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Week 2 PowerPoint

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 14

									  „Covered‟
heavily tattooed women
 & female tattoo artists

    A documentary video



Beverly Yuen Thompson, Ph.D.
     Assistant Professor
Women’s Studies Department
  Texas Woman’s University

    bevyuen@gmail.com
American Tattooing Once Was a Male Domain…

            The history of American tattooing
            has been a male dominated arena
            and continues to be associated with
            masculine subcultures such as the
            military, gangs, and prisons.
            Women can get gender appropriate
            tattoos that are acceptable and
            popular (small, cute, hidden).
            Because of this masculine identity,
            women who collect tattoos may be
            socially sanctioned for transgressing
            gender norms, this is especially true
            for heavily tattooed women.



                                                    2
Women‟s Representation in Tattoo Magazines




                                             3
   Feminist-Visual-Ethnographer

                       Method: Ethnography
                       Fieldwork 2006-2009
              videotaped 70 interviews nationwide
       w/ heavily tattooed women and female tattoo artists
                at tattoo conventions and studios.
Topics include: female tattooists in a male dominated profession,
social sanctions, tattoo design selection, attraction to tattooing as
                        personal expression.




                                                                        4
Tattooed Circus Ladies
       1880s -1950s




                         5
        “heavily tattooed” women
              crossing the line…


Placement            Size          Design




                                            6
7
        Contemporary heavily tattooed women
                      expressing themselves


Different Interesting       Challenging norms         Subcultural
              humor

                                                          Beautify


Self-
expression                                                Spiritual

Life
milestones


 Unusual hobbies      relationships      Identities     artwork

                                                                  8
Redefining Beauty Outside of the Box

                        Normative femininity is
                        abandoned, along with the
                        straightjacket of conformity
                        to impossible ideals.

                        This opens a space to re-
                        create their own terms of
                        beauty, identity, and
                        empowerment.

                        They can establish their own
                        guidelines, outside of
                        mainstream media
                        pressures and thus retain
                        higher self-esteem than
                        those oriented towards
                        achieving normative
                        “beauty.”

                                                       9
                  Public Reactions


Heavily tattooed women face tremendous
             social sanctions:


                Stares
           Rude comments
              Touching
      Employment discrimination
           Family rejection




                                         10
         Tattooed Mothers
& Mothers of Heavily Tattooed Women




                                      11
                 Employment Discrimination:
                      legal and socially acceptable




“Covering” for
work or school



                                                      12
               “I Wanna Be Covered…”




True to self                       Conform to society




                                                   13
“Covered” (a documentary)

   Release date: March 2010
   Film festivals
   Seeking distributor
   Classroom use (women’s studies, sociology, visual art,
    film studies, American Studies)




                                                             14

								
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