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EU FUNDING INSTRUMENTS – GENERAL REVIEW

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 4

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									           EU FUNDING INSTRUMENTS – GENERAL REVIEW

                  Prof. Lucia Ilieva – LIMASOL Consult Ltd



1. EU 2007-2013 EU Budget Dstribution by heading:




2. EU's funding structure 2007-2013 and the associated instruments and
   programmes:

   Pre-Accession Assistance: EU provides funding for candidate countries and
    potential candidate countries in order to support their efforts to enhance political,
    economic and institutional reforms. This comprises a broad range of financial
    support for various types of projects in the fields of agriculture, environment,
    transport, IT, human rights, civil society, media, etc.

   External Assistance: EU's external assistance target other countries than the
    Member States and aims to support various types of reforms, political and
    economic stability, as well as countries or regions in crisis.

   Regional Assistance: The regional assistance accounts for a larger portion of the
    expenditures and finances regional development within the Member States in
    order to obtain economic and social prosperity and to reduce the gaps in
    development between regions.




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      Natural Resources: The Natural Resources section comprises several funding
       opportunities in the fields of agriculture, rural development, environment and
       fisheries.

      Community Programmes: EU provides financial assistance through various
       community programmes in a broad range of fields such as research,
       competitiveness and innovation, media, education, health, youth, culture, etc.
       Different organisations, bodies and companies from all Member States can
       participate, as well as participants from Non-Member States according to their
       agreements with the EU.

3. Management of EU-finds – centralized and decentralized model.




4.Community Programmes

4.1. General overview

The Community Programmes are a series of integrated measures accepted by the
European Commission aiming to strengthen the co-operation among the Member States
regarding Community policies for a period of time. The Community Programmes are
financed from the general budget of the Community. All Acceding and Candidate
countries have the opportunity to participate in the programmes, although, as a main
condition of participation, an annual fee has to be paid to the budget.

Community Programmes can be tied to almost every Community policy. The Community
decides on the type of programmes, their budgets and their durations. Any legal entity
(sometimes individuals, too) can submit a proposal. The submission, evaluation and


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settlement of the accounts along with the full administration belong to the Administration
of the Directorate Generals (DGs) of the European Commission.

The proposals can be submitted in a consortium with the participation of minimum 2 or
more organisations from the EU Member States (specified in the Calls for Proposals).
The applicants are directly in contact with EC officers, from the submission till the
closure of the project. However, each participating country opens a national programme
office or agency (either within a competent Ministry or within a separate organisation)
whose task is the collection of information and mediation in order to assist the national
applicants. In some cases the national programme coordinators have higher responsibility
and competence.

4.2.Transport issues funded under the Community programmes (with short
description):

      WHITE PAPER “European transport policy”
      The Marco Polo II programme
      Trans-European transport and energy networks
      CIP-IEEE
      The Galileo programme
      7 FP

5.Regional Assistance

More than a third of the budget of the Union is devoted to regional development and
economic and social cohesion through a series of European funds. The objective of EU
funding under regional policy is to promote solidarity and to reduce the gaps in
development among the regions and disparities among the citizens in terms of well-being.
Regional assistance aims to help lagging regions to catch up, restructure declining
industrial regions, diversify the economies of rural areas with declining agriculture and
revitalise declining neighbourhoods in the cities. It sets job creation as its primary
concern and it seeks to strengthen the economic, social and territorial „cohesion' of the
Union.
The three new objeectives for the period 2007-2013 are:
     Convergence: Support emplyment and job creation in the Member States and least
        developed regions
     Regional competitiveness and employment: Anticipate and encourage the changes
        in a globalised world
     European territorial cooperation: Ensure a harmonius and balanced development
        throughout the entire Union

This section presents the structure of EU Regional Assistance, namely the Structural
Funds and the Cohesion Fund, in the 2007-2013 budgetary period. Funding will be
available through the following instruments (short description of each):
             European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
             European Social Fund (ESF)


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            Cohesion Fund

Transport issues funded under SF – National Operational Programs in Transport.
6.External Aid programs (for non-EU member states) – where they can ask for
funding for transport issues?




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