Timed Writing by sst10642

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									Timed Writing
     Understanding the
     Prompts, Tips, and
               Scoring

Adapted from Laying the Foundation
Writing Essay Prompts

    There are two types of prompts:
     – Literary analysis questions which test
       the ability to use concrete evidence
       (e.g. DIDLS) to analyze an abstract
       idea or concept
     – Open-ended prompts require you to
       write a persuasive paper in response to
       a quote or idea drawing knowledge
       from readings, observations, studies,
       and experience to defend, challenge, or
       qualify an assertion.
Writing Essay Prompts

    Sample AP Language Prompt:
     – Read carefully the following
       autobiographical narrative by Gary
       Soto. Then, in a well-written essay,
       analyze some of the ways in which
       Soto recreates the experience of his
       guilty six-year-old self. You might
       consider such devices as contrast,
       repetition, pacing, diction, and imagery.
Writing Essay Prompt
    Sample AP Literature Prompts:
     – Read the following poem carefully.
       Then, in a well organized essay,
       analyze how the speaker uses the
       varied imagery of the poem to reveal
       his attitude toward the nature of love.
     – Read the following passage carefully.
       Then, in a well-developed essay,
       explain how the word choice creates a
       somber mood.
Writing Essay Prompts

    Sample Open-Ended Essay Prompt:
     – In “The Most Dangerous Game,”
       Rainford says, “The world is made up of
       two classes - the hunters and the
       huntees.” In a carefully reasoned
       essay, analyze this assertion and then
       defend, challenge, or qualify this
       statement. Use evidence from your
       observations, experience, or reading to
       develop your position.
Writing Essay Format

    The stages for putting it all together:
     – Assertion
     – Introduction to the quotation
     – Quotation that proves or backs up the
       assertion
     – Transitional phrase to next quotation (if
       necessary)
     – Second quotation (if necessary)
     – Documentation of quotation
     – Commentary on the quotation
Writing Essay Format
       Meg has a tendency to jump to conclusions
  and to assume the worst about anything that
  happens. When she realizes that her father has
  resued her from “It,” the giant evil brain, but that
  he is powerless to retrieve her brother, Charles
  Wallace, from the planet of Camazotz, she lashes
  out at him in despair, complaining bitterly, “You
  don’t even know where we are!’” She continues,
  “’We’ll never see mother or the twins again! We
  don’t even know where earth is! Or even where
  Camazotz is! We’re lost out in space!’” (L’Engle
  172). With this statement, Meg acknowledges her
  beloved father’s imperfections and takes a step
  toward adulthood by realizing that in some
  situations, even parents are not all powerful.
Writing Essay Format

    Include in the introduction:
     –   A clear thesis
     –   A personal reflection
     –   An explanation of the thesis
     –   A startling statement
     –   A rhetorical question
     –   A quotation related to the topic
     –   An idea to be refuted
     –   An anecdote
Writing Essay Format

    Include in the conclusion
     – A call for action
     – A quotation illustrating the main point
     – A question
     – A statement of the subject’s overall
       significance
     – A useful analogy or comparison
     – A speculation about what the thesis
       implies for the future
Writing Essay Tips

    Note the start and end time at the top
     of the page, then spend half of the
     time analyzing the prompt, reading
     the passage, and planning the
     essay.
    Read the passage for understanding,
     asking the who, what, when, where,
     and why questions and keeping the
     prompt in mind at all times.
Writing Essay Tips

    Read the prompt carefully:
     – For literary analysis questions identify
       the abstract concept and the concrete
       devices the prompt specifies you use
     – For open-ended persuasive questions
       identify the topic, brainstorm the pros
       and cons, support with links to literature
       and history where possible
Writing Essay Tips

    Reread and mark the passage
     focusing on concrete devices that
     create the abstract concept.
    Jot notes in the margins as you read.
     You may forget some of the points
     you want to make if you don’t.
    Follow the format: introduction, body
     paragraphs with clear
     assertions/evidence/commentary,
     and a conclusion.
Writing Essay Tips

    Write a concise introduction that
     answers the question
     – ATTT - include the author, title, type of
       selection, and time period information
     – AQA - Answer the question asked.
       Don’t just restate the prompt.
Writing Essay Tips

    Focus on your commentary
     – Your insight and understanding of the
       literature, as well as how you make the
       connections called for in the prompt,
       are what the author will evaluate.
     – You do not have to follow the 11-
       sentence five paragraph essay
       structure, but be sure to balance
       evidence with interpretation, and
       develop the body fully.
     – Make sure you answer the question!
       Focus on the prompt!
Writing Essay Tips
    Your conclusion must be worth reading
     – Do not merely repeat what has already
       been stated in the essay.
     – Your conclusion should reflect an
       understanding of the passage, the
       question, and the author’s craft.
     – Be sure to address the theme, or
       meaning, in your conclusion. Try to find
       the universal element or truth that
       relates to the passage or prompt and
       ties it all together.

								
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