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					Unit 3 Sources of Beauty
Learning Objectives

   After studying this unit, you’ll be able to:
   guess the meaning of unknown words from
   follow comparison and contrast techniques
    employed in the text;
   appreciate beauty in different ways.

   Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary韦氏大
    学词典;韦氏词典 defines “beauty” as:

   The quality or aggregate[ 'ægrigeit ]总计 of quality
    in a person or thing that gives pleasure to the
    senses or pleasurably exalt [ ig'zɔ:lt ]使升高,提
    高 the mind or spirit.

   There are several types of beauty:
   ---- People can be physically beautiful due to
    their features or the clothes they wear.
   ---- People can have inner beauty due to their
    warm personalities.
   ---- People can be beautiful because of their
    talents and kind actions.
   What do you think beauty is?
Passage A---- Is This Seat Taken?

   Why did the author mention that he likes to
    watch the insects at the beginning of the text?
   Why does the author think Valeri is beautiful?
Words and expressions:

   cafeteria: n.a restaurant where you serve
    yourself and pay a cashier自助餐厅. 大学校
    类多,一餐约5~8美元,有的 餐厅先买餐券,
   PE class: physical education class体育课
   Eragon :龙骑士
   pull out: bring, take, or pull out of a container
    or from under a cover拔出,抽出,取出
Words and expressions:

   trance: [ trɑ:ns ] a psychological state induced by
    (or as if induced by) a magical incantation
    同义词:enchantment | spell
    I smiled to myself.Valeri wasn't just a "quiet girl".She
    knew about wonderful books and could play the
    violin like nothing I'd ever heard.
Passage B---- Reach for the Light

   What does the author’s mother like to do?
   What kind of person is the author’s mother?
   What does the author’s mother inspire him?
Reading Skills
Guess the Unknown Words from Context

   In using the context to help you guess
    unknown vocabulary, you can refer first to
    immediate context and then to the wider
    context in which a word is found.
Reading Skills
Guess the Unknown Words from Context

   The immediate context is the sentence in which a
    word is found, and sometimes the sentences
    immediately before and after this.
   The wider context can include other sentences and
    even other paragraphs in a text.
   Both forms of context can often provide important
    information which helps you guess the meaning of
    unfamiliar words.
Reading Skills
Guess the Unknown Words from Context

   Context provides readers lots of clues to deduce推论,演
    绎出 the unknown words. The main contextual clues

   A. definition (定义): The signal words are: be, be
    called, be termed, mean, can be defined as, refer to,
    be known as, signify, denote. The signal
    punctuations are: brackets ( ), dash ----, comma, etc.
   B. synonym (同义): The signal words are: that is,
    that is to say, in other words, etc.
Reading Skills
Guess the Unknown Words from Context

   C. antonym (反义): The signal words are:
    although, while, whereas, however, but, yet,
    on the contrary, in contrast, etc.
   D. examples (举例): The signal words are:
    such as, unlike, for instance, for example, a
    case in point, etc.
   E. cause and effect relations (因果关系); The
    signal words are: because, because of, as,
    since, for, etc.
   1. fallacy: [ 'fæləsi ] a misconception resulting
    from incorrect reasoning谬论
   2. licence: [ 'laisəns ] a legal document giving
    official permission to do something 许可证 ;执照
   3. peremptory: [ pə'remptəri ] offensively self-
    assured or not allowing contradiction or refusal专横
   4. subsidiary: [ səb'sidjəri ] a company that is
    completely controlled by another company 附属机构,
   5. meticulous: [ mi'tikjʊləs ] marked by extreme
    care in treatment of details一丝不苟的,精确的,小心

   6. drab: [ dræb ] lacking brightness or
    color; dull土褐色的,单调的
   7. nonverbally: without words无声地,非语言
    的 eg. They communicated nonverbally"
   8. mammoth: [ 'mæməθ ] 巨大的
   9. agrarian: [ ə'grɛəriən ] agricultural
   10. hazy: [ 'heizi ] filled with fog or mist;
    indistinct or hazy in outline多烟雾的 ;朦胧的