POULTRY by lifemate

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									                    POULTRY
                                           2007

                                                    arrangement, the integrator supplies
                                                    the chicks, feed, and veterinary
                                                    supplies to the farmer at no cost.
                                                    The farmer provides labor, utilities,
                                                    and the broiler houses.

                                                •   The typical farmer will have three or
                                                    four houses. Each house holds about
                                                    23,000 birds. A flock of chickens
                                                    reaches a 5-pound market size in
MISSISSIPPI POULTRY                                 about 6 weeks.

•   Approximately 850,000,000 broilers          •   The replacement value of today’s
    produced in Mississippi in 2007.                modern broiler house is about
                                                    $100,000.
•   Poultry in Mississippi produced an
    agricultural income of approximately        •   Broiler production is concentrated in
    $2.08 billion in 2007.                          central Mississippi.

•   1,928 farms.                                PROCESSING

•   Broilers account for approximately          •   Almost all broilers grown in
    94 percent, eggs approximately 5                Mississippi are processed in
    percent, hens about 1 percent, and              Mississippi plants.
    noncommercial farm chickens less
    than 1 percent of the total poultry         •   Seventeen plants in Mississippi
    income.                                         slaughter broilers. Very few broilers
                                                    are sold as “whole birds” to the final
•   The leading counties for poultry                consumer. Most undergo further
    production are: Scott, Smith, Leake,            processing, which may include cut-
    Simpson, Jones, and Neshoba.                    up, deboning, forming, marinating,
                                                    breading, cooking, and specialty
                                                    packaging.
BROILER PRODUCTION
                                                •   Two plants in Mississippi process
•   Farmers contract with broiler                   “spent hens.” Spent hens are female
    companies, known as integrators, to             chickens that are used to lay eggs for
    raise broilers. Under this                      broilers or for table eggs.

                    MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE
                                 MARKET DEVELOPMENT DIVISION
                             LESTER SPELL, JR., D.V.M. COMMISSIONER
                                                  •   Other industries benefit directly from
                                                      the Mississippi poultry industry:
                                                      • Freezers and refrigerated
                                                          warehouses that store poultry
                                                      • Trucking firms that transport
                                                          finished product
                                                      • Firms providing broiler
                                                          grandparent breeder stock
                                                      • Vendors of farm equipment and
                                                          plant equipment
                                                      • Vendors of packaging
                                                      • Construction contractors building
                                                          plants, plant additions, and
                                                          chicken houses

                                                  •   Poultry continues to lead the
OTHER POULTRY FACTS
                                                      commodity groups in total economic
                                                      impact.
•   A typical broiler ration contains
    about 68 percent corn, 26 percent
    soy meal, and 6 percent other
    ingredients.                                  Source: Mississippi Agricultural Statistics
                                                          Mississippi State University
•   Broilers typically convert feed into
    body weight at a rate of 2 pounds of
    feed to 1 pound of body weight.

•   Wood shavings are spread on the
    floor of broiler houses to absorb
    waste from the birds and create
    better air quality in the houses. After
    12 to 18 months, the “litter” is
    removed from the house and
    replaced with fresh shavings. This
    old litter is valuable as a fertilizer for
    pasture.

•   Mississippians do not consume all of
    the broilers and eggs produced in the
    state each year. We are a poultry
    exporting state. Mississippi’s
    poultry integrators depend on strong
    export markets as outlets for the dark
    meat.



                      MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE
                                   MARKET DEVELOPMENT DIVISION
                               LESTER SPELL, JR., D.V.M. COMMISSIONER

								
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