a physical
                              chemical change, including           chemical change           and a chemical change.
                              formation of a precipitate,          chemical reaction      2. Recognize and identify the four
                              evolution of a gas, color            endothermic               indicators of a chemical
                              change, absorption or                exothermic                reaction (precipitate, gas, color
                              release of heat energy.              precipitate               change, heat)
                                                                   indicators             3. After making observations,
                                                                                             determine if a chemical
                                                                                             reaction has occurred and
                                                                                             defend the decision.
                                                                                          4. Identify examples of chemical
                                                                                             reactions in everyday life.




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                               Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                      Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                                    Concept 1: Structure & Properties of Matter
                                                                                 Concept 4: Chemical Reactions
                                                                                                  Quarter: ____
                                             9th GRADE SCIENCE
            CLUSTERED PO’s                                            UNWRAPPED POs
     Priority PO     Linking PO’s                             Knowledge         Skills
C 1 PO 3                      C 1 PO 6                    C 1 PO 6 &            C 1 PO 6 &
Describe/predict properties   Describe the features and   C 1 PO 8              C 1 PO 8
of elements and               components of the atom.     atom                  1. Determine number of protons,
compounds.                                                nucleus                  neutrons, and electrons for a given
                              C 1 PO 8                    protons                  atom.
                              Explain the details of      neutrons              2. Explain why atoms are neutral in
                              atomic structure (e.g.,     isotope                  charge.
                              electron configuration,     electrons             3. Determine if two atoms are
                              energy levels)              energy level             isotopes of the same element.
                                                          atomic number         4. Determine the number of energy
                                                          atomic mass              levels for a given atom (not to
                                                          symbol                   include sublevels).
                                                                                5. State the maximum capacity of
                                                                                   electrons for each of the first three
                                                                                   energy levels.
                                                                                6. Draw and label the parts of a
                                                                                   given atom, including number of
                                                                                   protons, neutrons and electrons.
                                                                                   (ex: Bohr model)

                                                          C 1 PO 3              C 1 PO 3
                                                           periodic table        1. Locate specific groups on the
                                                           element                 periodic table. (ex: alkali metals,
                                                           period                  halogens, etc.)
                                                           group/family          2. Identify physical and chemical
                                                                                   properties of specific groups.
                                                                                 3. Identify trends in the periodic table
                                                                                   that determine its organization.
                                                                                     atom size (nucleus; # of energy
                                                                                       levels)
                                                                                     grouped by similar
                                                                                       characteristics
                                                                                     increasing atomic number
                                                                                     metals/metalloids/nonmetals
                                                                                 4. Locate specific elements on the
                                                                                   periodic table and describe their
                                                                                   characteristics.

                              C 4 PO 4                    C 4 PO 4              C 4 PO 4
                              Distinguish among the        ions                 1. Explain the role of valence
                              types of bonds.              valence                 electrons in bonding.
                                                           covalent             2. Differentiate between ionic and
                                                           ionic                   covalent bonding.
                                                           bonding
                                                           molecule
                                                           compound


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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                  Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder
                                                                            Concept 4: Chemical Reactions
                                                             Concept 5: Interactions of Energy and Matter

                                                                                                       Quarter: ____
                                          9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                              UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                              Knowledge         Skills
C 5 PO 1
Describe various ways in
which matter and energy
interact
                            C 3 PO 1                           C 3 PO 1               C 3 PO 1
                            Describe the ways in which         energy                 1.
                            energy is stored in a              system                 chemical
                            system.                            closed system          nuclear

                            C 3 PO 2                           C 3 PO 2              C 3 PO 2
                            Describe various ways in                                  phase changes
                            which energy is transferred                               chemical reactions
                            from one system to another

                            C 4 PO 10                          C 4 PO 10             C 4 PO 10
We were debating which of   Explain the energy transfers
these objectives are best   within chemical reactions
taught in chemistry and     using the law of
which in astronomy…         conservation of energy.

We then skipped pages 3-4   S 5 C3 PO 3                        S 5 C3 PO 3           S 5 C3 PO 3
because of extreme brain    Recognize that energy is
death. We moved on to       conserved in a closed
page 5…                     system.




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                 Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                 Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                 Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder
                                                                             Concept 4: Chemical Reactions
                                                              Concept 5: Interactions of Energy and Matter

                                                                                                         Quarter: ____
                                          9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                           UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                           Knowledge         Skills
S 5 C 5 PO 1                S 5 C 3 PO 7                    S 5 C 3 PO 7 &          S 5 C 3 PO 7 &
Describe various ways in    Explain how molecular           S 5 C 3 PO 6            S 5 C 3 PO 6
which matter and energy     motion is related to             phase change           1. Describe the effect on particle
interact                    temperature and phase            sublimation            speed and spacing as temperature
                            changes.                         freezing               is changed.
                                                             melting
                            S 5 C 3 PO 6                     evaporation            2. Distinguish between heat and
                            Distinguish between heat         condensing             temperature.
                            and temperature.                 temperature
                                                             heat
                                                             kinetic energy

                            S 1 C 3 PO 5                                            S 1 C 3 PO 5
                            Design models (conceptual                               1. Illustrate the particles and their
                            or physical) to represent                               energy levels for solids, liquids,
                            “real world” scenarios.                                 and gasses.
                                 phase change
                                 collisions

                            S 5 C 5 PO 4
                            Describe the basic
                            assumptions of kinetic
                            molecular theory.

                            S 5 C 5 PO 5
                            Apply kinetic molecular
                            theory to the behavior of
                            matter.




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                     Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                           Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                                                       Concept 4: Chemical Reactions

                                                                                                           Quarter: ____
                                           9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                              UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                              Knowledge         Skills
C 4 PO 1                                                        C 4 PO 1                C 4 PO 1
Apply the law of                                                conservation of         1. Through analysis of
conservation of matter to                                         matter                experimental data discover the law
changes in a system.                                            system?                 of conservation of matter.
                                                                                         2. Apply the law of conservation of
                                                                                        matter to predict the mass of
                                                                                        products during a chemical
                                                                                        reaction.

                            C 4 PO 3                            C 4 PO 3                C 4 PO 3
                            Represent a chemical                reactant                 1. Determine the number of
                            reaction by using a                 product                  atoms of each element in a given
                            balanced equation.                  formula                  formula.
                                                                 (produces/yields)      2. Predict the total mass of
                                                                balanced                 products given the total mass of
                                                                coefficient              reactants.
                                                                subscript                3. Write a balanced equation
                                                                chemical equation        given the reactants and products.

                            C 4 PO 11                           C 4 PO 11                C 4 PO 11
                            Predict the effect of various       temperature
                            factors on the equilibrium          concentration
                            state and on the rates of           catalyst
                            chemical reaction. (MPS
                            Note: At this level, include
                            only how factors affect
                            reaction rate)




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                            Revised: 06/04/09


                                                                                     Strand 6: Earth and Space Science
                                                                        Concept 4: Origin and Evolution of the Universe

                                                                                                                  Quarter: ____
                                              9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                                    UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                                    Knowledge         Skills
S 6 C 4 PO 1                                                          S 6 C 4 PO 1              S 6 C 4 PO 1
Describe the Big Bang                                                 big bang theory           1. Sequence the major steps of
Theory as an explanation for                                          singularity               the Big Bang as a theory for the
the origin of the universe.                                                                     beginning and continuing
                                                                                                evolution of the universe.
                                                                                                2. Discuss evidence to support
                                                                                                the big bang theory.

                               S 2 C 2 PO 1                           S 2 C 2 PO 1             S 2 C 2 PO 1
                               Specify the requirements of            hypothesis                1. Differentiate between scientific
                               a valid, scientific explanation        theory                    hypotheses, theories, laws and
                               (theory).                              law                       facts
                                                                      fact


                               S 2 C 2 PO 2                           S2 C2 PO 2&               S2 C2 PO 2&
                               Explain the process by                 S2 C2 PO 4                S2 C2 PO 4
                               which accepted ideas are               scientific model          1. With regard to scientific
                               challenged or extended by              physical model            models, explain:
                               scientific innovation.                 mental model               purpose for their formation
                               S2 C2 PO4                                                         basis for their formation
                               Describe how scientists                                           process by which they evolve
                               continue to investigate and
                               critically analyze aspects of
                               theories.


                               S 5 C 2 PO 11                         S 5 C 2 PO 11             S 5 C 2 PO 11
                               Using the Law of Universal            Law of Universal           1. State the Law of Universal
                               Gravitation, predict how the            Gravitation              Gravitation.
                               gravitational force will              gravitational force        2. Predict how the gravitational
                               change when the distance              mass                       force will change when the
                               between two masses                    weight                     distance between two masses
                               changes or the mass of one                                       changes or the mass of one of
                               of them changes.                                                 them changes.




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                       Revised: 06/04/09

                               S 6 C 4 PO 4                        S 6 C 4 PO 4            S 6 C 4 PO 4
                               Compare the evolution (life         nebula                   1. Describe the stages in the
                               cycles) of stars of different       proto-star               lifecycle of most stars.
                               masses (low and high                main sequence            2. Describe the stages in the
                               mass).                              red giant                lifecycle of a star that ends in a
                                                                   supernova                supernova and/or back hole.
                                                                   black hole               3. Explain what determines a
                                                                   white dwarf              star’s lifecycle.
                                                                   black dwarf

                               S 6 C 4 PO 2                        S 6 C 4 PO 2            S 6 C 4 PO 2
                               Describe the fusion process          fusion                  1. Specify the type of atoms
                               that takes place in stars.                                   involved in the fusion process.
                                                                                            2. Illustrate the fusion process
                                                                                            (hydrogen, helium, energy).

              CLUSTERED PO’s                                                  UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                                  Knowledge         Skills
                                                                   S2 C1 PO 3 &            S2 C1 PO 3 &
S2 C1 PO2                      S2 C1 PO 3                          S2 C1 PO 4              S2 C1 PO 4
Describe how diverse           Analyze how specific                Ptolemy (geocentric)     1. Chronologically chart the
people and/or cultures, past   changes in science have             Copernicus                  development of the solar
and present, have made         affected society.                   (heliocentric)              system model including:
important contributions to                                         Galileo (heliocentric       major scientists involved and
scientific innovations.        S2 C1 PO 4                          and telescope)              their contributions.
                               Analyze how specific                Kepler (elliptical       2. Explain how scientific models
                               cultural and/or societal            orbits)                     evolve through revisions and
                               issues promote or hinder            Newton                      contributions from a diverse
                               scientific advancements.            (mathematical               group of people. Use the
                                                                   evidence)                   solar system model as a
                                                                   ellipses                    primary example.
                                                                   orbit                    3. Summarize the influence of
                                                                   revolve                     the church in the
                                                                   geocentric                  development of the solar
                                                                   heliocentric                system model.
                                                                                            4. Examine how current societal
                                                                                               institutions and organizations
                                                                                               impede or promote scientific
                                                                                               advancements.

                               S 2 C 2 PO 2                        S 2 C 2 PO 2            S 2 C 2 PO 2
                               Explain the process by                                       1. Analyze the role of
                               which accepted ideas are                                         technology in the
                               challenged or extended by                                        advancement of scientific
                               scientific innovation.                                           knowledge.




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                      Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                    Strand 3: Science in Personal/Social Perspectives
                                                                               Concept 1: Changes in Environments
                                                                         Concept 2: Science & Technology in Society
                                                                                          Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                                                     Concept 4: Chemical Reactions

                                                                                                            Quarter: ____
                                              9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                                UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                                Knowledge         Skills
S 3 C 1 PO 1                   S 5 C 4 PO 12                      S 5 C 4 PO 12          S 5 C 4 PO 12
Evaluate how the processes     Compare the nature,                acid                    1. Compare and contrast
of natural ecosystems          behavior, concentration, and       base                    characteristics of acids and
affect, and are affected by,   strengths of acids and             pH                      bases.
humans.                        bases.                             titration               2. Perform titration and determine
                                                                  neutralization          the relative concentrations of
                                                                       ¯
                                                                  OH                      acids and bases.
                                                                     +
                                                                  H
                                                                  salt

                               S 3 C 1 PO 4                       S 3 C 1 PO 4 &         S 3 C 1 PO 4 &
                               Evaluate factors that affect       S 3 C 1 PO 2 &         S 3 C 1 PO 2 &
                               the quality of the                 S 3 C 1 PO 3           S 3 C 1 PO 3
                               environment.                       pollution               1. Evaluate factors that affect the
                                                                  urban development       quality of the environment.
                               S 3 C 1 PO 2                       resource
                               Describe the environmental           management            2. Analyze an environmental
                               effects of natural and/or                                  problem to identify the factors
                               human-caused hazards.                                      involved and propose possible
                                                                                          causes and solutions.
                               S 3 C 1 PO 3
                               Assess how human
                               activities can affect the
                               potential for hazards.


                               S 3 C 2 PO 1                       S 3 C 2 PO 1 &          S 3 C 2 PO 1 &
                               Analyze the costs, benefits,       S 3 C 2 PO 2 &          S 3 C 2 PO 2 &
                               and risks of various ways of       S 3 C 2 PO 3            S 3 C 2 PO 3
                               dealing with needs or              sustainability          1. Discriminate between scientific
                               problems.                          human/carbon            and non-scientific factors that
                                                                    footprint             influence decision making.
                               S 3 C 2 PO 2                       climate change
                               Recognize the importance           greenhouse              2. Discuss examples of
                               of basing arguments on a           greenhouse gases        consequences that may result
                               thorough understanding of          hazardous wastes        when decisions are not based on
                               the core concepts and              fossil fuels            scientific principles.
                               principles of science and          alternative energies
                               technology.                        CFL’s (compact          3. Analyze a human activity (eg
                                                                    fluorescent light     construction, manufacturing,
                               S 3 C 2 PO 3                         bulbs)                transportation, agriculture, energy
                               Support a position on a                                    production) for its overall
                               science or technology issue.                               sustainability (eg, resource

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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)       Revised: 06/04/09
                                                           depletion, environmental
                                                           degradation, footprint, etc).




                                                9
Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                              Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                          Strand 2: History & Nature of Science
                                                             Concept 1: History of Science as a Human Endeavor
                                                                      Concept 2: Nature of Scientific Knowledge

                                                                                                   Quarter: ____
                                           9th GRADE SCIENCE
             CLUSTERED PO’s                                              UNWRAPPED POs
     Priority PO       Linking PO’s                              Knowledge         Skills
                            S 2 C 1 PO 1
                            Describe how human
                            curiosity and needs have
                            influenced science,
                            impacting the quality of life
                            worldwide.
                            (Environmental?)


                            S 2 C 2 PO 3
                            Distinguish between pure
                            and applied science.
                            (Environmental?)


                                        INC.




                                                                                   S 2 C 2 PO 1
                                                                                   logical
                                                                                   subject to peer review
                                                                                   public
                                                                                   respectful of rules of evidence
                                                                                  (Note: include the history of
                                                                                  arrangement of periodic table)




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Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                             Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                      Strand 1: Inquiry Process
                                                         Concept 1: Observations, Questions, and Hypotheses
                                                     Concept 2: Scientific Testing (Investigating and Modeling)

                                                                                                  Quarter: ____
                                          9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                             UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                             Knowledge         Skills
S1 C 2 PO 3                 S1 C 1 PO 2                                          C 2 PO 3
Design an appropriate       Develop questions from                                Identify dependent and
protocol (written plan of   observations that transition                            independent variables in a
action) for testing a       into testable hypotheses.                               controlled investigation.
hypothesis.                                                                       Determine an appropriate
                            S1 C 1 PO 1                                             method for data collection
                            Evaluate scientific                                     (using balances,
                            information for relevance to                            thermometers.)
                            a given problem.                                      Determine an appropriate
                                                                                    method for recording data
                            S1 C 1 PO 3
                            Formulate a testable
                            hypothesis.

                            S1 C 2 PO 2
                            Identify the resources
                            needed to conduct an
                            investigation.

                            S1 C 1 PO 4
                            Predict the outcome of an
                            investigation based on prior
                            evidence, probability, and/or
                            modeling (not guessing or
                            inferring).




                                                            11
Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                              Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                       Strand 1: Inquiry Process
                                                      Concept 2: Scientific Testing (Investigating and Modeling)
                                                            Concept 3: Analysis, Conclusions, and Refinements

                                                                                                      Quarter: ____
                                             9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                               UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                               Knowledge         Skills
C 2 PO 4                      C 2 PO 1                                            C 2 PO 1
Conduct a scientific          Demonstrate safe, ethical                           Don’t fudge data.
investigation that is based   procedures and behavior in
on a research design.         all science inquiry.

                              C 2 PO 5
Note: not in original MPS     Record observations, notes,
document                      sketches, questions, and
                              ideas using tools such as
                              journals, charts, graphs, and
                              computers.

                              C 3 PO 6                                            C 3 PO 6
                              Use descriptive statistics to                        mean
                              analyze data.                                        frequency
                                                                                   range

                              C 3 PO 1                                            C 3 PO 1
                              Interpret data that show a                           positive relationship
                              variety of possible                                  negative relationship
                              relationships between                                no relationship
                              variables.

                              C 3 PO 2
                              Evaluate whether
                              investigational data support
                              or do not support the
                              proposed hypothesis.




                                                              12
Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                                    Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                            Strand 1: Inquiry Process
                                                                    Concept 3: Analysis, Conclusions, and Refinements

                                                                                                         Quarter: ____
                                               9th GRADE SCIENCE
               CLUSTERED PO’s                                                 UNWRAPPED POs
       Priority PO       Linking PO’s                                 Knowledge         Skills
C 3 PO 3                                                                                C 3 PO 3
Critique reports of scientific                                                          look at peer grading
studies                                                                                 (e.g., published papers, student
                                                                                        reports)??.

                                 C 3 PO 4                                               C 3 PO 4
                                 Evaluate the design of an                                  sample size
                                 investigation to identify                                  trials
                                 possible sources of                                        controls
                                 procedural error.                                          analyses

                                 C 3 PO 7
                                 Propose further
                                 investigations based on the
                                 findings of a conducted
                                 investigation.




                                                               13
Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                             Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                                    Strand 1: Inquiry Process
                                                                                   Concept 4: Communication

                                                                                               Quarter: ____
                                             9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                               UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                               Knowledge         Skills
C 4 PO 3                      C 4 PO 1
Communicate results clearly   For a specific investigation,
and logically.                choose an appropriate
                              method for communicating
                              the results.

                              C 4 PO 2
                              Produce graphs that
                              communicate data.

                              C 4 PO 4
                              Support conclusions with
                              logical scientific arguments.




                                                              14
Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                         Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                               Strand 5: Physical Science
                                                                           Concept 2: Motions and Forces

                                                                                                   Quarter: ____
                                          9th GRADE SCIENCE
              CLUSTERED PO’s                                           UNWRAPPED POs
      Priority PO       Linking PO’s                           Knowledge         Skills
S5 C 2 PO 2 – Analyze                                                           S5 C 2 PO 2
relationships among                                                              graphically
position, rate, and time.                                                        mathematically


                            C 2 PO 1                                            C 2 PO 1
                            Determine the rate of                                velocity
                            change of a quantity.

                            C 2 PO 3
                            Explain how Newton’s 1st
                            Law applies to objects at
                            rest or moving at constant
                            velocity.

                            C 2 PO 4                                            C 2 PO 4
                            Using Newton’s 2nd Law of                            graphically
                            Motion, analyze the                                  mathematically
                            relationships among the net
                            force acting on a body, the
                            mass of the body, and the
                            resulting acceleration.

                            C 2 PO 5
                            Use Newton’s 3rd Law to
                            explain forces as
                            interactions between bodies.




                                                          15
Curriculum Map for SC09 (Mesa Public Schools)                Revised: 06/04/09
                                                                            Strand X: XXXXXXX
                                                                            Concept X: XXXXXX

                                                                                  Quarter: ____
                                         9th GRADE SCIENCE
             CLUSTERED PO’s                                  UNWRAPPED POs
     Priority PO       Linking PO’s                  Knowledge         Skills




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