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ME-421 OPERATION RESEARCH L T P/D Cr 3 1 0 4 1. INTRODUCTION:- Nature and development of operation research, some mathematical preliminaries, general methodology of operation research, application of operation research to industrial problems, a survey. 2. LINEAR OPTIMIZATION MODELS:- Formulation of linear programming deterministic models; graphical solution; simplex algorithm, computational procedure in simplex, duality and its concept, dual linear programming, appl1cation of simplex technique to industrial problem. Assignment Models; formulation of assignment problems, methods for solutions; transportation problems; methods for obtaining optimal solution; degeneracy in transportation problems; transshipment problems. 3. GAME PROBLEMS:- Introduction and scope of game problems in business and Industry; Mini-max criterion and optimal strategy, solution of two person zero sum game; game problem as a special case of simplex. 4. NET WORK TECHNIQUES:- Basic principles of network construction, CPM/PERT and solution of simple problems. 5. QUEING PROBLEMS:- Queuing systems and concepts; classification of queuing situations; solution of queuing problems, single channel, single stage, finite and infinite- queues with Possion arrival and exponential service time; applications to industrial problems, simulation techniques. 6. SEQUENCING MODELS:- Processing of 'n' jobs through two machines, processing of 'n' jobs through three machines, processing of 'n' jobs through „m‟ machines. BOOKS RECOMMENDED:- 1. Operation Research | Hira Gupta. 2. Operation Research | Loomba 3. Operation Research | H.A.Taha. 4. Fundamentals of Operation & Research | AC Koff & Sasiene 5. Linner Programming | L.S.Srinath. ME– 422 MECHANICAL MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 6 1. INTRODUCTION:- Requirement and importance of measurement, static and dynamic terms & characteristics, Generalised measurements system and its components, classification of instruments, indicating & recording devices, direct and indirect measurements. Classification of errors, selection of an instrument; sensor and transducer. 2. MEASUREMENT OF PRESSURE:- Measuring instruments – Manometer – Piezo meter, U tube double column, U tube differential, U tube double reservoir manometer, Manometric liquids, advantages and limitations, Elastic pressure transducers – Bourdon, Diaphragm and Bellows gauges, Low pressure gauges – McLeod, Thermal conductivity and ionization gauges, CRO – varying pressure measurement, Calibration and installation of pressure gauges. 3. MEASUREMENT OF TEMPERATURE:- Classification of temperature measuring instruments, Liquid in glass thermometer, Bimetallic thermometer; Filled system thermometer, Thermocouples – laws of thermocouples, types of thermocouples; Resistance thermometer and thermisters; Total radiation and optical pyrometers; Errors and precautions in temperature measurement, Calibration of temperature sensors. 4. STRAIN GAUGES & STRAIN MEASUREMENT:- Strain measuring techniques; Requirement of a strain gauge; resistance strain gauge; strain gauge alloys & materials; Metal resistance strain gauges – unbonded & bonded strain gauges, strain gauge calibration, Temperature compensation in strain gauges. 5. FORCE, TORQUE AND POWER MEASUREMENT:- Force measurement scales and balances, Elastic force meters, Load cells; Torque measurement – mechanical torsion meter, Electrical torsion meter & Strain gauge torsion meter; Shaft power measurement – Mechanical brakes, Hydraulic dynamometer, Eddy current dynamometer, Strain gauge transmission Dynamometer. 6. CONTROL SYSTEMS:- Introduction, need of a control system; types of control systems - Open loop & closed loop systems with examples; Control system terminology; Manual and automatic control systems. 7. HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CONTROL SYSTEMS:- Hydraulic control systems – Hydraulic pumps; Hydraulic control valves, desirable characteristics of hydraulic fluids; Advantages & limitations. Pneumatic control systems – Pneumatic nozzle flapper; Advantages & limitations. TEXT BOOKS:- 1. Mech. Meas. & Control | D.S.Kumar, Metropolitan Book Co. Delhi. 2. Mechanical Measurement | Sorohi 3. Mech. Meas. & Instrumentation | Sahney – Dhanpat Rai & Sons 4. Mechanical Measurement | Beckwith & Buck – Narosa Pub. Delhi. ME-423 REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 6 1. REFRIGERAIION:- Departure of actual vapour compression cycle from theoretical cycle, compressor volumetric efficiency, analysis of actual cycle, seco1)d law a1)alysis of, vapour compression cycle, effect of suction and discharge pressure, subcooling and super heating on performance, compound vapour, compression system with intercooling for single and multiple evaporators, cascading , manufacturing of dry ice, important referigerant, and their properties, leak detection, charging of refrigerants. Aqua-amonia absorption refrigeration system, lithium bromide-water absorption system, electrolux system, properties of aqua-ammonia solution, Pt-X chart, heat of solution, enthalpy concentration diagram. Actual air refrigeration cycle, air craft cooling, liquefaction of gases, minimum work cycle. Linde and claude cycle. Engineering application of cryogenics. 2. REFRIGERANTS:- Introduction, classification of refrigerants, Required properties of an ideal refrigerant, Important refrigerants, Secondary refrigerants, Antifreeze solutions, selection of refrigerant for required purposes. 3. AIR CONDITIONING:- Industrial and comfort air conditioning, physiologica1 principle, comfort indices, comfort chart, ventilation requirements. Psychrometry, air washer, evaporative cooling, humidifier efficiency, cooling tower and their performance cooling and dehumidification by chilled water spray and cooling coils equivalent by pass factor chemical dehumidification, sensible heat factor and apparatus dew points . 4. EQUIPMENT:- Description of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, compressors. Condensers, evaporators, air washer and expansion devices. Pekage and central air conditioning plants. 4. APPLICATIONS:- Manufacturing of ice, cold storage and food freezing, air conditioning of building. RECOMMENDED BOOKS:- 1. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning | Jordan Priester 2. Elementary Refrigeration and Air Conditioning | Stoecker 3. Environmental Engg. Analysis and Practice | Jennings 4. Mechanical Refrigeration | Sparks and Dillio S. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning | C.P;Arora 6. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning | M.Prasad ME-424 ELECTIVE- IV (a) ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF ENERGY L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 6 1. INTRODUCTION:- Importance of renewable sources of energy brief description of various system. 2. SOLAR ENERGY:- Scope, solar radiation Solar Geometry and intensity ,easuring devices, collectors – Flat Plate and Parabolic, efficiency of collectors, and thermal analysis, solar pond, solar power plant, solid State principle, photo voltaic energy conversion and storage, solar cell, application of solar energy. 3. WIND ENERGY:- Potential of wind energy, , principle of wind power, maximum power and actual power, wind turbine, forces on blades, magnus effect, 1ift and drag forces on blades, different types of wind mills.. 4. BIOMASS ENERGY:-Scope, Bio-mass materials; Biomass gasification thermochemical and Biological gasification, types of gassifiers, Types of Biogas Plant, design and development of biogas digestors. 5. GEOTHERMAL ENERGY:- Introduction and scope, Types of Geothermal energy, operation and environmental problems, vapour Dominated systems, liquid dominated systems, Flashed steam, Binary cycle, total flow concept, Petrothermal system, Hybrid Geothermal Fossil systems. 6. TIDAL ENERGY:- Introduction and prospects of tidal energy in India, Basic Principle of tidal power, components of tidal power plants, methods of utilization of tidal energy, estimation of energy and power in simple and double basic tidal system. Advantages and limitations of tidal. BOOKS RECOMMENDED:- 1. Solar Energy | S.P.Sukha.tme 2. Power Plant Engineering | El Vakil. 3.Non Conventional Energy | G.D.Rai Resources ME-424 ELECTIVE- IV (b) COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 6 1. INTRODUCTION:- Design steps, role of computers in design and drafting, computer hardware, types of display - raster display, vector display, colour display, input devices, output devices. 2. TRANSFORMATIONS:- World to device coordinate transformation, world coordinates, window and view port, window to .view port transformation, Normalized coordinates, zooming and panning. 3. TWO DIMENSIONAL TRANSFORMATION:- Mathematical aspects of translation, scaling, shearing, rotation, Reflection, Composite (concatenation) transformation, concatenation properties of matrics, practical example -rotation about a pivot point, scaling relative to fixed point, scaling relative to arbitrary directions, shearing relative to a fixed point. Inverse Transformation: Inverse translation, scaling, rotation shearing matrix. 4. THREE-DIMENSIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS:- Scaling, translation, rotation. 5. SOLID MODELLING SYSTEM:- Octree or Quadtree representations, boundary or perimeter modelling, primitive or constructive solid geometry or building block method. BOOKS RECOMMENDED:- 1. Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics | D.F. Rogers & J.Alan Adam. 2. Microcomputer Graphics using Pasca1 | Richard Halpern 3. Computer Graphics | Hern & Baker 4. Introduction to CAD/CAM | Oniver & Zimer 5. Geometrical Modeling | Vera B.Anand ME-424 ELECTIVE- IV (c) PRODUCTIVITY MANAGEMENT L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 6 1. INTRODUCTION, PRODUCTIVITITY BASICS:- Concern and significance of productivity, management; rationale of productivity measurement; scale of measurement; productivity's perspectives, productivity and production, productivity and profitability, productivity, and financia1 statements, productivity and quality, productivity and technology. 2. A REVIEW OF PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT MODELS:- Some recent attempts to define productivity; review of productivity measurement models, .production function models, financial ratios as measures of productivity, production based models, product oriented models, surrogate models, economic utility models, models based on system approach; A critical appraisa1 of various approaches, out-input models conceptual inadequacies, problems of measurement, need for a new approach. 3. PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT; A CONCEPTUAL F RAME WORK:- Objectives of productivity measurement; management by objectives ( MBO) and productivity measurement, establishing key, permance areas, objectives and control in MBO; system approach to productivity measurement; “Performance objectives- productivity” ( PO-P), concept model, Methodology, Identification of sub systems and key performance areas. 4. PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT IN MANUFACTURING SECTOR:- Productivity measurement in a small sized organisations; features, strength and limitations of small undertaking; small fabricators as a system; key performance Areas, performance objectives, weightages, productivity indices of KPA's, sub system and the system; productivity measurement in a medium sized organisation, its strength and weaknesses, marketing characteristics, production characteristics, productivity indices-calculations, Identification area for improvement, productivity measurement in a large sized organisation; its strength & weaknesses, goal programming formulation, productivity indices calculations, identification of areas for improvement. 5. PO-P APPLICATION:- SECTORS; Need for measuring productivity in service sector; difficulties in measuring; productivity of an R&D system, ranking and weightages of sub systems, KPA's and PO's; methodology of productivity measurement of a service sector. 6. IMPLEMENTATIOIN STRATEGIES:- Productivity management system; productivity policy; productivity organisation and planning; productivity measurement and its evaluation; productivity improvemental strategies; the organisation factor, human factor, technology factor, productivity improvement programmes and action plans; productivity audit and control. TEXT BOOKS:- 1. Productivity Management -A System Approach | Prem Vrat, G.D.Sardalia and B.S.Sahay 2. Introduction to WorK Study | ILO 3. Industrial Engineering and Production Management | M.Mahajan. ME-424 ELECTIVE- IV L T P/D Cr (d)FUNDAMENTALS OF TRIBOLOGY 3 1 3 6 1. Introduction: Tribology, Contact of solids, nature of surfaces, surface topography, surface interactions. 2. Friction: Types, laws, modern theories, dry sliding friction, temperature of sliding surface, Mechanism of rolling friction, friction instabilities. 3. Wear: Classification, theories of adhesive, abrasive, surface fatique and corrosives wear, discussion of other miscellaneous types of wear such as erosive, cavitation and fratting wear, wear of miscellaneous machine components such as gears, plain bearings and rolling element bearings. 4. Viscosity: Basic definition, conversions, dynamic viscosity, Measurement, variation with temperature, ASTM Charts, Viscosity index, Grade of oil. 5. Lubrication Theories: Lubrication regimes, viscous flow and viscometry, Reynold‟s equation, hydrodynamic lubrication, hydrostatic lubrication, elestohydrodynamic lubrication, boundary lubrication, squeeze films, turbulent lubrication. BOOKS RECOMMENDED: 1. Basic Lubrication Theory -A Comeron,Wiley Eastern Ltd. 2. Friction Wear & Lubrication - Kenneth C.Ludema, CRC Press 3. Engineering Tribology -J.A.Williams,Oxford Uni.Press. 4. Bearing – Selection & Maintenance -K.Athre & S.Biswas Galgotia Publication, New Delhi. ME-424 ELECTIVE- IV (e) WELDING ENGINEERING L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 6 1. INTRODUCTION:- Welding as compared with other, fabrication processes. 2. WELDING ARC:- Mechanism of arc initiation and maintenance; temperature distribution in the arc; arc characteristics and arc forces; arc blow. 3. METAL TRANSFER AND MELTING RATE:- Mechanism and types of metal transfer in various arc welding processes; factors controlling melting rate in various welding processes. 4. WELDING POWER SOURCES:- Basic characteristics of power sources for various arc welding processes; arc length regulation in mechanised welding processes. 5. FUSION WELDING PROCESS:- Critical review of MMA; TIG; MIG and CO2 welding processes; plasma arc; submerged arc welding; electro gas and electroslag welding; resistance welding. 6. WELDNG TECHNIQUE USING RADIATION ENERGY:- Technique; scope and application of electron beam and laser welding processes. 7. HEAT FLOW IN WELDING:- Calculation of peak temperature; width of heat affected zone; cooling rate and solidification rates; weld thermal cycles; residual stresses and their measurement; weld distortion and its prevention. 8. METALLURGV OF WELDING:- Solidification mechanism; metallurgical changes in weld metal and heat affected zone; gas metal reaction; liquid metal reaction and solid state reaction; weldability; effects of alloying elements on weldability; welding of ferrous and non-ferrous metal and their alloys. 9. TESTING AND INSPECTION OF WELDS:- Standard procedure for testing and inspection of welds; including: non-destructive testing. LIST OF RECOMMENDED BOOKS:- I. Welding Handbook; Ed. Vol.1 to 3 | American Welding Society 2. Welding Processes Croft | Combridge University Press 3. Welding for Engineers Udin; Fruk & Wuff | John Willey 4. Welding Technology Rossi | McGraw Hill 5. Welding Technology Koenigsberger | Macmillan and Adair 6. Arc Welding Technology | Cary. 7. Welding Technology | O.P.Khanna 8. Welding Technology | R.S.Parmar ME-424 ELECTIVE- IV (f) Maintenance Engg.& Management L T P/D Cr 3 1 3 1. INTRODUCTION: Introduction to maintenance concepts: Corrective maintenance, Preventive maintenance, predictive maintenance, Total Productive maintenance, Maintenance economy & operation research (OR) techniques, Maintenance organization. 2. CONDITION MONITORING & MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT : Introduction, Machine condition diagnosis Techniques, The economics of condition based maintenance, Formalized assessment of monitoring techniques, Condition based maintenance Policy, development in practice of Maintenance Management. 3. RELIBILITY CENTRED MAINTENANCE: Changing world of maintenance, maintenance and Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM), Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM), seven Basic questions, applying the Reliability Centred Maintenance process, Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) achieves. 4. TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE: Basic concept of Total productive maintenance (TPM), Maximizing Equipment effectiveness, Twelve steps of TPM development, Preparation for introducing TPM Development Activities, Master plan for TPM Promotion, Basic policies and objectives of TPM. 5. SPARE PART MANAGEMTNT: Strategies for spare parts management, ABC and XYZ analysis, Just in time (JIT) lean manufacturing, Introduction to new approaches. 6. ROLE OF COMPUTERS IN MAINTENANCE: Role of computer in Preventive maintenance program, Computerized trouble shooting, computerized maintenance management system, Functions of CMMS, Implementation of computerized maintenance management systems. 7. EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT AND EVALUATION SYSTEM: Approaches to equipment management, integrated approach of TPM, Partcipative approach of TPM, 5-Ps approach to equipment management BOOKS: 1. Introduction to TPM: Nakajima, productivity press Cambridge, 1988. 2. Maintenance Engineering Hand book: Higgins, Macgraw Hill, 1988. 3. Maintenance planning and Control: Kelly, Butterworths, 1984 4. Industrial Engg. And Management by OP Khanna.
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