F F T CTechnology

					F F T C Technology
        Practical                                                                                      Postharvest

              Processed edible products from wild plants
W    ILD EDIBLE plants and fruits abound in the
     northern mountains of the Philippines. During the
peak season when the supply of fruits is abundant,
                                                                      Taste tests revealed that processed food products
                                                               made from wild fruits were palatable. The highest net
                                                               return per kilogram of fresh fruits was obtained from
many of them simply go to waste. Processing is a good          jelly made from the fruits of bisodak (Embelia
way of making use of these fruits.                             philippinensis). This gave a net profit of US$0.70 per
                                                               kilogram of fresh fruits. This was followed by wine
Some typical products                                          derived from the fruits of bisodak, sapuan (S.
                                                               sparsiflora) (Figs. 1 and 2), and bignay (Antidesma
Selling products made from processed wild fruits is a          bunius) (Figs. 3 and 4). Wine made from these three
good source of income for housewives, students, out-           species gave a return of about US$0.57 per kilogram of
of-school youths, etc. Processed wild foods may help           fresh fruits. Candies from sapuan came next, giving a
alleviate food shortages and malnutrition.                     net profit of US$0.52 per kilogram of fresh fruit. Pickles
                                                               made from sapuan fruit gave a net return of US$0.40/per
                                                               kilogram of fresh fruits.

  Fig. 1. Sapuan, (also known as degway and chogway)           Fig. 2. Collected fruit of sapuan
          (Sauraria sparsiflora)
  This is a medium-sized tree reaching a maximum height of
  7-8 meters. It has long, broad leaves. The fruit is green
  when mature, with a sour taste. The fruit is good for jam,
  candies and pickles

  Food and Fertilizer Technology Center (FFTC)                 Cooperating agency for this topic:
  14 Wenchow St., Taipei, Taiwan ROC
                                                               Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural
  Tel.: (886 2) 2362 6239 Fax: (886 2) 2362 0478
  E-mail: fftc@agnet.org Website: www.fftc.agnet.org           Resources Research and Development, Los Baños, Laguna,
                                                               Philippines 4030
  FFTC: An international information center for                Fax: (63 49) 536 0016
        small-scale farmers in Asia                            E-mail: pcarrd@dost.gov.ph
Processing method                                                gives a list of the processed products made from these
                                                                 edible wild plants.
Fruits and leaves of some wildfood fruits may be
processed into different edible products such as wine,
vinegar, candies, and jellies (Figs. 5 and 6). Table 1

Table 1. Processed foods made from wild plants

         Common name                                    Latin name                            Processed products

      Sapuan, degway, chogway                    Sauraria sparsiflora Elm. Dell.               Jelly, vinegar
        (Fig. 1, Fig. 2)
      Bignay (Fig. 3, Fig. 4))                   Antidesma bunius L. Spreng                    Vinegar, wine
                                                 Sacandra glabra Thumb                         Tea
      Pinit, boyot (wildberry)                   Rubus niveus Thumb                            Candy, wine, vinegar
      (Fig. 5, Fig. 6)
      Bisodak                                    Embelia philippinensis A. DC.                 Wine, jelly
      Philippine blueberry                       Vaccinium shitfordii Merr.                    Jam, preserves

                                                                  Fig. 5. Pinit, boyot (Wildberry) (Rubus niveus Thumb)
                                                                  This is a plant has a prickly stem that reaches a height of 3-4
                                                                  meters. The fruits and peeled shoots are both edible. The fruit
                                                                  are smaller than those of the regular strawberry. They can be
                                                                  eaten raw, or can be processed into jam, wine and candy.

Fig. 3. Bignay (Antidesma bunius)
Bignay is a shrub or small tree. The small green flowers of
bignay have no petals (see top photo), and have a slightly
offensive smell. The tree is a broadleaved evergreen. It
bears clusters of small oval or round fruits which are dark
purplish to red when they are ripe with a thin, tough skin.

                          Fig. 4. Fruit of Bignay                Fig. 6. Wildberries packaged for sale

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