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Biology 1044 Biological Interactions A study of general ecological and evolutionary principles, including the origins, diversity, and interrelations of living things and their environment. Lecture and laboratory. May be used to satisfy an Area II distribution requirement for the natural sciences. 1164 Biology and Human Concerns A study of general biological principles stressing a human perspective. This course will relate the knowledge of biology to pressing social, environmental, medical, and political issues of our time. The course is designed for nonmajors and will not count toward a major course requirement in the biology pattern. May be used to satisfy a distribution requirement in natural sciences. 2014 Anatomy and Physiology An introductory consideration of the structure and function of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and cardiovascular systems with particular reference to the human. This course is designed for exercise science majors and students considering an allied health career. It will not count toward the major course requirement of the biology pattern. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Biology 1044 or 1164. IV 2015 Botany An introduction to the plant sciences. Aspects of plant biochemistry, physiology, preparation, structure, development, ecology, and diversity will be covered. The role of plants in the development of civilization and their importance in contemporary societies will be discussed. Lecture, library, laboratory, and field study. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. IV 2024 Genetics A study of the principles of biological inheritance: the physical basis and patterns of inheritance, cytogenetics, physiological and molecular genetics, and population genetics, as illustrated in plants, animals, and man. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. IV 2044 Field Botany A survey of photosynthetic organisms with emphasis on those native to Kentucky. Material to be covered includes taxonomy, nomenclature, life cycles, identification of plant parts and plant species, methods of collection and documentation, and ecological associations. Lecture, laboratory, and field study. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. 2054 Ecology The study of how organisms interact with their environment and how this affects their distribution and abundance. Both applied and theoretical aspects of ecology will be investigated at the individual, population, community, and ecosystem level. Lecture, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. IV 2064 Field Biology Field study of the distribution, classification, and ecology of plants and animals. Student projects of field-oriented subjects required. Lecture, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. IV 2074 Ornithology The evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology of birds. Laboratories will include developing skills for field identification of local bird species. Lecture, laboratory, and field trips. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. IV 2084 Human Reproductive Biology An examination of sex as a biological phenomenon with consideration of the genetic (chromosomal), embryological, endocrine, and neurological basis of sexual development, differentiation, and identity. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Biology 2304. IV 2104 Anatomy and Physiology II An introductory consideration of the structure and function of the nervous, endocrine, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems with particular reference to the human. This course is designed for exercise science majors and other students interested in an allied health career. The course will not count toward the major course requirements of the biology pattern. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Biology 1044 or 1164. IV 2244 Animal Behavior Stresses how natural selection has shaped reproductive behavior and mating systems, feeding and antipredator behaviors, altruism, and the evolution of animal sociality. Genetic and physiological mechanisms of behavioral adaptions are also highlighted. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. IV 2304 Cell and Molecular Biology A study of the cellular and molecular basis of life including the major types of biomolecules and their synthesis, the cell cycle, energy conservation process, cell membrane function, and organelle function. Prerequisites: Biology 1044 and Chemistry 1055. 2424 Special Topics in Biology Offers special topics designed to address current issues in biology. Students are required to read original papers and articles on reserve and to discuss materials in class. Topics with prerequisites will vary from year to year. Prerequisite: Biology 1044. 3004 Selected Topics in Biology Offers focused study which will address a specialized field in biology. Reading assignments and lectures will be based on original literature. Students will be required to make a presentation on a selected topic. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. 3014 Endocrinology A study of the various endocrine glands and their interrelations and influence on body functions and behavior in animals and humans. Prerequisite: Biology 3065. IV 3015 Comparative Invertebrate Zoology Principles of morphology, taxonomy, evolution, physiology, embryology, and natural history of invertebrates. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. 3016 Comparative Anatomy of Chordates The study of vertebrate anatomy from an evolutionary and functional perspective. Evolutionary changes in integument, skeleton, muscles, and the various organ systems will be investigated by comparing the anatomy of fossil and living fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Laboratory will include dissection of sharks and cats. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. IV 3024 Molecular Genetics An advanced genetics course investigating the biochemical nature of genes and the mechanisms of gene regulation. A significant laboratory component will introduce students to modern techniques in molecular genetics. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Biology 2024. IV 3026 Developmental Biology Examination of patterns and mechanisms of embryonic development in various taxa. Selected topics in organogenesis are discussed. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. IV 3046 Microbiology A study of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses and their beneficial and harmful relations to other plants and animals, including humans. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. IV 3065 Animal Physiology A study of the principles of function of animal organisms emphasizing homeostasis and including organ systems. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. IV 3085 Cell Biology A study of cell structure and function: the cell’s biochemical and biophysical properties, cellular metabolism, heredity, and development. Lecture and laboratory. Prerequisite: Biology 2024. IV W 3094 Plant Diversity An introduction to the scope and methodology of plant systematics with an emphasis on vascular plants. Topics include identification, description, classification, and nomenclature. Lecture, library, laboratory, and field study. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. 3104 Plant Physiology An introduction to the scope and methodology of plant physiology. Cell and systems physiology will be treated. Topics include mineral nutrition, water relations, stress tolerance, photosynthesis, metabolism, transport, growth regulation, seed germination, and tissue culture. Lecture, library, laboratory, and field study. Prerequisites: Biology 2024, 2304. 4002 Supervised Laboratory Teaching in Biology A practical internship on how to run a biology lab. Under close supervision of the biology instructor, the student plans, prepares, instructs, and grades a Biology 1164 laboratory section. (Other biology courses are available to qualified students.) Students must have successfully completed the course they teach. Course is open only to juniors and seniors; limited spaces are available. Required of all teaching biology majors; recommended for biology majors preparing for graduate school. (1⁄2 course unit.) Course may be repeated teaching a different biology lab course. Standard or CR/NC grading. Prerequisites: 5 course units in biology or permission of instructor. 4212/4214 Independent Study A study of the tools and techniques of research, of the use of the library for literature review, and of planning and execution of a research project, with a written report. May be repeated for a total of 2 units of credit. Standard or CR/NC grading for 4214. CR/NC grading for 4212. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. 4304 Advanced Cell Biology This advanced course is designed for senior biology students interested in pursuing questions of complex cell function. The biochemical and physiological details of cell structure and function will be explored, including an introduction to histology and cellular differentiation. Students will read primary literature in addition to a textbook and will do a series of short research projects in the laboratory. Prerequisites: Chemistry 2165, Biology 2024, 2304. 4444 Senior Seminar - Evolution This course will examine the social and scientific history of the theory of evolution, the genetic and ecological mechanism of evolution, and how an evolutionary perspective advances the biological sciences. Students will read Darwin’s Origin of Species, as well as current research papers on evolution. This course is required for all biology majors and teaching biology majors. Lecture, class discussion, and field trips. Prerequisites: Senior standing and a major in biology or teaching biology. 4904 Senior Honors In Biology Execution of a research project with an oral and written research report. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisites: Senior standing, 4 course units in biology, a grade point average of at least 3.0 in biology courses, and permission of instructor.