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					Upper Moira River
                                                The Upper Moira River
                                                   travels through
                                            •   Municipality of Centre
                                            •   Municipality of Marmora
                                                and Lake
                                            •   Township of
                                            •   Townhips of Tudor and
                                            •   Municipality of Tweed

    In the
        Moira River Watershed

                    Watershed Report Card
             Grading the Watershed
A     Very healthy conditions.              A
B     Healthy conditions. Some
      enhancement may be required.
C     Watershed conditions require

      Poor watershed conditions that
      need to be improved.
F     Degraded ecosystem conditions

      that need considerable improvement.
      Sufficient data not available.        A
Upper Moira River
                                                     Grading The Watershed
                                                     The data in this report card was gathered
                                                     between 2003 and 2007, using existing
                                                     water sampling sites.

                                                   Watershed Facts
                                                   This watershed is 64,026 hectares
                                                   (158,212 acres). There are two conser-
                                                   vation areas in this region, O’Hara Mill
                                                   Pioneer Village and Whytock Conserva-
                                                   tion Area. Potential stressors in this
                                                   area include increased development of
Five Lined Skink                                   shoreline properties, conversion of sea-
                                                   sonal recreational properties to perma-
Rare Species in the Watershed                      nent residences, increased transporta-
                                                   tion demands and erratic climate condi-
There are eight rare species in this watershed:
                                                   tions causing varied surface flow and
                                                   groundwater recharge. There are
                         •   Channel Darter
                                                   twelve Provincially Significant Wetlands
                         •   Five-lined Skink      in this watershed.
                         •   Southern Flying
                         •   Sharp-leaved
                         •   Small-footed Bat
                         •   Northern Long-eared
                         •   Puttyroot
                         •   Secund Rush

Secund Rush                                                                        Channel Darter

  What You Can Do to Protect Your Watershed
  •   Plant native grasses and trees along open and exposed shorelines to improve shade,
      slow soil erosion and filter pollutants.
  •   Repair or replace faulty septic systems and ensure they are maintained properly.
  •   Avoid using substances near or around wells and shorelines that you do not want in
      your water supply, such as paint, chemicals, or manure.
  •   Properly use, store and dispose of toxic products such as fuel, pesticides, cleaners
      and manure.
  •   Install docks and boathouses that minimally disturb river or lake bottoms and allow
      water movement. Remember, it is illegal to destroy fish habitat.
  •   Apply for work permits from the appropriate government agency, before you begin
      work in or around water or wetlands. Start with Quinte Conservation, we can help
      you with this.
                 Report Card Results
                                    Indicator and Description                                           Grade         Comments
Groundwater Quality

                        Nitrates and Nitrites are forms of nitrogen that can enter
                        groundwater from land use activities. Sources include wastewater,
                        septic systems and fertilizers. High concentrations of nitrates and
                        nitrites in groundwater can make it unsafe for human consumption.
                                                                                                         A       Results are based on 2
                                                                                                                 monitoring wells.

                        Chloride      is a form of salt that can enter groundwater from land use

                        activities or natural sources. Naturally occurring salts and salts used for              Results are based on 2
                        snow control on roads and water softeners can be sources of chloride.                    monitoring wells.
                        High concentrations of chloride may be an indication of human impacts
                        on groundwater.

                        Phosphorus is found in products such as soaps, detergents, and
                        fertilizers. It is also found in soil particles and sewage. Although it is a
                        required nutrient in streams, high concentrations contribute to excessive        A       Results are based on 6
                                                                                                                 sampling sites.
Surface Water Quality

                        algae growth and low oxygen levels in streams and lakes.

                                                                                                                 Currently the water
                        E. Coli are bacteria found in human and animal waste.      Their presence        No      monitoring network is
                        indicates the potential for the water to have other disease-causing
                        organisms.                                                                     Results   not set up to test for E.

                        Benthic Invertebrates (also called benthos) are small creatures
                        that live in the bottom of streams. Different benthos species and their
                        numbers are indicators of water quality conditions.
                                                                                                         B       Results are based on 1
                                                                                                                 sampling site.

                                                                                                                 Ideally, forest cover
                        Forest Cover is the percentage of the watershed that is forested.                        should be at least 30%
Forestry Conditions

                                                                                                                 natural cover. The
                        Forests are critical to the health of our watershed region. The total
                                                                                                                 Upper Moira River
                        forested area within the region affects how well the forests are able to
                                                                                                                 watershed has 72%
                        clean our air and water, and support wildlife.
                                                                                                                 forest cover.

                                                                                                                 Ideally a watershed
                                                                                                                 should have at least 10%
                        Forest Interior is the area of forest that lies more than 100m from
                        a forest edge. The habitat in the edge area is prone to stresses from
                        predators, alien species, and the elements.
                                                                                                         A       forest interior. The
                                                                                                                 Upper Moira River
                                                                                                                 watershed has 33%
                                                                                                                 Forest Interior.

                                   For more detailed information contact:
                                              Quinte Conservation        
                                      RR # 2, 2061 Old Highway 2
                                           Belleville, ON K8N 4Z2
                                                                                               or completeness of the data.

Printed on 100% Recycled Paper
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Upper Moira River

                                 This map is for illustrative purposes only. Quinte Conservation makes no warranties and assumes no liability whatsoever regarding the truth, accuracy
                                                                                                                                                                                         Produced by Quinte Conservation under license with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Copyright Quinte Conservation and the Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2008. Data is projected in NAD 83 UTM Zone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            18N. Digital Mapping Sources: Base Map - Ministry of Natural Resources Roads - Ontario Road Network.

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