Writing Position Papers - PowerPoint by sst10642

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									Writing Position Papers
Created by Joanna Clark

Macalester College Model United Nations, 2009
NMUN Expectations

 Position papers should provide a concise review of each
  delegation’s policy regarding the topic areas under discussion and
  establish precise policies and recommendations in regard to the
  topics before the committee.
    International and regional conventions, treaties, declarations, resolutions,
     and programs of action of relevance to the policy of your State should
     be identified and addressed.

 Discussing recommendations for action to be taken by your
  committee is another portion of the position paper that should be
  considered.

 Position papers also serve as a blueprint for individual delegates to
  remember their country’s position throughout the course of the
  Conference.
NMUN Expectations

 The NMUN Conference will not tolerate the occurrence
  of plagiarism.
   Although United Nations documentation is considered within
    the public domain, the Conference does not allow the
    verbatim re-creation of these documents.
   This plagiarism policy also extends to the written work of the
    Secretariat contained within the Committee Background
    Guides.

 Don’t worry about citations; they take up room and
  won’t be necessary if you refer in-text to specific
  documents.
Background Information

 The first portion of a position paper will give a brief overview of the
  issues facing the committee (AKA your topics) and The Gambia’s
  general position within the committee and in the world relating to
  these issues.

 Essentially, reaffirm your country’s support for whatever the
  committee has done so far and reiterate the need for certain
  changes.
    This is the perfect place for a three-item list.
      “The Gambia believes that in order to combat poverty in developing
          nations, the most important considerations are assistance from NGOs,
          infrastructural development and transparency of local government.”
      These are random suggestions that may just be applicable in any
          committee. The point being, you can make anything sound like it
          already exists or is a legitimate recommendation.
Keep it Brief

 You may be tempted to use every piece of research
  you’ve found over the course of the semester.
   First, AVOID THIS TEMPTATION.
   Second, pare your research down to the most vital points
    you’d like to make regarding your country’s stance on an
    issue.
   Third, make sure you’ve included recommendations that
    can be adapted to working papers in committee.
   Lastly, if your position paper seems to be lacking length or
    substance, add in those facts which you may have
    discarded before.
Finding a Balance

 The ideal position paper has a balance of:
   General historical and background information,
   Statistics related to the topic or your country,
   Recommendations for the committee/other countries.

 Although it will be much easier to write a position paper
  based solely on The Gambia’s history or all of the
  awesome statistical tidbits you’ve found, you must
  include recommendations.
   The Dias is more interested in your ability to create new
    solutions or adapt old ones than it is in your ability to spout
    general facts.
Keep it Distant

 Be careful about tone throughout the paper.
   Position papers don’t need to read like professional legal
    documents, but avoid personal pronouns and slang.

 Passive voice is OK.
   Because you will be passing non-binding resolutions in
    committee, it’s appropriate to let your recommendations
    and therefore language be passive.
Grammar & Punctuation

 Unsurprisingly, grammar and punctuation play an
  important role in the grading process.

 This doesn’t mean you can hide poor research behind
  pretty words.
   BS is often more transparent when it’s written, so get rid of it.
      It is better to write a slightly shorter paper that is factual,
       well-written and based on research than a longer paper
       full of nice-sound garbage.
Tricks of the Trade

 When you’ve typed everything relevant and still feel that
  something is missing – namely length – from your position paper,
  there are a few tricks to be used.
    Type the full name of any NGO, institution, resolution or official
     document and put its acronym in parentheses the first time you use it.
     From then on, use the acronym only.
    Write out the name of the numbers one through twelve. (Actually, do this
     anyway. It’s grammatically correct.)
    Change the line space.
      Your lines don’t have to be single, double or 1.5 spaced. Get
         creative.
    When it makes sense, change active sentences to passive. All those
     extra helping verbs start to make a difference.

 If your paper is lacking substance, none of these can hide that fact.

 Again, it is better to have a substantive paper that is less than two
  full pages than to simply use all of these “tricks”.
Make it Effective

 Using past precedents is good. Setting them is better.
   Refer to past resolutions, acts or organizations that you think
    are relevant to the issue at hand, but when you do so you
    need to:
      Express support,
      Express opposition,
      Rethink them in terms of new strategies, changing
       economies and/or globalization.
   Don’t just cite a resolution to fill space. Make it serve a
    purpose in your paper.
Feasible is Your Friend

 There are lots of fun words that show up pretty frequently
  in good position papers. Don’t be afraid to harness the
  power of formal, political writing. It makes you look
  smarter than other people.

 Be careful about word misuse.
   What is “infrastructure”?

 You can get away with more in committee than in your
  position paper in terms of mistakes and misuses, so
  proofread and don’t BS.
Evaluation

 What vocabulary is prevalent in position papers?

 What language never should have been used in the first
  place?



 Take a look at the sample position papers and analyze
  the tone, vocabulary, etc.
   What are some strengths in each one?
   What are some weaknesses?

								
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