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									A Pattern Book for Norfolk Neighborhoods




A Norfolk neighborhood pattern                                                                   Designing and renovating a Norfolk house




How To Use the Norfolk Pattern Book
The following step-by-step procedure            each era of neighborhood building and a          STEP 3: For Additions &                         For ways of placing your house on a lot,
describes how to use the Pattern Book for       listing of many Norfolk neighborhoods            Renovations                                  refer to the typical house lot drawing
homeowners who are interested in reno-          that fall within each era. This introduc-        For information on appropriate means of      which is shown for each era of neighbor-
vating or adding on to their house and for      tion can direct you to the neighborhoods         modifying your house (whether historic       hood in the Neighborhood Patterns sec-
individuals who are interested in con-          that have characteristics that interest you.     or post-war) refer to the Renovations sec-   tion. The diagram describes the typical
structing a new house.                             If you are building a new house, refer        tion (pages C-18 and C-19) and the           “zones” of a house lot, such as front yard,
                                                to Step 4. Otherwise, continue to Step 2.        Additions section (pages C-20 through        front facade, side yard, and private zone,
STEP 1: Identify Your Neighborhood                                                               C-22). These sections describe strategies    all of which vary depending on the era.
Whether you own an existing house or            STEP 2: Identify the Architectural               for adding on extra rooms or garages as      The accompanying text describes appro-
are building a new house, refer to the          Style of Your House                              well as changing or replacing exterior       priate placement of the house on the lot.
Neighborhood Patterns section of the            Once you’ve familiarized yourself with           components such as windows, doors and           Also review the Garages & Other
Pattern Book (pages B-4 through B-13)           the era of your neighborhood, identify the       materials. The Transformations section       Ancillary Structures section (C-26 and
and review the three eras of neighbor-          architectural style that most closely            (pages C-23 through C-25) explains how       C-27) which explains how to locate your
hood building described.                        resembles your house.                            to achieve an architectural style for your   garage and ancillary structures on your
   If you already own a house, select the era      The Overview in the beginning of the          house through both renovations and           lot.
which your neighborhood most closely            Architectural Patterns section (pages C-         additions.
resembles. Read about the individual com-       14 and C-15) describes in visual form the                                                     STEP 5: Review the Architectural
ponents—such as the typical front yard          predominant architectural styles found in        STEP 4: For New Construction                 Style Sections
depth, streetscape character, house spacing,    Norfolk. The Table of Roof Pitches on            If you are planning on constructing a new    Six architectural styles found in Norfolk
landscape treatments (both public and pri-      page C-18 in the Renovations section             house, refer to the Building a Norfolk       are documented in the Pattern Book:
vate)—that define your neighborhood.            might also be helpful in identifying the         House section (pages C-16 and C-17)          Classical Revival, Colonial Revival, Euro-
   If you are searching for a lot on which      style of your house.                             which outlines the step-by-step process      pean Romantic, Arts & Crafts, Victori-
to build your new house, the Pattern               If your house does not have an identi-        of composing a Norfolk House and             an, and Coastal Cottage.
Book can also be helpful. The Neighbor-         fiable style or is a mix of two styles, select   relates the individual elements, such as
hood Patterns section provides an               one for it that would work best with its         windows, doors and porches, to the archi-
overview of the unique characteristics of       massing and height.                              tectural styles (described in Step 5).




Assembling the elements of a Norfolk house




  a           2                                                                                                                                                     overview
                                                                                                                                             A Pattern Book for Norfolk Neighborhoods




Character sketch of a Norfolk Arts & Crafts house                                                                   Massing and composition diagrams




HISTORY & CHARACTER                                 WINDOWS & DOORS                                MATERIALS & APPLICATIONS                            can serve as a reference or resource when
The first page of every architectural style         The window and door spacing is related         This page of each style section in the              searching for the appropriate building
section begins with a brief description of          to both the shape and the style of the         Architectural Patterns includes a list of           supplies from local sources.
the style and its history. Photos of rele-          house. Typical window and door compo-          acceptable materials and their applica-
vant examples of the style in Norfolk have          sitions are illustrated as part of the mass-   tion. Also included on this page are hand-          STEP 7: Review the Resources List
been documented and are shown along                 ing illustrations for each style. Typical      drawn elevation “possibilities” composed            in the Appendix
with the essential qualities of each style.         window and door proportions, trim              using elements described in the Pattern             For those who are interested in learning
A partial elevation drawing and measured            details and special window or door ele-        Book to illustrate the end result achieved          more about Norfolk’s residential archi-
cross section relay the critical vertical           ments are illustrated on a separate page       if one follows the guidelines of the Pat-           tecture, architectural styles in general,
dimensions and elements of the facade.              within each section.                           tern Book.                                          Norfolk’s history, or available resources
                                                                                                                                                       from the City of Norfolk, this list pro-
MASSING & COMPOSITION                               PORCHES & CHIMNEYS                             GALLERY OF EXAMPLES                                 vides a handy reference.
This page describes the basic massing               Porches are essential elements of the          This last page of each style section con-
types or shapes of houses found in the              character of many Norfolk neighbor-            tains both a collection of photos of Nor-
Norfolk precedents for each architectur-            hoods. The location and design elements        folk houses in that style as well as detail
al style. Each massing type is shown as a           of porches are covered on this page. The       photos of porches, doors and windows.
three-dimensional image with a corre-               massing of the front porch is specific to
sponding elevation diagram showing                  each house type and distinct within a par-     STEP 6: Review the Material Man-
potential additions. The layout of rooms            ticular style.                                 ufacturers List in the Appendix
should be designed to fit into the mass-               Chimneys are a key element in the           Please review the list of material manu-
ing types found within the particular style         composition of the elevation for some of       facturers for items such as doors, win-
you are designing. The roof types are part          the styles. Massing and details such as        dows, columns, and moldings. Keyed to
of this overall massing description.                chimney caps are outlined on this page.        the appropriate architectural style, the list
                                                                                                                                                            Eave details




Style examples                                      Identifying or selecting a porch                Identifying or selecting a window                  Material options example




overview                                                                                                                                                                            a         3

								
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