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Building & Sustaining Integrity Case Studies - A4 Poster

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					                                                                         S   pecify key factors
ETHICAL CASE STUDIES
                                                                         P   rinciples
The following case studies are representative
of some of the more common ethical dilemmas.                             I   dentify options
Using the SPIRAL Model (see the notes on back
page) work through these situations with work                           R    eview options
colleagues and see if you can reach consensus.
                                                                        A    ction

                                                                         L   earn


CASE STUDY 1:                                         CASE STUDY 2:
IT’S ALL RELATIVE                                     PUBLIC OR POLITICAL SERVANT?
 Tom, a human resource manager, is putting             An agency is requested by its Minister
 together a panel for a selection process. The         to prepare a statement of the agency’s
 manager of the area, Susan, is insistent she is to    achievements since the commencement of the
 be on the panel. Tom has concerns about this          term of the current government.
 because he knows that Susan’s cousin, Sam, is         The Director of Operations receives the
 an applicant.                                         request. He is well aware that the information
 Tom tries to broach the subject with Susan, but       is likely to be used to bolster the political
 she dismisses his concerns by stating she is the      fortunes of the current government in a
 area’s manager and has a right to choose her          forthcoming election. He recalls being
 own staff.                                            castigated for being political by a previous
 Tom is aware that the talk around the agency          incoming Minister for providing similar
 is that Susan’s cousin, Sam, is going to get the      information to the outgoing government of the
 job and several staff may take action once the        time.
 outcome is known.                                     The Director is unsure about how [or even
                                                       whether to] proceed in preparing the
If you were Tom, what would you do
                                                       achievement profile requested by the Minister.
and why?
                                                      What should the Director do?
CASE STUDY 3                                       CASE STUDY 4
FOR YOUR OWN GOOD!                                 THINGS GET WORSE BEFORE THEY
 A female scientist working in the Foods and       GET BETTER.
 Waters testing area of the agency informed her     Andrew, who has previously been a hard worker,
 immediate supervisor that she was pregnant and     tells his supervisor that he is going through
 would shortly be applying for maternity leave.     marital difficulties. Over the next few weeks the
 As the section that the employee was working       supervisor notices that Andrew’s work becomes
 in was looking for, and on occasion isolating,     sloppy and indifferent.
 bacterium that causes spontaneous abortions        Andrew appears to spend a lot of time on the
 in humans, the supervisor decided to move the      phone engaged in personal conversations.
 employee to an area that would not endanger        In the past week he has begun to take time
 her or her foetus.                                 off, without authorisation. He has asked his
 The supervisor transferred the employee            colleagues to cover for him on a number of
 without consulting with her first. The employee     occasions. In one instance this was for several
 disagreed with the transfer.                       hours.
 After some heated discussions between the          No crises have yet occurred during Andrew’s
 employee and the supervisor, the employee          absence although one or two matters would
 decided to approach the Equal Opportunity          have blown up but for the supervisor’s
 Commission for input and potential arbitration.    intervention.
What would you have done if you were in             The problem shows no immediate signs of
the supervisor’s position?                          change and Andrew continues to take a lot of
                                                    time off.
                                                   What should the supervisor do?




If you were the scientist what would you
think of the manager’s decision?
CASE STUDY 5:                                          CASE STUDY 7:
DO AS I SAY                                            IF HE HAD BUT KNOWN …
 A high level employee, Abe, who should be              Jayne is a manager in an agency. Bill, a staff
 leading by example, chooses to consistently            member seeking a short-term secondment to
 ignore accepted organisational procedures. On          another agency, approaches her for approval of
 several occasions, Abe overrides the decisions of
                                                        the secondment.
 Jamie, a more junior staff member, who carefully
 follows procedures. When Jamie tries to discuss        Jayne is aware of discussions regarding possible
 the matter with Abe, Abe says that he chose to         redeployments in this section, but is sworn to
 ignore Jamie’s work, as it did not suit what he        confidentiality, as nothing is yet finalised. She is
 wanted. Jamie is concerned that others within          also aware that the agency has a long-standing
 the organisation will think that it is she who is      policy not to approve secondment applications.
 contravening proper procedures.                        Jayne chooses to maintain confidentiality, and
What should Jamie do?                                   to comply with departmental policy by refusing
                                                        the application for a secondment. A person
                                                        from another agency subsequently takes up the
                                                        secondment opportunity.
                                                        Two weeks later Jayne has to advise Bill that his
                                                        position is to be abolished forthwith and that he
                                                        is now a redeployee.
                                                       What do you think about Jayne’s decision
                                                       to keep to her agency’s secondment policy,
                                                       and what would you have done?

CASE STUDY 6:
MOONLIGHTING
 David is an energetic computer specialist


                                                                       .......
 working in a government organisation. In his


                                                                    ..
 spare time he installs software and does other
 computer service work. He frequently uses his
 work telephone and fax machine to arrange
 appointments and carry out other business                      .
                                                                                               ...
                                                      ........




 activities. His colleague, Mark, has observed this
 behaviour for several months. While he believes
 that David is continuing to do all that is required   What would you do if you were Bill?
 of him at work, he is uncomfortable.
                                                                                                 .....

What should Mark do about David’s actions?
                                                   ..



                                                                                                       ..




                                                                      ..                 ...
                                                               ......
SPIRAL MODEL - GROUP WORK
S   SPECIFY THE KEY FACTORS OF THE CASE AND ETHICAL PROBLEM TO BE
    SOLVED. LINK THESE TO ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AS SPECIFIED IN THE
    CODE OF ETHICS.




P   PRINCIPLES: WHAT KEY ETHICAL PRINCIPLES AND LEGAL, POLICY
    AND ADMINISTRATIVE PARAMETERS HAVE A BEARING ON THE
    DECISION REQUIRED?




I   IDENTIFY WHAT OPTIONS OR CHOICES ARE ACTUALLY AVAILABLE TO YOU.




R   REVIEW EACH OPTION AND CONSIDER LIKELY ETHICAL OUTCOMES.




A   ACTION: ACT EFFECTIVELY AND WITH RESOLUTION BASED ON A CLEAR
    ACTION PLAN.




L   LEARN: WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNT AND HOW CAN THIS IMPROVE YOUR
    PERFORMANCE IN THE WORKPLACE? WHAT ACTIONS (EG. UPDATING
    POLICY) NEED TO BE TAKEN TO PREVENT FUTURE PROBLEMS?




                              The Office of the Public Sector Standards Commissioner
                              www.wa.gov.au/opssc/

				
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Description: Building & Sustaining Integrity Case Studies - A4 Poster