Upper Moira River The Upper Moira River travels through • Municipality of Centre Hastings • Municipality of Marmora and Lake • Township of Stirling-Rawdon • Townhips of Tudor and Cashel • Municipality of Tweed In the Moira River Watershed 2008 Watershed Report Card Grading the Watershed A Very healthy conditions. A B Healthy conditions. Some enhancement may be required. C Watershed conditions require D enhancement. Poor watershed conditions that A need to be improved. F Degraded ecosystem conditions ? that need considerable improvement. Sufficient data not available. A Upper Moira River Grading The Watershed The data in this report card was gathered between 2003 and 2007, using existing water sampling sites. Watershed Facts This watershed is 64,026 hectares (158,212 acres). There are two conser- vation areas in this region, O’Hara Mill Pioneer Village and Whytock Conserva- tion Area. Potential stressors in this area include increased development of Five Lined Skink shoreline properties, conversion of sea- sonal recreational properties to perma- Rare Species in the Watershed nent residences, increased transporta- tion demands and erratic climate condi- There are eight rare species in this watershed: tions causing varied surface flow and groundwater recharge. There are • Channel Darter twelve Provincially Significant Wetlands • Five-lined Skink in this watershed. • Southern Flying Squirrel • Sharp-leaved Goldenrod • Small-footed Bat • Northern Long-eared Bat • Puttyroot • Secund Rush Secund Rush Channel Darter What You Can Do to Protect Your Watershed • Plant native grasses and trees along open and exposed shorelines to improve shade, slow soil erosion and filter pollutants. • Repair or replace faulty septic systems and ensure they are maintained properly. • Avoid using substances near or around wells and shorelines that you do not want in your water supply, such as paint, chemicals, or manure. • Properly use, store and dispose of toxic products such as fuel, pesticides, cleaners and manure. • Install docks and boathouses that minimally disturb river or lake bottoms and allow water movement. Remember, it is illegal to destroy fish habitat. • Apply for work permits from the appropriate government agency, before you begin work in or around water or wetlands. Start with Quinte Conservation, we can help you with this. Report Card Results Indicator and Description Grade Comments Groundwater Quality Nitrates and Nitrites are forms of nitrogen that can enter groundwater from land use activities. Sources include wastewater, septic systems and fertilizers. High concentrations of nitrates and nitrites in groundwater can make it unsafe for human consumption. A Results are based on 2 monitoring wells. Chloride is a form of salt that can enter groundwater from land use A activities or natural sources. Naturally occurring salts and salts used for Results are based on 2 snow control on roads and water softeners can be sources of chloride. monitoring wells. High concentrations of chloride may be an indication of human impacts on groundwater. Phosphorus is found in products such as soaps, detergents, and fertilizers. It is also found in soil particles and sewage. Although it is a required nutrient in streams, high concentrations contribute to excessive A Results are based on 6 sampling sites. Surface Water Quality algae growth and low oxygen levels in streams and lakes. Currently the water E. Coli are bacteria found in human and animal waste. Their presence No monitoring network is indicates the potential for the water to have other disease-causing organisms. Results not set up to test for E. Coli. Benthic Invertebrates (also called benthos) are small creatures that live in the bottom of streams. Different benthos species and their numbers are indicators of water quality conditions. B Results are based on 1 sampling site. Ideally, forest cover Forest Cover is the percentage of the watershed that is forested. should be at least 30% Forestry Conditions A natural cover. The Forests are critical to the health of our watershed region. The total Upper Moira River forested area within the region affects how well the forests are able to watershed has 72% clean our air and water, and support wildlife. forest cover. Ideally a watershed should have at least 10% Forest Interior is the area of forest that lies more than 100m from a forest edge. The habitat in the edge area is prone to stresses from predators, alien species, and the elements. A forest interior. The Upper Moira River watershed has 33% Forest Interior. For more detailed information contact: Quinte Conservation www.quinteconservation.ca RR # 2, 2061 Old Highway 2 613-968-3434 Belleville, ON K8N 4Z2 or completeness of the data. Printed on 100% Recycled Paper Upper Moira River This map is for illustrative purposes only. Quinte Conservation makes no warranties and assumes no liability whatsoever regarding the truth, accuracy Produced by Quinte Conservation under license with the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Copyright Quinte Conservation and the Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2008. Data is projected in NAD 83 UTM Zone 18N. Digital Mapping Sources: Base Map - Ministry of Natural Resources Roads - Ontario Road Network.