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Volume 2, Number 2
December 2004                                                                   Visit our Web site:

A few words from the Co-Directors                                               Summary

It is a pleasure to distribute this new edition of PEP TALK! This bulletin is   Research findings
an important vehicle to keep PEP researchers, policy makers, academics
and civil society informed of the recent and upcoming activities of the         Third International PEP Meeting in
PEP network and its members.                                                    Saly, Senegal

The Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP) Research Network has recently             The opening speech in Dakar
completed its first two-year phase of activity! We have received well over
400 research proposals of which 46 have been selected for presentation          Fourth General Meeting in
at one of PEP's meetings and 27 have been approved for financing (a             Colombo, Sri Lanka
few others are pending approval). Our most recent general meeting in
Saly (Senegal, June 16-20) was officially opened by the President               New CBMS partnerships
Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal and featured 130 participants and 50
presentations from around the World. As this edition goes to press, we          Thirteen new research grants
are evaluating a new wave of over 100 excellent proposals for the next
                                                                                Study visit grants
PEP general meeting (Sri Lanka, June 13-17, 2005). The overwhelming
response of researchers to our calls for proposals underscores the need
                                                                                Working Papers
and interest for a network of developing country researchers studying
poverty issues.                                                                 Ongoing call for proposals
We are also happy to announce that our first wave of final reports and          Other PEP grants
working papers have begun to emerge dealing with issues ranging from
multidimensional poverty in Senegal (see the article by Jean-Bosco Ki in        African cottons: The weight of
this edition) to the poverty impacts of reduction in fuel subsidies in          world subsidies
                                                                                Phase 2 of the PEP network
Our proposal for a second three-year phase of activity has now been
officially submitted to the IDRC. In this new phase, we aim to consolidate      New PEP office in Dakar
the mechanisms in place, while turning our attention increasingly to
research dissemination, devolving our management and scientific                 Online literature search tools
support activities to Southern individuals and institutions, and seeking
new sources of funding. In particular, this second phase has begun in           Upcoming events outside PEP
earnest with the establishment of an African office for PEP in Dakar,
Senegal!                                                                        News from members

We hope you find PEP TALK interesting and useful, and welcome your              The Poverty and Economic Policy
suggestions for improvement and contributions to future issues.                 (PEP) Research Network

Best wishes,

Celia Reyes and John Cockburn.
Research findings                 increase to the benefit of
                                  poorer households. Other
                                                                   those linked to the
                                                                   vulnerability of human
                                  factors – industrial capital,    existence (inadequacy of
                                  skilled labour – see a           human capital,
                                  reduction in their rates of      unsatisfactory living
                                  remuneration. On the other       conditions), the shortage of
                                  hand, by allowing cheaper        basic infrastructure and the
                                  access to imports and a          lack of elements of comfort
                                  general reduction in             and equipment.
                                  domestic prices, trade
                                  liberalization leads to a fall   The incidence of
                                  in consumer prices that          multidimensional poverty is
                                  benefits all households.         estimated to be 58.4%, as
Trade Policies and Poverty in                                      compared to 48.5 % for
Zimbabwe—A Computable             As actual households are         monetary poverty. Whether
General Equilibrium Micro-        integrated into the model,       it is on the monetary or non-
Simulation Analysis               Chitiga is able to explicitly    monetary level, rural areas
                                  calculate poverty and            are more affected by poverty
Zimbabwe is actively              inequality changes due to        than urban areas. But it
pursuing policies of trade        the policy. She concludes        should be noted that in
liberalization and                that trade liberalization        urban areas households
international trade               reduces poverty but at the       face monetary problems
agreements, yet little is         expense of increased             more than non-monetary
known about their likely          income disparities.              ones, whereas it is the
poverty impacts.                  Inequality in the rural areas,   opposite situation in rural
                                  where both large-scale and       areas. Despite the presence
Margaret Chitiga uses a new       communal farmers reside,         of human capital and
generation of computable          increases more than in the       infrastructure, urban
general equilibrium (or           urban areas.                     households always struggle
economy-wide) models that                                          to overcome monetary
integrate thousands of            The author is Margaret           problems. This may lead us
actual households (13759          Chitiga, senior lecturer at      to question market
households in this case). By      the University of Pretoria,      efficiency, especially that of
encompassing the varied           South Africa.                    the labor market.
income sources and
consumption patterns of           Multidimensional Poverty in      Ki also notes a positive link
households, this tool is          Senegal                          exists between monetary
better able to trace the                                           and non-monetary poverty.
varied channels of impact of      Jean-Bosco Ki argues that        Among the monetary poor,
trade policies according to       the monetary approach to         he finds 72% are also non-
household income sources          poverty analysis does not        monetary poor, and among
and consumption patterns.         always capture the multiple      the non-monetary poor there
                                  phenomena that may               are 60% who are monetary
Simulations indicate that a       impede a decent life, as         poor.
policy of complete removal        poverty is a
of tariffs would favor the        multidimensional                 Given this facet of poverty,
export-intensive crop             phenomenon . Hence the           general interventions to
agriculture sector but            necessity to carry out a         increase labor productivity,
penalize other sectors. As a      multidimensional analysis to     in accordance with
result, returns to agricultural   better identify the poor, as     “Welfarist” theory, must be
capital and land increase         well as the strategies likely    prioritized in urban areas
with trade liberalization to      to help fight poverty            where monetary poverty is
the benefit of households         efficiently.                     prevalent. In contrast, for
that own substantial                                               rural areas, which face both
amounts of these factors.         Applied to the case of           types of poverty, an efficient
The majority of households        Senegal, multidimensional        combination of targeted and
who benefit are rich large-       analysis reveals that all the    general interventions is
scale farmers. Wage rates         households are not affected      advisable.
of unskilled workers, who         by same types of poverty.
are used intensively in           The forms of poverty which
agricultural production, also     are the most prevalent are

The author is Jean-Bosco            were assessed using a             provided for individual
Ki, statistician and financial      probit analysis.                  meetings with resource
analyst in Dakar, Senegal                                             persons and steering
                                    According to the probit           committee meetings.
Child Malnutrition in Sri Lanka :   analysis, total household
the Contrasting Effects of          income, birth weight of the       The third PEP general
Globalization                       child, mother’s age,              meeting was preceded by a
                                    nutritional awareness and         five-day advanced training
Research in Sri Lanka has           time spent with children          workshop organized by the
found that nearly one third of      significantly affect children's   MPIA and PMMA networks
all Sri Lankan children are         short-run nutritional status.     in Dakar (June 10th to 14th).
malnourished. The                   These results imply that          The workshop included
researchers go on to                income generated through          plenary one-day sessions on
question the impact of              increased wage work of            poverty analysis/DAD
globalization on child              mothers may help to               software and gender issues
malnutrition.                       alleviate child malnutrition,     (conducted by the MIMAP
                                    but that this may come at         gender network). It also
Indeed, globalization has           the expense of the time that      included three days of
created many employment             mothers spend with their          parallel PMMA and MPIA
opportunities, particularly for     children, which also reduces      sessions. The PMMA
women, during the past few          child malnutrition. Striking a    training sessions dealt with
decades in Sri Lanka.               balance between the two           public spending, poverty
Participation of women in           forces will hence be required     targeting, case studies,
wage work has a number of           in order to bring child           discrete choice and panel
implications on the                 malnutrition rates down.          data models. The MPIA
households, especially their                                          sessions covered
children. It can increase total     Article written by                dynamic/growth analysis,
household income and                Samanthika Ekanayake,             gender modeling and an
hence can have direct               Ishara Rathnayake, Jeevika        advanced social accounting
positive effects on the             Weerahewa and Anoma               matrix clinic. Several
welfare of the household            Auyawardana. Authors are          researchers participated in
members. On the contrary,           Graduate students and             conducting the workshop:
this situation may have             Senior Lecturers at the           Christian Emini, Selim
negative effects on the             Department of Agricultural        Raihan, Damien Mededji,
nutritional status of children,     Economics and Business            Lucas Ronconi, Souleymane
as women have less time to          Management, University of         Sikirou, Touhami
allocate for child care when        Peradeniya.                       Abdelkhalek, Gaye Daffé,
they go for wage work. The                                            Johannes Tabi and
researchers assess these            Third International               Abdoulaye Zonon.
and a host of other
determinants of nutritional         PEP Meeting in                    Please note that all papers
status of pre-school children       Saly, Senegal                     of this meeting are publicly
paying special attention to                                           accessible on www.pep-
the income of the household         The third PEP general
                                                            , and that each
and time that mothers spend         meeting was organized in          participant will soon receive
with children.                      Saly, Senegal, from June          a cederom with all the
                                    16th to 20th. This meeting
                                                                      material presented at the
Primary data collected from         was officially opened by the      meeting and at the
a random sample of 60               President of Senegal with         advanced training sessions.
mothers with pre-school             enormous media coverage.
children who attended the
well-baby clinics at the
                                    It included a total of 130
                                    participants and 50               The opening speech
general hospital in the             presentations including 13        in Dakar
Kandy region of Sri Lanka           new proposals, eight interim
                                    reports, four final reports, 18   By Bernard Decaluwé, June
was used for the analysis.                                            16, 2004, in the presence of
Short-run nutritional status        national project papers and
                                    seven invited papers.             his Excellency Mr
of the children was                                                   Abdoulaye Wade, President
measured by the weight-for-         Presentations were made in
                                    both French and English           of the Republic of Senegal.
age parameter. The
determinants of malnutrition        with simultaneous
                                                                      Excellency, Ladies and
                                    translations. Time was also
                                                                      Gentlemen, the

Ambassadors,                      perhaps useful to wonder         poverty.
Representatives of                about the reasons that make
international institutions,       us believe that our research     But it is not sufficient to be
Dear colleagues and Dear          is useful to mankind.            well endowed with factors of
friends,                                                           production, since we must
                                  What, therefore, are the         still fructify our comparative
Whether you are from South        sources of poverty and           advantages through
Africa, Mongolia, Pakistan,       inequality in the distribution   exchange and trade. In
Indonesia, Nigeria, Morocco,      of income?                       other words, we must have
Colombia… Senegal or the                                           access to markets. Lack of
other countries of our global     Today, it has become             transport infrastructure in
village which constitutes         common to identify three         remote regions or the
today’s world, you have           sources of factors which         existence of a marketing
probably come to Dakar for        lead to disparities in levels    system monopolized by a
this meeting because you          of welfare.                      few operators (whether they
are convinced that the                                             are private or public) may
intellectuals whom you are        The first category relates to    keep you from marketing
can validly contribute to the     a significant deficit in the     your local production, and
welfare of populations and        initial endowments of factors    maintain you for a long time
to a better income                of production, be they           in a poverty trap. There are
distribution both on the local    human capital or physical        many examples today where
and international level.          assets, as we call them in       a better access to the
                                  our scientific jargon. Thus,     marketing of products by the
Since our Network (which          some people are born gifted,     poorest households has
probably would never have         while others are less so;        been the key factor in the
seen the day without the          some are Daddy’s boys,           improvement of their
enlightened intuition, ten        while others develop             welfare.
years ago today, of a few         themselves alone. Some
visionary economists              have access to public            There remains a third
gathered at the Research          infrastructures, schools,        category of factors, less
Center for International          hospitals… while others do       economic in nature, but just
Development in Canada) is         not. In other words, if you      as important, and they have
particularly interested in the    are good looking, in good        names such as “incapacity”,
links between economic            health, intelligent and you      “exclusion”, "exploitation", in
policies and their                are the son of a big             other words the absence, in
consequences on income            landowner, it is unlikely that
                                                                   society, of respect for
distribution and poverty, it is   one day you will live in dire
                                                                   individuals, and for their
                                                                      freedom and protection. It
                                                                      is opportune in this
                                                                      context to recall this
                                                                      phrase of a famous man (I
                                                                      don’t remember the name
                                                                      of the man from whom I
                                                                      borrow this quotation, but
                                                                      since he uttered these
                                                                      words, I assume he must
                                                                      be famous), “Between the
                                                                      rich and the poor,
                                                                      between the strong and
                                                                      the weak, it is freedom
                                                                      which enslaves, but it is
                                                                      the law that sets free”.
                                                                      This maxim holds true for
                                                                      individuals, but it is just as
                                                                      true in the international
                                                                      context. And I urge you
                                                                      first and foremost as
 John Cockburn, Celia Reyes, Bernard Decaluwé, Abdoulaye Diagne       economists, to always
 and President Abdoulaye Wade.                                        keep this sentence in

mind when we praise the            production and other                not, however, clear in our
virtues of market                  agricultural products in            opinion whether these
economies, and then as             developed countries, to             undoubtedly positive factors
citizens, to be wary of the        understand the significance         are conductive to better
governments of powerful            of having access to                 income distribution and to a
states that take the liberty to    international markets under
                                                                       reduction in poverty. But
violate international laws in      the normal conditions of
                                   competition and rivalry. In         who will seize the new
the name of freedom.                                                   opportunities created by
                                   this context, the preparation
                                   and defense of a common             these new technologies?
After touching briefly on the
sources of poverty and             position by some African            Who will seize the new trade
inequality, it remains for us      countries in the framework          possibilities which access to
to wonder about the sources        of the current Doha Round           Internet will create? The
of economic growth. Can we         negotiations takes here all         most destitute? The most
hope, as economists, to            its significance.                   disadvantaged in our
contribute to the reduction of                                         society? Nothing is less
poverty and inequality in the      If access to new markets
                                                                       certain. Will the trickle down
distribution of income?            constitutes a favorable
                                   condition for more rapid            effects be sufficient to
                                   growth, it still however            improve the lot of the
To start with, I will not tackle
                                   remains to take advantage           poorest and give to each
the problem of inclusion, of
respect for democratic             of this growth. It is therefore     one hope for a better life?
values or the principles that      essential that investment,
                                   either in the form of               It is to all these questions,
govern the rule of law for I
am convinced that there is         productive investment               and to a few others, that our
nobody in this room who            (physical capital                   collective effort attempts to
does not adhere to these           accumulation, investment in         respond. Is economic
universal values.                  human capital (through              growth going to lead us to a
                                   education), or in                   better, more equitable world
Let’s start with access to         infrastructure development          in which the opportunities to
markets and in particular          (public capital) should             live a more decent life will
international markets.             accompany and support               be improved for a greater
Several of our Network’s           trade liberalization and the        number of people?
researchers have looked,           openness of the economy.
and are still looking, into        In my opinion, efforts made         What are the economic
these issues, either to study      by some public authorities in       policies of our governments
trade policy reforms or the        several African economies,          and of our international
impact of exports expansion        and in particular in Senegal        institutions that are most
on the remuneration of labor       by its President through
                                                                       conducive to the
and household income. But,         NEPAD, which is a driving
                                                                       achievement of these
if the globalization of an         force in supporting the
                                   development of private              objectives? We certainly
economy and trade
liberalization can create new      initiative, is certainly a factor   don’t have all the answers
markets and new                    conducive to the kind of            but, judging by the
opportunities (for instance,       economic growth which is            enthusiasm, the
in the case of Vietnam, a          orderly and respectful of the       seriousness, and the depth
major part of poverty              values of these societies.          of our debates, I am
reduction is essentially                                               convinced that just like me
attributable to the marketing      There remains a third factor        and like those who, following
of rice on international           which is often mentioned as         President Wade’s example,
markets), it may also have         an economic growth factor. I        have supported our efforts
as a consequence, an               call it technical progress,         with their presence, we will
increase in the vulnerability      increased productivity, new         contribute with the
of some producers, and             information technologies,
eventually lead to the pure                                            multitudes of men and
                                   etc. There is no question           women of good will on this
and simple destruction of
                                   that they are linked to             planet, to a better world.
lucrative activities. It is
                                   international factor mobility,
sufficient to think of the
nightmare created by               and that restrictions to this
subsidies granted to cotton        mobility certainly contribute
                                   to a reduction in growth. It is

Fourth General                    requirements of the              barangays, is in line with its
                                                                   adoption of development
Meeting in                        decentralization policy in the
                                  country; and (c) to help         indicator-based planning
Colombo, Sri Lanka,               monitor and evaluate             and programming
June 13 to 17, 2005               existing policies that were      operations. For instance, the
                                                                   CBMS data will be used for
                                  defined by the Poverty
The PEP office is currently       Reduction Strategy Paper         the updating of the city’s
busy preparing the next PEP       (PRSP).                          comprehensive land use
general meeting to be held                                         plan. In line with the
in Colombo (Sri Lanka) from       The CBMS work will be            collaboration, the city
                                  administered by the Cellule      government of Mandaue has
June 13 to 17. All PEP-
                                  d’Analyze de Politique           committed to allocate the
funded research teams are                                          required financial support for
eligible to participate subject   Economique (CAPE) in
                                  cooperation with the             the conduct of CBMS
to the submission of a                                             related activities for the
satisfactory final report. New    MIMAP-Benin Project Team,
                                                                   period August 1-December
teams will also be invited to     with Madame Marie Odile
                                                                   31, 2004
                                  Attanasso serving as Project
present research proposals
based on the outcome of our
                                  Leader. The CBMS Benin
                                  research team members
                                                                   Thirteen new
most recent competitive call
                                  include Ambroise Agbota,         research grants
for proposals. All proposals
                                  Roland Medjigbodo, M-P
should receive an initial                                          Following the proposals
                                  and Félix Sessou.                presented in Hanoi and
response by mid-January
                                                                   Dakar, the PEP network has
and final invitations will be     Mandaue and Pasay
                                                                   already extended thirteen
distributed at the end of         The CBMS Network
                                                                   other new research
February. Nearly 20 final         coordinatingTeam,
                                                                   subsidies of CAN$20 000.
reports and as many new           represented by its Project
proposals are expected from       Leader and Research and          Bitronder Patrick Birungi
the PMMA and MPIA                 Administrative Officer,          Uganda
networks. The CBMS                recently signed two              Incorporating Environment
                                  memoranda of agreement           Factors in Poverty Analysis
network will also have
                                  for technical collaboration      Using Small Area Estimation
presentations from all            for the city-wide
current teams and a few                                            Techniques: The Case Land
                                  implementation of the            Use Changes in Uganda
new teams. The meetings           community-based
will be preceded by two           monitoring system (CBSM)         Mohamed Abdelbasset
days of MPIA training and         in two cities, namely,           Chemingui
two days of PMMA training.        Mandaue and Pasay.               Tunisie
All meeting participants may                                       Trade Liberalization and
apply to attend and are           The city government of           Poverty in Rural Areas in
invited to make suggestions       Mandaue, led by its City         Tunisia: Microsimulation in a
                                  Mayor and newly elected          general equilibrium
on subjects to be covered.
                                  Vice-President for the           framework
                                  Visayas of the League of
New CBMS                          Cities of the Philippines,       Caesar Cororaton
partnerships                      Honorable Thadeo Ouano,          Philippines
                                  signed the agreement on          Agricultural Sector Policies
Benin                             July 22, 2004 at the Manila      and Poverty in the
The CBMS Network has              Hotel while the city             Philippines: A CGE Analysis
recently approved a CBMS          government of Pasay,
proposal from Benin after a       through its mayor,               Oumar Diop Diagne
thorough evaluation by the        Honorable Wenceslao              Sénégal
Network’s Steering                “Peewee” Trinidad, likewise      Le noyau dur de la pauvreté
Committee. The objectives         formalized its partnership       au Sénégal
of the CBMS in Benin are:         with the Team through the
(a) to improve the capacities     MOA on July 29, 2004.            Souleymane Sadio Diallo
of poor communities by                                             Côte d’Ivoire
monitoring and evaluating         For Mandaue, said CBMS           Ouverture commerciale, et
their poverty status; (b) to      initiative, which will be        Pauvreté en Côte d’Ivoire :
address the information           implemented in all 27

Analyse à l’aide d’un modèle    pauvreté appliquée à la          October 4-14, 2004. His
EGC Microsimulé                 Côte d’Ivoire                    research works deals with
                                                                 the poverty impacts of trade
Hyacinth Ichoku Ementa          Several other teams have         liberalization and the Doha
Nigeria                         been invited to revise their     Negotiations.
The Impoverishing Effects of    proposals, which should be
the Health Care Financing
System in Nigeria
                                approved soon.                   New Working
Christian Arnault Émini         Study visit grants
                                                                 Adegbidi, Anselme, Michel
Cameroun                        Margaret Chitiga                 Ahohounkpanzon, Épiphane
Décomposition des effets        University of Pretoria, South    Adjovi, Victorin Houndekon,
des politiques économiques      Africa.                          Didier Djoi et Siméon Fagnisse
et des chocs exogènes sur       Research visit at Laval          Profil de pauvreté et
l'évolution de la pauvreté et   University, from March 14 to     d'inégalité au Bénin
de la distribution au           April 7, 2004. Research:
Cameroun : Une analyse en                                        Wetta, Claude, Samuel T.
                                Trade Policies and Poverty
équilibre général micro-                                         Kaboré, Bernard K. Bonzi,
                                in Zimbabwe – A
simulé avec double-                                              Souleymane Sikirou, Malick
                                Computable General
calibration                                                      Sawadogo et Prosper Somda
                                Equilibrium Micro Simulation
                                Analysis.                        Le profil d'inégalité et de
Hazel Jean Malapit                                               pauvreté au Burkina Faso
Labor supply responses to       Caesar Cororaton
                                                                 These first two PEP working
income shocks under credit      Philippine Institute for
                                                                 papers have been published
constraints: Evidence from      Development Studies,
                                                                 and several others are
Bukidnon, 2003                  Philippines.
                                                                 under preparation. All PEP
                                Participation in the             working papers are first
Tabo Symphorien Ndang           Northeast Universities           submitted to an external
Chad                            Development Consortium           evaluator. A revised version
À qui profitent les dépenses    Conference (NEUDC) HEC           of the paper, if accepted, is
sociales au Tchad? Une          Montréal, October 1st to 3rd,    then sent to an editor for
analyse d'incidence à partir    2004. Study visit to Laval       final corrections. The
des données d'enquête           University from October 4th      working paper series is
                                to 24th. Mr. Cororaton made      posted on the PEP Internet
Manson Nwafor
                                progress in modeling of the      web site. The working paper
                                poverty impacts of trade         series is also registered with
The Impacts of Trade
                                liberalization and the Doha      all major bibliographic
Liberalization on Poverty in
                                Negotiations.                    databases and bulletins.
Nigeria: Microsimulations in
a CGE Model
                                Souleymane Sadio Diallo          Ongoing call for
María Inés Terra Ortiz          CIRES, Côte d'Ivoire
                                Research visit at 2004 Laval
The effects of increasing       University, from March 25 to     Proposals may be submitted
openness and integration to     April 18, 2004. Research:        to the PEP network at any
the MERCOSUR on the             Ouverture Commerciale et         time. Proposals submitted
Uruguayan labor market. A       Pauvreté en Côte d’Ivoire:       before November 30, 2004
CGE modeling analysis           Analyse à l’aide d’un modèle     will be considered for
                                EGC Micro simulé.                presentation in the June
Rizwana Siddiqui                                                 2005 meeting. Proposals
Pakistan                        Selim Raihan                     submitted after this date will
Modelling Gender                IDPM, University of              be considered for the June
                                Manchester, United               2006 meeting.
Dimensions of the Impacts
of Economic Reforms in                                           Guidelines for posting a
                                Participation in the
Pakistan                                                         PEP research proposal are
                                Northeast Universities
                                Development Consortium           presented in the heading
Kalilou Sylla                                                    “Call for proposals”,
                                (NEUDC) HEC Montreal,
Côte d’Ivoire
                                October 1st to 3rd. Research     “Guidelines for posting a
Une approche                                                     proposal on the web site”.
                                visit at Laval University from
multidimensionnelle de la

We have recently improved           presentation at a PEP                  meeting. We normally
this section with the               meeting. We encourage                  expect one young
following changes:                  interested researchers to              researcher to participate
                                    submit proposals as early              in the presentation of the
• age and gender are now            as possible. Furthermore,              team's final report.
  required in order to              research teams are strongly
  identify teams with young         encouraged to submit                • Training and Professional
  researchers and women             proposals and                         Development Grants: to
  who constitute two                accompanying documents                finance the participation
  groups prioritized for            directly on the PEP Web               of a PEP team member
  subsidy grants;                   site (“Call for Proposals“).          in a training workshop,
                                    Details are provided in the           study visit or international
• more precise                      guidelines posted                     conference related to
  explanations for the              under “Call for Proposals”
  presentation of                                                         their PEP research.
                                    on the site. If this is not
  proposals;                        possible, please send all           • National Conference
• more details on who can           required information to the           Grants: to assist in
                                    following email address:              financing the organiza-
  post a proposal.
                                              tion of a national
Moreover, we invite you to                                                conference related to
update your personal data           Other PEP Grants                      PEP research.
on “Personal settings“. You
                                    All PEP researchers are             Details are provided in the
may enter your gender and
                                    reminded that they are              Grants Manual, which is
age (if under 30) here;
information which is now            eligible to apply for               available on the home page
required in order to post a         additional funding for the          of the PEP web site.
proposal.                           following activities:

                                       • In the context of PEP
                                                                        African cotton: The
A pre-selection committee
analyzes proposals in order               research grants, funding       weight of world
to determine whether they
are complete and eligible for
                                          can be requested to
                                          allow young members            subsidies
financing, to inform the                  (aged under 30 years) of
                                                                         The book Cotons d’Afrique :
researchers of the                        PEP research teams to
                                                                         le poids des subventions
proposal’s status and, in                 participate in a PEP
                                                                         mondiales, published in the
some cases, to provide
some feedback on the
proposal itself. Roughly
three to four months
before each PEP meeting
(February 2005 in the
case of the upcoming
June meetings), a
selection committee
selects the best research
proposals in terms of
scientific contribution,
policy relevance,
concordance with PEP
thematic areas and
feasibility. These teams
are then invited to present
and discuss their
proposals at the meeting.
Taking into consideration
that it is almost always
necessary to revise and      Ndèye Lika Aïdara came to PEP offices in Laval University, Quebec City,
resubmit proposals once      Canada, for training. Here she is accompanied by Jean-Yves Duclos,
or more times before         Nabil Annabi, John Cockburn, Gaétane Marcoux, Sonia Moreau and, on
acceptance for               her right, Jane O’Brien.

Spring of 2004 by the              African PEP researchers,         document. This information
Reseau d’Expertise des             CIRPÉE and AKIEBS, as            will be transmitted by Sonia
politiques agricoles (REPA),       well as contributing to the      and Raman to the IDRC
reveals the nature and             daily administration of the      librarian, Barbara Porrett,
extent of subsidies and            PEP network as a whole.          who will provide each team
evaluates their impacts on         Many of you know                 member with a username
African economies. Several         Ms. Aidara from her              and password. Ms. Porrett
PEP researchers have taken         extraordinary organization of    will notify you directly as
part in this book.                 the last PEP general             soon as this has been
                                   meeting in Dakar. You may        accomplished. She will also
For more details, see the          contact Ms. Aidara at:           elaborate on the full range of
following article of the daily             services offered through the
newspaper Le Soleil May 6                                           Library.
2004:                              Online literature
59706-201-1-                       search tools                     Upcoming events
DO_TOPIC.html].                    IDRC research database service
                                                                    outside PEP
                                   This site provides online        For more information on this
Phase 2of the PEP                  access to various literature     section, see ‘’Related events
network                            search tools and a huge          outside PEP’’ on the home
                                                                    page of the PEP web site and
                                   number of top scholarly
(October 1st, 2004 to              journals (with downloadable      "Modeling events outside PEP"
                                                                    on the MPIA home page
September 30th, 2007)              articles). All members of
                                                                    ("Research Groups", "MPIA" on
                                   teams who currently benefit
The proposal for PEP               from a PEP or IDRC/MIMAP
network’s phase 2 has been         grant are eligible to use
officially submitted to the                                         International Conference on
                                   IDRC's Research                  Policy Modeling (EcoMod2005)
IDRC. The network is not           Databases. More
expected to change                                                  Istanbul on June 29-July 2,
                                   information about these          2005
fundamentally during this          databases and other
second phase. The main                                              You are cordially invited to
                                   services provided by IDRC's      submit your abstracts or full
thrust will concern the            Library is available at the
pursuit and gradual                                                 papers
                                   following webpage:               (preferred) on our
extension of core research
and training activities,                                            conference management
                                   45342-201-1-                     Web site:
special cross-country              DO_TOPIC.html.
comparative studies,                                                Details of the conference
dissemination activities,                                           are available on:
                                   These services are available
resource expansion and the         to researchers over the full
ongoing devolution of the                                           The deadline for
                                   duration of their research       submissions is January 15,
MPIA and PMMA networks             project. For those who are
to Southern institutions.                                           2005.
                                   interested and who have not      The deadline for submission
                                   already received a
New PEP office in                  username and password,
                                                                    of the full version of the
                                                                    accepted papers is May 1,
Dakar                              please submit an updated
                                   list of the names and email
One of PEP Phase 2                 addresses of the persons         22e Journées de Microéconomie
objectives is to devolve its       from your research team          Appliquée
activities toward the              who will use the service. For    May 26-27, 2005 in
institutions of the South. It is   PEP grant recipients, this       Hammamet (Tunisia)
in this context that a new         information should be            Organized by the Faculté
PEP office has been                transmitted to Sonia Moreau      des Sciences Économique
established in Dakar,              (sonia.moreau@ecn.ulaval.c       et de Gestion de Tunis. All
Senegal. It is Ms. Ndèye           a) In the case of MIMAP          submissions may be written
Lika AIDARA who will be in         grant recipients, the request    in French or English.
charge of administrative           should be made to Raman          Submission deadline:
affairs there. She will be at      Sohal ( The      February 11, 2005.
the Dakar office                   names of these people
permanently and will ensure        should be among those
coordination between               appearing in your proposal

Journées de l’AFSE, Clermont        and Institution division at       Dorothée Boccanfuso and
2005                                IFPRI, Washington.                Luc Savard are back in
The Centre d’Etudes et de                                             Québec, Canada. They are
Recherches sur le                   His main task will be to          now professors at the
Development International           develop a network focusing        University of Sherbrooke.
(CERDI), the CNRS and the           mainly on issues related to       Many thanks for their
Université d’Auvergne will          trade liberalization (WTO         precious collaboration
organize the next scientific        related issues), food             during their stay in Dakar.
conference of the                   policies, agricultural policies
Association Française de            and poverty for South Asia.                   *****
Sciences Economiques                The network willl eventually
(AFSE) on the economics of          be expanded to include            Marie-Hélène Cloutier,
development and transition          South East Asia.                  Laval University, (Québec,
on May 19th, 2005.                                                    Canada) has submitted her
Submission deadline for                                               thesis Education in Vietnam
proposal: before February                                             – A computable general
10, 2005.                                                             equilibrium analysis. She
                                                                      now pursues her doctoral
Annual Bank Conference on                                             studies at the University of
Development Economics in                                              Montreal.
Dakar                                                                             *****
The 17th Annual Bank
Conference on Development                                             A new student, Nitesh
Economics (ABCDE) will be                                             Sahay of India, joined the
held in Dakar, Senegal on                                             team in August 2004 to
January 27, 2005. One of                                              pursue a PhD program at
the world's best-known                                                Laval University with a
conferences on                                                        thesis on CGE modeling of
development, the ABCDE is                                             health issues in India.
being held for the first time       Caesar Cororaton
in an African country, and                                                        *****
for the second time in a                         *****
developing country (ABCDE                                             If you have news you would
2003 was held in Bangalore,         Cosme Vodounou has                like to share, please transmit
India). The overall theme of        been appointed Director           this information through this
the conference is "Growth           General of the Institut           email (,
and Integration".                   National de Statistique du        and it will be our pleasure to
For more information,               Benin last April 23th.            publish it in the next edition
please visit                                                          info of PEP–TALK.                      *****
senegal.                            Épiphane Adjovi is now
                                    Director General of
The Global Development
                                    Economic Affairs in Benin.
Network (GDN) will hold its Sixth
                                    He is the highest ranking
Annual Global Development
                                    civil servant for economic
                                    policies. In this context, he
January 24-26, 2005 in
                                    coordinates all the initiatives
Dakar, Senegal. The theme
                                    relating to economic policy :
of the conference is
                                    - Advises the government in
‘’Developing and Developed
                                    piloting the national
Worlds: Mutual Impact’’.
                                    economy in the short,
Deadline passed.
                                    medium, and long terms;
News from                           - Monitors the execution of
                                    the government's regional
members                             economic integration policy
                                    - Monitors Insurance control
As of January 2005, Caesar          activities
Cororaton will be Research          - Monitors assistance to
Fellow in the Markets, Trade        public enterprises.

The Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP) Research Network
Created in 2002, the Poverty and Economic Policy (PEP) Research Network is a network of
researchers working to reduce poverty. Specific objectives are to:
  - Better understand the cause and consequences of poverty.
 - Propose alternative strategies, policies and programs to reduce poverty.
 - Improve the monitoring and measurement of poverty.
 - Develop local research (and training) capacity in these areas.
 - Develop new concepts and methodologies though fundamental research.
The network is composed of three tightly linked constituent networks. The first – Community-Based
Monitoring Systems (CBMS) – designs and pilots community-based monitoring and local
development systems aimed at poverty in its multidimensional sense. The second – Poverty
Monitoring, Measurement and Analysis (PMMA) – aims to develop and apply analytical tools to
measure and monitor poverty, and to analyze a wide range of poverty issues. The third – Modeling and
Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) – uses economy-wide models and analysis as a “laboratory” to
identify and analyze the links between specific policies and shocks and their eventual impacts on

Reminder: In order for us to be able to contact you, we invite you to update your personal data
("Personal setting") on PEP’s web site []. You may also select the e-mail addresses at
which you would like to receive PEP announcements and PEP-TALK. If you do not wish to be part of
this mailing list any more, please deselect the box “want to receive the PEP-TALK”.


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