20071120 Accomack Comp Plan Pres
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Comprehensive Plan Update 2007 Overview of the Draft Plan Basic Contents: • Executive Summary (new) • Vision and Legal Basis (Chapter 1) • Sources and Results of Data Analysis and Public Input (Chapters 1, 2, 3) • Major Issues and Problems (Chapter 4) • Goals, Policies, Actions, and Future Land Use Map (Chapters 5, 6) Basis: • The Policies of the Updated Plan are based on Data Analysis and Public Input, as interpreted and refined by the Planning Commission • The Plan addresses Changed Circumstances and Regional Growth Pressures Many studies & analyses, including: • Eastern Shore of Virginia Ground Water Supply and Management Plan, 1992. • Hydrology and Analysis of the Groundwater Flow System of the Eastern Shore, Virginia, 1992. • Technical Analysis and Justification for Ground Water Ordinances on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, 2001. • Soil Survey of Accomack County. • U.S. Route 13 Corridor Plan, 1999. • Evaluation of Household Water Quality in Accomack and Northampton Counties, VA, 2000. • Route 13 / Wallops Island Access Management Study, 2002… Studies & analyses cont’d • Draft Transportation Analysis for the Comprehensive Plan, 2005. • Economic Activity Associated with Clam Aquaculture in Virginia, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, 2005. • Buildout Analysis of alternative zoning scenarios conducted by consulting team, Jan - June, 2006. • Analysis of alternative site layouts conducted by the consulting team, January - June, 2006. • Analysis of growth and development trends conducted by staff and consultants, Jan - June, 2006…. Studies & analyses cont’d • Expert testimony on ground and surface water resources at the Joint Work Session of the Planning Commission and Board of Supervisors, June 1, 2006 • Revised Population Forecasts conducted by consulting team based on County’s own 2000 population estimates, January, 2007. • Land Demand Forecasts conducted by consulting team based on revised population forecasts, January, 2007. • “McHarg” Geographic Data Overlay Analysis conducted by the consulting team, November, 2006 – March, 2007. Substantial Public Input, including: • Planning Commission and Stakeholders Group - Joint Work Session on Land Use Planning Issues and Options, October 24, 2005. • Planning Commission Work Session, November 22, 2005. • Board of Supervisors Work Session, December 3, 2005. • Joint Work Sessions of Board of Supervisors and Planning Commission April 25 and June 1, 2006…. Public Input cont’d • Planning Commission and Stakeholder Group Work Sessions and other public meetings conducted on a regular basis throughout 2006 and 2007. • Public input work sessions, September, 2006. • Public input work sessions, January & Feb, 2007. Basic Concepts for Future Land Use Shared by the Citizens and Supported by the Analysis: • Concentrate development around existing towns and villages • Provide for large lots (low density) close to the water/shorelines • Provide for smaller lots (higher density) close to services (towns & villages) • Cluster businesses on Rt. 13 • Preserve wetlands, groundwater, and agriculture. Chapter 1 The Planning Process and Virginia Code Requirements • Updated public input process summary • Deleted obsolete survey summary • Added updated Vision Statement • Updated State Code Language, including new section requiring urban development areas (§15.2-2223.1) Chapter 2 Natural Environment • Updated most of the data on natural resources: climate, soils, water, air quality, plants and animals, shoreline erosion. Chapter 3 The Developed Environment • Updated population forecasts using county’s corrected census data. • Updated land use data, including build- out analysis • Updated housing data using 2000 census and the 2002 Regional Housing Assessment. • Updated key economic data, especially employment, agriculture, and Wallops Flight Facility. • Updated Transportation data. • Added CIP data. Chapter 4 Issues and Concerns • Updated Code citations • Updated information and data on manufactured homes, economic issues, seafood production, agriculture, groundwater, transportation, and recreation. Summary Highlights of Data Analysis in Chapters 2, 3, and 4 • Population Estimates and Forecasts Trend Population Forecast (0.8% avg. annual = 7,900 more people) Year 2000* 2010 2020 2030 Population 34,488 37,350 40,446 43,800 *Uses Accomack’s corrected 2000 Data “Trend Plus” Population Forecast (1.4% avg. annual = 15,300 more people) Year 2000* 2010 2020 2030 Population 34,488 39,630 45,540 52,300 Data Analysis • Population Estimates and Forecasts • Forecast of Future Residential Land Demand Projected Future Residential Land Demand (using corrected 2000 U. S. Census) Trend (0.8% rate) “Trend Plus” (1.4% rate) Population 43,800 people 52,300 people 2030 Population 7,900 new people 15,300 new people Increase Additional 3,160 new dwellings 6,120 new dwellings Dwellings Additional 2,370 total acres 4,590 total acres (gross) acres needed* *Assumes 75% is in village development areas Data Analysis • Population Estimates and Forecasts • Forecast of Future Residential Land Demand • Groundwater Data Two Key Issues: Total Supply & Saltwater Intrusion • About 5 million GPD is now permitted to be withdrawn from aquifer (excludes some “grandfathered” withdrawals). • At 250 gpd per dwelling, about 3 million gpd is now withdrawn from year-round dwellings. • Total estimated recharge on Eastern Shore is 11 mgd. Assuming Accomack is 3/4 of that (8.25 mgd), current permitted and residential withdrawals are approaching that limit. • Saltwater intrusion worsens as the aquifers are depleted. This is already occurring in some areas along the shorelines of the County. Data Analysis • Population Estimates and Forecasts • Forecast of Future Residential Land Demand • Groundwater Data • Surface Water Data • Important commercial and recreational fisheries depend upon good water quality. • Clam aquaculture is a $30 - $40 million dollar business on the Eastern Shore. • Water quality is threatened by excess nutrients which enter the surface waters as runoff from agricultural land and impervious surfaces (development). • Shellfish Grounds Condemnation: 1992: 8,033 acres 1997: 8,740 acres 2007: 7,587 acres (6% decrease) Data Analysis • Population Estimates and Forecasts • Forecast of Future Residential Land Demand • Groundwater Data • Surface Water Data • Build-out Analysis (2006) Old A-District: 30,000 s.f. lots 114,000 Houses About 300,000 pop. New A-District proposed 2006: 10-acre lot (typical) = 23,000 Houses About 60,000 pop. New A-District Adopted 2006 Five-acre minimum lot size with bonus cluster lots is expected to yield approximately one lot per 3 acres overall, which would produce a theoretical build- out of approximately 50,000 new lots. Data Analysis • Population Estimates and Forecasts • Forecast of Future Residential Land Demand • Groundwater Data • Surface Water Data • Build-out Analysis (2006) • “McHarg” Analysis using GIS “McHarg” Analysis Map Major Issues and Problems • Agricultural & Forestal Land Preservation. • Groundwater Protection. • Natural Resource Preservation. • Physical Constraints to Development. • The Route 13 Corridor. • Central Water and Wastewater. • Character, Pattern & Form of Development. • Affordable Housing. • Economic Development. • Fiscal Impacts of Growth. • Balancing needs. Updated Plan - Policies, Actions, and Future Land Use Map Based Upon the Major Issues, the Five Key Objectives are: 1. Natural Resources. Conserve natural resources, including farmland, forests, wetlands, surface and ground water. 2. Economic Development. Promote compatible economic development and job growth, including the agriculture, seafood, and tourism industries. 3. Affordable Housing. Maintain an adequate the supply of affordable housing. 4. Rural Character. Preserve the small-town feel and rural character. 5. Public Services. Provide efficient and cost- effective public service delivery. To Achieve These Objectives the Overarching Growth Management Strategy is: • Conserve the County’s finite and fragile groundwater supply by accommodating most new development near the central spine and northern portions of the County. • Conserve the County’s fiscal resources by locating new development and infrastructure in create well-designed, human-scaled, compact, mixed-use developments in and around existing towns and villages, as incremental, natural extensions of existing settlements. • Enhance the County’s economic base by expanding compatible and sustainable natural resource industries, and compatible, low-impact service industries. • Provide adequate housing for all households by facilitating well- designed, higher density housing in and around existing towns, incremental expansions of existing rural villages, and providing incentives for affordable housing development. Five Major Methods for Implementing the Strategy 1. Future Land Use Map. Use FLM to guide all decisions regarding growth, development, and public infrastructure to areas in and around existing towns and villages. 2. Rezoning Decisions. Use the specific criteria set forth in Chapter 6. Methods for Implementing the Strategy 3. Natural Resource Conservation. Enact a variety of policy, regulatory, and program tools to preserve farmland, shorelines, water resources, and other natural resources: • Planned Unit Development (PUD) encouraging rural cluster development • Revitalize Agricultural and Forestal Districts (AFD) • Promote best management practices (BMP) for agricultural and forest uses, • Apply Ches Bay protection standards to the Seaside • Adopt state’s stormwater management code for new development. Methods for Implementing the Strategy 4. Affordable Housing. • Encourage expansion of existing communities in a compact, mixed-use pattern • Adopt an Affordable Dwelling Unit ordinance (ADU). 5. Economic Development. • Ensure that prospective industrial sites are properly zoned • Protect water quality to support aquaculture and other marine industries • Promote the expansion of the “distributed workforce” (using broadband internet access). Chapter 5 Goals, Objectives, Policies, and Recommended Actions Added the following key policies: • To adopt PUD zoning district • To open growth management dialogue with the towns and villages • To monitor the condition of natural systems • To Adopt and administer the State’s model stormwater management regulations. • To Protect the designated potential impact areas in the vicinity of the Wallops Island Regional Spaceport facility • To Identify and rezone suitable sites for industrial uses…. Chapter 5 cont’d • To Protect the Gateway Entrances to the County. • To Consider implementation of a sliding scale of real estate tax deferral for AFD. • To Encourage all new streets to be accepted into the VDOT system; approve annexations only when streets are or will be accepted by VDOT • To Carry out a countywide Transportation Needs Analysis to determine the specific needs for improvements within the 20-year policy planning horizon, as well as general needs in the 50-year conceptual planning horizon. • Added Action Plan Chart to set schedule and priorities for implementation (subject to PC and BOS action) Actions Over 60 discreet actions are proposed: • Zoning and Regulatory Actions • Planning and Research Actions • Operational Programs • Capital Investments and Construction • Specific actions for implementing the Transportation and Affordable Housing plans. Chapter 6 Future Land Use Plan • Updated AFD acreage data. • Added summary of McHarg analysis and public input. • Added further description of the rural density issue and the priority to concentrate residential development in existing population centers. • Added language to the Village Development Areas to acknowledge State Code requirement for Urban Development Areas • Updated/Modified Future Land Use Map and Land Use Areas (location and acreage) • Strengthened criteria for judging rezoning proposals. Land Use Categories of Future Land Use Map (FLM) • Conservation Areas. Includes marshland and undeveloped barrier islands. • Agricultural Areas. Target for long-term farming and forestry thru zoning regulations, cluster, AFD, conservation design, conservation easements. • Rural Settlement Areas. Large lots and cluster development outside village areas. • Residential Areas. New residential development in existing communities. • Village Development Areas. New development in traditional, mixed use pattern. • Commercial Areas. For heavy traffic uses. • Industrial Areas. For uses not compatible within village areas. Acreage of Future Land Use Areas Residential Area 2,443 ac / 11 sites Rural Settlement Area Area A = 3,002 ac / 11 sites Area B = 1,621 ac / 5 sites Village Development Area Area A = 5,193 ac / 23 sites Area B = 1,821 ac / 7 sites Commercial Area 887 ac / 9 sites Industrial Area 1,997 ac / 15 sites Total: 16,964 acres Agriculture: 181,994 ac Conservation: 69,733 ac Election District 1 Election Districts 2 & 3 Election Districts 4 & 5 Election Districts 6 & 7 Election Districts 8 & 9 Appendix • Summary of all public input sessions 2005 - 2007
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