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									APA Referencing
     Style

2010-   6 th   Edition
 American Psychological Association (APA) has released the
  latest edition of the APA Referencing Style Guide 2010 in
  their Publication Manual of the American Psychological
  Association.
 It was updated on 21st of December 2009. As we all know
  APA Referencing Style is the choice of many writers,
  editors, students and educators in the social and behavior
  al sciences
 It offers guidance on choosing the headings, tables, figures
  and tone that will result in the simple yet strong and
  elegant scientific research papers or reports.
 Rule 1
   The names of the authors should be
   in reverse (last name first) and the
   initials for all the authors of a
   particular work.
 Rule 2
  If you have more than article by the
   same author, single-author references
   or multiple-author references with
   the exact same order are listed in
   order by the year of publication,
   starting with the earliest.
 Rule 3
  When referring to any work that is
   not a journal, such as a book, article,
   or webpage, capitalize only the first
   letter of the first word of a title and
   subtitle, the first word after a colon or
   a dash in the title.
 Other formatting rules to be remembered
  Capitalize all major works in journal titles
  Italicize titles of longer works such as
   books and journals
  Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes
   around the titles of shorter works such as
   journal articles or essays in edited
   collections
 Other formatting rules to be remembered
   While writing in APA style the first person view
    should not be used. Unless the author or writer
    is a senior scholar who has earned some
    credibility to speak as an expert in the field
   Clarity and conciseness is must while writing.
    One has to be specific rather than vague in
    descriptions and explanations. Giving details
    accurately will help the readers follow the
    development of the study.
 Other formatting rules to be remembered
   Word choice is also of big importance while following
    APA style. Select your words carefully. Within the realm
    of social sciences commonly used words give different
    meanings and can have an impact on how the readers
    interpret your report. Using terms like “participants”
    instead of “subjects” can show how the participants were
    actually treated
   Avoid poetic or creative language. As APA is for social
    sciences avoiding poetic language would be much better
    as using that language will definitely raise more doubts
    than clearing them.
 The sixth edition has been revised and
 updated to include the following
   New guidelines on topics such as authorship
    determination, duplicate publication,
    plagiarism and self-plagiarism, disguising
    participants, validity of instrumentation and
    making data available for verification by others
   New journal article reporting standards to
    help readers report experiential research with
    clarity and precision
   Simplified APA heading style to make it more
    conducive for electronic publication
 It has updated the guidelines for the reduction of bias in
  language to reflect the current practices and preferences
  including a new section for presenting historical
  language that is inappropriate by present day standards
 The electronic representation of data has been
  significantly expanded to help readers understand the
  purpose of each kind of display and choose the best
  match for communicating the results of investigation
 Merging information with regard to reference citations
  in respect of electronic sources emphasizing the role of
  the digital object identifier (DOI)1 as a reliable way to
  locate information and
 Publication process has been discussed which included
  the functions and processes of peer review; a discussion
  of ethical, legal and policy requirements in publication
  and guidelines for working with the publisher while the
  article is in press
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