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					                                      Hunger correlates with family size
                                      40
            % of food-poor families


                                                                                               30.6
                                      30                                                                     30.3
                                                                                        25.3

                                                                                 20.4
                                      20
                                                                         14.8

                                                                   9.5
                                      10                     5.6
                                                       3.6
                                           1.3   2.3

                                       0
                                            1     2     3     4     5      6       7       8          9   10++
                                                                   Family size

  Source:             National Economic and Development Authority
                      2003 Subsistence Incidence, by Family Size                                                    1




Good morning, let me start by showing you this chart.

The graph’s message is simple. The percentage of food-poor or hungry families
begins to climb to double digits for families with 6 members or more; and that as
family size increases, the percentage of food-poor provinces
                 Accelerated
           Hunger-Mitigation Program



                              National Nutrition Council
                               Department of Health
                                     22 February 2008
                                                                                 2




Against this background, please allow me to share with you the Accelerated
Hunger Mitigation Program or AHMP.

Before I do that, let me first thank ULAP for inviting the National Nutrition Council
to the National LGU Workshop in preparation for the National Summit sometime
next month.
                                      Outline
                   Hunger Situation

                   Presidential Directive on
                   Hunger-Mitigation

                   Institutional Arrangements

                   Role of Local Governments
                                                  3




My presentation will cover . . . (read outline)
            Hunger defined (FAO-UN)
                 Hunger - a condition in
                 which people do not get
                 enough food to provide
                 the nutrients for fully
                 productive, active and
                 healthy lives.


                                                             4




To better appreciate the presentation, let us first define
hunger.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations (FAO), hunger is a condition in which people
do not get enough food to provide the nutrients for fully
productive, active and healthy lives.

It is a form of severe food insecurity and if prolonged, can
lead to malnutrition.
           Hunger defined (FAO-UN)
                 A form of food
                 insecurity, and if
                 prolonged could lead to
                 malnutrition.




                                                           5




It is a form of severe food insecurity and if prolonged, can
lead to malnutrition.
                 Causes of Hunger

                  Poverty – no
                  money to buy food



                                                              6




The major causes of hunger are poverty, which prevents people from
buying food,
                   Causes of Hunger

                     Unavailability or
                     insufficiency of
                     food


                                                        7




unavailability of food to eat, and large family size.
                  Causes of Hunger

                    Large family size




                                        8




and large family size.
              Assessing hunger
              TANONG: “Nitong nakaraang 3 buwan,
              nangyari po ba kahit minsan na ang
              inyong pamilya ay nakaranas ng gutom at
              wala kayong makain? Kung oo, nangyari
              po ba yan ng minsan lamang? ilang
              beses? madalas o palagi?”

              Source: Social Weather Stations



                                                                               9




The Social Weather Stations conducts quarterly surveys on hunger, results of
which are usually published in major dailies.

Their measure of hunger is based on responses to the question shown on the
slide.
              Assessing hunger
              Moderate hunger
              = minsan lamang or ilang beses or once
              or a few times

              Severe
              = madalas o palagi or often or always

              Source: Social Weather Stations



                                                                        10




Moderate hunger is based on the minsan lamang or ilang beses responses; while
severe hunger is based on madalas or palagi responses.
               Trends in hunger incidence
                           25
                                       Severe                  Moderate
                 Percent   20

                           15


                           10

                           5


                           0
                                1st    2nd      3rd      4th    1st   2nd   3rd    4th
                                Qtr    Qtr      Qtr      Qtr    Qtr   Qtr   Qtr    Qtr
                                              2006                          2007
                       Source: Social Weather Stations                                   11




This slide shows the trend in hunger incidence for 2006 and 2007. Except for the
dips in hunger incidence in the 2nd quarter of both years, one can say that the
incidence is progressively increasing, with the 3rd quarter of 2007 registering the
highest incidence .

The latest SWS survey on hunger for the 4th quarter of 2007, however showed an
improvement in the hunger situation.
                                               Trends in hunger incidence
                                                    N CR                B a la n c e L u z o n
                                               25
                              2006                  V is a y a s        M in d a n a o

                                               20




                                P e rc e n t
                                               15


                                               10


                                                5


                                                0
                                                    Q1             Q2                     Q3     Q4

                         2007                  25
                                                    NCR                 B a la n c e L u z o n
                                                    V is a y a s        M in d a n a o

                                               20
                                P e rc e n t




                                               15


                                               10


                                                5
    Source:
                                                0
    Social Weather Stations                         Q1             Q2                     Q3     Q4   12




In general, hunger incidence is usually higher in Mindanao. However, the SWS
survey of the second quarter of 2007, showed that the prevalence of hunger was
highest in the National Capital Region. Hunger incidence in NCR decreased in the
3rd quarter of 2007 and then increased again in the fourth quarter of last year.

.
                                             Pump Priming Strategy
                                               Generate investments,
                                             create jobs, provide basic
                                                services to the poor
         Linkages
         and                     Hunger Mitigation Program
         Objectives              Reduce hunger incidence through
                                 supply and demand interventions
                                                (May 2006)


             Food for School/
             Tindahan Natin
             Free rice distribution and
             food price discount
             (September 2005 & April 2006)
                                                                          13




The government’s immediate response to the increasing hunger incidence
since the 3rd quarter of 2005 involved two core interventions, the Food for
School Program through which a Grade One pupil or day care center pupil in
target areas received a kilo of rice for each school day attended; and the
Tindahan Natin, which is the setting up of variety stores that sell rice and
noodles at prices lower than the commercial market.

The scope of the hunger-mitigation program was eventually expanded to
address supply and demand interventions, most of which were consistent with
the pump-priming strategy of the Arroyo government, that is intended to
generate investments, create jobs and provide basic services to poor families.

On a wider perspective, the Hunger Mitigation Program is an intervention that
aims to contribute to the achievement of the country's development goals,
particularly its commitment to achieve the MDGs on poverty eradication and
hunger reduction.
                        Presidential Directive on
                           Hunger-Mitigation
           08 July 2006 Joint Cabinet and Mindanao RDC Meeting, Cotabato City



               NEDA to draft 1-year Plan to cut
               hunger incidence by half

               DBM to release P 1 billion to national
               agencies that will implement the Plan

               DOH, through the National Nutrition
               Council (NNC), to oversee
               implementation of the Plan
                                                                           14




The increasing hunger incidence also led to a directive of the
President to implement an all-out drive to cut hunger incidence
by half in one year during the Joint Cabinet-Regional
Development Council Mindanao Meeting in Cotabato City last
July 8, 2006.

NEDA was tasked to draft a one-year Hunger Mitigation Plan;
DBM was tasked to release P1 billion for its implementation; and
the DOH, through the NNC, was assigned to oversee plan
implementation.

However, with the release of the 2006 2nd quarter SWS survey
results, the target was adjusted to reduce the number of families
experiencing severe hunger from 800,000 to 100,000.
          Accelerated Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework

              Unavailable or                                No money to
          insufficient food to eat      HUNGER               buy food



                               Hunger Mitigation Measures


         Supply Side                                          Demand Side

          Increase food                          Put more money in
          production                             poor people’s pockets
                                                 Promote good nutrition
          Enhance efficiency of
          logistics & food delivery              Manage population
                                                                             15




The AHMP takes off from a recognition that hunger is due to the lack of food or
lack of the means to obtain food.

Therefore the AHMP has a supply component that aim to increase food production
and enhance the efficiency of logistics and food delivery. It also has a demand
component that aims to put more money in poor people’s pockets, promote good
nutrition, and manage population growth.

Broadly, we want to address hunger both on the aspect of supply or the
unavailability or insufficiency of food to eat, and on the aspect of demand or the
inability to buy food. To address unavailability or insufficiency of food, we need to
produce more food through various programs of DA, DENR, among others. We
also need to enhance efficiency of logistics and food delivery.

To address the inability to buy food due to no or low income, we need to
improve/provide employment opportunities for poor people; put up income
generating activities as well as increase their capacity to improve their
employability and productivity.

We also need to educate our people to eat the right kinds of food for proper
nutrition. Moreover, we need to manage population since family size is highly
correlated with poverty and hunger. Since the delivery of reproductive health
services is already devolved, we need the support of LGUs in managing our
population growth.
          Accelerated Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework
     Unavailable or insufficient food to eat      HUNGER               No money to buy food

                                          Hunger Mitigation Measures


                  Supply Side                                               Demand Side

      Increase food production

    Productivity programs including
    • Livestock
    • Crops
    • Marine regeneration (mangrove and coastal
       fishery development)
    • Farm family (Gulayan ng Masa)
    • Irrigation

    - DA, DENR, NIA                                                                           16




Increasing food production involves agriculture productivity programs along
livestock, rice, corn, fisheries, home food production, and irrigation.

The DA, DENR, and NIA are key players in this regard
          Accelerated Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework
     Unavailable or insufficient food to eat      HUNGER               No money to buy food

                                          Hunger Mitigation Measures


                  Supply Side                                               Demand Side

                 Enhance efficiency of
               logistics & food delivery
                1. Barangay Food Terminal & Tindahan Natin – DA, NFA, DSWD
                2. Ports (RORO)-maximum use of private ports, shipping -
                   DOTC/PPA
                3. Farm to market roads –DPWH, DA, DAR, AFP
                4. Efficient local transport – LGUs/Leagues of P/C/M/B, DILG, PNP
                5. Food for School Program - DepED, DSWD
                6. Creation of NGO network to support feeding programs - DSWD
                7. Community tradeable rice certificates - NFA                 17




For enhanced efficiency of logistics and food delivery, Barangay Food Terminals
are being set up as a source of food at relatively low prices. The Tindahan Natin
is also included in this component, together with the maintenance of ports and the
use of the RORO to transport food. Also included in this component are the
construction of farm to market roads, the Food for School Program, as well as the
testing of community tradeable rice certificates
           Accelerated Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework
     Unavailable or insufficient food to eat      HUNGER               No money to buy food

                                          Hunger Mitigation Measures

                                                                            Demand Side
                  Supply Side
                                                            Put more money in poor
                                                               people’s pockets
       1. Improve productivity in coconut areas (coconut coir, virgin coconut oil &
          other value-adding products, coconet production) – DA, PCA, Coconut
          Industry Investment Fund
       2. More aggressive micro-financing – Microfinance Program Committee
          (PCFC, DBP, Land Bank, SBCor, Quedancor, NLSF, OP-PMS, NAPC,
          DSWD)
       3. Maximize employment opportunities in construction & maintenance of
          farm-to-market roads, irrigation and roadside maintenance–DPWH,
          MMDA, PNP, NIA, DAR, DA, AFP
       4. Aggressive training – TESDA, DOLE, DSWD, CHED
       5. Upland land distribution (4M ha for jatropha, rubber) – DAR, DENR, DA    18




Putting more money into poor people’s pockets involves a wide range of programs
and projects along income generation. Included in this component are programs
and projects related to improving productivity in coconut areas, microfinancing,
employment opportunities in government infrastructure projects, skills training that
is more employment-oriented, as well as upland land distribution.
          Accelerated Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework
     Unavailable or insufficient food to eat      HUNGER               No money to buy food

                                          Hunger Mitigation Measures


                  Supply Side                                               Demand Side


                                                                         Promote good
                                                                           nutrition

                       1. Conduct social marketing –DOH, NNC, LGUs

                       2. Promote exclusive breastfeeding, appropriate
                          complementary feeding, and increased
                          consumption of vegetables – DOH, NNC, LGUs

                       3. Nutrition education in schools –DepED
                                                                                              19




Increasing the demand for food also involves the promotion of good nutrition, more
specifically breastfeeding and appropriate complementary feeding for infants, as
well as nutrition education in the schools.
          Accelerated Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework
     Unavailable or insufficient food to eat      HUNGER               No money to buy food

                                          Hunger Mitigation Measures


                  Supply Side                                               Demand Side

                                                             Manage population

                                                Responsible Parenthood –
                                                DOH, POPCOM, LGUs/ ULAP/
                                                Leagues of P/C/M/B




                                                                                              20




The last component is on managing the population through responsible
parenthood.
                                      Hunger Mitigation Program Framework
          Unavailable or insufficient food to eat                      HUNGER                      No money to buy food

                                                            Hunger Mitigation Measures


                           Supply Side                                                                 Demand Side

      Increase food            Enhance efficiency of               Put more money in               Promote good          Manage
        production           logistics & food delivery            poor people’s pockets              nutrition          population
    Productivity             a) Barangay Food                a) Improve productivity in coconut     a) Conduct social    Responsible
    programs including          Terminal & Tindahan             areas (coconut coir, virgin           marketing –        Parenthood
    livestock, crops,           Natin – DA, NFA, DSWD           coconut oil & other value-adding      DOH, NNC/          – DOH,
    marine regeneration      b) Ports (RORO)-maximum            products; coconet production) –       LGUs               /POPCOM,
    (mangrove and               use of private ports,                                               b) Promote           LGUs/ ULAP/
                                                                DA, PCA ( CIIF)                                          Leagues of
    coastal fishery             shipping - DOTC/PPA          b) More aggressive micro-financing       exclusive          P/C/M/B
    development), farm       c) Farm to market roads –          – Microfinance Program                breastfeeding,
    family (Gulayan ng          DPWH, DA, DAR, AFP                                                    appropriate
    Masa) and irrigation     d) Efficient local transport       Committee                             complementary
    - DA, DENR, NIA             – LGUs/Leagues of            c) Maximize employment                   feeding, and
                                P/C/M/B, DILG, PNP              opportunities in construction &       increased
                             e) Food for School                 maintenance of farm-to-market         consumption of
                                Program- DepED,DSWD             roads, irrigation and roadside        vegetables –
                             f) Creation of NGO net-            maintenance– DPWH, MMDA,              DOH, NNC,
                                work to support feeding         PNP, NIA, DAR, DA, AFP                LGUs
                                programs - DSWD              d) Aggressive training – TESDA,        c) Nutrition
                             g) Community tradeable             DOLE, CHED, DSWD                      education in
                                rice certificates - NFA      e) Upland land distribution (4M ha       schools –
                                                                for jatropha, rubber) –DAR,DENR       DepED
                                                                                                                                 21




This is the overall framework
          PRIORITY ONE
          PROVINCES
          (AHMP, 2006)                                             N=10
         National Capital
           Region

         Agusan del Sur
         Camarines Norte
         Lanao del Norte
         Maguindanao
         Masbate
         Mountain Province
         Sarangani
         Surigao del Norte
         Zamboanga del
           Norte
                                                                   Source: AHMP

         Zamboanga Sibugay                                    Created by: RCValientes
                                                                    2006 NNC
                                                           Disclaimer: Political Boundaries
                                                                 are not authoritative

                                                                                              22




       One of the directives of the President calls for prioritization of
provinces where the Accelerated Hunger Mitigation Program will be
implemented.
       The first priority target areas for AHMP consist of the first ten
provinces ranked according to subsistence incidence based on the
results of the 2003 Food and Income Expenditure Survey (FIES) and
2006 population projections. This group also includes the NCR.
       These areas are considered food-poor, meaning the level of
family income is not sufficient to buy basic food needs (100% of
calorie requirements and 80% of other nutrients required for the day).
       An estimated 421,212 food poor families are in these priority
one areas.
       PRIORITY TWO
                                           Abra
       PROVINCES                           Antique       N=20
       (AHMP, 2006)                        Biliran
                                           Bukidnon
                                           Camarines Sur
                                           Davao Oriental
                                           Lanao del Sur
                                           Kalinga
                                           Marinduque
                                           Misamis Occidental
                                           Oriental Negros
                                           Occidental Mindoro
                                           Oriental Mindoro
                                           Palawan
                                           Romblon
                                           Samar
                                           Sultan Kudarat
                                           Sulu
                                           Surigao del Sur
                Source: AHMP
           Created by: RCValientes         Tawi-Tawi
                 2006 NNC
        Disclaimer: Political Boundaries
              are not authoritative


                                                                23




      Priority Two provinces are the 20 poorest provinces
(based on the 2003 FIES) after removing the 10 provinces
with highest subsistence incidence. This group has an
estimated 485,602 food poor families.

      About 900,000 food-poor families can be targeted in
the Priority One and Priority Two provinces.
      PRIORITY THREE
        PROVINCES                                                       N=24
       (AHMP, 2006)

     Agusan del Norte                       Eastern Samar
     Aklan                                  Ifugao
     Albay                                  Iloilo
     Apayao                                 Leyte
     Basilan                                La Union
     Bohol                                  Negros Occidental
     Camiguin                               Northern Samar
     Capiz                                  Quezon
     Catanduanes                            Sorsogon
     Cotabato                               Southern Leyte
     Davao del Norte                        South Cotabato
     Davao del Sur                          Zamboanga del
                                               Sur
                                                      Source: AHMP
                                                 Created by: RCValientes
                                                       2006 NNC
                                              Disclaimer: Political Boundaries
                                                    are not authoritative        24




      Priority Three provinces are the 24 provinces with
existing hunger-mitigation projects that are currently being
monitored by NNC. There are close to 500,000 food-poor
families in Priority Three provinces, which if left unserved,
may affect achievement of program goal.
         AHMP
         TARGET                                          N=54
         AREAS
                                               Priority 1 (n=10)
                                               Priority 2 (n=20)
                                               Priority 3 (n=24)




                                                           Source: AHMP
                                                      Created by: RCValientes
                                                            2006 NNC
                                                   Disclaimer: Political Boundaries
                                                         are not authoritative
                                                                                      25




All in all, we have identified 54 provinces to be covered
under the Accelerated Hunger Mitigation Program.
                               EO 616
                       Anti-Hunger Task Force
              1. DAR              3. DBM                  10. DSWD
                 1.1 PARC-        4. DENR                 11. DOTC
                     DAR             4.1 PFC                  11.1 PPA
              2. DA               5. DepED                11. NEDA
                 2.1 BAI          6. DOH                  12. Office of the
                 2.2 BFAR                                     President
                                     6.1 POPCOM
                 2.3 BPI                                      12.1 CHED
                                     6.2 NNC
                 2.4 CIIF                                     12.2 NAPC
                                  7. DILG
                 2.5 NFA                                      12.3 MMDA
                                     7.1 PNP
                 2.6 NIA                                  13. PCFC
                                  8. DOLE
                 2.7 PCA                                  14. AFP
                                     8.1 TESDA
                                                          15. CBCP
                                  9. DPWH
                                                                            26




In April 2007, Executive Order 616 was signed creating the Anti-Hunger Task
Force with member agencies as shown in the slide.

The EO highlights AHMP as the landmark program of the Arroyo administration to
address hunger on the aspect of supply or the unavailability of food and
on the aspect of demand or the inability to buy food and will accelerate
actions to address current hunger situation in six months.

The EO also provided the National Nutrition Council oversight function over the
implementation of the components of the program.
          Department secretary/head of member-
          agencies as Anti-Hunger Focal Person of
          his/her department/agency
          a.     Fast track implementation of agency’s
                 hunger-mitigation component
                 program/s;

          b.     Ensure timely disbursement of funds

          c.     Monitor and report on program status

                                                                         27




The EO designated heads of agencies involved as Anti-Hunger Focal Person for
his/her agency.
Focal persons are in charge of ensuring the efficient implementation of the
agency’s component program, project, or activity. Specific concerns are along
timely fund disbursement, monitoring and reporting on program status
          Department secretary/head of member-
          agencies as Anti-Hunger Focal Person of
          his/her department/agency

          d.      Provide public with correct information
                  on hunger-mitigation component
                  programs; and,

          e.      Provide other assistance as may be
                  needed


                                                                               28




Providing the public with correct information on hunger-mitigation programs,
providing other assistance as may be needed.
                Role of Local Chief Executives

                1. Be the anti-hunger champion

                2. Put hunger as centerpiece of
                   political platform, integral part of
                   local development agenda with duly
                   allocated funds

                3. Organize local Anti-Hunger Task
                   Force

                                                                              29




The following are the roles of the local chief executives in the Accelerated Hunger
   Mitigation Program:
• Be the anti-hunger champion
• Put hunger as centerpiece of political platform, an integral part of local
   development agenda with duly allocated funds
• Organize local Anti-Hunger Task Forces
                Role of Local Government Units

                1.    Identify and locate program
                      beneficiaries and areas

                2.    Complement national government
                      agencies resources

                3.    Monitor implementation of hunger
                      mitigation measures


                                                                          30




•   Identify and locate program beneficiaries and areas based on set criteria to
    ensure that needy groups and areas have access to hunger mitigation
    programs
•   Complement national government agencies’ resources and provide
    counterpart
       • Implement hunger mitigation measures as committed in the local plans
            to reduce hunger
       • Adopt and replicate successful hunger mitigation programs
            implemented by other LGUs.
•   Monitor program implementation to ensure that identified beneficiaries and
    areas receive the supposed benefits of the programs
               Role of Local Government Units

               4.    Harness participation of
                     communities in program
                     implementation

               5.    Ensure “safe passage” of food
                     commodities

               6.    Organize network of potential
                     employers for trained individuals

                                                                    31




4. Harness participation of communities in program implementation
Read the rest of the slide as is
                 Role of Local Government Units

                 7.   Promote intensively and
                      aggressively:
                      a.   Exclusive breastfeeding and
                           appropriate complementary
                           feeding

                      b.   Responsible parenthood



                                                         32




Read the slide
              Accomplishments, 2007

                   Met at least 90 percent of targets
                   for several program components
                       Programang Gulayan para sa Masa
                       Fishery Program
                       Tindahan Natin
                       Food for School Program
                       Supplementary Feeding


                                                                         33




What have been accomplished so far?

The AHMP components were implemented with varying levels of performance.

Several program components met at least 90 percent of the targets set. These
include (read as in slide)
                Accomplishments, 2007
                     Met at least 90 percent of targets
                     for several program components
                         Job generation through coconut-corn
                         intercropping and roadside
                         maintenance
                         Aggressive training
                         Training of municipal implementors on
                         infant and young child feeding

                     Formulation of Provincial Hunger-
                     Mitigation Plans
                                                                           34




Continue reading the list in the slide.

We also convened a workshop with representatives from all the priority provinces
which led to the formulation of provincial hunger-mitigation plans
                Prospects for 2008

                     Improve planning system, e.g.
                     harmonize national and local
                     targets

                     Continue implementation to
                     sustain gains

                     Address management issues of
                     low-performing components

                                                                             35




We anticipate that the AHMP will continue to be a priority program until 2010. For
2008, we intend to

•Improve the planning system, especially by harmonizing national and local
targets with teh provincial plans as the take-off point

•Read slide
              Prospects for 2008

                    Focus on needier areas and
                    population groups using lower
                    level of data aggregation

                    Improve monitoring and
                    evaluation system




                                                                           36




There would also be a conscious effort to focus on needier areas and population
groups, and

Improve monitoring and evaluation system, especially along monitoring outcomes
and impact.
                                                                            37




This is an overview of the AHMP. I hope that through this presentation you were
inspired to work better with the national government along hunger-mitigation, or
initiate your own if you are not from a priority area.

Good day and may you have a fruitful discussion today/

				
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